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Shanghai World Financial Center opens

The Shanghai World Financial Center is a supertall skyscraper located in the Pudong district of Shanghai. he SWFC opened to the public in August 2008, with its observation deck opening on later that month. The observation deck offers views from 474 m above ground level. The SWFC has been lauded for its design, and in 2008 it was named by architects as the year's best-completed skyscraper.

German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe is born

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer and statesman. His works include four novels; epic and lyric poetry; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; and treatises on botany, anatomy, and color. In addition, there are numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly 3,000 drawings by him extant.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous