Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Alexandria train collision

Trains going on the track against each other collided near the Korshid station in the suburbs of Alexandria. 41 people died, 179 suffered from injuries. The reason why did the two trains went on the same track is still a subject of investigation.

Robin Williams commits suicide

Robin McLaurin Williams was an American actor and comedian. He is credited with leading San Francisco's comedy renaissance. Williams died by suicide at his home in Paradise Cay, California. In the initial report, the Marin County Sheriff's Office deputy coroner stated Williams had hanged himself.

NATO launches its first ground mission outside Europe

NATO took command of ISAF, which consisted of 5,000 troops from more than 30 countries. About 90 percent of the force was contributed by NATO nations. By far the largest single contingent, 1,950 were Canadian. About 2,000 German troops were involved, and Romania had about 400 troops at the time.

Kiss arrive on Hollywood Boulevard to unveil their star

Kiss is an American rock band formed by Paul Stanley, Gene Simmons, Peter Criss, and Ace Frehley. Well known for its members' face paint and stage outfits, the group rose to prominence in the mid-to-late 1970s with their elaborate live performances. Kiss was inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame in the "Recording Industry" category.

BP purchases Amoco

Amoco merged with British Petroleum, forming BP Amoco. Shortly after the merger, Amoco stations began a rebranding that saw the stations change their names to the BP marque while continuing to sell Amoco-branded fuel. Eventually all traces of the Amoco brand name were eliminated and the stations adopted the BP branding permanently.

Dracula star Peter Cushing dies

Peter Wilton Cushing was an English actor best known for his roles in the Hammer Productions horror films of the 1950s, '60s, and '70s, as well as his performance as Grand Moff Tarkin in Star Wars. In August 1994 Cushing entered himself into Pilgrims Hospice in Canterbury, where he died due to prostate cancer, aged 81.

Space Shuttle Atlantis lands

Main mission goal was launching the TDRS-E satellite. The flight also tested a new advanced heatpipe radiator for potential use on the then-future space station and conducted a variety of medical and materials science investigations. The mission was also notable for being the first one to send an e-mail from space.

Nickelodeon debuts "The Ren & Stimpy Show"

The Ren & Stimpy Show is an American animated series created by John Kricfalusi for Nickelodeon. The series follows the adventures of title characters Ren, an emotionally unstable chihuahua, and Stimpy, a good-natured, dimwitted cat. Throughout its run, the show was controversial for its sexual innuendo, dark humor, adult jokes, and violence.

"Dreamgirls" closes after 1522 performances

Dreamgirls is a Broadway musical, with music by Henry Krieger and lyrics and book by Tom Eyen. Based on the show business aspirations and successes of R&B acts such as The Supremes, The Shirelles, and others, the musical follows the story of a young female singing trio from Chicago, Illinois called "The Dreams", who become music superstars.

Australian actor Chris Hemsworth is born

Christopher Hemsworth is an Australian actor. He rose to prominence playing Kim Hyde in the Australian TV series Home and Away. Hemsworth has also appeared in the science fiction action film Star Trek, the thriller adventure A Perfect Getaway, and the horror comedy The Cabin in the Woods.

Led Zeppelin play their last ever UK show

Led Zeppelin had not performed live for two years since the death of Robert Plant's son during the band's 1977 North American tour, and they had not performed in the United Kingdom for four years. Led Zeppelin played their last ever concerts in the UK at Knebworth, and it was the end of an era for the Knebworth shows.

First transatlantic hot-air balloon flight starts

The balloon was called Double Eagle II. It was piloted by Americans Ben Abruzzo, Maxie Anderson, and Larry Newman. The journey from Presque Isle, Maine, to Miserey near Paris took 137 hours and 6 minutes. Larry Newman originally intended to hang glide from the balloon instead of a landing, while Anderson and Abruzzo continued to fly. Unfortunately, the hang-glider had to be dropped as ballast.

The last US ground combat unit leaves South Vietnam

The last U.S. ground combat unit in South Vietnam, the Third Battalion, Twenty-First Infantry, departed for the United States. The unit had been guarding the U.S. air base at Da Nang. This left only 43,500 advisors, airmen, and support troops left in-country.

John Lennon apologises for his "more popular than Jesus"

John Lennon apologized for his remarks that The Beatles were "more popular than Jesus". Lennon told reporters "Look, I wasn’t saying The Beatles are better than God or Jesus, I said ‘Beatles’ because it’s easy for me to talk about The Beatles. I could have said ‘TV’ or ‘Cinema’, ‘Motorcars’ or anything popular and would have got away with it’’.

Actress Viola Davis is born

Viola Davis is an American actress and producer. She was the first African American actress to be nominated for three Academy Awards, winning one, and is the only African American person to achieve the Triple Crown of Acting. Born in St. Matthews, South Carolina, she began her acting career starring in minor theatre productions.

The Beatles start recording their album Beatles For Sale

Beatles for Sale is the fourth studio album by the English rock band the Beatles. The Beatles recorded the album at EMI Studios in London in between their touring and radio engagements. In Britain, Beatles for Sale held the number 1 spot for 11 of the 46 weeks that it spent in the top 20.

The first person floats in microgravity

Vostok 3 lifted off from Gagarin's Start at Baikonur Cosmodrome atop a Vostok 8K72K rocket. During his first day in orbit, Nikolayev unstrapped himself from his seat and became the first spacefarer to float freely in conditions of microgravity in space.


Hungarian star Ferenc Puskas signs for Real Madrid

Puskás joined Real Madrid and at the age of 31 embarked on the second phase of his career. During his first La Liga season, Puskás scored four hat-tricks, including one in his second game, against Sporting de Gijón. He scored 20 or more goals in each of his first six seasons in the Spanish league and won the Pichichi four times.

Elvis Presley's hit "Don't Be Cruel / Hound Dog" is released

"Don't Be Cruel" is a song recorded by Elvis Presley and written by Otis Blackwell. The single was backed with "Hound Dog". Within a few weeks "Hound Dog" had risen to #2 on the Pop charts with sales of over one million. Soon after it was overtaken by "Don't Be Cruel" which took #1 on all three main charts; Pop, Country, and R'n'B.

Artist Jackson Pollock is born

Paul Jackson Pollock was an American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. He was well known for his unique style of drip painting. During his lifetime, Pollock enjoyed considerable fame and notoriety; he was a major artist of his generation.


American professional wrestler Hulk Hogan is born

Hulk Hogan is an American retired professional wrestler, actor, television personality, entrepreneur, and musician. Hogan is regarded by many as the greatest professional wrestler of all time. According to IGN, he is "the most recognized wrestling star worldwide and the most popular wrestler of the 1980s".

Hussein bin Talal is proclaimed king

Hussein bin Talal reigned as King of Jordan until his death. According to Hussein, he was a 40th-generation direct descendant of Muhammad. Hussein, a constitutional monarch, started his rule with what was termed a "liberal experiment", allowing, in 1956, the formation of the only democratically elected government in Jordan's history.

Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Wozniak is born

Stephen Gary Wozniak is an American inventor, electronics engineer, programmer, philanthropist, and technology entrepreneur who co-founded Apple Computer, Inc. He and Apple co-founder Steve Jobs are widely recognized as pioneers of the personal computer revolution of the 1970s and 1980s.

Singer Eric Carmen is born

Eric Howard Carmen is an American singer, songwriter, guitarist and keyboardist. He scored numerous hit songs across the 1970s and 1980s, first as a member of the Raspberries, and then with his solo career, including hits such as "All by Myself", "Never Gonna Fall in Love Again", "She Did It", "Hungry Eyes", and "Make Me Lose Control".

Founder FedEx Frederick W. Smith is born

Frederick Wallace "Fred" Smith is the founder, chairman, president, and CEO of FedEx, originally known as Federal Express. The company is headquartered in Memphis, Tennessee. Fortune Magazine ranked him 26th among the list of "World's 50 Greatest Leaders".

The first civilian prisoners arrive at Alcatraz

The first batch of 137 prisoners arrived at Alcatraz, arriving by railroad from the United States Penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kansas at Santa Venetia, California, before being escorted to Alcatraz, handcuffed in high-security coaches and guarded by some 60 special FBI agents, U.S. Marshals, and railway security officials.


Babe Ruth hits 500th home run in his career

In Major League Baseball, the 500 home run club is a group of batters who have hit 500 or more regular-season home runs in their careers. Babe Ruth became the first member of the club. Ruth ended his career with 714 home runs, a record which stood from 1935 until Hank Aaron surpassed it in 1974.

Writer Alex Haley is born

Alexander Murray Palmer Haley was an American writer and the author of the 1976 book Roots: The Saga of an American Family. ABC adapted the book as a television miniseries of the same name and aired it in 1977 to a record-breaking audience of 130 million viewers.

English mathematician and computer scientist Tom Kilburn is born

With his colleague Freddie Williams he constructed the world's RAM, the Williams–Kilburn tube. They used it in the first stored-program computer, the Small-Scale Experimental Machine, at the University of Manchester. Kilburn was involved in the development of five computers of great historical significance overall.

Post-war Germany is established as a republic

The Constitution of the German Reich was the constitution that governed Germany during the Weimar Republic era. The constitution declared Germany to be a democratic parliamentary republic with a legislature elected under proportional representation. Universal suffrage was established, with a minimum voting age of 20.

Scottish-American industrialist Andrew Carnegie dies

He led the expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century and became one of the richest people in history. In 1901 he sold his company for $480 million and dedicated the rest of his life to philanthropy. Carnegie especially supported local libraries, world peace, education, and scientific research.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1967

Joe Rogan

born 1953

Hulk Hogan