Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"Disenchantment" is released on Netflix

Disenchantment is an adult animated fantasy sitcom created by Matt Groening. Twenty episodes of the series have been ordered by Netflix. The series is Groening's first production for Netflix, previously created The Simpsons and Futurama for 20th Century Fox Television.

Barcelona terror attack

22-year-old Younes Abouyaaqoub drove a van into pedestrians on La Rambla in Barcelona, Spain, killing 13 people and injuring at least 130 others. Abouyaaqoub fled the attack on foot, then killed another person in order to steal the victim's car to make his escape. 9 hours after the Barcelona attack, 5 men thought to be members of the same terrorist cell drove into pedestrians in nearby Cambrils, killing one woman and injuring six others.

Scientists Identify Earth's Oldest Flowering Plant

The fossil species is called Montsechia vidalii. It lived approximately 125 to 130 million years ago, in the Cretaceous period. Remains of Montsechia vidalii were first discovered over 100 years ago in limestone deposits in the Pyrenees and Iberian Mountains in Spain. Unfortunately, they were misinterpreted. Botanists failed to recognize their significance.

Pussy Riot members are jailed for two years

The group gained global notoriety when five members of the group staged a performance inside Moscow's Cathedral of Christ the Savior. Three members were convicted of "hooliganism motivated by religious hatred", and each was sentenced to two years' imprisonment.

The first guest walks off Piers Morgan Tonight

Tea Party politician Christine O’Donnell walked off the set of Piers Morgan’s interview show on CNN yesterday. After Morgan shot her a series of questions she didn't want to answer, O’Donnell told Morgan he was “borderline being a little bit rude" and proceeded to leave the studio.


The first person wins eight gold medals in one Olympic Games

Michael Fred Phelps is an American retired competitive swimmer and the most successful and most decorated Olympian of all time. When he won eight gold medals at the 2008 Beijing Games, Phelps broke fellow American swimmer Mark Spitz's 1972 record of seven first-place finishes at any single Olympic Games.

"High School Musical 2" sets cable ratings record

High School Musical 2 is the second film in the High School Musical series. The premiere was seen by a total of over 17.2 million viewers in the United States which is almost 10 million more than its predecessor, making it the highest-rated Disney Channel Movie of all time as well as the highest-rated basic cable telecast at the time.

Earthquake strikes Turkey

The 1999 İzmit earthquake occurred in northwestern Turkey. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX. The event lasted for 37 seconds, killing around 17,000 people and left approximately half a million people homeless. The nearby city of İzmit was severely damaged.

Russia devalues the ruble and defaulted on its debt

The Russian financial crisis hit Russia in 1998. It resulted in the Russian government and the Russian Central Bank devaluing the ruble and defaulting on its debt. The crisis had severe impacts on the economies of many neighboring countries.

Bill Clinton admits Lewinsky affair

President Bill Clinton admitted to having had what he called an "inappropriate relationship" with Monica Samille Lewinsky, a former White House intern, while she worked at the White House in 1995–1996. The affair and its repercussions, which included Clinton's impeachment, became known later as the Clinton–Lewinsky scandal.


Beckham scores goal from his own half

David Beckham became something of a household name when he scored a spectacular goal in a match against Wimbledon. With United leading 2–0, Beckham noticed that Wimbledon's goalkeeper Neil Sullivan was standing a long way out of his goal, and hit a shot from the halfway line that floated over the goalkeeper and into the net.


Zidane makes his international debut netting twice

Zidane was a member of the French under-21 squad that won a bronze medal at the 1993 Mediterranean Games in Languedoc-Roussillon. He earned his first cap with France as a substitute in a friendly against the Czech Republic, which ended in a 2–2 draw after Zidane scored twice to help France erase a 2–0 deficit.

Nirvana shoot a video for "Smells Like Teen Spirit"

"Smells Like Teen Spirit" received critical plaudits, including topping the Village Voice Pazz & Jop critics' poll and winning two MTV Video Music Awards for its music video, which was in heavy rotation on music television. The song was dubbed an "anthem for apathetic kids" of Generation X.


American snowboarder Elena Hight is born

Elena Hight is an American Olympic snowboarder. While training with the U.S. snowboard team in Mammoth, California, Hight became the first woman to land a double backside alley-oop rodeo in a halfpipe, she also became the first snowboarder to land a double backside alley-oop rodeo during a halfpipe competition.

Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess is found dead after 40 years in jail

Hess died in 1987 at age 93 in a summer house that had been set up in the prison garden as a reading room. He took an extension cord from one of the lamps, strung it over a window latch, and hanged himself. The death occurred by asphyxiation. A short note to his family was found in his pocket, thanking them for all that they had done.


American basketball player Rudy Gay is born

Rudy Carlton Gay Jr. is an American professional basketball player for the San Antonio Spurs of the National Basketball Association. The 6'8" small forward played college basketball for the University of Connecticut before being drafted eighth overall in the 2006 NBA draft by the Houston Rockets; he was traded to the Memphis Grizzlies days later.


American baseball player Dustin Pedroia is born

Dustin Luis Pedroia is an American baseball second baseman for the Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball. He is a four-time All-Star and an American League Most Valuable Player award winner, who has also received four Gold Glove Awards and a single Silver Slugger award.

The first Compact Discs are released to the public in Germany

Compact disc is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982. The format was originally developed to store and play only sound recordings but was later adapted for storage of data. The first commercial compact disc was produced in 1982. It was The Visitors by ABBA.

"Monty Python’s Life of Brian" premieres

Monty Python's Life of Brian is a British religious satire comedy film starring and written by the comedy group Monty Python. It was also directed by Jones. The film tells the story of Brian Cohen, a young Jewish man who is born on the same day as, and next door to, Jesus Christ, and is subsequently mistaken for the Messiah.


US balloonists' record Atlantic crossing

Double Eagle II, piloted by Ben Abruzzo, Maxie Anderson, and Larry Newman, became the first balloon to cross the Atlantic Ocean when it landed in Miserey near Paris, 137 hours 6 minutes after leaving Presque Isle, Maine.

Finnish singer-songwriter Tarja Turunen is born

Tarja Turunen is a Finnish singer-songwriter. She is a soprano and has a vocal range of three octaves. Turunen studied singing at Sibelius Academy and Hochschule für Musik Karlsruhe. She is a professional classical lied singer, and the former lead vocalist of the Finnish symphonic metal band Nightwish.


French footballer Thierry Henry is born

Thierry Daniel Henry is a French professional football coach and former player. He is the second assistant coach of the Belgium national team. During his playing career, Henry played for Monaco, Juventus, Barcelona, New York Red Bulls and spent eight years at Arsenal where he is the club's record goalscorer.

The first film ever to gross over $100 million

Jaws opened with a $7 million weekend and recouped its production costs in two weeks. In just 78 days, it overtook The Godfather as the highest-grossing film at the North American box office, sailing past that picture's earnings of $86 million to become the first film to earn $100 million in US theatrical rentals.

Eric Clapton starts a four-week run at #1 on the US album

"461 Ocean Boulevard" is a solo album by Eric Clapton that marked his return to recording after recovering from a three-year addiction to heroin. The album was released by RSO Records, shortly after the record company released the hit single "I Shot the Sheriff". It topped various international charts and sold more than two million copies.


Puerto Rican-American baseball player Jorge Posada is born

Jorge Rafael Posada Villeta is a Puerto Rican former professional baseball catcher who played 17 seasons in Major League Baseball for the New York Yankees. Posada produced strong offensive numbers for his position, recording a .273 batting average, 275 home runs, and 1,065 runs batted in during his career.

The final day of Woodstock Rock Festival is held

The Woodstock Music & Art Fair—informally, the Woodstock Festival or simply Woodstock—was a music festival in the United States in 1969 which attracted an audience of more than 400,000. Billed as "An Aquarian Exposition: 3 Days of Peace & Music", it was held at Max Yasgur's 600-acre dairy farm near the hamlet of White Lake in the town of Bethel.

Singer Maria Mckee is born

Maria Luisa McKee is an American singer-songwriter. She is best known for her work with Lone Justice, her 1990 UK solo chart-topping hit, "Show Me Heaven", and her song "If Love Is a Red Dress (Hang Me in Rags)" from the film Pulp Fiction. She is the half-sister of Bryan MacLean, who was best known as a guitarist and vocalist in the band Love.

18-year-old Peter Fechter is shot on the Berlin Wall

Peter Fechter was a German bricklayer who became the twenty-seventh known person to die at the Berlin Wall. Fechter was 18 years-old when he was shot and killed by East German border guards while trying to cross over to West Berlin. Fechter was shot in the pelvis while still climbing, in plain view of hundreds of witnesses.

The Beatles begin their first Hamburg engagement

The Beatles arrived very early in the morning but had no trouble finding the St. Pauli area of Hamburg, as was so infamous. The group played at the club on the same night but were told they could sleep in a small cinema's storeroom, which was cold and in very poor condition, the Bambi Kino.

Miles Davis releases "Kind of Blue"

Kind of Blue is a studio album by American jazz trumpeter Miles Davis. It is regarded by many critics as jazz's greatest record, Davis's masterpiece, and one of the best albums of all time. Its influence on music, including jazz, rock, and classical genres, has led writers to also deem it one of the most influential albums ever recorded.

American singer-songwriter Belinda Carlisle is born

Belinda Jo Carlisle is an American singer. She gained worldwide fame as the lead singer of The Go-Go's, one of the most successful all-female bands of all time, and went on to have a prolific career as a solo act. As a member of The Go-Go's, she received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

British archaeologist John Marshall dies

He served as a Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India from 1902 to 1928 and oversaw the excavations of Harappa and Mohenjodaro. These two cities belonged to the Indus Valley Civilisation. Along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, it was one of cradles of civilised society and the most widespread one.

Revival of "The Skin of Our Teeth" opens on Broadway

The Skin of Our Teeth is a play by Thornton Wilder which won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. It opened at the Shubert Theatre in New Haven, Connecticut, before moving to the Plymouth Theatre on Broadway. It was produced by Michael Myerberg and directed by Elia Kazan.


Auto racer Nelson Piquet is born

Nelson Piquet Souto Maior is a Brazilian former racing driver and businessman. After retiring from Formula One, Piquet tried his hand at the Indianapolis 500 for two years. He also tried his hand at sports car racing during and after his Formula One career.

Indonesia declares independence from the Netherlands

The Indonesian National Revolution was an armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia. It took place between Indonesia's declaration of independence in 1945 and the Netherlands' recognition of Indonesia's independence at the end of 1949.

Robert De Niro is born in New York

Robert Anthony De Niro Jr. is an American actor, producer, and director. De Niro was cast as the young Vito Corleone in the 1974 film The Godfather Part II, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. His longtime collaboration with director Martin Scorsese earned him the Academy Award for Best Actor.

American chemist Hazel Bishop is born

She is known as the inventor of the long-lasting lipstick. Bishop conducted her research in her kitchen refitted as a chemical laboratory. It was a success. She founded company Hazel Bishop Inc. Her lipstick costed $1. It was sold out on its first day of launch. The product started what was later known as the Lipstick Wars in the cosmetic industry.

Electric car starter is patented

Before the invention of the electric starter, engines were started by a removable crank handle. It was romantic but also difficult and dangerous. The behaviour of an engine during starting is not always predictable. It can kick back. This could cause a violent jerk, which can lead to the injury of the operator.

Wagner's "Götterdämmerung" premieres in Bayreuth

Götterdämmerung is the last in Richard Wagner's cycle of four music dramas titled Der Ring des Nibelungen. It received its premiere at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus as part of the first complete performance of the Ring.

The world's first steamboat Clermont makes its maiden voyage

The steamer's inaugural run was helmed by Captain Andrew Brink, and left New York in 1807, with a complement of invited guests aboard. They arrived in Albany two days later, after 32 hours of travel time and a 20-hour stop at Livingston's estate, Clermont Manor. The return trip was completed in 30 hours with only a one-hour stop at Clermont.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1960

Sean Penn

born 2000

Lil Pump