Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

World Meeting of Families Catholic festival in Dublin

The World Meeting of Families Congress is a gathering of the Roman Catholic Church that has occurred every three years since 1994. It "promotes the pastoral care of families, protects their rights and dignity in the Church and in civil society, so that they may ever be more able to fulfill their duties."

Senator John McCain dies after battle with cancer

McCain's family announced on August 24, 2018, that he would no longer receive treatment for his cancer. The next day at 16:28, he died with his wife and family beside him at his home in Cornville, Arizona, four days before his 82nd birthday. John McCain, senator and former presidential candidate, dies at 81.


Barcelona responds to the loss of Neymar by signing Dembélé

La Liga side Barcelona announced that they had reached an agreement to sign Dembélé for €105 million plus a reported €40 million add-ons. He had his medical and signed a five-year contract, with his buyout clause set at €400 million.

Hurricane Harvey makes landfall in Texas

Hurricane Harvey is tied with 2005's Hurricane Katrina as the costliest tropical cyclone on record, inflicting $125 billion in damage, primarily from catastrophic rainfall-triggered flooding in the Houston metropolitan area. It was the 1st major hurricane to make landfall in the US since Wilma in 2005, ending a record 12-year span in which no hurricanes made landfall at the intensity of a major hurricane throughout the country.

Benedict Cumberbatch returns to the stage as Hamlet

Benedict Cumberbatch played the role for a 12-week run in a production at the Barbican Theatre. The play was produced by Sonia Friedman, and directed by Lyndsey Turner, with set design by Es Devlin. It was called the "most in-demand theatre production of all time".

Amazon spends $1bn on Twitch

The service was acquired by Amazon for US$970 million, which later led to the introduction of synergies with the company's subscription service Amazon Prime. Twitch later acquired Curse, an operator of online video gaming communities.

Modern Family wins its fifth consecutive Primetime Emmy

The 66th Primetime Emmy Awards honored the best in U.S. prime time television programming, as chosen by the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Modern Family won its fifth consecutive Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series, tying with Frasier as the series with the most consecutive wins in the category.

Miley Cyrus creates a controversy at the MTV VMA

Pop singer Miley Cyrus became the subject of widespread media attention following a controversial performance. The performance began with Cyrus performing "We Can't Stop" in bear-themed attire. Following this, Thicke entered the stage and Cyrus stripped down to a skin-colored two-piece latex outfit while they performed "Blurred Lines" in a duet.

Voyager 1 spacecraft enters interstellar space

After completing its primary mission with the flyby of Saturn, Voyager 1 became the third of five artificial objects to achieve the escape velocity that will allow them to leave the Solar System. Voyager 1 also became the first spacecraft to cross the heliopause and enter the interstellar medium.

Astronaut Neil Armstrong dies

Neil Alden Armstrong was an American astronaut and aeronautical engineer who was the first person to walk on the Moon. Armstrong underwent bypass surgery to relieve blocked coronary arteries. Although he was reportedly recovering well, he developed complications in the hospital and died on August 25, in Cincinnati, Ohio, aged 82.

American political legend Ted Kennedy dies

Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy was an American politician who served in the United States Senate from Massachusetts for almost 47 years. Kennedy was hospitalized after suffering a seizure and was diagnosed with a malignant brain tumor, which limited his appearances in the Senate. He died of the disease at age 77.

Singer and actress Aaliyah is killed in a plane crash

Aaliyah Dana Haughton was an American singer and actress who was killed in a plane crash after boarding a twin-engine Cessna 402B at the Marsh Harbour Airport on the Abaco Islands, Bahamas. She had just completed filming for the music video for her single "Rock the Boat".

Musical revue "Fosse" closes at the Broadhurst Theatre

"Fosse" is a three-act musical revue showcasing the choreography of Bob Fosse. The musical was conceived by Richard Maltby, Jr., Chet Walker, and Ann Reinking. After 21 previews, the original Broadway production opened at the Broadhurst Theatre in 1999 and closed in 2001, after 1093 performances.

The tobacco industry agrees to a landmark $11bn

Florida settled a large lawsuit with a large tobacco industry and was granted $11.3 billion to assist with Medicaid costs incurred by health care services for smokers. As a result of the lawsuit, the Tobacco Pilot Program was launched by the Florida Department of Health to help educate the youth on the impacts of tobacco use.

Linus Torvalds announces his new operation system

He created Linux just for fun. Linux rapidly attracted developers and users who adopted it as the kernel for other free software projects. First kernel was for PC 386. Torvalds had no cross platform intentions. Today, Linux is dominant system for servers and supercomputers. Android operating system is also based on Linux.

Finnish student comes up with Linux

The Linux kernel was conceived and created by Linus Torvalds for his personal computer and with no cross-platform intentions but has since expanded to support a huge array of computer architectures. Linux rapidly attracted developers and users who adopted it as the kernel for other free software projects.


Michael Schumacher makes Formula One debut

Schumacher made his Formula One debut with the Jordan-Ford team at the 1991 Belgian Grand Prix, driving car number 32 as a replacement for the imprisoned Bertrand Gachot. Schumacher, still a contracted Mercedes driver, was signed by Eddie Jordan after Mercedes paid Jordan $150,000 for his debut.

Scottish singer Amy Macdonald is born

Amy Macdonald is a Scottish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and musician. She has sold over 12 million records worldwide. Macdonald released her debut album This Is the Life in 2007. The singles "Mr. Rock & Roll" and "This Is the Life" from it were chart hits. The latter charted at number one in six countries.

Ghostbusters becomes the biggest grossing comedy

Ghostbusters is an American supernatural comedy film directed and produced by Ivan Reitman and written by Dan Aykroyd and Harold Ramis. It received mainly positive reviews and grossed $242 million in the United States and more than $295 million worldwide. At the 57th Academy Awards, it was nominated for Best Visual Effects and Best Original Song.

Screenwriter Truman Capote dies

Truman Garcia Capote was an American novelist, short story writer, screenwriter, playwright, and actor. Capote died in Bel Air, Los Angeles, aged 59. According to the coroner's report, the cause of death was "liver disease complicated by phlebitis and multiple drug intoxication."

Voyager 2 approaches Saturn

The probe remotely measured properties of Saturn's upper atmosphere. At the uppermost pressure levels, Saturn's temperature was 70 kelvins. At the deepest levels measured pressure levels the temperature increased to 143 kelvins. The north pole was found to be 10 kelvins cooler, although this may be seasonal.

"42nd Street" opens at the Winter Garden Theatre

42nd Street is an American musical with a book by Michael Stewart and Mark Bramble, lyrics by Al Dubin and Johnny Mercer, and music by Harry Warren. The 1980 Broadway production, produced by David Merrick, directed by an ailing Gower Champion and orchestrated by Philip J. Lang, won the Tony Award for Best Musical and became a long-running hit.


Tim Horton is posthumously inducted into Hockey Hall of Fame

Miles Gilbert "Tim" Horton was a Canadian professional ice hockey player. He was a defenceman for 24 seasons in the National Hockey League. He died following a single-vehicle crash, at the age of 44, and was inducted posthumously into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1977.

German model Claudia Schiffer is born

Claudia Maria Schiffer is a German supermodel, actress and fashion designer currently living in England. She rose to fame in the early 1990s as one of the world's most successful models. She has appeared on more than one thousand magazine covers and holds the record for the model with the most magazine covers.

Bobbie Gentry starts a four week run at #1 on the US singles chart

"Ode to Billie Joe" is a song written and recorded by Bobbie Gentry, a singer-songwriter from Chickasaw County, Mississippi. The single was a number-one hit in the US and a big international seller. Billboard ranked the record as the No. 3 song of the year.

"American Hitler" is shot dead

George Lincoln Rockwell was an American neo-Nazi and the founder of the American Nazi Party. Rockwell was murdered by a former member of his own group while leaving a laundromat in Arlington, Virginia. John Patler, a recently expelled member of Rockwell's group, was convicted of the murder and sentenced to 20 years in prison.

Little Eva goes to #1 on the US singles chart

King and Goffin wrote "The Loco-Motion" in hopes to have it recorded by Dee Dee Sharp, who had a smash hit with "Mashed Potato Time". Sharp passed on the song leaving the opportunity open for Eva Boyd, who had recorded the demo. In the United States, "The Loco-Motion" was the sixth most successful single of 1962, according to Billboard.

Singer Billy Ray Cyrus is born

William Ray Cyrus is an American singer, songwriter, and actor. Having released 12 studio albums and 44 singles since 1992, he is best known for his number one single "Achy Breaky Heart", which became the first single ever to achieve triple Platinum status in Australia.

The Shadows are at #1 on the UK singles chart

"Apache" is an instrumental written by English composer Jerry Lordan. The original version was by Bert Weedon, but Lordan did not like the version. The British rock group The Shadows recorded "Apache" in June 1960 and released it the next month. It topped the UK Singles Chart for five weeks.


The XVII Summer Olympic Games open in Rome, Italy

The 1960 Summer Olympics was an international multi-sport event that was held in Rome, Italy. CBS paid $394,000 for the exclusive right to broadcast the Games in the United States. This was the first Summer Olympic games to be telecast in North America.

American director Tim Burton is born

Timothy Walter Burton is an American film director, producer, artist, writer, and animator. He is known for his dark, gothic, and eccentric horror and fantasy films such as Beetlejuice, Edward Scissorhands, The Nightmare Before Christmas, Sleepy Hollow, Corpse Bride, and Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street.

Paul Anka is at #1 on the UK singles chart

"Diana" is a song written and made famous by Paul Anka in 1957, recorded at Don Costa studio in New York City. Paul Anka's original recording reached number 1 on the Billboard "Best Sellers In Stores" chart and has reportedly sold over nine million copies.

American biologist Alfred Kinsey dies

He was entomologist by training but he is best known for his research of human sexuality. Kinsey is considered to one of the founders of sexology. He wrote two very influential books: Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953). Kinsey also invented a heterosexual-homosexual rating scale.

Musician Elvis Costello is born

Elvis Costello is an English musician, singer, songwriter, composer, record producer, author, television presenter, and occasional actor. He began his career as part of London's pub rock scene in the early 1970s and later became associated with the first wave of the British punk and new wave movement that emerged in the mid-to-late 1970s.

Singer Rob Halford is born

Robert John Arthur Halford is an English singer and songwriter, who is best known as the lead vocalist for the Grammy Award-winning heavy metal band Judas Priest and famed for his powerful wide-ranging voice. Halford is widely referred to as "Metal God" because of his powerful vocals and contribution to the metal genre.

Novelist Martin Amis is born

Martin Louis Amis is a British novelist, essayist and memoirist. His best-known novels are Money and London Fields. He has received the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for his memoir Experience and has been listed for the Booker Prize twice to date. In 2008, The Times named him one of the 50 greatest British writers since 1945.


American baseball player Rollie Fingers is born

Roland Glen Fingers is an American retired professional baseball pitcher. Fingers pitched in Major League Baseball for the Oakland Athletics, San Diego Padres, and Milwaukee Brewers. Fingers is a three-time World Series champion, a seven-time MLB All-Star, a four-time Rolaids Relief Man of the Year, and three-time MLB saves champion.


American football player Charlie Sanders is born

Charles Alvin Sanders was an American football player who played tight end for the Detroit Lions of the National Football League from 1968 to 1977. Sanders was chosen for the NFL's 1970s All-Decade Team and voted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2007.

Paris is liberated by the Allies

The Liberation of Paris was a military action that took place during World War II until the German garrison surrendered the French capital. Paris had been ruled by Nazi Germany since the signing of the Second Compiègne Armistice, after which the Wehrmacht occupied northern and western France.

Scottish actor Sean Connery is born

Sir Thomas Sean Connery is a retired Scottish actor and producer who has won an Academy Award, two BAFTA Awards, and three Golden Globes. Connery was the first actor to portray the character James Bond in film, starring in seven Bond films between 1962 and 1983.

Conductor and composer Leonard Bernstein is born

Leonard Bernstein was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist. He was among the first conductors born and educated in the US to receive worldwide acclaim. According to music critic Donal Henahan, he was "one of the most prodigiously talented and successful musicians in American history." Bernstein's works were performed several times for Pope John Paul II.

Friedrich Nietzsche dies

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist, and a Latin and Greek scholar. He suffered a collapse at age 44, together with a complete loss of his mental faculties. He lived his remaining years in the care of his mother and then with his sister. He died aged 55.

British scientist Michael Faraday dies

He made many contributions to the study of electricity. The most important is probably his discovery of electromagnetic induction. He also found that ray of light can be influenced by magnetism and therefore there is a link between these two phenomena. Faraday’s research made possible practical use of electricity in technology.

The New York Sun perpetrates the Great Moon Hoax

The "Great Moon Hoax" refers to a series of six articles that were published in The Sun, a New York newspaper, about the supposed discovery of life and even civilization on the Moon. The discoveries were falsely attributed to Sir John Herschel, one of the best-known astronomers of that time.

Uruguay declares its independence from Brazil

Uruguay won its independence following a four-way struggle between Spain, Portugal, and later Argentina and Brazil. It remained subject to foreign influence and intervention throughout the 19th century, with the military playing a recurring role in domestic politics, culminating in a 1973 coup, which established a civic-military dictatorship.

Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope

Galileo demonstrated one of his early telescopes, with a magnification of about 8 or 9, to Venetian lawmakers. His telescopes were also a profitable sideline for Galileo, who sold them to merchants who found them useful both at sea and as items of trade.

Ivan the Terrible, the first tsar of Russia, is born

Ivan IV Vasilyevich was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547, then Tsar of All Rus' until his death in 1584. The last title was used by all his successors. During his reign, Russia conquered the Khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan, and Sibir, becoming a multiethnic and multicontinental state spanning approximately 4,050,000 km2.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

died 2001


born 1987

Blake Lively

died 1227

Genghis Khan