Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Hanjin Shipping goes bankrupt

Hanjin Shipping Co., Ltd. was a South Korean integrated logistics and container transport company. Prior to its financial demise, Hanjin Shipping was South Korea's largest container line and one of the world's top ten container carriers in terms of capacity.

Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff is impeached

The impeachment of Dilma Rousseff began with a petition for her impeachment accepted by Eduardo Cunha, then president of the Chamber of Deputies. She was charged with criminal administrative misconduct and disregard for the federal budget in violation of article 85, items V and VI of the Constitution of Brazil and the Fiscal Responsibility Law.

Legendary British journalist and TV presenter David Frost dies

David Paradine Frost was an English television host, media personality, journalist, comedian, and writer. In 2013, Frost was aboard a Cunard Line cruise ship, the MS Queen Elizabeth, when he had a heart attack and died. His post-mortem found that he had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

"Argo" premieres at the Telluride Film Festival

Argo is an American historical drama film directed by Ben Affleck. Screenwriter Chris Terrio adapted the screenplay from the book by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency operative Tony Mendez, The Master of Disguise. Upon release, Argo received widespread acclaim.

Franzen's "Freedom" is released

Freedom is a novel by American author Jonathan Franzen. It was published by Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. Freedom received general acclaim from book critics, and was ranked one of the best books of 2010 by several publications, and has been described as a "Great American Novel".

Obama ends the US mission in Iraq

The withdrawal of U.S. military forces from Iraq was a contentious issue in the U.S. for much of the 2000s. The withdrawal of U.S. military forces from Iraq began in 2007 with the end of the Iraq War troop surge of 2007 and was completed by 2011, bringing an end to the Iraq War. The number of U.S. military forces in Iraq peaked at 170,300 in 2007.

The Walt Disney Company acquires Marvel Entertainment

The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Entertainment for US$4 billion; it has been a limited liability company since then. For financial reporting purposes, Marvel is primarily reported as part of Disney's Consumer Products segment ever since Marvel Studios' reorganization into Walt Disney Studios.

"The Dark Knight" reaches $500 million domestically

The Dark Knight is the highest-grossing film of 2008, the second-highest-grossing superhero film, the second-highest-grossing film based on comics, and the fourth highest-grossing North American film of all time. Adjusted for ticket-price inflation though, it ranks 28th.

The 23rd MTV Video Music Awards are held

The 2006 Video Music Awards marked the first time viewers were able to vote for all performers' categories. Like previous years, the artistic categories are still chosen by music industry professionals. Shakira and Red Hot Chili Peppers received the most nominations, with seven each.

Polish physicist Joseph Rotblat dies

Rotblat worked on both the British and American nuclear weapon projects during the World War 2. After the war he studied nuclear fallout. He became opponent of nuclear weapons. His work led to Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which prohibited all test detonations of nuclear weapons except for those conducted underground.


Brazil striker Ronaldo becomes a Real Madrid player

Ronaldo Luís Nazário de Lima is a retired Brazilian professional footballer who played as a striker. At age 23, he had scored over 200 goals for club and country. After almost three years of inactivity due to serious knee injuries and recuperation, Ronaldo joined Real Madrid in 2002, which was followed by spells at A.C. Milan and Corinthians.

LAPA Flight 3142 crashes

LAPA Flight 3142 was a scheduled Buenos Aires–Córdoba flight operated by the Argentine airline Líneas Aéreas Privadas Argentinas. The flight was operated with a Boeing 737-204C, registration LV-WRZ, that crashed in August 1999 while attempting to take off from Aeroparque Jorge Newbery and failed to get airborne. The crash resulted in 65 fatalities.

Princess Diana dies in the car accident

Diana, Princess of Wales died as a result of injuries sustained in a car crash in the Pont de l'Alma road tunnel in Paris, France. Her companion, film producer Dodi Fayed, and the driver of the Mercedes S280, Henri Paul, were pronounced dead at the scene. A fourth passenger in the car, bodyguard Trevor Rees-Jones, was seriously injured but survived.

Russia troops leave Berlin after half a century

The group helped suppress the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany. After the end of occupation functions in 1954, the group was renamed the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. Russian forces remained in Eastern Germany after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the reunification of Germany until 1994.

IRA declares "complete" ceasefire

In 1994, the Irish Republican Army declared an indefinite ceasefire. However, from 1996 until 1997, the IRA called off its 1994 ceasefire because of its dissatisfaction with the state of negotiations. They re-instated the ceasefire in 1997, and it has been in operation since then.

The Need for Speed is released

Road & Track Presents: The Need for Speed is a racing video game first released on the 3DO and then ported to Windows, PlayStation, and Sega Saturn. It is the first installment released in the Need for Speed series. The premise of the game involves racing in sports cars, including several exotic models and Japanese imports.

Metallica start a four-week run at #1 on the US album chart

Metallica is the self-titled fifth studio album by American heavy metal band Metallica. Released by Elektra Records, it received widespread critical acclaim and became the band's best-selling album. Metallica produced five singles that are considered to be among the band's best-known songs.

Michael Jacskon's "Bad" video premieres on CBS

"Bad" is a song by American recording artist Michael Jackson. It was released by Epic Records as the second single from Jackson's third major-label and the seventh studio album of the same name. The full version of the music video for "Bad" was released in August 1987, and broadcast as a CBS primetime special.

Dire Straits starts a nine-week run at #1 on the US album charts

"Brothers in Arms" is a song by Dire Straits, appearing as the closing track on the album of the same name. It was re-released in 2007 as a special edition to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the conflict and raise funds for veterans of it with posttraumatic stress disorder.


American skier Ted Ligety is born

Theodore Sharp "Ted" Ligety is an American alpine ski racer, a two-time Olympic gold medalist, and an entrepreneur, having cofounded Shred Optics. Ligety won the combined event at the 2006 Olympics in Turin and the giant slalom race at the 2014 Olympics in Sochi. He is also a five-time World Cup champion in giant slalom.

"Purple Rain" opens at cinemas across the UK

Purple Rain is an American rock musical drama film directed by Albert Magnoli, written by Magnoli and William Blinn, and produced by Robert Cavallo, Joseph Ruffalo, and Steven Fargnoli. The film stars Prince in his acting debut playing "The Kid". Purple Rain was developed to showcase Prince's talents, and the film contains several concert sequences.


American football player Larry Fitzgerald is born

Larry Darnell Fitzgerald Jr. is an American football wide receiver for the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League. He played college football at Pittsburgh, where he earned unanimous All-American honors. He was drafted by the Cardinals third overall in the 2004 NFL Draft.

Solidarity emerges as a leading anti-communist force in East

Solidarity is a Polish labor union that was founded in 1980 under the leadership of Lech Wałęsa. It was the 1st trade union in a Warsaw Pact country that was not controlled by a communist party. Its membership reached 9.5 million members before its 1981 September Congress, which constituted one-third of the total working-age population of Poland.

George Harrison is found guilty of plagiarising

"My Sweet Lord" is a song by English musician George Harrison. Later in the 1970s, "My Sweet Lord" was at the center of a heavily publicised copyright infringement suit, due to its similarity to the Ronnie Mack song "He's So Fine" and Harrison was found to have subconsciously plagiarised the earlier tune.

Mexican-American actress Sara Ramirez is born

Sara Elena Ramírez is a Mexican American actress, singer, and songwriter. She graduated with a fine arts degree from the Juilliard School. Ramírez began acting in Broadway productions, making her debut with Paul Simon's The Capeman, and later ventured into film and television roles, for example as Dr. Callie Torres in Grey's Anatomy.


Former heavyweight champ Rocky Marciano dies

Rocky Marciano was a passenger in a small private plane, a Cessna 172 heading to Des Moines, Iowa. It was nighttime and bad weather had set in. The pilot, Glenn Belz tried to land the plane at a small airfield outside Newton, Iowa but the aircraft hit a tree two miles short of the runway. Marciano, Belz and Frankie Farrell were killed on impact.

Decca Records release "Street Fighting Man"

"Street Fighting Man" is a song by English rock band the Rolling Stones featured on their 1968 album Beggars Banquet. Called the band's "most political song," Rolling Stone ranked the song number 301 on its list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.

Aero Spacelines Super Guppy flies for the first time

The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy is a large, wide-bodied cargo aircraft. It is used for hauling outsize cargo components. It was the successor to the Pregnant Guppy, the first of the Guppy aircraft produced by Aero Spacelines, which in turn was named for its resemblance to a pregnant guppy. Five Super Guppies were built.

The Ronettes first enter the US singles chart with "Be My Baby"

"Be My Baby" is a song written by Jeff Barry, Ellie Greenwich, and Phil Spector. It was recorded at Gold Star Studios Hollywood by American girl group The Ronettes. It is considered one of the best songs of the 1960s by NME, Time, and Pitchfork staff members.

American actor Richard Gere is born

Richard Tiffany Gere is an American actor and humanitarian activist. He began in films in the 1970s, playing a supporting role in Looking for Mr. Goodbar and a starring role in Days of Heaven. He came to prominence with his role in the film American Gigolo, which established him as a leading man and a sex symbol.

Guitarist Rudolf Schenker from Scorpions is born

Rudolf Schenker is a German guitarist and founding member of the hard rock band Scorpions, being the rhythm guitarist and one of the main songwriters of the band. Schenker founded Scorpions in 1965. He has become one of the major driving forces in the band's songwriting and musical direction for 50 years.

Musician Van Morrison is born

Sir George Ivan Morrison is a Northern Irish singer-songwriter, instrumentalist and record producer. Van Morrison rose to prominence in the mid-1960s as the lead singer of the Northern Irish R&B band Them, with whom he recorded the garage band classic "Gloria".


Soccer club PSV forms in Eindhoven, Netherlands

The club was founded in 1913 as a team for Philips employees. PSV's history contains two golden eras revolving around the UEFA Cup victory in 1978 and the 1987–88 European Cup victory as part of the seasonal treble in 1988. The team has won the Eredivisie 24 times, the KNVB Cup nine times and the Johan Cruyff Shield ten times.

Theodore Roosevelt makes a "square deal" speech

Roosevelt reflected three basic goals: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection. Thus, it aimed at helping middle-class citizens and involved attacking plutocracy and bad trusts while at the same time protecting a business from the most extreme demands of organized labor.

Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope

The Kinetoscope is an early motion picture exhibition device. A process using roll film was first described in a patent application submitted in France and the U.S. by French inventor Louis Le Prince, the concept was also used by U.S. inventor Thomas Edison in 1889, and subsequently developed by William Kennedy Laurie Dickson between 1889 and 1892.

Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his Navigable Balloon

A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship named after the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin who pioneered rigid airship development at the beginning of the 20th century. Zeppelin's notions were first formulated in 1874 and developed in detail in 1893. They were patented in Germany in 1895 and in the United States in 1899.

The first Jack the Ripper's victim

Mary Ann "Polly" Nichols was one of the Whitechapel murder victims. Her death has been attributed to the notorious unidentified serial killer Jack the Ripper, who is believed to have killed and mutilated at least five women in the Whitechapel area of London from late August to early November 1888.

American psychologist Edward Thorndike is born

He was one of the founders of the educational psychology. He described the law of effect, which states that "responses that produce a satisfying effect in a particular situation become more likely to occur again in that situation, and responses that produce a discomforting effect become less likely to occur again in that situation."

Roman emperor Caligula is born

Caligula was Roman emperor from AD 37 to AD 41. The son of Germanicus, a popular Roman general, and Agrippina the Elder, Caligula was born into the first ruling family of the Roman Empire, conventionally known as the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Although was born Gaius Caesar, he acquired the nickname "Caligula" from his father's soldiers.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous