Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Reality show "Cops" celebrates its 1000th episode

Cops celebrated its 1,000th episode with a live special on Spike called Cops: Beyond the Bust, hosted by Terry Crews, which included historical clips from the run of the series as well as reunions of officers and the suspects that they arrested. The date of the 1,000th episode also marked a shift from Saturday to Monday airing.

Thalys train attack

On 21 August 2015, a man opened fire on a Thalys train on its way from Amsterdam to Paris before his assault rifle jammed, and he was subdued by passengers. Four people were injured, including the assailant. French police believe the incident to be an Islamist terrorist attack, although the attorney for the accused said that robbery was his only intent. French, American, and British passengers confronted the attacker; they received France's highest decoration, the Legion of Honour, and some received other honours, as well.

FXX breaks TV marathon record

FXX is an American digital cable and satellite television channel owned by 21st Century Fox. The channel is best known for setting the record for the longest continuous marathon in the history of television, which featured every single episode of The Simpsons that had already been released at the time, which numbered over 550.

Corn price hits all-time high of $849 after dry summer

Corn and soybean prices surged to fresh record highs as concerns heightened over a shortage of crops amid the worst US drought in half a century. The sharp increase in grains prices came as a devastating drought has downgraded prospects for corn and other grains as well as soybeans in the US.

Tarantino’s "Inglorious Basterds" is released

Inglourious Basterds is a 2009 war film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. The film tells the alternate history story of two plots to assassinate Nazi Germany's leadership, one planned by Shosanna Dreyfus, a young French Jewish cinema proprietor, and the other by a team of Jewish American soldiers led by First Lieutenant Aldo Raine.

BioShock is released

BioShock is a first-person shooter video game developed by 2K Boston and 2K Australia and published by 2K Games. BioShock received critical acclaim and was particularly praised by critics for its morality-based storyline, immersive environments, and its unique setting, and is considered to be one of the greatest video games of all time.

Robert Moog, inventor of the synthesiser, dies

Robert Arthur Moog, a founder of Moog Music, was an American engineer and pioneer of electronic music, best known as the inventor of the Moog synthesizer. Moog was diagnosed with a glioblastoma multiforme brain tumor in April and died three months later, at the age of 71 in Asheville, North Carolina.

Final episode of "Six Feet Under" airs

Six Feet Under is an American drama television series created and produced by Alan Ball. It premiered on the premium cable network HBO in the United States in 2001, and ended in 2005, spanning five seasons and 63 episodes. It depicts the lives of the Fisher family, who run a funeral home in Los Angeles, and their friends and lovers.

"Be Here Now" becomes one of the fastest selling albums ever

On the first day of release, Be Here Now sold over 424,000 copies, becoming the fastest-selling album in British chart history, while initial reviews were overwhelmingly positive. The album's producer Owen Morris said the recording sessions were marred by arguments and drug abuse, and that the band's only motivations were commercial.

Indian astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar dies

He contributed to the various parts of physics, but he is most famous for his study of the star development. The maximum mass of a stable white dwarf star is named after him – The Chandrasekhar limit. Heavier stars become black holes. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar's uncle was another famous physicist, C. V. Raman.

"Barton Fink" is released in the US

Barton Fink is an American period film written, produced, directed and edited by the Coen brothers. It stars John Turturro in the title role as a young New York City playwright who is hired to write scripts for a film studio in Hollywood, and John Goodman as Charlie, the insurance salesman who lives next door at the run-down Hotel Earle.

"Gang of Eight" coup in Russia collapses

The 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt was an attempt by members of the government of the USSR to take control of the country from Soviet President and General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev. The coup leaders were hard-line members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

American actress and singer Hayden Panettiere is born

Hayden Lesley Panettiere is an American actress, model, singer, and activist. She is known for playing cheerleader Claire Bennet on the NBC sci-fi series Heroes and Juliette Barnes in the ABC/CMT musical-drama series Nashville. A native of New York, she first appeared in a commercial at the age of eleven months.


Polish professional footballer Robert Lewandowski is born

Robert Lewandowski is a Polish professional footballer who plays as a striker for Bayern Munich and is the captain of the Poland national team. After being the top scorer in the third and second tiers of Polish football with Znicz Pruszków, he moved to top-flight Lech Poznań and was the top scorer in the league as they won the 2009–10 Ekstraklasa.

Surprising smash hit "Dirty Dancing" premiers

Dirty Dancing is an American romantic drama dance film written by Eleanor Bergstein, directed by Emile Ardolino and starring Patrick Swayze and Jennifer Grey in the lead roles, and featuring Cynthia Rhodes and Jerry Orbach. Originally a low-budget film by a new studio, Vestron Pictures, Dirty Dancing became a box office hit.


Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt is born

Usain St Leo Bolt is a retired Jamaican sprinter and world record holder in the 100 meters, 200 meters and 4 × 100 meters relay. His reign as Olympic Games champion in all of these events spans three Olympics. Due to his achievements and dominance in sprint competition, he is widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time.

Gas cloud kills Cameroon villagers

A limnic eruption at Lake Nyos in northwestern Cameroon killed 1,746 people. The eruption triggered the sudden release of about 100,000–300,000 tons of CO2. The gas cloud rose at nearly 100 kilometers per hour and then descended onto nearby villages, displacing all the air and suffocating people and livestock within 25 kilometers of the lake.

Filipino opposition leader is shot dead

Aquino, a longtime political opponent of President Ferdinand Marcos, had just landed in his home country after three years of self-imposed exile in the United States when he was shot in the head while being escorted from an aircraft to a vehicle that was waiting to transport him to prison.

"La Cage aux Folles" opens on Broadway

La Cage aux Folles is a musical with a book by Harvey Fierstein and lyrics and music by Jerry Herman. Based on the 1973 French play of the same name by Jean Poiret, it focuses on a gay couple. The original 1983 Broadway production received nine nominations for Tony Awards and won six, including Best Musical, Best Score, and Best Book.

Bono of U2 marries his highschool love Alison Stewart

Bono is an Irish singer-songwriter, musician, venture capitalist, businessman, and philanthropist. He is married to activist and businesswoman Alison Hewson. The couple has four children: daughters Jordan and Memphis Eve, and sons Elijah Bob Patricius Guggi Q and John Abraham.

American computer scientist Sergey Brin is born

He is known as one of the two co-founders of Google (The other one was Larry Page). They met each other as doctoral students at Stanford University. Together, they developed a search engine which later became Google. Brin is participating in many side projects of the company, like the development of the driverless car, lab-grown meat, kite-energy systems etc.

The first Gap store opens in San Francisco

Don opened the first Gap store on Ocean Avenue in San Francisco on August 21, 1969; its only merchandise consisted of Levi's and LP records to attract teen customers. By 1973, the company had over 25 locations and had expanded into the East Coast market with a store in the Echelon Mall in Voorhees, New Jersey.

Warshaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia

The Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia was a joint invasion of Czechoslovakia by five Warsaw Pact nations – the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany and Poland. Approximately 250,000 Warsaw pact troops attacked Czechoslovakia that night, with Romania and Albania refusing to participate.

Gemini 5 is launched

The mission broke the previous Soviet record for spaceflight duration. It was possible because of the new fuel cells that generated enough electricity. These cells were a pivotal innovation for future Apollo flights. Astronauts Gordon Cooper and Pete Conrad also practiced a space rendezvous with "pod" deployed from the spacecraft.

Marvelettes release "Please Mr. Postman"

The Marvelettes recording features lead singer Gladys Horton hoping that the postman has brought her a letter from her boyfriend, who is away at war. The accompaniment is provided by the Funk Brothers, including Marvin Gaye on drums. The Marvelettes' version later appeared in a bar fight scene in the film Mean Streets, directed by Martin Scorsese.

Patsy Cline records "Crazy"

Patsy Cline was already a country music superstar and looking for material to extend a string of hits. She picked it as a follow-up to her previous big hit "I Fall to Pieces". "Crazy", its complex melody suiting Cline's vocal talent perfectly, was released in late 1961, and immediately became another huge hit for Cline.

English-American actress Kim Cattrall is born

Kim Victoria Cattrall is an English-Canadian actress. She is best known for her role as Samantha Jones in the HBO romantic comedy series Sex and the City, for which she received five Emmy Award nominations and four Golden Globe Award nominations, winning the 2002 Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actress.


American football player Archie Griffin is born

Archie Mason Griffin is a former American football running back. Griffin played seven seasons in the NFL with the Cincinnati Bengals. He is college football's only two-time Heisman Trophy winner. Griffin won four Big Ten Conference titles with the Ohio State Buckeyes and was the first player ever to start in four Rose Bowls.

Singer Jackie DeShannon is born

Jackie DeShannon is an American singer-songwriter with a string of hit song credits from the 1960s onwards, as both singer and composer. She was one of the first female singer-songwriters of the rock 'n' roll period. She is best known as the singer of "What the World Needs Now Is Love" and "Put a Little Love in Your Heart".

Singer Kenny Rogers is born

Kenneth Ray Rogers is an American singer, songwriter, actor, record producer, and entrepreneur. He is a member of the Country Music Hall of Fame. Rogers has charted more than 120 hit singles across various music genres and topped the country and pop album charts for more than 200 individual weeks in the United States alone.


American basketball player Wilt Chamberlain is born

Wilton Norman Chamberlain was an American basketball player. He played for the Philadelphia/San Francisco Warriors, the Philadelphia 76ers, and the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association. He played for the University of Kansas and also for the Harlem Globetrotters before playing in the NBA.

The Mona Lisa is stolen by a Louvre employee

Louvre employee Vincenzo Peruggia had stolen the Mona Lisa by entering the building during regular hours, hiding in a broom closet, and walking out with it hidden under his coat after the museum had closed. The theft was not discovered until the next day.

Legendary jazz giant Count Basie is born

Count Basie was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer. Basie formed his own jazz orchestra, the Count Basie Orchestra and led the group for almost 50 years, creating innovations like the use of two "split" tenor saxophones, emphasizing the rhythm section, using arrangers to broaden their sound, and others.

Oldsmobile, an American car brand, is founded

Oldsmobile was a brand of American automobiles produced for most of its existence by General Motors. Olds Motor Vehicle Co. was founded by Ransom E. Olds in 1897. It produced over 35 million vehicles, including at least 14 million built at its Lansing, Michigan factory.

William Seward Burroughs invents mechanical calculator

Burroughs developed his adding machine to ease the monotony of clerical work. One year after making his first patent application Burroughs incorporated his business. Adding machines such as his were ubiquitous office equipment until they were phased out in favour of electronic calculators and later personal computers.

James Cook claims eastern Australia for Great Britain

Having rounded the Cape, Cook landed on Possession Island, where he claimed the entire coastline he had just explored for the British Crown. In negotiating the Torres Strait past Cape York, Cook also put an end to the speculation that New Holland and New Guinea were part of the same land mass.