Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Dow Chemical and DuPont merge into DowDuPont

DowDuPont Inc. is an American company formed after the merger of Dow Chemical and DuPont in August 2017. It is the world's largest chemical company in terms of sales. The company plans to be split into 3 publicly-traded companies with the focus on agriculture, materials science, and specialty products.

Maas' "Queen of Shadows" is published

Stronger than ever, Aelin Galathynius returns to Adarlan, but this time she is free. She teams up with Chaol and Arobynn Hamel, determined to get her revenge for over ten years of pain. Manon is forced to use her witches to produce evil monsters as weapons. She befriends Elide Lochan, a servant girl who is the rightful lady of Perranth.

The West End's longest-ever running revival closes

Chicago is an American musical based on a 1926 play of the same name by Maurine Dallas Watkins. It is a satire story on corruption, actual criminals, and crimes. During its revival in London’s West End, it ran at the Adelphi Theatre for 9 years, later being transferred to the Cambridge Theatre for additional 6 before it ended.

"Black Swan" is released

Black Swan is an American psychological horror film directed by Darren Aronofsky. The screenplay was written by Mark Heyman, John McLaughlin, and Andres Heinz, based on an original story by Heinz. The film stars Natalie Portman, Vincent Cassel, Mila Kunis, Barbara Hershey and Winona Ryder.

Beslan school siege

The Beslan school siege lasted three days and involved the illegal imprisonment of over 1,100 people as hostages, and ended with the deaths of at least 334 people. The crisis began when a group of armed Islamic militants, mostly Ingush and Chechen, occupied School Number One in the town of Beslan, North Ossetia.

Coldplay score their second UK #1 album

A Rush of Blood to the Head is the second studio album by British rock band Coldplay. The album was made available in August 2002, two months after its original planned release date. The album topped the UK Albums Chart upon its 1st week of release in the UK and became the eighth biggest-selling album of the 21st century in the UK.

Formula 1 is released

Formula 1 is a racing video game and the first installment in Sony's Formula One series. The game was released in North America, Europe, and Japan in 1996. It is distinct from its sequels because it was made after the end of the season, meaning that it features driver substitutes.

American–French expedition locates the wreckage of Titanic

Titanic sank in 1912 when it collided with an iceberg during her maiden voyage. The wreck could not be located at the time and was not discovered until 1985. The wreck was finally located by a joint French–American expedition led by Jean-Louis Michel of IFREMER and Robert Ballard of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

Tina Turner hits #1 in America for the first time

What's Love Got to Do with It is a song recorded by the American singer Tina Turner, released in 1984. It was taken from her 5th solo album, Private Dancer and became Turner's most successful single. The single gave Turner her 1st and only US number 1. The song ranked number 309 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time".

The United States Air Force Space Command is founded

Air Force Space Command is a major command of the United States Air Force, with its headquarters at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado. AFSPC supports U.S. military operations worldwide through the use of many different types of satellite, launch and cyber operations.

Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn

Pioneer 11 is a 259-kilogram robotic space probe launched by NASA in 1973 to study the asteroid belt, the environment around Jupiter and Saturn, solar wind and cosmic rays. It was the first probe to encounter Saturn and the second to fly through the asteroid belt and by Jupiter.

Blondie sign their first major record company contract

In September 1977, the band bought back its contract with Private Stock and signed with British label Chrysalis Records. The 1st album was re-released on the new label in October 1977. Rolling Stone's review of the debut album observed the eclectic nature of the group's music, comparing it to Phil Spector and the Who.


Bobby Fischer beats Russian champion Boris Spasskyin

Bobby Fischer of the US faced Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union in what has been dubbed the Match of the Century. Fischer managed to claim the title of World Chess Champion, becoming the 1st American born in the US to win it and the 2nd American overall. It took place in the Laugardalshöll arena in Reykjavík.

A coup in Libya brought Gadhafi to power

A group of about 70 young army officers, led by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, known as the Free Officers Movement and enlisted men mostly assigned to the Signal Corps gained control of the government and abolished the Libyan monarchy. The coup was launched at Benghazi; and, within two hours, it was completed.

The Beatles hold a meeting to decide upon their next course

The Beatles held a meeting at Paul McCartney's house to decide upon their next course of action following the death of manager Brian Epstein. Epstein died of a drug overdose, and the group failed to replace him. George Harrison, for his part, began to buck the junior role he had long been forced to play. "Without the man who had steered them for so long, The Beatles began to fall apart and by 1970 they had broken up for good.

Iceland expands its fishing zone

The Cod Wars were a series of confrontations between the United Kingdom and Iceland on fishing rights in the North Atlantic. The First Cod War began as soon as a new Icelandic law came into force and expanded the Icelandic fishery zone from 4 to 12 nautical miles.

Mystery thriller film "Rear Window" is released

Rear Window is an American Technicolor mystery thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock and written by John Michael Hayes based on Cornell Woolrich's 1942 short story "It Had to Be Murder". Originally released by Paramount Pictures, the film stars James Stewart, Grace Kelly, Wendell Corey, Thelma Ritter, and Raymond Burr.

Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow badge

Yellow or Jewish badges are symbols that Jews were ordered to wear in public during certain historical periods. They often served as a badge of shame. During WWII, German Jews and Jewish citizens of German-annexed states were ordered to wear the badge. It was reported that the star increased non-Nazi sympathy for Jews.

Switzerland proclaims neutrality at the outbreak of WWII

At the beginning of WWII, Switzerland announced its neutrality. The country immediately began to mobilize the people for a possible invasion. The mobilization of the entire country took only 3 days. Thanks to its neutral state, it became a safe haven for refugees and a scene for diplomacy, espionage, and commerce.

Nazi Germany invades Poland

The Invasion of Poland was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II. The German invasion began one week after the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact.

MGM releases the first animated cartoon

The Discontented Canary is a 1934 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Happy Harmonies short directed by Rudolf Ising. It is the first MGM Cartoon and the oldest MGM cartoon to be owned by Turner Entertainment/Warner Bros. This cartoon is one of four MGM cartoons in the public domain.

St Petersburg changes name to Petrograd

Saint Petersburg, a Russian city situated on the Neva River, had its name changed from Sankt-Peterburg to Petrograd after the outbreak of WWI. It was meant to expunge the German name Sankt and Burg. The name remained the same during the course of the war and for roughly 10 years in total.

Passenger pigeon becomes extinct

It used to be one of the most abundant birds of the North American continent, numbering around 3 billion, and possibly up to 5 billion. It used to migrate in enormous flocks, constantly searching for food, shelter, and breeding grounds. in the 19th century, the passenger pigeon was hunted for meat, which led to the extinction of the whole species.

George Bernard Shaw introduces his play "Androcles and the Lion"

George Bernard Shaw has written the play at the time when the Christian Church was an important influence on society. His characters represented different types of believers. It shows a character of Androcles being captured and sent to the Colosseum to be killed. The play is set in the Ancient Rome, during the persecution of Christians.

Boston opens the first U.S. subway line

The Tremont Street Subway in Boston's MBTA Subway system is the oldest subway tunnel in North America and the 3rd oldest worldwide to exclusively use electric traction, opening in September 1897. It was originally built to get streetcar lines off the traffic-clogged streets, instead of as a true rapid transit line.

Powerful solar storm knocks out the telegraph grid

The storm is often called Carrington Event after British astronomer Richard C. Carrington, who observed it first. A solar storm of same magnitude occurring today would cause widespread electrical disruptions, blackouts and damage due to extended outages of the electrical grid. In 2012, there was similar storm, but it missed Earth.

Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia

The Liberty Bell is an iconic symbol of American independence. It was commissioned by the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly from the London firm of Lester and Pack. The bell’s rim cracked after the 1st strike of the clapper when they were testing its sound after its arrival. It is currently located at the Liberty Bell Center.

King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years

Even though King Louis maintained an image of being healthy and virile, he had many ailments. He had symptoms of diabetes, dental abscesses, recurring boils, and others. Eventually, Louis died of gangrene at Versailles, just 4 days before his 77th birthday. He was buried in Saint-Denis Basilica outside Paris.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1996


born 1939

Lily Tomlin