Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

'The Shape of Water' wins the Golden Lion for best film

The Shape of Water is a 2017 American romantic dark fantasy film directed by Guillermo del Toro and written by del Toro and Vanessa Taylor. It stars Sally Hawkins, Michael Shannon, Richard Jenkins, Doug Jones, Michael Stuhlbarg, and Octavia Spencer.

The discovery of a 3,500-year-old tomb is announced

Egypt has announced the discovery of two small tombs in the southern city of Luxor dating back about 3,500 years, a find the government hopes will help revive the country’s ailing tourism sector. The tombs are the latest discovery in the city famed for its temples and tombs spanning different dynasties of ancient Egyptian history.

Hurricane Irma strikes Cuba

Hurricane Irma was the strongest observed hurricane in the Atlantic in terms of maximum sustained winds since Wilma and the strongest storm on record to exist in the open Atlantic region. Irma was the first Category 5 hurricane to strike the Leeward Islands on record, followed by Maria two weeks later.

Hurricane Katia makes landfall in Mexico

At least 53 municipalities in Mexico were affected by Katia. Heavy rainfall left flooding and numerous mudslides, with 65 mudslides in the city of Xalapa alone. Although damage estimates were unknown, preliminary reports indicated that 370 homes were flooded.

O Porriño derailment

The RENFE Class 592 DMU was travelling from Vigo, Spain to Oporto, Portugal when it derailed at O Porriño, Galicia, Spain. The derailed train hit an overbridge and signalling tower. The driver, a ticket inspector, and two of the 69 passengers were killed and 49 were injured, seven seriously.

Elizabeth II become the longest reigning monarch of the UK

Elizabeth II became the longest-reigning British monarch and the longest-reigning female monarch in world history. In May 2016 her reign surpassed the claimed reign of James Francis Edward Stuart. In October 2016 she became the world's longest reigning current monarch after the death of Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand.

U2 album released on iTunes for free

Bono called the album "a gift (from Apple)... to all their music customers", and said that the group wanted to "get (the album) to as many people as possible because that's what our band is all about". The record was automatically added to the "purchased" section of users' iTunes music libraries.

The Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam identifies long lost Vincent Van Gogh painting

Sunset at Montmajour is a landscape in oils painted by the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh. It was painted while the artist was at Arles, France and depicts a landscape of garrigue with the ruins of Montmajour Abbey in the background. Its authenticity was questioned several times before it was confirmed as a genuine van Gogh work in 2013.

Wave of attacks across Iraq

The 2012 Iraq attacks were a series of coordinated bombings and shootings across the capital Baghdad and several major cities in the north and south of the country. At least 108 people were killed and 371 injured in the first major insurgent action since a similar wave of violence almost a month earlier.

San Bruno pipeline explosion

The San Bruno pipeline explosion occurred when a 30-inch diameter steel natural gas pipeline owned by Pacific Gas & Electric exploded into flames in the Crestmoor residential neighborhood 2 mi west of San Francisco International Airport near Skyline Boulevard and San Bruno Avenue.

The Dubai Metro is inaugurated

The Dubai Metro is a rapid transit rail network in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The Red Line and Green Line are operational, with four further lines planned. The first section of the Red Line, covering 10 stations, was ceremonially inaugurated by Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Ruler of Dubai.

First season debut of the TV series 'Glee'

The first season of the musical comedy-drama television series Glee features the fictional high school show choir New Directions competing for the first time on the show choir circuit, while its members and faculty deal with sex, bullying, body image, homosexuality, teenage pregnancy, disabilities, adoption and other social issues.


Goalkeeper Iker Casillas sets a Spanish record

Iker Casillas is a Spanish footballer and a goalkeeper, popularly dubbed “San Iker” and widely considered to be one of the greatest goalkeepers of all time. Casillas surpassed the national record of 56 clean sheets, set by Andoni Zubizarreta in the qualifying match for the World Cup against Estonia.

Musical 'The Color Purple' has its world premiere

The Color Purple is a musical with a book by Marsha Norman and music and lyrics by Stephen Bray, Brenda Russell, and Allee Willis. Based on the 1982 novel by Alice Walker, the show follows the journey of Celie, an African-American woman in the American South from the early to mid-20th century.

'Band of Brothers' premieres on HBO

The series dramatizes the history of "Easy" Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, of the 101st Airborne Division, from jump training in the United States through its participation in major actions in Europe, up until Japan's capitulation and the war's end.

Sega releases the first 128-bit video game console

The Dreamcast is a home video game console released by Sega. It was the first in the sixth generation of video game consoles, preceding Sony's PlayStation 2, Nintendo's GameCube and Microsoft's Xbox. The Dreamcast was Sega's final home console, marking the end of the company's 18 years in the console market.

Coolio featuring L.V. scores his first US #1 single

"Gangsta's Paradise" is a song by American rapper Coolio, featuring singer L.V. The song was released on Coolio's album of the same name, as well as the soundtrack for the 1995 film Dangerous Minds. The song was listed at number 85 on Billboard's Greatest Songs of All-Time and number one biggest selling single of 1995 on U.S. Billboard.

New Kids On The Block score their second US #1 single

"Hangin' Tough" is a 1989 single from New Kids on the Block which was released on Columbia Records. It was the fourth single from the group's second album of the same name. "Hangin' Tough" peaked at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart and topped the UK Singles Chart where it became the first No. 1 single of the 1990s.


Twenty-five English football fans are extradited to stand trial

In September 1987 they were extradited and formally charged with manslaughter applying to all 39 deaths and further charges of assault. Initially, all were held at a Belgian prison but over the subsequent months, judges permitted their release as the start of the trial became ever more delayed.

First commercial space rocket is launched

The vehicle was called Conestoga. It was a heavily modified Intercontinental ballistic missile. The design was founded by Space Services Inc company. The rocket was launched only three times. Main reasons for program shutdown were delays and budget overruns. Next generation of privately-owned space vehicles came after the year 2010.

Viking 2 probe is launched to Mars

The probe consisted of an orbiter and a lander. The lander operated on the surface for 1281 martian days (1316 Earth days). It was powered by a radioisotope generator. The landing site was Utopia Planitia, largest impact basin in Solar system. Main mission goals were analysis of martian soil, search of life, and of coarse taking pictures.


The most controversial game in international basketball history

The 1972 Olympic men's basketball final was one of the most controversial events in Olympic history and was recorded by FIBA as the first-ever loss for Team USA since the sport began Olympic play in 1936. There were rumors that the Communist party had bribed the officials because they wanted the USSR to win 50 gold medals at these Olympics.

John Lennon releases his 'Imagine' album

Imagine is the second studio album by John Lennon. Recorded and released in 1971, the album is more heavily produced in contrast to the basic, raw arrangements of his previous album, the critically acclaimed John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band. The album is the most popular of his solo works and the title track is considered one of Lennon's finest songs.


NHL star Gordie Howe retires

Howe retired for the first time in 1971 and was immediately inducted into the Saskatchewan Sports Hall of Fame that same year. He was then inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame the next year but came back two years later to join his sons Mark and Marty on the Houston Aeros of the WHA.

'Hello, Dolly!' is the longest-running Broadway musical

Hello, Dolly! is a 1964 musical with lyrics and music by Jerry Herman and a book by Michael Stewart The show received rave reviews, with "praise for Carol Channing and particularly Gower Champion." The original production became the longest-running musical in Broadway history up to that time, surpassing My Fair Lady.

The Rolling Stones are at #1 in the UK

"(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" is a song by the English rock band the Rolling Stones, released in 1965. "Satisfaction" was a hit, giving the Stones their first number one in the US. In the UK, the song initially was played only on pirate radio stations, because its lyrics were considered too sexually suggestive.

Tibet is made an autonomous region of China

Today, China governs western and central Tibet as the Tibet Autonomous Region while the eastern areas are now mostly ethnic autonomous prefectures within Sichuan, Qinghai and other neighbouring provinces. There are tensions regarding Tibet's political status and dissident groups that are active in exile.

The Beatles are at #1 on the UK singles chart

"She Loves You" is a song written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney and recorded by English rock group the Beatles. The single set and surpassed several records in the United Kingdom charts, and set a record in the United States as one of the five Beatles songs that held the top five positions in the charts simultaneously.

Elvis Presley appears on 'The Ed Sullivan Show' for the first time

Presley made his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, even though Sullivan had previously vowed never to allow Presley on the show. Elvis mythology states that Sullivan censored Presley by only shooting him from the waist up.

North Korea proclaimes independence

The South declared its statehood in 1948 and two months later the ardent anti-communist Syngman Rhee became its ruler. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established in the North in the same year. Shtykov served as the first Soviet ambassador, while Kim Il-sung became premier.

The first "bug" in a computer program is discovered

The terms "bug" and "debugging" are popularly attributed to Admiral Grace Hopper in the 1940s. While she was working on a Mark II computer at Harvard University, her associates discovered a moth stuck in a relay and thereby impeding operation, whereupon she remarked that they were "debugging" the system.

California becomes the 31st U.S. state

As a part of the Compromise of 1850, California was officially admitted into the United States as an undivided free state. Its status as a "free state" prevented the expansion of slavery to the Pacific Coast, which was a foremost concern for the pre-Civil War US Congress.

Battle of the Teutoburg Forest

The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, described as the Varian Disaster by Roman historians, took place in the Teutoburg Forest in 9 CE, when an alliance of Germanic tribes ambushed and destroyed three Roman legions and their auxiliaries, led by Publius Quinctilius Varus.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

died 1976

Mao Zedong

born 1960

Hugh Grant

born 1949

John Reid