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Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake

An earthquake measuring 6.6 MW on the moment magnitude scale struck Iburi Subprefecture in southern Hokkaido, Japan. The earthquake's epicenter was near Tomakomai and occurred at a depth of 35.0 kilometres. The Japan Meteorological Agency registered a magnitude of 6.7 Mj and a maximum intensity of 7 on the shindo scale.

Maas' 'Tower of Dawn' is published

Taking place around the same time as Empire of Storms, Chaol Westfall travels to the Southern Continent with Nesryn Faliq to receive treatment from the gifted healers there, and to raise a powerful army against the Valg. Yrene Towers' attempts of healing him lead to her becoming entangled in Chaol's past.

Irma becomes the most powerful Atlantic Ocean hurricane

Hurricane Irma developed from a tropical wave near Cape Verde and rapidly intensified into a Category 3 hurricane. The intensity fluctuated between Categories 2 and 3 for 3 days, then intensifying to Category 4 and eventually Category 5 hurricane. It became extremely powerful, with its winds reaching speed up to 175 mph and raising.

An asteroid is named after Freddie Mercury

17473 Freddiemercury, provisional designation 1991 FM3, is a stony Massalian asteroid from the inner regions asteroid belt, approximately 3.4 kilometers in diameter. The asteroid was discovered by Belgian astronomer Henri Debehogne at ESO's La Silla Observatory in northern Chile, and later named in memory of Freddie Mercury.

Afyonkarahisar arsenal explosion

The 2012 Afyonkarahisar arsenal explosion occurred in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. According to Turkish Armed Forces, 25 servicemen died, four other soldiers and three civilians were injured by the accident. A fire at the locality followed the explosion. The remains of two noncommissioned officers were recovered after the fire was extinguished.


Shoya Tomizawa dies following San Marino Grand Prix collision

On lap 12, holding 4th place, Tomizawa fell at the Curvone, a fast right-hand corner, when he was forced wide and lost grip in his rear tire. He was then struck by the motorbikes of Scott Redding and Alex de Angelis, and suffered cranial, thoracic and abdominal trauma.

'Aida' closes after 1,852 performances

Aida is a musical based on the opera of the same name by Giuseppe Verdi. It has music by Elton John, lyrics by Tim Rice, and book by Linda Woolverton, Robert Falls, and David Henry Hwang, and was originally produced by Walt Disney Theatrical. It was nominated for five Tony Awards and won four including Best Original Score and Best Performance.

'The Order' is released in the US

The Order, also known as The Sin Eater, is a 2003 mystery horror film written and directed by Brian Helgeland, starring Heath Ledger, Benno Fürmann, Mark Addy, and Shannyn Sossamon. Helgeland directed Ledger, Addy and Sossamon in the 2001 film A Knight's Tale.

Baseball drama 'Take Me Out' opens

Take Me Out is a 2002 play by American playwright Richard Greenberg originally staged by Donmar Warehouse, London, with The Public Theater. It premiered Off-Broadway at the Joseph Papp Public Theater, and made its Broadway debut in 2003, at the Walter Kerr Theatre, where it ran 355 performances. It won the 2003 Tony Award for Best Play.

Evidence provides for black hole theory

An orbiting observatory has recorded an immense flare at the heart of the Milky Way galaxy, providing what scientists say is the strongest evidence yet that a black hole with millions of times the mass of the Sun lurks there.

Shania Twain goes to #1 with 'Come On Over'

Come On Over is the third studio album recorded by Canadian singer Shania Twain. It became the best-selling country music album, the best-selling studio album by a female act, and the best selling album by a Canadian. It is the ninth best-selling album in the United States and sixteenth best-selling album in the United Kingdom.

Hurricane Fran landfalls near Cape Fear

Fran weakened slightly, before it made landfall near Cape Fear, North Carolina. The storm rapidly weakened inland and was only a tropical depression later that day. Eventually, Fran curved east-northeastward and transitioned into an extratropical cyclone over Ontario.


Columbia humiliate the mighty Argentina 5-0

In the last day of qualification matches for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, Colombia faced off against Argentina. The latter needed a win to avoid the play-off against Australia. On the other side, Colombia as the 1st team in the group could qualify with a win or draw. The match took place at the Monumental Stadium in Buenos Aires.

John Travolta marries actress Kelly Preston

Preston first met John Travolta in 1987 while filming The Experts. They married in 1991, traveling to Paris on an Air France Concorde for a wedding ceremony at the Hotel de Crillon. However, a second ceremony was required because the first, performed by a French Scientology minister, was considered invalid.

Soundgarden release 'Louder Than Love'

Louder Than Love is the second studio album by American rock band Soundgarden. It was released by A&M Records. The songs on the album featured a metal-leaning grunge sound with some songs featuring unusual or unorthodox time signatures. Louder Than Love would become the band's first album to chart on the Billboard 200.

Karachi hijack ends in bloodshed

The Boeing 747-121 serving the flight was hijacked while on the ground at Karachi by four armed Palestinian men of the Abu Nidal Organization. Forty-three passengers were injured or killed during the hijacking, including nationals from India, the United States, Pakistan, and Mexico.

The Space Shuttle Discovery lands after its maiden voyage

Space Shuttle Discovery is one of the orbiters from NASA's Space Shuttle program and the third of five fully operational orbiters to be built. Its first mission, STS-41-D, flew from August to September 1984. Over 27 years of service it launched and landed 39 times, gathering more spaceflights than any other spacecraft to date.

The Gotthard Road Tunnel opens

The Gotthard Road Tunnel in Switzerland runs from Göschenen in the canton of Uri at its northern portal, to Airolo in Ticino to the south, and is 16.9 kilometers in length below the St Gotthard Pass, a major pass of the Alps. At a time of construction, in 1980, it was the longest road tunnel in the world; it is currently the ninth-longest.

Voyager 1 probe is launched

The probe's objectives included flybys of Jupiter, Saturn, and Saturn's largest moon, Titan. In 1980, Voyager 1 became the third of five artificial objects to achieve the escape velocity that will allow them to leave the Solar System. In 2012, Voyager 1 became the first spacecraft to enter the interstellar space.

London Hilton is bombed

A bomb exploded in the lobby of the Hilton Hotel on Park Lane, London, killing two people and injuring 63. Having been notified, Scotland Yard immediately sent three officers to investigate, but they were not able to evacuate the building before the bomb exploded.

Gerald R. Ford escapes an assassination attempt

In Sacramento, California, Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a follower of Charles Manson, pointed a Colt .45-caliber handgun at Ford and pulled the trigger at point-blank range. As she did, Larry Buendorf, a Secret Service agent, grabbed the gun, and Fromme was taken into custody.

Munich massacre

The Munich massacre was an attack during the 1972 Summer Olympics, in which the Palestinian terrorist group Black September took eleven Israeli Olympic team members hostage and killed them along with a West German police officer. Police officers killed five of the eight Black September members during a failed attempt to rescue the hostages.


The only driver posthumously wins the F1 Championship

Jochen Rindt was killed owing to severe throat injuries caused by his seat belt. He was pronounced dead while on the way to the hospital. As his closest competitor, Jacky Ickx was unable to score sufficient points in the remaining races of the season, Rindt was awarded the World Championship posthumously.

John Lennon starts work on his role as Private Gripweed

Lennon, taking a break from the Beatles, was asked by Lester to play Musketeer Gripweed. To prepare for the role, Lennon had his hair cut down, contrasting sharply with his mop-top image. During filming, he started wearing round "granny-like" glasses, which he continued to sport nearly constantly for the remainder of his life.


Muhammad Ali wins the gold medal at the Olympic Games

Muhammad Ali won a gold medal in the light heavyweight division at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome and turned professional later that year. Ali said in his 1975 autobiography that shortly after his return from the Rome Olympics, he threw his gold medal into the Ohio River after he and a friend were refused service at a "whites-only" restaurant.

Jack Kerouac's 'On the Road' is published

On the Road is a novel by American writer Jack Kerouac, based on the travels of Kerouac and his friends across the United States. It is considered a defining work of the postwar Beat and Counterculture generations, with its protagonists living life against a backdrop of jazz, poetry, and drug use.

Elvis Presley surprised his mother with a pink Cadillac

Elvis Presley surprised his mother with a gift of a pink Cadillac. Elvis' Pink Cadillac is probably one of the most iconic, style setting, sung about in popular culture and then copied real cars in North America, and the wider world where Elvis Presley's music was popular.

Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg constitute Benelux

In 1944, exiled representatives of the three countries signed the London Customs Convention, the treaty that established the Benelux Customs Union. The Benelux parliamentary assembly is composed of 21 members of the Dutch parliament, 21 members of the Belgian national and regional parliaments, and 7 members of the Luxembourg parliament.

The Battle of Marne begins

The first Battle of the Marne was an encounter during the Battle of the Frontiers. It was fought between German and French army, aided by several thousands of British troops. The battle was the culmination of the German war effort and their advance into France. The counterattack of the Allied forces finally managed to stop Germans.


England football club Tottenham Hotspur F.C. is founded

Tottenham Hotspur Football Club is a professional football club in Tottenham, London, England, that competes in the Premier League. Founded in 1882, Tottenham won the FA Cup for the first time in 1901, the only non-League club to do so since the formation of the Football League.

Great Zimbabwe city is discovered

The discovery was made by German geologist Karl Mauch (some sources say that he arrived two days earlier). Great Zimbabwe used to be a capital of the Kingdom of Zimbabwe during the country's Late Iron Age. Mauch was the first European to investigate the ruins, but centuries earlier João de Barros had written what he had heard about them.

Russian tzar imposes a tax on beards

Peter implemented social modernization in an absolute manner by introducing French and western dress to his court and requiring courtiers, state officials, and the military to shave their beards and adopt modern clothing styles. One means of achieving this end was the introduction of taxes for long beards and robes in September 1698.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous