Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Wal-Mart buys e-retailer Jet.com for $3.3bn

It was announced that Walmart would acquire Jet.com for $3.3 billion - $3 billion in cash and up to $300 million in stock paid out over time to the founders and other selected individuals at the company. As of 2016 it ceased being an independent company, and is now a subsidiary of Walmart.

Harris County shooting

48-year-old African-American David Ray Conley broke into Texas Harris County of his former girlfriend, Valerie Jackson. He took Jackson and six children as a hostage, including his 13-year-old son whom he shot. Later, he surrendered to the police. The trial is in progress, the prosecutor demands the death penalty and advocates seek a perpetrator's statement to be mentally handicapped.

Five Nights at Freddy's is released

Five Nights at Freddy's is a point-and-click survival horror video game developed and published by Scott Cawthon. It is the first installment in the series. The game centers around a fictional pizza restaurant called "Freddy Fazbear's Pizza", where the player must act as a night security guard.

A mudslide in Zhugqu County, Gansu, China

At least 127 people are dead and another 2,000 missing after landslides and floodwaters swept through a county in north-western China overnight. Half of the town of Zhouqu, in the south of Gansu province, was submerged. 300 homes were engulfed by mud in the nearby village of Yueyuan, said an official.


Espanyol captain Daniel Jarque dies

Daniel Jarque González was a Spanish footballer who played as a central defender. Jarque was found dead during Espanyol's pre-season, in Coverciano, Florence, Italy. He was on the phone with his girlfriend in the team hotel when he suffered a heart attack.


Beijing opening ceremony is held

The event set numerous world and Olympics records in the history of Sports and is also the most expensive Olympics of all time. The opening ceremony was lauded by spectators and numerous international presses as spectacular and spellbinding, and by many accounts "the greatest ever in the history of Olympics".

Russian troops invade Georgia

Following a period of worsening relations between Russia and Georgia, pro-Russian separatists broke ceasefire agreement from 1992. Georgian army arrived at the conflict zone to solve the problems. Russia immediately launched an invasion, accusing Georgia of aggression against South Ossetia. The war ended with the ceasefire agreement.

Space Shuttle Endeavour is launched

During liftoff several pieces of insulation foam from the external tank hit the heatshield. One of them created a small puncture. Astronauts then inspected the puncture throughout the rendezvous with the ISS. The damage was minor and was not dangerous. Similar damage caused the Columbia disaster in 2003.

Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman divorce

Cruise filed for divorce from Kidman while she was unknowingly pregnant. The pregnancy ended with a miscarriage. In 2007, Kidman clarified rumors of a miscarriage early in her marriage to Cruise, saying in an interview, "It was wrongly reported," and explaining that she had actually had an ectopic pregnancy.

MTV premieres the animated sci-fi series "Æon Flux"

Æon Flux is an American avant-garde science fiction animated television series that aired on MTV, with film, comic book, and video game adaptations following after its end. It premiered MTV's Liquid Television experimental animation show, as a six-part serial of short films.


The Dream Team wins gold medals

The "Dream Team" was the first American Olympic team to feature active professional players from the NBA. At the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona, the team defeated its opponents by an average of 44 points en route to the gold medal against Croatia. Chuck Daly served as coach, assisted by Lenny Wilkens, P. J. Carlesimo, and Mike Krzyzewski.

Iraq occupies Kuwait

The Iraqi Army's occupation of Kuwait was met with international condemnation and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the UN Security Council. Together with the UK's prime minister Margaret Thatcher, George Bush deployed US forces into Saudi Arabia and urged other countries to send their own forces to the scene.

Space Shuttle Columbia is launched

The mission details are classified. Early reports speculated that the primary payload was an Advanced KH-11 photo-reconnaissance satellite. Today it is widely believed that the main payload was the first SDS-2 communications satellite. Columbia travelled 3.4 million kilometres during 81 orbits of the Earth.

The David Hasselhoff series "Knight Rider" ends

Interest in the show declined, leading to its cancellation by the end of the season. Hasselhoff, knowing the show was coming to an end, attempted to make a "series finale" and helped conceive the story "The Scent of Roses" with his wife at the time Catherine Hickland, who played Michael's love interest Stephanie "Stevie" Mason in past episodes.

New Zealand legalizes homosexuality

The rights of the LGBT community received more awareness in the late 20th century and male same-sex sexual activity was decriminalized. The age of consent was set to 16. It happened thanks to Fran Wilde, Labour Member of Parliament who developed Homosexual Law Reform Bill with gay rights group and introduced it to Parliament.


Swiss tennis player Roger Federer is born

Roger Federer is a Swiss professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No. 2 in men's singles tennis by the Association of Tennis Professionals. Federer has won 20 Grand Slam singles titles and has held the world No. 1 spot in the ATP rankings for a record total of 310 weeks, including a record 237 consecutive weeks.

President Richard Nixon announces his resignation

In light of his loss of political support and the near-certainty that he would be impeached and removed, Nixon resigned the presidency, after addressing the nation on television the previous evening. Nixon chose to resign after realizing public opinion was not in his favor to remain in office.

Macmillan takes the cover photo of the Beatles album Abbey Road

The front cover design, a photograph of the group on a zebra crossing, was based on ideas sketched by McCartney and taken outside EMI Studios in Abbey Road. At 11:35 that morning, photographer Iain Macmillan was given only ten minutes to take the photo whilst he stood on a step-ladder and a policeman held up traffic behind the camera.

Britain's "Great Train Robbery"

The Great Train Robbery was the robbery of £2.6 million from a Royal Mail train. After the robbery, the gang hid at Leatherslade Farm. After the police found this hideout, incriminating evidence led to the eventual arrest and conviction of most of the gang. The ringleaders were sentenced to 30 years in jail.

Marcinelle disaster

A mining disaster occurred at Bois du Cazier, a coal mine in the town of Marcinelle, currently a part of Charleroi in Belgium. Electric cables in the shaft ruptured, starting the underground fire. Air and oil pipes soon followed, making the fire even worse. Smoke and carbon killed 262 men trapped in the mine by the fire.

Actor and director Dustin Hoffman is born

Dustin Lee Hoffman is an American actor and director, with a career in film, television, and theater since 1960. Hoffman has been known for his versatile portrayals of antiheroes and vulnerable characters. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor in 1980 for Kramer vs. Kramer, and in 1989 for Rain Man.

English physicist Roger Penrose is born

As a physicist, he made many contributions to the general relativity, especially the theory describing black holes. Most famous of them is the set of results, which he produced with Stephen Hawking, called Penrose–Hawking singularity theorems. Later he became interested in philosophy of science and question of consciousness.

The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight

A German-built Zeppelin LZ 127 took off for its 1st flight around the globe. The flight took the Graf Zeppelin through the Atlantic to Germany and then it continued on across Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. After flying through Siberia, it stopped in Tokyo, before continuing through the Pacific and landing in the LA.

English physicist Paul Dirac is born

He made many contributions to the quantum physics. Most famous of them is his prediction of the existence of antimatter. Dirac first studied electrical engineering but fortunately he was unable to find work as an engineer. So he returned to school and studied mathematics. Then he became interested in physics.

Napoleon is exiled on St. Helena island

After Napoleon fled the island of Elba, he gathered an army that reached 200,000 men. Great Britain, Russia, Austria, and Vienna banded together to end his rule. He was ultimately defeated and exiled on the island of Saint Helena by the UK. He was moved to the Longwood House where he stayed until his death.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1981

Roger Federer

born 1998

Shawn Mendes

born 1969

Steve Wilks

born 1998

Ryan Garcia