Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Jon Stewart hosts his final episode of The Daily Show

Stewart's final episode aired as an hour-long special in three segments. The first featured a reunion of a majority of the correspondents and contributors from throughout the show's history as well as a pre-recorded "anti-tribute" from various frequent guests and "friends" of the show.

NASA's Curiosity rover lands on the surface of Mars

A car-sized rover Curiosity was designed for the purpose of exploration of Gale Crater on Mars. As a part of NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory mission, it was launched from Cape Canaveral and landed on Aeolis Palus in Gale Crater. The landing location was given a name Bradbury Landing after sci-fi author Ray Bradbury.

Beyoncé and Jay-Z are the world's highest-paid couple

Beyoncé and Jay-Z were placed at number one on the "World's Highest-Paid Celebrity Couples", for collectively earning $78 million. The couple made it into the previous year's Guinness World Records as the "highest-earning power couple" for collectively earning $122 million in 2009.

Filmmaker John Hughes dies

While out on a walk one summer morning in New York, Hughes suffered a fatal heart attack and was pronounced dead at the hospital. His legacy after his death was honored by many, and he was even honored at the 2010 Oscars by actors with whom he had worked, including Matthew Broderick, Molly Ringwald, and Anthony Michael Hall.

James Blunt is at #1 on the UK singles chart

"You're Beautiful" is a song co-written by the British singer James Blunt, Sacha Skarbek, and Amanda Ghost for Blunt's debut album, Back to Bedlam. It was released as the third single from the album in 2005. In the United Kingdom and Australia, the song reached number one and number two respectively.

Whitney Houston becomes one of the highest-paid musicians

Whitney Elizabeth Houston was an American singer and actress. Houston signed one of the biggest record deals in music history, with Arista/BMG. She renewed her contract for $100 million to deliver six new albums, on which she would also earn royalties.

George R.R. Martin publishes "A Song of Ice and Fire"

A Song of Ice and Fire is a series of epic fantasy novels by the American novelist and screenwriter George R. R. Martin. A Song of Ice and Fire takes place on the fictional continents Westeros and Essos. The books have sold more than 70 million copies worldwide and have been translated into 47 languages.

World Wide Web summary is posted

Berners-Lee posted a short summary of the World Wide Web project on the alt.hypertext newsgroup, inviting collaborators. This date is sometimes confused with the public availability of the first web servers, which had occurred months earlier.

"Oh! Calcutta!" closes after 5959 performances in NYC

"Oh! Calcutta!" is an avant-garde theatrical revue, created by British drama critic Kenneth Tynan. The show, consisting of sketches on sex-related topics, debuted Off-Broadway in 1969 and then in the West End in 1970. It ran in London for over 3,900 performances, and in New York initially for 1,314.

Guns N' Roses debut album goes to #1 in the US

"Appetite for Destruction" is the debut studio album by American hard rock band Guns N' Roses. It was released by Geffen Records to massive commercial success. It topped the Billboard 200 and became the best-selling debut album as well as the 11th best-selling album in the United States.

Space Shuttle Challenger lands

The mission was interesting from several points of view. During launch, Challenger had to perform Abort to Orbit (ATO) emergency procedure, which means that the intended orbit could not be reached, but the shuttle could stay on a lower, stable orbit. Despite the ATO, rest of the mission went well. One of the experiments conducted on board was preparation of Coca-Cola and Pepsi in space.


Dutch professional footballer Robin van Persie is born

Robin van Persie is a Dutch professional footballer who plays as a forward for Feyenoord. He has played over 100 times for the Netherlands national team. He made his senior debut during the 2001–02 season, which culminated with a victory in the 2002 UEFA Cup Final.

Pink Floyd's The Wall opens in movie theatres in New York

Pink Floyd – The Wall is a British live-action/animated musical drama film directed by Alan Parker with animated segments by political cartoonist Gerald Scarfe, and is based on the 1979 Pink Floyd album of the same name. The film is mostly driven by music and does not feature much dialogue.

ABBA score their first US top 10 hit when "Waterloo" goes to #6

"Waterloo" is the first single from the Swedish pop group ABBA's second album, Waterloo and their first under the Epic and Atlantic labels. The single became a No. 1 hit in several countries. It reached the U.S. Top 10 and went on to sell nearly six million copies, making it one of the best-selling singles of all time.

Singer Geri Halliwell is born

Geraldine Estelle Horner is an English pop singer-songwriter, clothes designer, author, and actress. Halliwell came to international prominence in the 1990s as Ginger Spice, a member of the successful girl group the Spice Girls, the best-selling girl group of all time with over 85 million records sold.

The Beatles release album "Help!"

Help! is the fifth studio album by English rock band the Beatles and the soundtrack from their film Help!. It was the fifth UK album release by the band and contains fourteen songs in its original British form. Seven of these, including the singles "Help!" and "Ticket to Ride", appeared in the film and took up the first side of the vinyl album.

Jamaica becomes independent after 300 years of British rule

Jamaica was a British colony after it was captured from Spain and subsequently formally ceded by Spain. After the end of WW2, decolonization started over the world. The transition of Jamaica into an independent state began and the UK Parliament granted it their independence. Jamaican flag replaced the Union Jack through the country.

Soviet Cosmonaut Gherman Titov experience space sickness for the first time in history

Titov was the second human to orbit the Earth. Space sickness is similar to the sea sickness and car sickness. It is caused by disagreement between visually perceived movement and the vestibular system's sense of movement. Symptoms can vary from mild nausea and disorientation, to vomiting and intense discomfort. Titov vomited.

Cuba nationalizes American property

By the end of 1960, the revolutionary government had nationalized more than $25 billion worth of private property owned by Cubans. The Castro government also formally nationalized all foreign-owned property in the nation, particularly American holdings.

Chubby Checker appears on American Bandstand

Checker's "Twist" was a nationwide hit, aided by his many appearances on Dick Clark's American Bandstand, and the Top 10 American Bandstand ranking of the song. The song was so ubiquitous that Checker felt that his critics thought that he could only succeed with dance records typecasting him as a dance artist.

Hiroshima nuclear bombing

In August, one of its B-29s dropped a Little Boy uranium gun-type bomb on Hiroshima. Three days later a Fat Man plutonium implosion-type bomb was dropped by another B-29 on Nagasaki. The bombs immediately devastated their targets. Over the next 2 to 4 months, the acute effects of the atomic bombings killed 90,000–146,000 people in Hiroshima and 39,000–80,000 people in Nagasaki.

American computer scientist John Postel is born

He formed the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) and worked as its first director. Postel created an Internet address system. He was generally known as the God of internet between computer scientists. Postel went to the high scholl with two other internet pioneers: Steve Crocker and Vint Cerf.

American artist Andy Warhol is born

Andy Warhol was an American artist, director, and producer who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture, and advertising that flourished by the 1960s, and span a variety of media, including painting, photography, film, and sculpture.

Warner Bros. introduces the talkie

Warners signed a contract with AT&T for the exclusive use of its film sound technology for the redubbed Vitaphone operation, leading to the production of Don Juan and its accompanying shorts over the following months. The fidelity of recordings made for Warners films was markedly superior to those made for the company's sound-on-film competitors.


The first woman swims across the English Channel

Gertrude Caroline Ederle was an American competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in five events. She became the first woman to swim across the English Channel. Among other nicknames, the press sometimes called her "Queen of the Waves".

Star of the Legendary I Love Lucy, Lucille Ball, is born

Lucille Désirée Ball was an American actress, comedian, model, film-studio executive, and producer. She was the star of the self-produced sitcoms I Love Lucy, The Lucy–Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show, Here's Lucy, and Life with Lucy. Ball's career began in 1929 when she landed work as a model.

Scottish microbiologist Alexander Fleming is born

He is known as the discoverer of the Penicillin – the world's first antibiotic substance. The discovery was accidental. Fleming unintentionally contaminated one of his Petri dishes with bacteria by fungus. The fungus was natural Penicillin producer. Fleming also discovered the enzyme lysozyme, which catalyses the destruction of bacterial cell wall.

Holy Roman Empire comes to its official end after 1000 years

The Holy Roman Empire was a multi-ethnic territorial complex in central Europe, created during the Early Middle Ages. During the French Revolutionary wars, a series of military conflicts between France and the Empire culminated into a major defeat after which the Holy Roman Emperor Francis II abdicated and dissolved the empire.

Anniversaries of famous