Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Oldest known cheese is discovered

It was found in 3200-years old tomb of Ptahmes, a high-ranking Egyptian official. The substance was inside a jar. The scientists described it as a “solidified whitish mass.” Prior to the discovery there has been no evidence of Ancient Egyptian cheese production. The cheese was made from sheep's and goat's milk.

Wreck of USS Indianapolis is found

She was a Portland-class heavy cruiser of the United States Navy. In 1945 she delivered parts of the Hiroshima bomb from San Francisco to Pearl Harbor. On her way back, she was sunk by Japanese submarine I-58. Because of her secret missions, the sailors were not saved for three days. From 1 195 crewmen, only 316 survived.


Asian Games Start in Indonesia

The Asian Games are being co-hosted in two cities; the Indonesian capital of Jakarta, and Palembang, the capital of the South Sumatra province. For the first time, eSports and canoe polo will be contested as a demonstration sports. Total cost for the games is estimated as $3.2 billion.

Turku attack

The first case of Islamist terrorism in Finland, when Abderrahman Bouannane attacked two pedestrians with kitchen knives in the center of Turku. 2 women were killed, another eight suffered from injuries. The killer declared himself a fighter of the ISIS.

Sheeran's album "x" notches up eight weeks at #1 on the UK chart

x is the second studio album by English singer-songwriter Ed Sheeran. The album received positive reviews from music critics. It was an international commercial success, peaking at No. 1 in fifteen countries, while topping both the UK Albums Chart and the US Billboard 200.

American singer and songwriter Scott McKenzie dies

Scott McKenzie was an American singer and songwriter. He was best known for his 1967 hit single and generational anthem, "San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)". McKenzie died at the age of 73 in Los Angeles. He had suffered from Guillain–Barré syndrome from 2010 until his death.


Fabrice Olinga becomes LA Liga’s youngest goal scorer

Fabrice Olinga Essono is a Cameroonian footballer who plays for Belgian club Royal Excel Mouscron as a forward. He became the youngest ever player to score in La Liga at the age of 16, at the service of Málaga. Released shortly after, he also competed professionally in Cyprus, Romania and Belgium. Olinga represented Cameroon at the 2014 World Cup.

Wolfenstein is released in North America

Wolfenstein is a first-person shooter video game developed by Raven Software and published by Activision as part of the long-running Wolfenstein video game series. It serves as a sequel to the 2001 entry Return to Castle Wolfenstein, albeit loosely; and uses an enhanced version of id Software's id Tech 4.

Pakistani president Pervez Musharraf resigns amid impeachment threat

In 2008, Musharraf announced his resignation. He defended his nine-year rule in an hour-long televised speech. However, public opinion was largely against him by this time. A poll conducted a day after his resignation showed that 63% of Pakistanis welcomed Musharraf's decision to step down, while only 15% were unhappy with it.

Broadway gets its first revival of "The Boys From Syracuse" since the 1938

The Boys from Syracuse is a musical with music by Richard Rodgers and lyrics by Lorenz Hart, based on William Shakespeare's play, The Comedy of Errors. The score includes swing and other contemporary rhythms of the 1930s. The Roundabout Theatre revival opened on Broadway at the American Airlines Theatre and ran for 73 performances and 29 previews.


American swimmer Elizabeth Beisel is born

Elizabeth Lyon Beisel is an American competition swimmer who specializes in backstroke and individual medley events. Beisel placed second in the 400m individual medley at the 2016 US Olympic Swimming Trials, qualifying for her third Olympic team. She has won a total of nine medals in major international competition.

American psychologist B. F. Skinner is born

He is known as a proponent of behaviorism – often condemned school of thought in psychology. The behaviorists assumed that all behaviors are reflexes produced by a response to certain stimuli in the environment or consequence of that individual's history, especially reinforcements and punishments. Free will is an illusion for them.


American baseball player Evan Gattis is born

James Evan Gattis is an American professional baseball designated hitter and catcher for the Houston Astros. Gattis has also earned the nickname of "El Oso Blanco" or The White Bear, due to his raw power capabilities when playing for the Venezuelan Winter League.

Sci-fi hit "Aliens" is released

Aliens is an American science fiction action horror film written and directed by James Cameron, produced by Gale Anne Hurd and starring Sigourney Weaver. It is the sequel to the 1979 film Alien and the second installment in the Alien franchise.

Singer Mika is born

Mika is an English singer and songwriter. After recording his first extended play, Dodgy Holiday, Mika was named the number-one predicted a breakthrough act of 2007 in an annual BBC poll of music critics, Sound of 2007. Mika released his first full-length studio album, Life in Cartoon Motion, on Island Records.

Revival of "My Fair Lady" opens on Broadway at the Uris Theatre

My Fair Lady is a musical based on George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, with book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner and music by Frederick Loewe. The story concerns Eliza Doolittle, a Cockney flower girl who takes speech lessons from professor Henry Higgins, a phoneticist, so that she may pass as a lady.


American football player Jeremy Shockey is born

Jeremy Charles Shockey is a former American football tight end. The winner of the first-ever Diet Pepsi NFL Rookie of the Year Award in 2002, Shockey earned four Pro Bowl selections in his career and received Super Bowl rings with the Giants in Super Bowl XLII and with the Saints in Super Bowl XLIV.

Actor and comedian Andy Samberg is born

Andy Samberg is an American actor, comedian, filmmaker, and musician. He is a member of the comedy music group The Lonely Island and was a cast member on Saturday Night Live, where he and his fellow group members have been credited with popularizing the SNL Digital Shorts.

The Police make their live debut

The Police's power trio line-up of Copeland, Sting, and Summers performed for the first time at Rebecca's club in the English city of Birmingham in the West Midlands. A trio was unusual for the time, and this line-up endured for the rest of the band's history.

Woodstock finishes after 3 days of live shows

The Woodstock Music & Art Fair was a music festival in the United States in 1969 which attracted an audience of more than 400,000. It is widely regarded as a pivotal moment in popular music history, as well as the definitive nexus for the larger counterculture generation.

Ringo Starr makes his debut with The Beatles

Starr first performed as a member of the Beatles at a horticultural society dance at Port Sunlight, had a two-hour rehearsal in preparation. After his appearance at the Cavern Club the following day, Best fans, upset by his firing, held vigils outside his house and at the club shouting "Pete forever! Ringo never!"

"Lolita" Vladimir Nabokov is published in the US

Lolita is a 1955 novel written by the Russian-American novelist Vladimir Nabokov. The novel is notable for its controversial subject: the protagonist and unreliable narrator, a middle-aged literature professor under the pseudonym Humbert Humbert, who is obsessed with a 12-year-old girl, Dolores Haze.

American actor Patrick Swayze is born

Patrick Wayne Swayze was an American actor, dancer, and singer-songwriter. Having gained fame with appearances in films during the 1980s, Swayze became popular for playing tough guys and romantic lead males, gaining him a wide fan base with female audiences, and status as a teen idol and sex symbol.

Adidas is registered as a company

The company was started by Adolf Dassler in his mother's house, he was joined by his elder brother Rudolf in 1924 under the name Dassler Brothers Shoe Factory. In 1949, following a breakdown in the relationship between the brothers, Adolf created Adidas, and Rudolf established Puma, which became Adidas' business rival.


Italy and AC Milan great of the 60s and 70s Gianni Rivera is born

Giovanni "Gianni" Rivera is an Italian politician and former footballer who played as a midfielder. During his career as a footballer he was mostly utilised as an attacking midfielder. Dubbed Italy's "Golden Boy" by the media, he played the majority of his club career with Italian side A.C. Milan.


Inter legend Giacinto Facchetti is born

Giacinto Facchetti was an Italian footballer who played as a defender. From January 2004 until his death, he was chairman of Internazionale, the Italian club for which he played for his entire club career during the 1960s and 1970s. He played 634 official games for the club, scoring 75 goals.

The Hardest Day air battle

The Luftwaffe made an all-out effort to destroy Fighter Command. The air battles that took place on this day were amongst the largest aerial engagements in history at that time. Both sides suffered heavy losses. In the air, the British shot down twice as many Luftwaffe aircraft as they lost.

Singer Johnny Preston is born

Johnny Preston was an American pop singer, who is best known for his international number one hit in 1960, "Running Bear". Preston's pioneering contribution to the genre was recognized by the Rockabilly Hall of Fame. He also performed at Dick Clark's American Bandstand Theater in Branson, Missouri.

The Thousand Islands Bridge opens

The Thousand Islands International Bridge is an international bridge system over the Saint Lawrence River connecting northern New York in the United States with southeastern Ontario in Canada. Constructed in 1937, with additions in 1959, the bridges span the Canada–US border in the middle of the Thousand Islands region.

Director Roman Polanski is born

Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański is a French-Polish film director, producer, writer, and actor. Since 1978, he has been a fugitive from the U.S. criminal justice system, having fled the country while awaiting sentencing in his sexual abuse case, where he pleaded guilty to statutory rape.

Actress Shelley Winters is born

Shelley Winters was an American actress whose career spanned five decades. She appeared in numerous films and won Academy Awards for The Diary of Anne Frank and A Patch of Blue. In addition to the film, Winters also appeared in television, including a years-long tenure on the sitcom Roseanne, and also authored three autobiographical books.

American naturalist Margaret Murie is born

She is sometimes called the Grandmother of the Conservation Movement. She worked as the wilderness advocate. With her husband Olaus she camped for weeks in the wild. Margaret Murie helped in the passage of the Wilderness Act. She was also instrumental in creating the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

Asaph Hall discoveres Phobos

Hall was given responsibility for the USNO 26-inch telescope, the largest refracting telescope in the world at the time. It was with this telescope that he discovered Phobos and Deimos in 1877. Hall also noticed a white spot on Saturn which he used as a marker to ascertain the planet's rotational period.

French astronomer Pierre Janssen discovers helium

While observing the solar eclipse at Guntur, Madras State, British India, he noticed bright lines in the spectrum of the chromosphere, showing that the chromosphere is gaseous. This was the first observation of this particular spectral line, and one possible source for it was an element not yet discovered on the earth.

The Mongol conqueror Genghis Khan dies

Genghis Khan died in 1227, during the fall of Yinchuan, which is the capital of Western Xia. The exact cause of his death remains a mystery, and is variously attributed to being killed in action against the Western Xia, illness, falling from his horse, or wounds sustained in hunting or battle.

Anniversaries of famous