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Flashback calendar

The Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca

The Hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.

"Waitress" opens at the American Repertory Theater

Waitress is a musical with music and lyrics by Sara Bareilles and a book by Jessie Nelson. The musical is based on the 2007 film of the same name, written by Adrienne Shelly. It tells the story of Jenna Hunterson, a waitress in an abusive relationship with her husband Earl.

Eastern basin of the Aral Sea dries for the first time

The Aral Sea used to be one of the four largest lakes in the world with an area of 68 000 square kilometres. It has been shrinking since the 1960s after the rivers that fed it were diverted by Soviet irrigation projects. By 1997, it was divided into four lakes – the North Aral Sea, the eastern and western basins.

Diablo 3 is released for PS4 and XBO

Diablo III is a dungeon crawler action role-playing video game developed and published by Blizzard Entertainment. It is the third installment in the Diablo franchise. Diablo III set a new record for fastest-selling PC game selling over 3.5 million copies in the first 24 hours of its release.

Dhamara Ghat train accident

Express train Saharsa Patna Rajya Rani in the Indian state of Bihar at Dhamara Ghat Station headed into the crowd of people standing in the dormitory. 37 people were killed, including 13 women and four children. They were mostly Sikh pilgrims, causing riots and violence against train crew.

Producer and director Tony Scott dies

Anthony David Leighton Scott was an English film director and producer. Scott killed himself by jumping off the Vincent Thomas Bridge in the San Pedro port district of Los Angeles. Investigators found contact information in a note left in his car, parked on the bridge, and a note at his office for his family.

Last US combat troops left Iraq

The 4th Stryker Brigade had the distinction of being the last U.S. Army combat brigade to serve in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The brigade deployed three times in support of the War on Terror, to Iraq from 2007-2008 and from 2009-2010, and to Afghanistan from 2012-2013 before inactivating in 2014.

Baghdad bombings

A large number of bombings have taken place in Baghdad, especially since the beginning of the War in Iraq. Wikipedia has individual articles on the following attacks:1950s1950–51 Baghdad bombings20032003 Jordanian embassy bombing in Baghdad Canal Hotel bombing 27 October 2003 Baghdad bombings20042004 Ashura bombings in Iraq June 2004 Baghdad bombing 14 September 2004 Baghdad bombing 30 September 2004 Baghdad bombing200517 August 2005 Baghdad bombings 14 September 2005 Baghdad bombings2006Buratha Mosque bombing 1 July 2006 Sadr City bombing 23 November 2006 Sadr City bombings2007Mustansiriya University bombings 22 January 2007 Baghdad bombings 3 February 2007 Baghdad market bombing 12 February 2007 Baghdad bombings 18 February 2007 Baghdad bombings 29 March 2007 Baghdad bombings 2007 Iraqi Parliament bombing 18 April 2007 Baghdad bombings 19 June 2007 al-Khilani Mosque bombing 26 July 2007 Baghdad market bombing 1 August 2007 Baghdad bombings20081 February 2008 Baghdad bombings 6 March 2008 Baghdad bombing 17 June 2008 Baghdad bombing 28 September 2008 Baghdad bombings20098 March 2009 Baghdad police recruitment centre bombing 6 April 2009 Baghdad bombings 23 April 2009 Iraqi suicide attacks 24 June 2009 Baghdad bombing 19 August 2009 Baghdad bombings 25 October 2009 Baghdad bombings 8 December 2009 Baghdad bombings201025 January 2010 Baghdad bombings 1 February 2010 Baghdad bombing 4 April 2010 Baghdad bombings 6 April 2010 Baghdad bombings April 2010 Baghdad bombings 10 May 2010 Iraq attacks 20 June 2010 Baghdad bombings July 2010 Baghdad bombing 17 August 2010 Baghdad bombings 19 September 2010 Baghdad attacks 2 November 2010 Baghdad bombings201124 January 2011 Iraq bombings 27 January 2011 Baghdad bombing 28 August 2011 Baghdad bombing October 2011 Baghdad bombings 22 December 2011 Baghdad bombings20125 January 2012 Iraq bombings 27 January 2012 Baghdad bombing 23 February 2012 Iraq attacks 13 June 2012 Iraq attacks 9 September 2012 Iraq attacks201319 March 2013 Iraq attacks 18 April 2013 Baghdad bombing 27 May 2013 Baghdad bombings 21 September 2013 Iraq attacks 2013 Iraq Christmas Day bombings2015February 2015 Baghdad bombings 2015 Baghdad market truck bombing2016January 2016 Iraq attacks February 2016 Baghdad bombings April 2016 Baghdad bombing 11 May 2016 Baghdad bombings 17 May 2016 Baghdad bombings 2016 Karrada bombing 9 September 2016 Baghdad bombings October 2016 Baghdad attacks December 2016 Baghdad bombings2017January 2017 Baghdad bombings Al-Faqma ice cream parlor bombing2018January 2018 Baghdad bombings

Producer Don Hewitt dies

Donald Shepard "Don" Hewitt was an American television news producer and executive, best known for creating the CBS television news magazine 60 Minutes. He was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer from which he died at his home in Bridgehampton, New York.

Lady Gaga releases her first album The Fame

The Fame is the debut studio album by American singer Lady Gaga. Musically, The Fame is an electropop, synth-pop, and dance-pop album that displays influences from music from the 1980s. Lyrically, the album visualizes Gaga's love of fame in general while also dealing with subjects such as love, sex, money, drugs, and sexual identity.

Revival of "Grease" opens on Broadway

Grease is a musical by Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey. Named after the 1950s United States working-class youth subculture known as greasers, the musical is set in 1959 at fictional Rydell High School and follows ten working-class teenagers as they navigate the complexities of peer pressure, politics, personal core values, and love.

A life-size bronze statue of Phil Lynott is unveiled

A life-size bronze statue of Lynott by Dublin sculptor Paul Daly was unveiled on Harry Street, off Grafton Street in Dublin. The ceremony was attended by Lynott's mother, and former band members Moore, Bell, Robertson, Downey, Gorham and Darren Wharton, who performed live.

"Dracula, The Musical" opens on Broadway

Dracula, the Musical is a musical based on the original Victorian novel by Bram Stoker. It had its regional premiere at the La Jolla Playhouse, La Jolla, California, playing to 115% capacity, earning the highest paid capacity for any world premiere production in the playhouse's history.

Google raises $1.66 billion from its first public stock sale

Google's IPO took place in 2004. At that time Larry Page, Sergey Brin, and Eric Schmidt agreed to work together at Google for 20 years, until the year 2024. At IPO, the company offered 19,605,052 shares at a price of $85 per share. The sale of $1.67bn gave Google a market capitalization of more than $23bn.

American soul singer Betty Everett dies

Betty Everett was an American soul singer and pianist, best known for her biggest hit single, the million-selling "The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)". Everett died at her home in Beloit, Wisconsin, she was 61.

"Kat and the Kings" opens on Broadway

Kat and the Kings is a musical with a book and lyrics by David Kramer and music by Taliep Petersen. Set in late-1950s South Africa, it focuses on teenager Kat Diamond, who believes he's the best singer and dancer in District Six, a multi-racial slum in Cape Town.

Space Shuttle Discovery lands

The mission’s goal was to perform multiple experiments on the orbit and to deploy a satellite for the observation of Earth’s atmosphere. Discovery also carried ultraviolet sensors in the payload bay, which operated independently of crew support. The mission lasted a day longer than originally planned due to a threat of ground fog.


Arsenal legend Dennis Bergkamp makes his debut for the club

On the opening day of the 1995–96 league season, Bergkamp made his full debut against Middlesbrough. He struggled to adapt to the English game and failed to score in the club's next six league matches, prompting ridicule by the national press.

Soviet hard-liners launch a coup against president Gorbachev

The 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt was an attempt by members of the government of the USSR to take control of the country from Soviet President and General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev. The coup leaders were hard-line members of the CPSU who were opposed to Gorbachev's reform program and the new union treaty that he had negotiated.

American author Veronica Roth is born

Veronica Roth is an American novelist and short story writer, known for her debut New York Times bestselling Divergent trilogy, consisting of Divergent, Insurgent, and Allegiant; and Four: A Divergent Collection. Divergent was the recipient of the Goodreads Favorite Book of 2011 and the 2012 winner for Best Young Adult Fantasy & Science Fiction

"A Nightmare on Elm Street 4" is released

"A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master" is an American slasher film and the fourth film in the Nightmare on Elm Street series. The film was directed by Renny Harlin and stars Robert Englund, Lisa Wilcox, and Danny Hassel. The film was released to generally mixed reviews, grossing over $49.3 million in the US.

"Crazy" and "Hound Dog" are the most played jukebox songs

"Crazy" is a ballad composed by Willie Nelson. It has been recorded by several artists, most notably by Patsy Cline, whose version was a No. 2 country hit in 1962. Together with Elvis Presley's "Hound Dog", "Crazy" was announced as the most played jukebox songs of the first hundred years.

Hungerford massacre

Hungerford massacre was a series of random shootings in Hungerford, England, 1987, when Michael Robert Ryan, an unemployed antique dealer, and handyman, fatally shot 16 people, including a police officer, before shooting himself. The shootings, committed using a handgun and two semi-automatic rifles, occurred at several locations, including a school he had once attended.

Saudia Flight 163 catches fire

Saudia Flight 163 was a scheduled Saudia passenger flight which caught fire after takeoff from Riyadh International Airport en route to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. All 287 passengers and 14 crew on board the Lockheed L-1011-200 TriStar died from smoke inhalation after the aircraft made a successful emergency landing at Riyadh.

The Commodores start a five-week run at #1 in the UK

"Three Times a Lady" is a song by American soul group the Commodores, from their album Natural High. Lionel Richie wrote the song about his love for his wife, mother and grandmother hence "Once, Twice, Three Times a Lady". It was the only Motown song to reach the Top 10 on the US Billboard Hot 100 that year and the Commodores' first Billboard Hot 100 number-one hit, topping the chart for two weeks.

Groucho Marx , one of America’s greatest comedians, dies

Julius Henry "Groucho" Marx was an American comedian, writer, stage, film, radio, and television star. Marx was hospitalized at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center with pneumonia in 1977 and died there nearly two months later at the age of 86, four months after Gummo's death.

Fashion designer Sarah Burton is born

Sarah Jane Burton is an English fashion designer, currently creative director of fashion brand Alexander McQueen. She designed Catherine Middleton's wedding dress for her wedding to Prince William, Duke of Cambridge. In 2012, she was named in Time 100, an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world according to Time.

Rita Coolidge and Kris Kristofferson are married

Coolidge was married to Kris Kristofferson from 1973 to 1980. They have one daughter, Casey, born in 1974. In her memoir, Coolidge describes her marriage to Kristofferson as volatile due his alcoholism and infidelity. She alleges he was abusive and when they divorced she didn't ask him for anything.


Defender Marco Materazzi is born

Marco Materazzi is an Italian former professional footballer and former manager of Indian Super League club Chennaiyin. At the beginning of his career, Materazzi played with various Italian teams in Serie B and Serie C, and with Everton in the Premier League. He earned 41 caps for Italy, playing in two World Cups and two European Championships.

American actor Matthew Perry is born

Matthew Langford Perry is a Canadian-American actor, comedian, and playwright known for his role as Chandler Bing on the NBC television sitcom Friends. Along with starring in the short-lived television series Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip, Perry has appeared in a number of films, including Fools Rush In, The Whole Nine Yards, and 17 Again.

The Beatles score their 14th US #1 single

"All You Need Is Love" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles. It entered the national singles chart at number 2 before topping the listings for three weeks. It was similarly successful in the United States after its release, reaching number one for a week.

Singer Joey Tempest is born

Rolf Magnus Joakim Larsson, professionally known as Joey Tempest, is a Swedish singer, most well known as the lead singer and main songwriter of the rock band Europe. He has written hits which include "The Final Countdown", "Rock the Night", "Cherokee" and "Superstitious".

Moscow jails American U-2 spy pilot

Powers pleaded guilty and was convicted of espionage in 1960 and sentenced to three years imprisonment and seven years of hard labor. He served one year and nine months of the sentence before being exchanged for Rudolf Abel in 1962. The exchange occurred on the Glienicke Bridge connecting Potsdam, East Germany, to West Berlin.

The Soviet Union launches the satellite with Belka and Strelka

Korabl-Sputnik 2 was a Soviet artificial satellite, and the third test flight of the Vostok spacecraft. It was the first spaceflight to send animals into orbit and return them safely back to Earth. It paved the way for the first human orbital flight, Vostok 1, which was launched less than eight months later.

English actor Jim Carter is born

James Edward Carter is an English actor. Carter's film credits include Top Secret!, A Month in the Country, A Dangerous Man: Lawrence After Arabia, and Shakespeare in Love. He is best known for his role in Downton Abbey, playing Mr. Carson, a role that has earned him four nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award.

The 42nd President of the United States Bill Clinton is born

William Jefferson Clinton is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001. A member of the Democratic Party, Clinton was ideologically a New Democrat and many of his policies reflected a centrist "Third Way" political philosophy.

Singer Ian Gillan from Deep Purple is born

Ian Gillan is an English singer and songwriter. He originally found commercial success as the lead singer and lyricist for Deep Purple. Initially influenced by Elvis Presley, Gillan started and fronted several local bands in the mid-1960s, and eventually joined Episode Six when their original singer left.

Singer Billy J Kramer is born

William Howard Ashton, better known by the stage name Billy J. Kramer is an English pop singer. In the 1960s he was managed by Brian Epstein, who also managed The Beatles, and he recorded several original Lennon–McCartney compositions.

Singer Johnny Nash is born

John Lester "Johnny" Nash, Jr. is an American reggae and pop music singer-songwriter, best known in the US for his 1972 hit, "I Can See Clearly Now". He was also one of the first non-Jamaican singers to record reggae music in Kingston, Jamaica.

Drummer Ginger Baker is born

Ginger Baker is an English drummer and the founder of the rock band Cream. His work in the 1960s earned him the reputation of "rock's first superstar drummer," while his individual style melds a jazz background with African rhythms. Baker is credited as a pioneer of drumming in genres like jazz fusion, heavy metal, and world music.


American baseball player Bobby Richardson is born

Robert Clinton Richardson is a former second baseman in Major League Baseball who played for the New York Yankees from 1955 through 1966. Batting and throwing right-handed, he was a superb defensive infielder, as well as something of a clutch hitter, who played no small role in the Yankee baseball dynasty of his day.

American astronaut Story Musgrave is born

He flew to space six times. Al his flights were in the Space Shuttle. Musgrave spent in space 53 days 9 hours and 55 minutes. He conducted four spacewalks, with total timer of 26 hours and nine minutes. He also worked on the design and development of the Skylab Program and was a backup pilot for the Skylab 2 mission.

German voters endorse Hitler as a supreme leader in plebiscit

A referendum on merging the posts of Chancellor and President was held in Germany in 1934. The German leadership sought to gain approval for Hitler's assumption of supreme power. The referendum was associated with widespread intimidation of voters, and Hitler used the resultant large "yes" vote to claim public support for his activities.


The first automobile race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway

The track surface again became a concern with drivers being covered in dirt, oil, and tar and with ruts and chuckholes beginning to form in the turns. Speedway workers oiled and rolled the track prior to the gates opening to the public. Fifteen to twenty thousand spectators showed up, paying at the most $1 for a ticket.

American television pioneer Philo Farnsworth is born

He made many contributions to development of all-electronic television. In 1927 he invented the first fully functional all-electronic image pickup device. In 1938, he founded the Farnsworth Television and Radio Corporation. Farnsworth also invented a small nuclear fusion device, the Farnsworth–Hirsch fusor.

French fashion designer Coco Chanel is born

Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel was a French fashion designer and a businesswoman. She was the founder and namesake of the Chanel brand. Chanel was credited in the post-World War I era with liberating women from the constraints of the "corseted silhouette" and popularizing a sporty, casual chic as the feminine standard of style.

American engineer and pilot Orville Wright is born

The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane. They made the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1951

John Deacon

born 1946

Bill Clinton

born 1969

Matthew Perry