Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Director Guy Ritchie turns 50

Guy Ritchie is English director, movie producer, screenwriter, and businessman. He directed crime comedies Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels, and Snatch. His other movies include Revolver, RocknRolla, Sherlock Holmes, and King Arthur: Legend of the Sword. Ritchie was married to Madonna from 2000 to 2008.

"The Orville" first airs on FOX

The Orville is an American science fiction comedy-drama series created by and starring Seth MacFarlane. Inspired by the television series Star Trek, the series tells the story of Mercer, Grayson, and the crew of the Orville as they embark on various diplomatic and exploratory missions.

Hurricane Irma reaches Florida

A record 6.5 million Floridians evacuated, making it the largest evacuation in the state's history. Throughout the state, almost 700 emergency shelters were opened. The shelters collectively housed about 191,764 people, with more than 40% of them staying in a shelter in South Florida.

Musical "Chaplin" opens on Broadway

Chaplin: The Musical is a musical with music and lyrics by Christopher Curtis and a book by Curtis and Thomas Meehan. The show is based on the life of Charlie Chaplin. The musical premiered on Broadway at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre with direction and choreography by Warren Carlyle.

Rihanna release "Only Girl (In the World)"

"Only Girl (In the World)" is a song by Barbadian singer Rihanna from her fifth album, Loud. "Only Girl (In the World)" was the first song composed for the album, and the singer decided to include it on the track list before she recorded her vocals. In its lyrics, Rihanna demands physical attention from her lover.

"The Vampire Diaries" first airs on The CW

The Vampire Diaries is an American supernatural drama television series developed by Kevin Williamson and Julie Plec, based on the popular book series of the same name written by L. J. Smith. The pilot episode attracted the largest audience for The CW of any series premiere since the network began in 2006.

The Large Hadron Collider at CERN is powered up in Geneva

The Large Hadron Collider is the world's most powerful particle collider and the most complex experimental facility ever built. It was built by the European Organization for Nuclear Research. The aim of the LHC is to allow physicists to test the predictions of different theories of particle physics, including measuring the properties of the Higgs boson. The LHC first went live in September 2008,

Scissor Sisters are #1 on the UK singles chart

"I Don't Feel Like Dancin'" is a song by American pop band Scissor Sisters. It was released in July 2006 as the first single from their album Ta-Dah. It was written by Jason Sellards, Scott Hoffman, and Elton John. The song also scored the band their only number one in the United Kingdom to date.

GoPro releases its first camera

In 2004, the company sold its first camera system, which used 35 mm film. Digital still and video cameras were later introduced. As of 2014, a fixed-lens HD video camera with a wide 170-degree lens was available; two or more can be paired to create 360 video.

Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh is stabbed

Ylva Anna Maria Lindh was a Swedish Social Democratic politician. Lindh was stabbed in the chest, abdomen, and arms. At the time, she was not protected by bodyguards from the Swedish Security Service. She was rushed to Karolinska University Hospital but was pronounced dead at 05:29.

Switzerland joins the United Nations

After nearly 2 centuries of neutrality, Switzerland became the 190th member of the United Nations in 2002 with the unanimous support of the General Assembly. The admission of Switzerland was one of the first orders of business at the opening of the new session of the General Assembly.

Video game Battlefield 1942 is released

Battlefield 1942 is a first-person shooter video game developed by Digital Illusions Creative Entertainment and published by Electronic Arts for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X. The game can be played in single-player mode against the video game AI or in multiplayer mode against players on the Internet or in a local area network.

The first national tour of "The Producers" launches

The Producers is a musical adapted by Mel Brooks and Thomas Meehan from Brooks's 1967 film of the same name. It spawned a successful London production running for just over two years, national tours in the US and UK, many productions worldwide and a 2005 film version.

Charles Ingram cheats on Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?

After winning a million in local currency. Ingram was convicted after a lengthy and controversial 4-day jury deliberation at Southwark Crown Court on a single count of procuring the execution of a valuable security by deception. Altogether with legal fees, the Ingrams had to pay £115,000.

"Cats" closes on Broadway after nearly 18 years

Cats is a sung-through British musical composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber, based on Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats by T. S. Eliot. The musical tells the story of a tribe of cats called the Jellicles and the night they make what is known as "the Jellicle choice" and decide which cat will ascend to the Heaviside Layer and come back to a new life.

"The Shawshank Redemption" is first released in Toronto

The Shawshank Redemption is an American drama film written and directed by Frank Darabont, based on the 1982 Stephen King novella Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption. It tells the story of banker Andy Dufresne, who is sentenced to life in Shawshank State Penitentiary for the murder of his wife and her lover, despite his claims of innocence.

Nirvana release "Smells Like Teen Spirit"

"Smells Like Teen Spirit" is a song by American rock band Nirvana. It is the opening track and lead single from the band's second album, Nevermind, released on DGC Records. "Smells Like Teen Spirit" was Nirvana's biggest hit, reaching number six on the Billboard Hot 100, and placing high on music industry charts around the world.

"The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air" first airs on NBC

The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air is an American sitcom that originally aired on NBC. The show stars Will Smith as a fictionalized version of himself, a street-smart teenager from West Philadelphia who is sent to move in with his wealthy aunt and uncle in their Bel Air mansion after getting into a fight in his hometown.

Forbes publishes its first list of the richest people

In the first Forbes 400 list, there were only 13 billionaires, and a net worth of US$75 million secured a spot on the list. The 1982 list represented 2.8% of the Gross Domestic Product of the US. The 1982 Forbes 400 had 22.8% of the list composed of oil fortunes, with 15.3% from manufacturing, 9% from finance and only 3% from technology-driven fortunes.

The last use of guillotine in France

Hamida Djandoubi was a Tunisian agricultural worker and convicted murderer. He was sentenced to death in 1977 and executed by guillotine in September that year. He was the last person to be executed in Western Europe and in the European Union and the last person legally executed by beheading in the Western world.


Dan Gable wins the 68kg division gold medal at Olympics

Danny Mack "Dan" Gable is an American former folkstyle and freestyle wrestler and coach. He is a two-time NCAA Division I national champion, a world gold medalist, and an Olympic gold medalist. At the 1972 Olympic Games, in particular, Gable won all six of his matches without giving up a point.

People of Gibraltar vote to remain a British dependency

In a 1967 referendum on sovereignty organized by the British Government, 99.6% of voters voted to remain under British sovereignty. Spanish reaction varied from questioning the validity of the process to observing that no Spanish government has done enough to make joint sovereignty or integration with Spain an attractive prospect.

Elvis Presley records "Guitar Man"

"Guitar Man" is a song written by Jerry Reed, who took his version of it to number 53 on the country music charts in 1967. Soon after Reed's single appeared, Elvis Presley recorded the song with Reed playing the guitar part, and it became a minor country and pop hit.

The Supremes start a two week run at #1 on the US singles chart

"You Can't Hurry Love" is a 1966 song originally recorded by The Supremes on the Motown label. Written and produced by Motown production team Holland–Dozier–Holland, the song topped the United States Billboard pop singles chart, made the UK top 5, and made the top 10 in the Australian Singles Chart.

The Byrds begin recording "Turn! Turn! Turn!"

"Turn! Turn! Turn!" was adapted by the Byrds using a folk-rock arrangement. The Byrds' single is the most successful recorded version of the song, having reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 charts and number 26 on the UK Singles Chart.

The Kinks third single is at #1 on the UK singles chart

"You Really Got Me" is a song written by Ray Davies for English rock band the Kinks. The song, originally performed in a more blues-oriented style, was inspired by artists such as Lead Belly and Big Bill Broonzy. Two versions of the song were recorded, with the second performance being used for the final single.


German driver Wolfgang von Trips dies

The 1961 Italian Grand Prix saw von Trips tightly locked in the battle Formula 1 World Drivers' Championship that year with his teammate Phil Hill. During the race at Monza, his Ferrari collided with Jim Clark's Lotus. His car became airborne and crashed into a side barrier, fatally throwing von Trips from the car, and killing fifteen spectators.

English actor Colin Firth is born

Colin Andrew Firth is an English-Italian actor who has received an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, two BAFTA Awards, and three Screen Actors Guild Awards, as well as the Volpi Cup for Best Actor at the Venice Film Festival. In 2010, Firth's portrayal of King George VI in Tom Hooper’s The King's Speech won him the Academy Award for Best Actor.

Musician Carol Decker is born

Carol Ann Decker is an English musician and lead vocalist for the band T'Pau, which had international success in the late 1980s. Although Decker's music is mainly associated with the group, she also released "One Heart," a solo single in 1995, to support the centenary of the Halifax World Cup Rugby League.

"Gunsmoke" premieres on CBS

Gunsmoke is an American radio and television Western drama series created by director Norman Macdonnell and writer John Meston. The stories take place in and around Dodge City, Kansas, during the settlement of the American West. The central character is lawman Marshal Matt Dillon, played by William Conrad on radio and James Arness on television.

Miracle Mike head is cut off

Mike the Headless Chicken was a Wyandotte chicken that lived for 18 months after his head had been cut off. Although the story was thought by many to be a hoax, the bird's owner took him to the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, Utah to establish the facts.

Musician Jose Feliciano is born

José Feliciano is a Puerto Rican guitarist, singer, and songwriter, best known for many international hits, including his rendition of The Doors' "Light My Fire" and the Christmas single, "Feliz Navidad." His music is known for having a mix of styles, for example including both flamenco music and mellow easy listening influences in many songs.

A sewing machine is patented

Contrary to popular belief, Howe was not the first to conceive of the idea of a sewing machine. However, Howe originated significant refinements to the design concepts of his predecessors and was awarded the first United States patent for a sewing machine using a lockstitch design.

Berlioz's opera "Benvenuto Cellini" premieres

Benvenuto Cellini is an opera semiseria in two acts with music by Hector Berlioz and libretto by Léon de Wailly and Henri Auguste Barbier. The story is inspired by the memoirs of the Florentine sculptor Benvenuto Cellini, although the elements of the plot are largely fictional.

English composer Henry Purcell is born

Henry Purcell was an English composer. Although incorporating Italian and French stylistic elements into his compositions, Purcell's legacy was a uniquely English form of Baroque music. He is generally considered to be one of the greatest English composers.

John Smith is chosen president of Jamestown

Smith was a leader of the Virginia Colony based at Jamestown between September 1608 and August 1609 and led an exploration along the rivers of Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay, during which he became the first English explorer to map the Chesapeake Bay area. Later, he explored and mapped the coast of New England.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1986

Sarah Levy

born 1960

Colin Firth