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Space Shuttle Discovery is launched

The mission's goals were deployment of three communications satellites into orbit and repair of one broken satellite in space. The astronauts conducted two spacewalks. The launch was originally scheduled for August 24 but it has to be postponed twice. First time it was because of the weather, second time because of computer failure.

Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars

The craft was launched in September 1975. The following launch using a Titan/Centaur launch vehicle and a 333-day cruise to Mars, the Viking 2 Orbiter began returning global images of Mars prior to orbit insertion. The Viking Orbiters caused a revolution in our ideas about water on Mars. Huge river valleys were found in many areas.

British motorist Malcolm Campbell sets his final land speed record

In a specially constructed vehicle named Bluebird, powered by aircraft engine, Campbell achieved speed of 484.955 kilometres per hour. This equals 301.337 miles per hour in old imperial units. Thus, Campbell became first man to break 300 miles per hour limit. Campbell later shifted from land to water speed records.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous