Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Proxima Centauri b exoplanet is discovered

The planet is orbiting red dwarf star Proxima Centauri. It is inside the habitable zone. It means the range of orbits around a star within which a planetary surface can support liquid water. True habitability of Proxima Centauri b is, however, unlikely because of strong stellar wind. Proxima Centauri is the closest star to the Sun. It is only 4.2 light-years away.

For the first time 1 billion people logged into Facebook

CEO Mark Zuckerberg marked the occasion with a post on his Facebook page, saying that one out of seven people on Earth logged in to the social network to connect with their friends and family. Overall, Facebook has nearly 1.5 billion users who log in at least once a month.


English race car driver Justin Wilson dies

Wilson suffered a traumatic brain injury in an accident at the Pocono Raceway, which caused his death the following day. Wilson was struck in the head by large debris from the crash of race leader Sage Karam's car.

English director Richard Attenborough dies

Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough was an English actor, filmmaker, entrepreneur, and politician. Attenborough died five days before his 91st birthday. He was survived by his wife of 69 years, their two children, six grandchildren, two great-grandchildren, and his younger brother David.

"True Blood" concludes after seven seasons

True Blood is an American dark fantasy horror television series produced and created by Alan Ball and based on The Southern Vampire Mysteries. The series concluded in 2014, comprising seven seasons and 80 episodes. The first five seasons received highly positive reviews and both nominations and winnings for several awards.

"Newsies" closes on Broadway after 1,004 performance

"Newsies The Musical" is a musical based on the 1992 film Newsies, which in turn was inspired by the real-life Newsboys Strike of 1899 in New York City. The show has music by Alan Menken, lyrics by Jack Feldman, and a book by Harvey Fierstein. The musical closed after having played 1,004 performances.


USADA stripps Armstrong of his seven Tour de France titles

Lance Armstrong had been the subject of doping allegations ever since winning the 1999 Tour de France. In 2012, a U.S. Anti-Doping Agency investigation concluded that Armstrong had used performance-enhancing drugs over the course of his career. He was stripped of all of his achievements from August 1998 onward, including his seven Tour de France titles.

Steve Jobs resignes as CEO of Apple

Jobs announced his resignation as Apple's CEO, writing to the board, "I have always said if there ever came a day when I could no longer meet my duties and expectations as Apple's CEO, I would be the first to let you know. Unfortunately, that day has come." Jobs became chairman of the board and named Tim Cook as his successor as CEO.

Mafia II is released

Mafia II is an open world action-adventure video game developed by 2K Czech and published by 2K Games. The game is the sequel to 2002's Mafia and the second game in the Mafia series. Set within the fictional Empire Bay, the story follows a gangster and his efforts to climb through the ranks of the Mafia crime families.

"Mockingjay" is published

"Mockingjay" is a science fiction novel by American author Suzanne Collins. It is the last installment of The Hunger Games, following 2008's The Hunger Games and 2009's Catching Fire. The book continues the story of Katniss Everdeen, who agrees to unify the districts of Panem in a rebellion against the tyrannical Capitol.

Coroner rules that Michael Jackson's death was a homicide

The Los Angeles County Coroner concluded that his death was a homicide. Shortly before his death, Jackson had reportedly been administered propofol and two anti-anxiety benzodiazepines, lorazepam, and midazolam, in his home.


The 29th Olympic Games closes

The 2008 Summer Olympics closing ceremony was held at the Beijing National Stadium, also known as the Bird's Nest. It was directed by Chinese filmmaker Zhang Yimou. By the end of the 16 days of NBC's coverage of the Beijing Olympics in the United States, it had also become the most-watched U.S. television event of all time. It was the most watched event on TV ever, nearly 5 billion, 70% of the world's population.

IAU redefines the term "planet"

In the 1990s, astronomers began to find objects in the same region of space as Pluto, and some even farther away. Many of these shared several of Pluto's key orbital characteristics, and Pluto started being seen as the largest member of a new class of objects, plutinos. This led some astronomers to stop referring to Pluto as a planet.


Lionel Messi makes his professional debut for Barcelona

Messi signed his first contract as a senior team player. It made him a Barcelona player until 2010, two years less than his previous contract, but his buyout clause increased to €150 million. His breakthrough came two months later, during the Joan Gamper Trophy, Barcelona's pre-season competition.

Swiss-American psychiatrist Elisabeth Kubler-Ross dies

She is known as a leading authority on the psychology of dying. In 1969 she published a book On Death and Dying, in which she proposed that the terminally ill go through five stages in their attitude. These are denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance. The book offers strategies for caregivers.

British computer scientist Kevin Warwick becomes the first cyborg in history

Warwick was implanted with a simple RFID transmitter beneath skin. He used it to control doors, lights, heaters, and other computer-controlled devices based on his proximity. The main purpose of this experiment was to test the limits of what the body would accept, and how easy it would be to receive a signal from the microprocessor.

"Missing" breaks the all-time US chart stay record

"Missing" is a song by British popular music duo Everything but the Girl, taken from their eighth studio album Amplified Heart. After a long climb, it peaked at number two during 1996 behind the sixteen-week number-one reign of "One Sweet Day", a duet between Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men. "Missing" eventually scored 55 weeks on the chart and broke the all-time US chart stay record previously held by The Four Seasons' "December, 1963 (Oh What A Night)".

Windows 95 is released to the public

Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft. Windows 95 merged Microsoft's formerly separate MS-DOS and Windows products. It featured significant improvements over its predecessor, Windows 3.1, most notably in the graphical user interface and in its simplified "plug-and-play" features.

Jeff Buckley releases his only album "Grace"

Grace is the only complete studio album by Jeff Buckley. While the album initially had poor sales, peaking at number 149 in the U.S., and received mixed reviews, it gradually acquired critical acclaim and commercial success and, as of 2007, had sold over 2 million copies worldwide.

Michael Jackson accused of child abuse

In the summer of 1993, Evan Chandler accused Michael Jackson of sexually abusing his 13-year-old son, Jordan "Jordy" Chandler. In 1994, Jackson reached a financial settlement for $23,000,000 with the Chandlers to resolve the matter and in September a criminal investigation was closed.

Ukraine declares independence from the Soviet Union

The Act was adopted in the aftermath of the coup attempt on 19 August when hardline Communist leaders of the Soviet Union tried to restore central Communist party control over the USSR. In response, the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR in a special Saturday session overwhelmingly approved the Act of Declaration.


Pete Rose is suspended from baseball for life for gambling

Rose was penalized with permanent ineligibility from baseball amidst accusations that he gambled on baseball games while he played for and managed the Reds; the charges of wrongdoing included claims that he bet on his own team. In 1991, the Baseball Hall of Fame formally voted to ban those on the "permanently ineligible" list from induction.

English actor Rupert Grint is born

Rupert Alexander Lloyd Grint is an English actor and producer. He rose to prominence for his portrayal of Ron Weasley, one of the three main characters in the Harry Potter film series. Grint was cast as Ron at the age of 11, having previously acted only in school plays and at his local theatre group.

Chapman is given a 20 years in jail for the murder of John Lennon

After Chapman denied hearing voices, the judge allowed the plea change without further psychiatric assessment and sentenced him to a prison term of 20-years-to life, with a stipulation mental health treatment would be provided. Chapman has been imprisoned ever since, having been denied parole nine times.

John Green is born

John Michael Green is an American author, vlogger, writer, producer, actor, editor, and educator. He won the 2006 Printz Award for his debut novel, Looking for Alaska, and his sixth novel, The Fault in Our Stars, debuted at number one on The New York Times Best Seller list in 2012.

Queen start recording "Bohemian Rhapsody"

"Bohemian Rhapsody" is a song by the British rock band Queen. It was written by Freddie Mercury for the band's 1975 album A Night at the Opera. It is a six-minute suite, consisting of several sections without a chorus: an intro, a ballad segment, an operatic passage, a hard rock part and a reflective coda.

Paul Anka with Odia Coates start a three week run at #1 in the US

"(You're) Having My Baby" is a song written and recorded by Canadian singer Paul Anka. Recorded as a duet with female vocalist Odia Coates, the song became Anka's first No. 1 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 in 15 years, since 1959's "Lonely Boy". The song became a Gold record.

Peter Sellers marries Miranda Quarry

Peter Sellers was an English film actor, comedian, and singer. In his private life, he had been seeing the twenty-three-year-old model Miranda Quarry. The couple married despite Sellers's private doubts—expressed to his agent, Dennis Selinger—about his decision to re-marry.

"Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead" premieres

"Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead" is an absurdist, existential tragicomedy by Tom Stoppard, first staged at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe in 1966. The play expands upon the exploits of two minor characters from Shakespeare's Hamlet, the courtiers Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.

The first artist with a #1 album and single at the same time

Stevie Wonder becomes the first artist ever to score a US #1 album and single in the same week. Wonder was at No.1 on the album chart with "Little Stevie Wonder / The 12 Year Old Genius" and had the No.1 single "'Fingertips part 2".


American baseball player Cal Ripken, Jr. is born

Calvin Edwin Ripken Jr. is an American former baseball shortstop and third baseman who played 21 seasons in Major League Baseball for the Baltimore Orioles. One of his position's most offensively productive players, Ripken compiled 3,184 hits, 431 home runs, and 1,695 runs batted in during his career.


Jimmy Greaves makes his professional debut for Chelsea

James Peter Greaves is a former England international footballer who played as a forward. He is England's fourth highest international goalscorer, Tottenham Hotspur's highest ever goalscorer, the highest goalscorer in the history of English top-flight football, and has also scored more hat-tricks for England than anyone else.

Brazilian president is found dead

Getúlio Vargas was a Brazilian lawyer and politician, who served as President during two periods. His popularity with the Brazilian populace earned him a late presidential term, but mounting political strife and pressure over his methods caused Vargas to become depressed, and he committed suicide by shooting himself in the chest with a revolver.

The North Atlantic Treaty goes into force

The North Atlantic Treaty, also referred to as the Washington Treaty, is the treaty that forms the legal basis of, and is implemented by, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The North Atlantic Treaty was largely dormant until the Korean War initiated the establishment of NATO to implement it, by means of an integrated military structure.

French instrumentalist Jean-Michel Jarre is born

Jean-Michel André Jarre is a French composer, performer and record producer. He is a pioneer in the electronic, ambient and new-age genres, and known for organizing outdoor spectacles featuring his music, vast laser displays, and fireworks.


The first woman fies across the United States non-stop

Amelia Mary Earhart was an American aviation pioneer and author. Earhart was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She received the United States Distinguished Flying Cross for this accomplishment.

Thomas Edison patents the motion picture camera

Edison was also granted a patent for the motion picture camera or "Kinetograph". He did the electromechanical design while his employee W. K. L. Dickson, a photographer, worked on the photographic and optical development. Much of the credit for the invention belongs to Dickson.

St. Bartholomew's Day massacre divided France

The St. Bartholomew's Day massacre was a targeted group of assassinations and a wave of Catholic mob violence, directed against the Huguenots during the French Wars of Religion. The massacre began two days after the attempted assassination of Admiral Gaspard de Coligny, the military and political leader of the Huguenots.

The fall of Rome, as Visigoth army marched into the city

The city was attacked by the Visigoths led by King Alaric. At that time, Rome was no longer the capital of the Western Roman Empire, having been replaced in that position first by Mediolanum. This was the first time in almost 800 years that Rome had fallen to a foreign enemy.

Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae are buried in volcanic ash

Mount Vesuvius, a stratovolcano in modern-day Italy, erupted in 79 AD in one of the most catastrophic volcanic eruptions in European history. Historians have learned about the eruption from the eyewitness account of Pliny the Younger, a Roman administrator, and poet. The event is the namesake for the Vesuvian type of volcanic eruptions.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1945

Vince McMahon

born 1988

Rupert Grint

born 1957

Stephen Fry