Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

'The Deuce' premieres on HBO

The Deuce is an American drama television series created by David Simon and George Pelecanos. Featuring a cast that stars Maggie Gyllenhaal and James Franco playing twins, it tells the story of the Golden Age of Porn, the legalization and rise of the porn industry in New York City beginning in the 1970s.

Hurricane Irma reaches Florida

A record 6.5 million Floridians evacuated when the hurricane made landfall, causing it to become the largest evacuation in the state's history. Throughout the state, almost 700 emergency shelters were opened. The shelters collectively housed about 191,764 people, with more than 40% of them staying in a shelter in South Florida.

'The Orville' first airs on FOX

The Orville is an American science fiction comedy-drama series created by and starring Seth MacFarlane. Inspired by the television series Star Trek, the series tells the story of Mercer, Grayson, and the crew of the Orville as they embark on various diplomatic and exploratory missions.

Deadly floods wash out Livorno

At least six people died and two went missing after heavy rainstorms and flooding in the city of Livorno, Tuscany, Italy, in 2017. The storm dumped over twice the monthly rainfall in just 2 hours.

EIght die in Plano shooting

Officers were called to a home on West Spring Creek Parkway after there were reports of 30 to 40 shots being fired. Police entered the home and shot and killed the gunman. Inside, police found nine adults with gunshot wounds. Seven were dead and two others were transported to a local hospital. One of the injured later died.

Nineteen die in Tanzania earthquake

A magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck Tanzania 27 km east northeast of the Nsunga, Kagera Region on September 10 at a depth of 40 km. Nineteen people were killed and 253 injured in Tanzania, while four people were killed in Kamuli and seven others were injured in the Rakai District of neighbouring Uganda.

Scientists announce the discovery of a new hominin

The bones of the species known as Homo naledi were found in the Rising Star Cave system in South Africa. The word "naledi" means "star" in the Sotho-Tswana languages. Homo naledi lived around 250 000 years ago, roughly the same time as the first anatomically modern humans, but its brain volume was about 45 percent of a modern human’s.

Miley Cyrus breaks record for greatest number of views in 24 hours

"Wrecking Ball" is a song recorded by American singer Miley Cyrus for her fourth studio album, Bangerz. At 19.3 million views, "Wrecking Ball" held the Vevo record for the most views in the first 24 hours of its release.

'Chaplin' opens on Broadway

Chaplin: The Musical is a production based on the life of Charlie Chaplin. It premiered on Broadway at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre featuring direction and choreography by Warren Carlyle, music and lyrics by Christopher Curtis, and a book by Curtis and Thomas Meehan.

The MV Spice Islander I sinks off Zanzibar

The MV Spice Islander I, a passenger ferry carrying over 2,000 passengers, sank off the coast of Zanzibar. The ferry was travelling between Unguja and Pemba, two islands off the coast of mainland Tanzania, when it capsized. A report published by the Tanzanian government estimated 1,500 people had been killed in the tragedy.

Rihanna releases 'Only Girl (In the World)'

"Only Girl (In the World)" is a song by Barbadian singer Rihanna from her fifth album, Loud. "Only Girl (In the World)" was the first song composed for the album, and the singer decided to include it on the track list before she recorded her vocals. In its lyrics, Rihanna demands physical attention from her lover.

'The Vampire Diaries' first airs on The CW

The Vampire Diaries is an American supernatural drama television series developed by Kevin Williamson and Julie Plec, based on the popular book series of the same name written by L. J. Smith. The pilot episode attracted the largest audience for The CW of any series premiere since the network began in 2006.

The Large Hadron Collider powers up in Geneva

Built by the European Organization for Nuclear Research, the Large Hadron Collider is the world's most powerful particle collider and the most complex experimental facility ever constructed. The aim of the LHC is to allow physicists to test predictions of different theories of particle physics, including measuring the properties of the Higgs boson. The LHC first went live in September 2008.

Scissor Sisters hit #1 on the UK singles chart

"I Don't Feel Like Dancin'" is a song by American pop band Scissor Sisters. It was released in July 2006 as the first single from their album Ta-Dah. It was written by Jason Sellards, Scott Hoffman, and Elton John. The song also scored the band their only number one in the United Kingdom to date.

GoPro releases its first camera

In 2004, the camera manufacturing company GoPro sold its first camera system which used 35 mm film. Described as a "reusable wrist camera", it could pivot "on the fly" and be functional to a depth in water of about 15 feet (5m). Digital still and video cameras were later introduced.

Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh stabbed to death

Ylva Anna Maria Lindh was a Swedish Social Democratic politician. She was stabbed in the chest, abdomen, and arms while shopping in a Stockholm department store, having been left unprotected by her bodyguards. Lindh was rushed to Karolinska University Hospital but was pronounced dead at 05:29.

Switzerland joins the United Nations

After nearly 2 centuries of neutrality, Switzerland became the 190th member of the United Nations in 2002 with the unanimous support of the General Assembly. The admission of Switzerland was one of the first orders of business at the opening of the new session of the General Assembly.

The first national tour of 'The Producers' launches

The Producers is a musical adapted by Mel Brooks and Thomas Meehan from Brooks's 1967 film of the same name. It spawned a successful London production running for just over two years, national tours in the US and UK, many productions worldwide and a 2005 film version.

Charles Ingram cheats on 'Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?'

Charles Ingram was a contestant on the game show “Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?” He was found to have cheated in winning the show’s top prize of a million pounds and was convicted after a lengthy and controversial 4-day jury deliberation at Southwark Crown Court on a single count of procuring the execution of a valuable security by deception. Altogether with legal fees, the Ingrams had to pay £115,000.

'Cats' closes on Broadway after nearly 18 years

"Cats" is a sung-through British musical composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber and based on Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats by T. S. Eliot. The musical tells the story of a tribe of cats called the Jellicles and the night they make what is known as "the Jellicle choice" and decide which cat will ascend to the Heaviside Layer and come back to a new life.

'Fight Club' premieres at the Venice Film Festival

Fight Club is a 1999 film based on the 1996 novel of the same name by Chuck Palahniuk. It was directed by David Fincher and stars Brad Pitt, Edward Norton, and Helena Bonham Carter. Norton plays the unnamed narrator, who is discontented with his white-collar job.

'The Shawshank Redemption' premieres in Toronto

The Shawshank Redemption is an American drama film written and directed by Frank Darabont, based on the 1982 Stephen King novella Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption. It tells the story of banker Andy Dufresne, who is sentenced to life in Shawshank State Penitentiary for the murder of his wife and her lover, despite his claims of innocence.

'The X-Files' premieres on Fox

The X-Files is an American science fiction drama television series created by Chris Carter. The series revolves around Federal Bureau of Investigation special agents Fox Mulder, and Dana Scully who investigate X-Files: marginalized, unsolved cases involving paranormal phenomena.

Nirvana release 'Smells Like Teen Spirit'

"Smells Like Teen Spirit" is a song by American rock band Nirvana. It is the opening track and lead single from the band's second album, Nevermind, released on DGC Records. "Smells Like Teen Spirit" was Nirvana's biggest hit, reaching number six on the Billboard Hot 100, and placing high on music industry charts around the world.

'The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air' first airs on NBC

"The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air" is an American sitcom that originally aired on NBC. The show stars Will Smith as a fictionalized version of himself, a street-smart teenager from West Philadelphia who is sent to move in with his wealthy aunt and uncle in their Bel Air mansion after getting into a fight in his hometown.


Jock Stein dies of a heart attack following a world cup qualifying draw

John ‘Jock’ Stein was a Scottish football player and manager. He died at the end of the 1986 World Cup qualification match between Scotland and Wales. Stein, who was under intense pressure and already in poor health, suffered a heart attack and died shortly afterwards in the medical room right at the stadium.

Alec Jeffreys discovers DNA fingerprinting

DNA fingerprinting is a process for quickly determining an individual's unique genetic characteristics. It was discovered by British geneticist Alec Jeffreys who, after looking at the X-ray film image of a DNA experiment which unexpectedly showed both similarities and differences between the DNA of different members of his technician's family, realized this finding could be used to identify individuals in all sorts of situations.

Forbes publishes its first list of the richest people

In the first Forbes 400 list, there were only 13 billionaires, and a net worth of US$75 million secured a spot on the list. The 1982 list represented 2.8% of the Gross Domestic Product of the US. The 1982 Forbes 400 had 22.8% of the list composed of oil fortunes, with 15.3% from manufacturing, 9% from finance and only 3% from technology-driven fortunes.

The guillotine kills for the last time

Hamida Djandoubi was a Tunisian agricultural worker and convicted murderer who was sentenced to death in France in 1977 and executed by guillotine in September that year. He was the last person executed in Western Europe and the European Union, and the last person legally killed by beheading in the Western world.

Zagreb mid-air collision

In 1976, British Airways Flight 476, a Hawker Siddeley Trident en route from London to Istanbul, collided mid-air near Zagreb, Yugoslavia, with Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 550, a Douglas DC-9 en route from Split, Yugoslavia, to Cologne, West Germany. The collision was the result of a procedural error on the part of Zagreb air traffic controllers.

Elvis Presley records 'Guitar Man'

"Guitar Man" is a song written by Jerry Reed, who took his version of it to number 53 on the country music charts in 1967. Soon after Reed's single appeared, Elvis Presley recorded the song with Reed playing the guitar part, and it became a minor country and pop hit.

People of Gibraltar vote to remain a British dependency

In a 1967 referendum on sovereignty organized by the British Government, 99.6% of voters voted to remain under British sovereignty. Spanish reaction varied from questioning the validity of the process to observing that no Spanish government has done enough to make joint sovereignty or integration with Spain an attractive prospect.

The Supremes start a two week run at #1 on the US singles chart

"You Can't Hurry Love" is a 1966 song originally recorded by The Supremes on the Motown label. Written and produced by Motown production team Holland–Dozier–Holland, the song topped the United States Billboard pop singles chart, made the UK top 5, and made the top 10 in the Australian Singles Chart.

The Byrds begin recording 'Turn! Turn! Turn!'

"Turn! Turn! Turn!" was adapted by the Byrds using a folk-rock arrangement. The Byrds' single is the most successful recorded version of the song, having reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 charts and number 26 on the UK Singles Chart.

The Kinks' third single hits #1 on the UK singles chart

"You Really Got Me" is a song written by Ray Davies for English rock band The Kinks. The song, originally performed in a more blues-oriented style, was inspired by artists such as Lead Belly and Big Bill Broonzy. Two versions of the song were recorded, with the second performance being used for the final single.


German driver Wolfgang von Trips dies

The 1961 Italian Grand Prix saw von Trips and his teamate, Phil Hill, tightly locked in a battle for the Formula 1 World Drivers' Championship. During the race at Monza, von Trips' Ferrari collided with Jim Clark's Lotus. His car became airborne and crashed into a side barrier, fatally throwing von Trips from the car, and killing fifteen spectators.

'Gunsmoke' premieres on CBS

Gunsmoke is an American radio and television Western drama series created by director Norman Macdonnell and writer John Meston. The stories take place in and around Dodge City, Kansas, during the settlement of the American West. The central character is lawman Marshal Matt Dillon, played by William Conrad on radio and James Arness on television.

Miracle Mike's head cut off

Mike the Headless Chicken was a Wyandotte chicken that lived for 18 months after his head had been cut off. Although the story was thought by many to be a hoax, the bird's owner took him to the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, Utah to establish the facts.

Elias Howe patents his sewing machine

Contrary to popular belief, Howe was not the first to conceive of the idea of a sewing machine. However, he originated significant refinements to the design concepts of his predecessors and was awarded the first United States patent for a sewing machine using a lockstitch design.

Berlioz's opera 'Benvenuto Cellini' premieres

Benvenuto Cellini is an opera semiseria in two acts with music by Hector Berlioz and libretto by Léon de Wailly and Henri Auguste Barbier. The story is inspired by the memoirs of the Florentine sculptor Benvenuto Cellini, although the elements of the plot are largely fictional.

John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown

John Smith was a leader of the Virginia Colony based at Jamestown between September 1608 and August 1609 and led an exploration along the rivers of Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay, during which he became the first English explorer to map the Chesapeake Bay area. Later, he explored and mapped the coast of New England.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous