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Flashback calendar

First footage captures rare white giraffes

A pair of white giraffes were spotted in an area where HCP, a Kenya-based non-governmental organization, and partner Rainforest Trust are protecting habitat for the hirola antelope. Rangers reported the white giraffes after hearing about them from villagers who live nearby, according to HCP, which rushed to the scene to see for themselves.

Degrassi: The Next Generation ends

The Next Generation aired its final episode after MTV Canada and TeenNick announced the show's cancellation in 2015. However, in 2016, a sequel series, titled Degrassi: Next Class, was announced for broadcast on the Family Channel in Canada and streaming on Netflix in the United States as well as all other countries where the service is available.

Chinese car-part factory explosion kills 146 people

A massive dust explosion occurred at the Zhongrong Metal Production Company, an automotive parts factory located in Kunshan, Jiangsu, China. 44 people died at the scene of the explosion, while another 31 died at local hospitals. Five hospitals in Kunshan and nearby Suzhou treated over 180 wounded. The explosion is believed to have been caused by flames igniting metal polishing dust.

Maas' "Throne of Glass" is published

Throne of Glass is a young adult high fantasy novel series by American author Sarah J. Maas, beginning with the inaugural entry of the same name. The story follows the journey of Celaena Sardothien, a teenage assassin in a corrupted kingdom with a tyrannical ruler.

"Cheers (Drink to That)" is released by Rihanna

"Cheers (Drink to That)" is a song recorded by Barbadian recording artist Rihanna, from her fifth studio album, Loud. The song received positive reviews from music critics, who praised the interpolation of Lavigne's "I'm with You" and also commented that it would be a successful club song due to its lyrical content.

"Breaking Dawn" is published

Breaking Dawn is the fourth and final novel in The Twilight Saga by American author Stephenie Meyer. Divided into three parts, the first and third sections are written from Bella Swan's perspective and the second is written from the perspective of Jacob Black. The novel directly follows the events of the previous novel, Eclipse.

Mattel recalls nearly a million Chinese-made toys

Mattel, Inc. is an American multinational toy manufacturing company with products and brands including Fisher-Price, Barbie and Hot Wheels. It announced a recall of nearly a million Chinese-made toys due to worries the products had been contaminated by lead. Though the company’s recall woes continued for several months afterwards, it was noted for its crisis response by several consumer publications.

"The Sixth Sense" premieres

The Sixth Sense is an American supernatural horror film written and directed by M. Night Shyamalan. The film tells the story of Cole Sear, a troubled, isolated boy who is able to see and talk to the dead, and an equally troubled child psychologist named Malcolm Crowe who tries to help him.

Gaisal train collision kills hundreds

The Gaisal train disaster occurred when a speeding mail train collided with a passenger train carrying 2,500 passengers at the remote Gaisal Station in India. The crash involved such high speeds that both trains exploded upon impact, throwing people into nearby fields and buildings, killing at least 290 and injuring 300.

Kelsey Grammer marries Camille Donatacci

Allen Kelsey Grammer is an American actor and comedian best known for his two-decade-long portrayal of psychiatrist Dr. Frasier Crane on the NBC sitcoms Cheers and Frasier. He married his third wife, former Playboy model Camille Donatacci after meeting on a blind date.They have two children, a daughter and a son, both born to a surrogate mother.


Peter Angelos purchases the Baltimore Orioles for $173 million

In 1993 Angelos assembled a group of investors to purchase the Orioles from New York venture capitalist Eli Jacobs. While Angelos was the principal investor, contributing $40 million, his fellow Oriole group owners included novelist Tom Clancy, filmmaker Barry Levinson, and tennis player Pam Shriver.

British singer Charli XCX is born

Charli XCX is an English singer and songwriter who was born in Cambridge, England. She started writing songs when she was 14 years old and began recording an album soon after with money borrowed from her parents. In 2010, she signed with Asylum Records and released her debut studio album in 2013.

Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched

Main mission goal was launching the TDRS-E satellite. The flight also tested a new advanced heatpipe radiator for potential use on the then-future space station and conducted a variety of medical and materials science investigations. The mission was also notable for being the first one to send an e-mail from space.

Iraq invades Kuwait

The Invasion of Kuwait was a 2-day operation conducted by Iraq against Kuwait which resulted in a seven-month-long Iraqi occupation of the country. The invasion and Iraq's subsequent refusal to withdraw from Kuwait by a deadline mandated by the U.N. led to military intervention by a U.N.-authorized coalition of forces led by the U.S.

Peter Cetera starts a two-week run at #1 on the US charts

"Glory of Love" is a song by Peter Cetera written and composed by Cetera, David Foster and Cetera's then-wife, Diane Nini, and recorded by Cetera shortly after he left the band Chicago to pursue a solo career. "Glory of Love" peaked at number one on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart and remained in that spot for two weeks.

Chris de Burgh hits #1 in the UK with "The Lady In Red"

"The Lady in Red" is a song by British-Irish singer-songwriter Chris de Burgh. It was released as the second single from the album Into the Light. The song was responsible for introducing de Burgh's music to a mainstream audience worldwide.

Delta suffers its worst crash ever

Delta Air Lines Flight 191 was approaching to land at DFW airport in stormy weather when it encountered a microburst causing the aircraft to strike the ground over a mile short of the runway. The plane proceeded to roll across a ploughed field and a highway, striking a car and colliding with two water tanks before disintegrating in a fireball. 137 people were killed in the disaster and 28 were injured.

Actor and producer Sam Worthington is born

Samuel Henry John Worthington is an English-Australian actor and writer. His roles have included Jake Sully in the film Avatar, Marcus Wright in Terminator Salvation, and Perseus in Clash of the Titans as well as its sequel, Wrath of the Titans, before transitioning to more dramatic roles in Everest, Hacksaw Ridge, The Shack, and Manhunt: Unabomber.

"American Graffiti" premieres at the Locarno Festival, Switzerland

American Graffiti is an American coming-of-age comedy film directed and co-written by George Lucas starring Richard Dreyfuss, Ron Howard, Paul Le Mat, and Harrison Ford. The film received widespread critical acclaim and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture.

Elvis Presley rides the UK singles chart at #1

Elvis Presley's live recording of "The Wonder of You", recorded in Las Vegas, was one of his most successful records in the UK ever, topping the UK Singles Chart for six weeks. In the United States the song peaked at #9 and was one of a number of songs Presley would perform regularly at concerts.

Robert Allen Zimmerman legally becomes Bob Dylan

In 1962, the singer-songwriter changed his name from Zimmerman to Robert Dylan. Explaining his change of name in a 2004 interview, Dylan remarked, "You're born, you know, the wrong names, wrong parents. I mean, that happens. You call yourself what you want to call yourself. This is the land of the free."

Aretha Franklin appears on TV for the first time

Aretha Louise Franklin is an American singer and songwriter who began her career as a child singing gospel at New Bethel Baptist Church in Detroit where her father was a minister. Her television debut was on American Bandstand, singing Don't Cry Baby and Try a Little Tenderness.


Pele scores his favourite all-time goal

Pelé is a Brazilian retired professional footballer who is regarded by many in the sport as the greatest footballer of all time. He has stated that his most memorable goal was scored at Rua Javari stadium during a Campeonato Paulista match against São Paulo rival, Clube Atlético Juventus in 1959. As there is no video footage of this match, Pelé asked that a computer animation be made of this specific goal.

Musician Andy Fairweather-Low is born

Andrew Fairweather Low is a Welsh guitarist, songwriter, producer and vocalist. He was a founding member of the 1960s British pop band Amen Corner and in recent years has toured extensively with Roger Waters, Eric Clapton and Bill Wyman's Rhythm Kings.

Musician Jim Capaldi is born

Nicola James Capaldi was an English drummer, singer and songwriter. His musical career spanned more than four decades. He co-founded the psychedelic rock band Traffic with Steve Winwood with whom he co-wrote the majority of the band's output and was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a part of Traffic's original line-up.

Writer Isabel Allende is born

Isabel Allende is a Chilean writer whose works sometimes contain aspects of magical realism. She is famous for such novels as The House of the Spirits and City of the Beasts, both of which have become commercially successful. Allende has been called the world's most widely read Spanish-language author.

Director Wes Craven is born

Wesley Earl Craven was an American film director, writer, producer, and actor. He is known for his pioneering work in horror and particularly slasher films, where his impact on the genre was considered prolific and influential. Due to the success and cultural impact of his works, Craven has been called a "Master of Horror".

U.S. passes the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937

The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was a United States Act that placed a tax on the sale of cannabis. It was drafted by Harry Anslinger and introduced by Rep. Robert L. Doughton of North Carolina in 1937. The act was overturned in 1969 in Leary v. United States, and was repealed by Congress the next year.

German President Paul von Hindenburg dies

Paul von Hindenburg was a Generalfeldmarschall in the German army, a statesman and the second president of Germany. At 84, he was persuaded to run for re-election as Germany’s president despite his age and poor health because he was seen as the only candidate who could defeat Hitler. Nearly two years after his re-election, he died of lung cancer and Hitler was able to declare himself Supreme Leader and Chancellor of Germany.

Novelist James Baldwin is born

James Arthur "Jimmy" Baldwin was an American novelist and social critic. His essays, as collected in Notes of a Native Son, explore intricacies of racial, sexual, and class distinctions in Western societies, most notably in mid-20th-century America.

U.S. president Warren G. Harding suffers sudden death

Warren Gamaliel Harding was an American politician who served as the 29th President of the United States. Harding died of a heart attack in San Francisco while on a western speaking tour and was succeeded by his vice president, Calvin Coolidge.

Scottish-born inventor Alexander Graham Bell dies

He is credited with patenting the first practical telephone and founding the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T). Bell’s invention of the telephone was influenced by the fact that both his mother and wife were deaf. Bell himself considered telephone intrusive and refused to have it in his study.

Tower Subway opens in London

The Tower Subway is a tunnel beneath the River Thames in central London, between Tower Hill on the north side of the river and Vine Lane on the south. In 1869 a 1,340-foot circular tunnel was dug through the London clay using a cast iron shield, an idea that had been patented in 1864 by Peter W. Barlow but never built.

Sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi is born

Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi was a French sculptor best known for designing Liberty Enlightening the World, commonly known as the Statue of Liberty. Bartholdi attended the Lycee Louis-le-Grand in Paris receiving his baccalauréat in 1852, then went on to study architecture and painting.

The Battle of Cannae

The Battle of Cannae was a major battle of the Second Punic War that took place on 2 August 216 BC in Apulia, in southeast Italy. The army of Carthage, under Hannibal, surrounded and decisively defeated a larger army of the Roman Republic under the consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro. It is regarded both as one of the greatest tactical feats in military history and as one of the worst defeats in Roman history.

Anniversaries of famous