Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"Despacito" becomes the most watched YouTube video ever

"Despacito" is a song by Puerto Rican singer Luis Fonsi featuring Daddy Yankee from Fonsi's upcoming studio album. The official music video for "Despacito" became the most-viewed YouTube video of all time after receiving its three billionth view. It became the first video on the site to reach the milestones of three, four, and five billion views.

Robert Downey Jr. is the world’s best-paid actor

Robert John Downey Jr. is an American actor and singer. For three consecutive years from 2012 to 2015, Downey topped the Forbes list of Hollywood's highest-paid actors, making an estimated $80 million in earnings between June 2014 and June 2015.

Influential country producer Billy Sherrill dies

Billy Norris Sherrill was an American record producer, songwriter, and arranger best known for his association with country artists, notably Tammy Wynette and George Jones. Sherrill died after a short illness at the age of 78.

Marmaray Metro Project conducted its first test run

It is a railway tunnel which connects Europe and Asia. The metro goes under the Bosporus strait. The submerged part of the tunnel is 1.4-kilometre-long running 50-metre below the seabed. The name Marmaray comes from combining the name of the Sea of Marmara, which lies just south of the project site, with ray, the Turkish word for rail.

NASA's Phoenix spacecraft is launched

Phoenix was a robotic spacecraft on a space exploration mission on Mars under the Mars Scout Program. Mission scientists used instruments aboard the lander to search for environments suitable for microbial life on Mars and to research the history of water there. The total mission cost was about the US $386 million, which includes the cost of the launch.

The first episode of "It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia" airs

It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia is an American sitcom that first premiered on FX and has since moved to FXX beginning with the ninth season. The series follows the exploits of "The Gang", a group of debauched, self-centered friends who run the Irish bar Paddy's Pub in South Philadelphia.

Operation Storm begins in Croatia

Operation Storm was the last major battle of the Croatian War of Independence and a major factor in the outcome of the Bosnian War. It was a decisive victory for the Croatian Army, which attacked across a 630-kilometer front against the Republic of Serbian Krajina, and a strategic victory for the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Michael Ballack makes his professional debut

Michael Ballack began his career as a youth at Chemnitzer FC, his local team, and made his professional debut in 1995. In 1996, Ballack made his debut for Germany's under-21 side. Although the team was relegated in his first season, his performances in the Regionalliga the following season led to a transfer to 1. FC Kaiserslautern.

"Beauty and the Beast" concludes

Although still popular with its dedicated fans, the darker, more resolutely violent aspects of the reworked concept, coupled with the fatal loss of the all-important central relationship between Catherine and Vincent, led to further declining ratings and ultimately cancellation of the show.


Manchester United’s Ecuadorian captain Antonio Valencia is born

Luis Antonio Valencia Mosquera, commonly known as Antonio Valencia, is an Ecuadorian professional footballer who plays as a right-back and also the captain for Manchester United and the Ecuador national team. He had previously played as a right winger for a large duration of his career.

Prince starts a 24 week run at the top of the US album charts

"Purple Rain" is a song by Prince and The Revolution. It is the title track from the album of the same name, which in turn is the soundtrack album for the film of the same name. The song is a combination of rock, R&B, gospel, and orchestral music. It reached number 2 in the United States for two weeks.

AIA building hostage crisis

The Japanese Red Army, a terrorist group, has attacked the AIA building in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The attackers captured 53 hostages, including the US Consul and the Swedish Ambassador, and in exchange for their lives, they demanded the release of several of their imprisoned leaders. The Japanese government has granted them.

First condom ad in American TV

The first television ad promoting condoms, on the California station KNTV, aired in 1975: it was quickly pulled after it attracted national attention. And in over 30 states, advertising condoms as birth control devices was still illegal.

Musician Max Cavalera is born

Massimiliano Antonio "Max" Cavalera is a Brazilian singer, guitarist, and songwriter who currently plays in heavy metal bands Soulfly, Cavalera Conspiracy, and Killer Be Killed. In 1984, he co-founded the acclaimed heavy metal band Sepultura with his brother Igor Cavalera. Max was also involved in a short-lived side project called Nailbomb.

Pink Floyd release their debut album

"The Piper at the Gates of Dawn" is the debut studio album by the English rock band Pink Floyd, and the only one made under founding member Syd Barrett's leadership. Since its release, the album has been hailed as one of the best psychedelic rock albums.

The Troggs hit #1 on the UK singles chart

"With a Girl Like You" is a song released by the English rock band the Troggs, written by Reg Presley and produced by Larry Page. The song reached number one in the UK Singles Chart, where it remained for two weeks. In the U.S., it peaked at #29 on the Billboard Hot 100.

American president Barack Obama is born

Barack Hussein Obama II is an American attorney and politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from 2009 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, he was the first African American to serve as president. He was previously the United States Senator from Illinois and a member of the Illinois State Senate.

The Billboard Hot 100 is published for the first time

The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine. A new chart is compiled and officially released to the public by Billboard on Tuesdays. The first number one song of the Hot 100 was "Poor Little Fool" by Ricky Nelson.

American actor Billy Bob Thornton is born

Billy Bob Thornton is an American actor, filmmaker, singer, songwriter, and musician. Thornton had his first break when he co-wrote and starred in the 1992 thriller One False Move, and received international attention after writing, directing, and starring in the independent drama film Sling Blade.

Anne Frank and her family are arrested by Gestapo

Anne Frank was a German-born Jew and one of the well-known victims of the Holocaust. Her life-story became known after her death and the publication of The Diary of a Young Girl. Gestapo led by SS-Oberscharführer Karl Silberbauer stormed Achterhuis, the place of their hiding and took them to RSHA headquarters for interrogation.

The Greenwich foot tunnel under the River Thames opens

The Greenwich Foot Tunnel crosses beneath the River Thames in East London, linking Greenwich on the south bank with the Isle of Dogs on the north. The tunnel was designed by civil engineer Sir Alexander Binnie for London County Council and constructed by contractor John Cochrane & Co.

Louis Armstrong is born

Louis Daniel Armstrong was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz. His career spanned five decades, from the 1920s to the 1960s, and different eras in the history of jazz.

Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother is born

Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon was the wife of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon. She was Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the Dominions from her husband's accession in 1936 until his death in 1952. She was the last Empress of India.

Belgian engineer Étienne Lenoir dies

He invented the first commercially successful internal-combustion engine. The engine looked like a double-acting steam engine. It fired an uncompressed charge of air and gas with an ignition system of Lenoir’s own design. One of his engines powered a road vehicle. Another ran a boat. It wasn't efficient enough, and the inventor died poor.

Author Hans Christian Andersen dies

Hans Christian Andersen was a Danish author. Although a prolific writer of plays, travelogues, novels and poems, Andersen is best remembered for his fairy tales. Soon afterward, he started to show signs of liver cancer. He died in 1875, in a house called Rolighed, near Copenhagen, the home of his close friends.

Fashion designer Louis Vuitton is born

Louis Vuitton was a French fashion designer and businessman. He was the founder of the Louis Vuitton brand of leather goods now owned by LVMH. Prior to this, he had been appointed as trunk-maker to Empress Eugénie de Montijo, wife of Napoleon III.

French painter and inventor Nicolas-Jacques Conté is born

He invented the modern pencil. Conté was asked by mathematician Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot to develop a writing tool for the times of blockade, when France had shortage of English graphite. Conté mixed powdered graphite with clay and pressed the material between two half-cylinders of wood. The pencil was born.

Gibraltar is captured by Britain

The Capture of Gibraltar by Anglo-Dutch forces of the Grand Alliance occurred during the War of the Spanish Succession. The Grand Alliance failed in its objective of replacing Philip V with Charles III as King of Spain but in the peace negotiations, Gibraltar was ceded to Britain.

French Benedictine monk Dom Pérignon supposedly invents champagne

It is, however, a myth. Dom Pérignon did not invent sparkling vine. He made significant contributions to the production and quality of champagne wine, though. The sparkling wine didn't become the dominant style of Champagne wine until the mid-19th century. The bubbles are created by double fermentation.

The birthday of the sparkling wine

Champagne is said to have been invented by Dom Pérignon. The story seems to be an 1821 embellishment by one Dom Groussard, in an attempt to increase the prestige of the abbey. The English scientist Christopher Merret seems to have been the first to add sugars, beginning the refermentation process which resulted in the first carbonated wine.

Anniversaries of famous