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Flashback calendar

IFA Berlin ends

IFA is one of the oldest industrial exhibitions in Germany. IFA 2018 takes place at the Messe Berlin Exhibition Grounds. This year’s IFA again provides an unparalleled stage for innovation, IFA NEXT.

Mother Teresa dies

Mother Teresa was an Albanian-Indian missionary of Roman-Catholic Church who founded the Missionaries of Charity, a congregation helping the poorest of the poor. With advancing age, her health declined and her death came swiftly after she complained about her chest pains while she was in Calcutta, in West Bengal, India.

The Gotthard Road Tunnel opens

The Gotthard Road Tunnel in Switzerland runs from Göschenen in the canton of Uri at its northern portal, to Airolo in Ticino to the south, and is 16.9 kilometers in length below the St Gotthard Pass, a major pass of the Alps. At a time of construction, in 1980, it was the longest road tunnel in the world; it is currently the ninth-longest.

Gerald R. Ford escapes an assassination attempt

In Sacramento, California, Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a follower of Charles Manson, pointed a Colt .45-caliber handgun at Ford and pulled the trigger at point-blank range. As she did, Larry Buendorf, a Secret Service agent, grabbed the gun, and Fromme was taken into custody.

Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg constitute Benelux

In 1944, exiled representatives of the three countries signed the London Customs Convention, the treaty that established the Benelux Customs Union. The Benelux parliamentary assembly is composed of 21 members of the Dutch parliament, 21 members of the Belgian national and regional parliaments, and 7 members of the Luxembourg parliament.

The Battle of Marne begins

The first Battle of the Marne was an encounter during the Battle of the Frontiers. It was fought between German and French army, aided by several thousands of British troops. The battle was the culmination of the German war effort and their advance into France. The counterattack of the Allied forces finally managed to stop Germans.

Russian tzar imposes a tax on beards

Peter implemented social modernization in an absolute manner by introducing French and western dress to his court and requiring courtiers, state officials, and the military to shave their beards and adopt modern clothing styles. One means of achieving this end was the introduction of taxes for long beards and robes in September 1698.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous