Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

The first president visits the Arctic Circle

During his second presidency, Barack Obama traveled through several Alaskan cities and became the first president to visit the Arctic Circle. The White House hoped to bring into focus the effects of climate change and improve ties with Native Americans. Obama stayed at Kotzebue, a small town of 3,000, that is battling coastal erosion.

Maas' "Heir of Fire" is published

Celaena travels to Wendlyn, where she must train as a Fae with the immortal warrior Rowan Whitethorn. Tensions high between them, the pair have to work together to stop evil forces from rising, as well as learning to accept herself as the Queen of Terrasen. Meanwhile, in Adarlan, Chaol teams with General Aedion Ashryver to rebel against the king.

The Sims 4 is released

The Sims 4 is the fourth major title in the life simulation video game series The Sims. The Sims 4 is the first PC game to top all-format charts in two years. The game has received mixed reviews since its release, with the majority of criticism directed towards its lack of content.

Andrea Martin returns as Berthe in revival of "Pippin"

Pippin is a musical by Stephen Schwartz and Roger O. Hirson. Director of the original Broadway production, Bob Fosse contributed to the libretto. During the Broadway revival, the musical was performed at the Music Box Theatre. Andrea Martin, a Tony award winner, signed up for a limited engagement to play the role of Berthe again.

Microsoft purchases Nokia for $7.2 Billion

Microsoft announced its acquisition of Nokia's devices and services businesses, which closed with the formation of a Finnish subsidiary, Microsoft Mobile. On smartphones, the Nokia name was phased out in favour of Microsoft branding on future Lumia products.

Eastern span replacement of the Oakland Bay Bridge openes

The eastern span replacement of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge was a construction project to replace a seismically unsound portion of the Bay Bridge with a new self-anchored suspension bridge and a pair of viaducts. The bridge is in the U.S. state of California and crosses the San Francisco Bay between Yerba Buena Island and Oakland.

Sir Elton John wins the first ever Brits Icon award

John received the first Brits Icon Award for his "lasting impact" on UK Culture. Rod Stewart presented him the award on stage at the London Palladium before the two performed a duet of "Sad Songs". John's 31st album, The Diving Board, produced by T-Bone Burnett was released in September 2013 and reached No. 3 in the UK and No. 4 in the US.

"Brokeback Mountain" premieres at the VFF

Brokeback Mountain is an American neo-western romantic drama film, depicting the emotional and sexual relationship between two men in American West, from 1963 to 1983. Even though it was connected with numerous controversies, because of same-sex romance, it received critical acclaim and commercial success.

Swiss flight 111 crashes and kills all 229 passangers

Swissair Flight 111 took off from John F. Kennedy International Airport in NYC and was on its way to Cointrin International Airport in Geneva. The plane crashed into the Atlantic Ocean at the entrance to St. Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia. All of the passengers and crew members onboard of McDonnell Douglas MD-11 were killed.

Michael Jackson goes to #1 on the US singles chart

"You Are Not Alone" is a song by American recording artist Michael Jackson from his 9th studio album HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I. Commercially, the song was a significant success. It holds a Guinness World Record as the first song in the 37-year history of the Billboard Hot 100 to debut at number 1; it was later certified platinum by the RIAA.

Pearl Jam win 4 MTV Video Music Award

"Jeremy" is a song by the American rock band Pearl Jam, with lyrics written by vocalist Eddie Vedder and music written by bassist Jeff Ament. "Jeremy" was released in 1992 as the third single from Pearl Jam's debut album Ten. In 1993, the "Jeremy" video was awarded 4 MTV Video Music Awards, including Best Video of the Year, which made them discuss openly sense of this award.

"The Human Rights Now!" world tour is kicked off

Human Rights Now! was a worldwide tour of 20 benefit concerts on behalf of Amnesty International that took place over 6 weeks in 1988. The shows featured Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band, Sting, Peter Gabriel, Tracy Chapman, and Youssou N'Dour, plus guest artists from each of the countries where concerts were held.

Philipps Company introduces the CD Video

It was a format of optical media disc. It combined the technologies of standard compact disc and LaserDisc. CD Video discs had a distinctive gold colour, to differentiate them from regular silver-coloured audio CDs. This is a characteristic that would later be replicated in HVD, a more advanced disc format.

Titanic Wreckage discovery is announced

First signs of the shipwreck were pieces of debris, found the previous day. The pictures of the wreckage taken by remotely controlled deep-sea vehicle Argo followed soon. RMS Titanic lies at a depth of about 3.8 km; about 600 km south-southeast off the coast of Newfoundland. The ship is broken in two parts.

Milperra massacre

The Milperra Massacre was a firearm battle between rival motorcycle gang members. The shootout had its roots in an intense rivalry that developed after a group of Comancheros broke away and formed the first Bandidos Motorcycle Club chapter in Australia. Seven people were killed and twenty-eight injured when the two groups clashed at Milperra.

George Harrison marries Olivia Arias

George Harrison was an English guitarist, singer-songwriter, and producer who achieved international fame as the lead guitarist of the Beatles. Harrison married Dark Horse Records' secretary Olivia Trinidad Arias in 1978. They had met at the A&M Records offices in Los Angeles, and together had one son, Dhani Harrison.

Rod Stewart is at #1 on the UK singles chart

"You Wear It Well" is a song written by Rod Stewart and Martin Quittenton, performed by Stewart. It utilizes an arrangement markedly similar to that of "Maggie May," one of Stewart's hits from the previous year. Stewart recorded "You Wear It Well" for the 1972 album Never a Dull Moment. The song became an international hit, reaching number 1 on the UK Singles Chart.

First ATM installed in New York

In 1968 the ATM was pioneered in the U.S. by Donald Wetzel, who was a department head at a company called Docutel. Docutel was a subsidiary of Recognition Equipment Inc of Dallas, Texas, which was producing optical scanning equipment and had instructed Docutel to explore automated baggage handling and automated gasoline pumps.

The Doors record their first demos

The band recorded a six-song demo in September 1965 at World Pacific Studios, Los Angeles, California. This has circulated widely since then as a bootleg recording. The band took their name from the title of Aldous Huxley's book The Doors of Perception, itself derived from a line in William Blake's The Marriage of Heaven and Hell.

The first US half-hour weeknight news broadcast

Walter Cronkite became an anchor of the program titled Walter Cronkite with the News. On September 2, the program, retitled CBS Evening News, became the first half-hour weeknight news broadcast of network television and was moved to 6:30 p.m. Eastern time.

British film noir "The Third Man" is released

The Third Man is a British film directed by Carol Reed, written by Graham Greene, and starring Joseph Cotten, Valli, Orson Welles, and Trevor Howard. It centers on Holly Martins, an American who is given a job in Vienna by his friend Harry Lime, but when Holly arrives in Vienna he gets the news that Lime is dead.

Surrender of Japan is formally signed

The surrender of Japan brought the hostilities of WWII to a close. It was formally signed more than 2 weeks after the Emperor’s recorded speech to the nation announced it. The surrender ceremony took place aboard of the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. Following the ceremony, investigations into Japanese war crimes began quickly.

Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independent from France

Hồ Chí Minh read the Proclamation during a public meeting in front of thousands of people, at what is now Ba Đình Square, Hà Nội, announcing the birth of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the country's independence from France.

Anne Frank is sent to Auschwitz concentration camp

After being arrested with her family by the Gestapo, Franks were held and questioned, then transferred to the Huis van Bewaring, an overcrowded prison. After two days, they were moved to the Westerbork transit camp where they were put to hard labor and stayed there until their deportation to the Auschwitz concentration camp.

The operetta "Rose-Marie" opens at the Imperial Theatre

An operetta-style musical by Rudolf Friml and Herbert Stothart, “Rose-Marie” premiered at the Imperial Theatre on Broadway. It was the longest running musical of the 20s until it was surpassed by The Student Prince. It tells the story of a French Canadian girl that loves miner Jim Kenyon who falls under suspicion for murder.

The first sci-fi film is released

A Trip to the Moon is a French adventure film directed by Georges Méliès. The film follows a group of astronomers who travel to the Moon in a cannon-propelled capsule, explore the Moon's surface, escape from an underground group of Selenites, and return to Earth with a captive Selenite.

U.S. Treasury is established

In September 1789, Congress created a permanent institution for the management of government finances. Alexander Hamilton took the oath of office as the first Secretary of the Treasury on September 11, 1789. Hamilton had served as George Washington's aide-de-camp during the Revolution and was of great importance in the ratification of the Constitution.

Great Fire of London

The fire gutted the medieval City of London inside the old Roman city wall. It consumed 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, St Paul's Cathedral, and most of the buildings of the City authorities. It is estimated to have destroyed the homes of 70,000 of the City's 80,000 inhabitants.

The Third Crusade ends

The Third Crusade, led by Richard I of England and Philip II of France captured the important cities of Acre and Jaffa, however, the Christians failed to take Jerusalem. It ended with a treaty between Richard and Saladin that allowed unarmed Christian pilgrims and merchants to visit Muslim-controlled Jerusalem.

The Battle of Actium ends the Roman Republic

The Battle of Actium decided the outcome of the Final War of the Roman Republic. It was a naval battle between Octavian and the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra on the Ionian Sea. Octavian emerged victorious from the conflict and the Senate named him the Augustus, which is viewed as the beginning of the Roman Empire.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1964

Keanu Reeves

born 1966

Salma Hayek