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International Youth Day

International Youth Day is an awareness day designated by the United Nations. The purpose of the day is to draw attention to a given set of cultural and legal issues surrounding youth. During IYD, concerts, workshops, cultural events, and meetings involving national and local government officials and youth organizations take place around the world.

Parker Solar Probe is launched

The probe will approach the Sun within 8.86 solar radii (6.2 million kilometres). The goals of the mission are: 1) Trace the flow of energy that heats the corona and accelerates the solar wind. 2) Determine the structure and dynamics of the magnetic fields at the sources of solar wind. 2) Determine what mechanisms accelerate and transport energetic particles.

Criminal Minds star, Thomas Gibson, is fired from the show

Gibson was suspended after appearing in two episodes of the twelfth season of Criminal Minds, following an on-set altercation with a writer-producer; he apologized for the confrontation in a statement. Gibson had a prior altercation with an assistant director and underwent anger-management counseling.

2016

Ledecky's is the most decorated female athlete at one Olympics

Katie Ledecky left Rio de Janeiro as the most decorated female athlete of the 2016 Olympic Games with four gold medals, one silver medal, and two world records. In total, she has won 26 medals in major international competitions, spanning the Summer Olympics, World Championships, and Pan Pacific Championships.

Elon Musk unveils Hyperloop, the high-speed tube transit concept

Musk unveiled a concept for a high-speed transportation system incorporating reduced-pressure tubes in which pressurized capsules ride on an air cushion driven by linear induction motors and air compressors. The document of alpha design estimated the total cost of an LA-to-SF Hyperloop system at US$6 billion.

London's Olympics end with a spectacular closing ceremony

The closing ceremony of the London 2012 Summer Olympics was held on 12–13 August in the Olympic Stadium. The closing ceremony was created by Kim Gavin, Es Devlin, Stephen Daldry, David Arnold and Mark Fisher. An average of 23.2 million viewers in the United Kingdom watched the event, with an estimated 750 million worldwide.

Avatar closes with the highest inflation-adjusted US box office

On a worldwide basis, when Avatar's gross stood at $2 billion just 35 days into its run, The Daily Telegraph estimated its gross was surpassed by only Gone with the Wind, Titanic and Star Wars after adjusting for inflation to 2010 prices, with Avatar ultimately winding up with $2.8 billion by the end of its run in 2010.

California voids nearly 4,000 same-sex marriages

About 4,000 such licenses were issued before the California Supreme Court ordered a halt to the practice. The California Supreme Court voided all of the licenses that had been issued in February and March. The legal dispute over the issuance of marriage licenses to same-sex couples led to the 2008 In re Marriage Cases ruling.

Submarine Kursk disaster

Russian K-141 Kursk nuclear submarine sank in the Barents Sea after several powerful explosions in the torpedo section of the vessel. Despite this incident has happened, part of the crew survived but due to a number of errors by the Russian rescuers, all 118 men on board died eventually. There are a number of uncertainties around the causes of the explosions.

Woodstock 2 begins

Woodstock '94 was a music festival organized in 1994 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the original Woodstock festival. The crowd at Woodstock '94 was estimated at 550,000. The size of the crowd was larger than concert organizers had planned for and by the second night, many of the event policies were logistically unenforceable.

English model, actress, singer Cara Delevingne is born

Cara Jocelyn Delevingne is an English model and actress. She started her acting career with a minor role in the 2012 film adaptation of Anna Karenina. Her first major roles were as Margo Roth Spiegelman in the romantic mystery film Paper Towns, Kath Talent in London Fields, and the Enchantress in the comic book film Suicide Squad.

The largest Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton is discovered

Sue is the largest, most extensive and best preserved Tyrannosaurus rex specimen ever found at over 90% recovered by bulk. It was discovered by Sue Hendrickson, a paleontologist, and was named after her. After ownership disputes were settled, the fossil was auctioned for the US $8.3 million, the highest amount ever paid for a dinosaur fossil.

1990

Controversial Italy forward Mario Balotelli is born

Mario Balotelli Barwuah is an Italian professional footballer who plays as a striker for the Italy national team. He started his professional football career at Lumezzane and played for the first team twice before having an unsuccessful trial at Barcelona, and subsequently joining Internazionale in 2007.

The two day Moscow Music Peace Festival is held

The Moscow Music Peace Festival was a one-time gathering of high-profile hard rock acts for a performance in Moscow, Soviet Union to promote world peace and establish international cooperation in fighting the drug war in Russia. It was part of an era of momentous change in the Soviet Union.

American physicist William Shockley dies

American physicist William Shockley is born

Lionel Richie performs at Olympics closing ceremonies

As The Olympic Games came to a close, Lionel Richie performed a 9-minute version of his hit single "All Night Long" live from Los Angeles to an estimated television audience of 2.6 billion people around the globe.

The IBM Personal Computer is released

The IBM Personal Computer is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform. It is IBM model number 5150 and was introduced in 1981. It was created by a team of engineers and designers under the direction of Don Estridge of the IBM Entry Systems Division in Boca Raton, Florida.

Alice Cooper is at #1 on the UK singles chart with "School's Out"

"School's Out" is a song first recorded as the title track single of Alice Cooper's fifth album and written by the Alice Cooper band. "School's Out" became Alice Cooper's first major hit single, reaching #7 on the Billboard Hot 100 pop singles chart and propelling the album to #2 on the Billboard 200 pop albums chart.

1971

Greek American tennis player Pete Sampras is born

Petros Sampras is an American retired tennis player widely regarded as one of the greatest in the history of the sport. A right-handed player with a single-handed backhand, his precise and powerful serve earned him the nickname "Pistol Pete". His professional career began in 1988 and ended at the 2002 US Open, which he won.

1970

Paris Saint Germain is formed as two clubs merge

Paris Saint-Germain was formed after the fusion of Paris FC – created a year earlier to fill the void of having no top-flight club in the capital – and Stade Saint-Germain, founded in 1904 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the birth town of Louis XIV.

Singer Tanita Tikaram is born

Tanita Tikaram is a British pop/folk singer-songwriter. She achieved chart success with the singles "Twist in My Sobriety" and "Good Tradition" from her 1988 debut album, Ancient Heart. She is known for her powerful, husky voice, and poetic and somewhat obscure lyrics.

Led Zeppelin play together for the first time

Jimmy Page, Robert Plant, John Paul Jones and John Bonham played together for the first time when they rehearsed at a studio in Gerrard Street in London's West End. The first live dates they played were as The Yardbirds, and it was not until the following month when they started to use the name Led Zeppelin.

"A Hard Day's Night" opens in 500 American cinemas

A Hard Day's Night is a British musical comedy film directed by Richard Lester and starring the Beatles during the height of Beatlemania. The film portrays several days in the lives of the group. The film was a financial and critical success. Time magazine rated it as one of the all-time great 100 films.

Author Ian Fleming dies

Ian Lancaster Fleming was an English author, journalist and naval intelligence officer who is best known for his James Bond series of spy novels. Fleming was a heavy smoker and drinker for most of his life and succumbed to heart disease at the age of 56.

First communications satellite is launched

It was called Echo 1 (It had a brother, Echo 2). The satellite was a metalized ball. In fact it was a balloon. It was inflated with gas after it has been put into orbit. Echo I did not receive or broadcast messages. It acted just as a passive reflector for microwaves. It bounced signals from one place on Earth to another.

Pete Best auditions to become The Silver Beatles' drummer

Peter Best is an English musician, principally known as an original member and the first drummer of the Beatles, from 1960 to 1962. He is one of several people who has been referred to as the Fifth Beatle. The Beatles invited Best to join on the eve of the group's first Hamburg season of club dates, but Best was eventually replaced by Ringo Starr.

Novelist Thomas Mann dies

Paul Thomas Mann was a German novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and the 1929 Nobel Prize in Literature laureate. He died of atherosclerosis in a hospital in Zurich and was buried in Kilchberg. Many institutions are named in his honor, for instance, the Thomas Mann Gymnasium of Budapest.

Soviets secretly detonate their first hydrogen bomb

RDS-6, the first Soviet test of a hydrogen bomb, was nicknamed Joe 4 by the Americans. It used a layer-cake design of fission and fusion fuels and produced a yield of 400 kilotons. This yield was about ten times more powerful than any previous Soviet test.

Musician Mark Knopfler is born

Mark Freuder Knopfler is a British singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer, and film score composer. He was the lead guitarist, lead singer, and songwriter for the rock band Dire Straits, which he co-founded with his younger brother, David Knopfler, in 1977. He was born in Glasgow but raised near Newcastle upon Tyne, England.

Composer Leoš Janáček dies

Leoš Janáček was a Czech composer, musical theorist, folklorist, publicist and teacher. He was inspired by Moravian and other Slavic folk music to create an original, modern musical style. Until 1895 he devoted himself mainly to folkloristic research and his early musical output was influenced by contemporaries such as Antonín Dvořák.

The U.S. flag is raised over Hawaii

US Congress passed a joint resolution, referred to as the Newlands Resolution, by a simple majority of both houses. The United States asserted that it had legally annexed Hawaii. Critics argued this was not a legally permissible way to acquire territory under the U.S. Constitution.

Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger dies

He developed a number of fundamental results in the field of quantum theory. Schrödinger formulated the famous wave equation. He also proposed an original interpretation of the physical meaning of the wave function in quantum mechanics. To the general public, he is most known for his "Schrödinger's cat" thought-experiment.

The last quagga dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam

The quagga is an extinct subspecies of plains zebra that lived in South Africa until becoming extinct late in the 19th century. The last captive specimen died in Amsterdam in 1883. Only one quagga was ever photographed alive and only 23 skins are preserved today.

Isaac Singer is granted a patent for his sewing machine

Isaac Merritt Singer made important improvements in the design of the sewing machine and was the founder of the Singer Sewing Machine Company. Many had patented sewing machines before Singer, but his success was based on the practicality of his machine and its availability on an installment payment basis.

Poet William Blake dies

William Blake was an English poet, painter, and printmaker. Largely unrecognized during his lifetime, Blake is now considered a seminal figure in the history of the poetry and visual arts of the Romantic Age. Blake's last years were spent at Fountain Court off the Strand. He died after promising his wife that he would be with her always.

Cleopatra commits suicide

When Cleopatra learned that Octavian planned to bring her to Rome for his triumphal procession, she committed suicide by poisoning, the popular belief is that she was bitten by an asp. Cleopatra's legacy survives in numerous works of art, both ancient and modern, and many dramatizations of incidents from her life in literature and other media.

Anniversaries of famous

died 30 BC

Cleopatra

born 1975

Casey Affleck

born 1930

George Soros