Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Scientists find oldest known evidence of beer making

An international archeological team discovered and tested residue from the mortars, which were used for beer making. They belonged to Natufians, a semi-nomadic culture from the east Mediterranean. The mortars were found near graveyard site called the Raqefet Cave, in the Carmel Mountains near Haifa, Israel.


Gennady Golovkin loses his first pro fight in record 20th title defence

Canelo Álvarez vs. Gennady Golovkin II was a professional boxing rematch between Canelo Álvarez and Gennady Golovkin which took place at T-Mobile Arena in Paradise, Nevada in 2018. Alvarez won by decision.

Parsons Green train bombing

In September 2017 an explosion occurred on a District line train at Parsons Green Underground station, in London, England. 30 people were treated in a hospital or an urgent care center, mostly for burn injuries, by a botched crude 'bucket bomb' with a timer containing the TATP explosive chemical.

'Oslo' opens at the Royal National Theatre

Oslo is a Tony award-winning play by J. T. Rogers, recounting the true-life, previously secret, back-channel negotiations in the development of the pivotal 1990s Oslo Peace Accords between Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization. The play opened at the Royal National Theatre, directed by Sher.

UK government approves controversial project

Hinkley Point C nuclear power station is a project to construct a 3,200 MWe nuclear power station with two EPR reactors in Somerset, England. In September 2016 the UK government approved the project with some safeguards for the investment. The plant, which has a projected lifetime of 60 years, has an estimated construction cost of between £19.6 billion and £20.3 billion.

'The Lost Symbol' by Dan Brown is published

Released in September 2009, it is the third Brown novel to involve the character of Harvard University symbologist Robert Langdon, following 2000's Angels & Demons and 2003's The Da Vinci Code. It had the first printing of 6.5 million, the largest in Doubleday history. On its first day, the book sold 1 million in hardcover and e-book versions making it the fastest selling adult novel in history.

Lehman Brothers files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy

The filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection by financial services firm Lehman Brothers remains the largest bankruptcy filing in U.S. history, with Lehman holding over $600,000,000,000 in assets. The bank had become so deeply involved in mortgage origination that it had effectively become a real estate hedge fund disguised as an investment bank.

'The Woman in White' opens in London

The musical opened in London's West End, with music by Andrew Lloyd Webber, lyrics by David Zippel, and book by Charlotte Jones freely adapted from the novel. Directed by Trevor Nunn, it opened 15 September 2004 at the Palace Theatre. The London production received mixed reviews from critics, with several reviewers noting that Lloyd Webber's score was weaker than in his previous works.

'Dirty Rotten Scoundrels' begins its pre-Broadway tryout

The musical premiered in San Diego, California in September 2004, before moving to Broadway in January 2005 and officially opening in March at the Imperial Theatre. The show closed on Broadway in September 2006 after a total of 626 performances. The production was nominated for ten Tony Awards, including Best Musical, Best Book and Best Score.

Musical 'Mary Poppins' has its world premiere

Cameron Mackintosh's stage adaptation of Mary Poppins had its world premiere at the Bristol Hippodrome starting with previews from September 2004, before officially opening for a limited engagement until November. The production then moved to the Prince Edward Theatre in December 2004, making it the only Disney musical to have premiered in the UK.


The XXVII Summer Olympic Games open in Sydney, Australia

The 2000 Summer Olympic Games were an international multi-sport event which was held in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The United States won the most medals with 93, while Australia came in 4th with 58. The Games cost was estimated to be A$6.6 billion. The Games received universal acclaim.

'Se7en' premieres in New York City

Seven is a 1995 American neo-noir crime thriller film directed by David Fincher and written by Andrew Kevin Walker. It stars Brad Pitt, Morgan Freeman, Gwyneth Paltrow, John C. McGinley, R. Lee Ermey, and Kevin Spacey. Seven was the seventh-highest-grossing film of the year, grossing over $327 million worldwide.

'El Mariachi' premieres at TIFF

El Mariachi is a 1992 Spanish-language American independent neo-Western action film and the first installment in the saga that came to be known as Robert Rodriguez's Mexico Trilogy. It marked the feature-length debut of Rodriguez as writer and director, and the success led him to create two further entries, Desperado and Once Upon a Time in Mexico.


US women's gymnastics team win first World Championships medal

The 26th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held in Indianapolis, United States, in the Hoosier Dome in 1991. This was the last championships at which the Soviet Union competed. United States women's gymnastics team received a gold medal.

The Steve Miller Band have a UK #1

"The Joker" is a song by the Steve Miller Band from their 1973 album The Joker. More than 16 years later, in 1990, it reached #1 in the UK Singles Chart for two weeks after being used in "Great Deal", a Hugh Johnson-directed television advertisement for Levi's, thus holding the record for the longest gap between transatlantic chart-toppers.

'Relax' becomes the longest running UK chart hit

"Relax" is the debut single by Frankie Goes to Hollywood, released in the United Kingdom by ZTT Records in 1983. Although fairly inauspicious upon initial release, "Relax" finally reached number one on the UK singles chart in 1984, ultimately becoming one of the most controversial and most commercially successful records of the decade.

The first issue of USA Today is released

USA Today began publishing in September 1982, initially in the Baltimore and Washington, D.C. metropolitan areas for a newsstand price of 25¢. After selling out the first issue, Gannett gradually expanded the national distribution of the paper, reaching an estimated circulation of 362,879 copies by the end of 1982.

The John Bull becomes the oldest operable steam locomotive

John Bull is a British-built railroad steam locomotive that operated in the United States. It became the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operated it in 1981. Built by Robert Stephenson and Company, the John Bull was initially purchased by and operated for the Camden and Amboy Railroad.


Ali defeats Spinks to win world heavyweight championship

Leon Spinks vs. Muhammad Ali II, was a professional boxing match contested in September 1978 in New Orleans for the WBA and Lineal Heavyweight Championships. The fight was estimated to have been watched by a record 2 billion viewers worldwide, in 80 nations. The Associated Press scored the fight 12-3 in favor of Ali giving him a unanimous decision win.

Pink Floyd released their ninth studio album

Wish You Were Here is the ninth studio album by English rock band Pink Floyd. It was first released in 1975 in the UK by Harvest Records and a day later in the US by Columbia Records. Inspired by the material the group composed while performing in Europe, the album was recorded in numerous sessions at Abbey Road Studios in London.

'Jacques Brel Is Alive and Well and Living in Paris' opens

Jacques Brel Is Alive and Well and Living in Paris is a musical revue of the songs of Jacques Brel. Brel's songs were translated into English by Eric Blau and Mort Shuman, who also provided the story. The original 1968 Off-Broadway production ran for four years and spawned international and regional productions, as well as a West End production and Off-Broadway revival.

Gemini 11 lands

Most important achievement of the mission was the first ever orbital rendezvous, although only with an Agena Target Vehicle. The crew used Agenas motor to reach a world record high-apogee earth orbit. They also created a small amount of artificial gravity by spinning the two spacecraft connected by a tether.

The Small Faces are at #1 on the UK singles chart

"All or Nothing" is a song written by Steve Marriott and Ronnie Lane of the British rock band Small Faces and released as a single in 1966. The song reached number one on the UK Singles Chart two weeks after being released. The song was also a major hit in both the Netherlands, where it reached number two and Ireland, where it reached number three.

Albums go mobile with 8-track players in cars

In 1965, Ford and Motorola jointly introduced the 8-track tape in-car tape player. In subsequent years cassettes supplanted the 8-track, and improved with longer play times, better tape quality, auto-reverse, and Dolby noise reduction. They were popular throughout the 1970s and '80s.

The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing

The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism which occurred at the African American 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, in September 1963, when four members of the Ku Klux Klan planted at least 15 sticks of dynamite attached to a timing device beneath the steps located on the east side of the church.

The Four Seasons earn their first #1 hit with 'Sherry'

"Sherry" is a song written by Bob Gaudio and recorded by The Four Seasons. It was the band's first nationally released single and their first number one hit, reaching the top of the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 in 1962. It remained at number one for five consecutive weeks and number one on the R&B charts for one week.

Khrushchev becomes the first soviet leader to visit USA

Khrushchev arrived in Washington, DC on his 1st visit to the United States in September 1959. The first visit by a Soviet premier to the United States resulted in an extended media circus. Khrushchev brought his wife, Nina Petrovna, and adult children with him, though it was not usual for Soviet officials to travel with their families

Newark Bay rail accident

The Newark Bay rail accident occurred on September 15, 1958, in Newark Bay, New Jersey. A Central Railroad of New Jersey morning commuter train, #3314, ran through a restricting and a stop signal, derailed, and slid off the open Newark Bay lift bridge, killing 48 people and injuring the same number.

Elvis Presley starts a five-week run at #1 on the US charts

"Don't Be Cruel" is a song recorded by Elvis Presley and written by Otis Blackwell in 1956. The single was released in 1956 backed with "Hound Dog". Within a few weeks "Hound Dog" had risen to #2 on the Pop charts with sales of over one million. Soon after it was overtaken by "Don't Be Cruel" which took #1 on all three main charts.

Famous Marilyn Monroe 'skirt' scene is filmed

The Seven Year Itch is a 1955 American romantic comedy film based on a three-act play with the same name by George Axelrod. It contains one of the most notable images of the 20th century – Marilyn Monroe standing on a subway grate as her white dress is blown upwards by a passing train.

The F-86 Sabre sets the world aircraft speed record

The F-86A set its first official world speed record of 671 miles per hour at Muroc Dry Lake flown by Major Richard L. Johnson, USAF. Five years later, Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to break the sound barrier, flying a "one-off" Canadian-built F-86 Sabre Mk 3, alongside Chuck Yeager.

Homestead hurricane strikes Florida

The 1945 Homestead hurricane was the most intense tropical cyclone to strike the U.S. state of Florida since 1935. The ninth tropical storm, third hurricane, and third major hurricane of the season, it developed east-northeast of the Leeward Islands in September.

RAF claims victory in Battle of Britain

Battle of Britain Day is the name given to the day of the large-scale aerial battle that took place in September 1940, during the Battle of Britain. On this day the Luftwaffe embarked on an all-out attack against London. Around 1,500 aircraft took part in the air battles which lasted until dusk. The action was the climax of the Battle of Britain.

Nazi Germany adopts a new national flag with swastika

Western use of the motif was subverted in the early 20th century after it was adopted as the emblem of the Nazi Party. The swastika was used as a conveniently geometrical and eye-catching symbol to emphasize the so-called Aryan-German correspondence and instill racial pride. Since World War II, most Westerners have known the swastika as a Nazi symbol.

The first flight to the world's bussiest airport in Atlanta

The first flight into Candler Field was in September 1926, a Florida Airways mail plane flying from Jacksonville, Florida. In May 1928, Pitcairn Aviation began service to Atlanta, followed in June 1930 by Delta Air Service. Later those two airlines, now known as Eastern Air Lines and Delta Air Lines, respectively, would both use Atlanta as their chief hubs.

Tanks are introduced into warfare at the Somme

During the Battle of the Somme, the British launch a major offensive against the Germans, employing tanks for the first time in history. At Flers Courcelette, some of the 40 or so primitive tanks advanced over a mile into enemy lines but were too slow to hold their positions during the German counterattack and subject to mechanical breakdown.

British 'Vogue' magazine debuts

The British edition of the fashion magazine Vogue is currently owned and distributed by US media company Conde Nast. British Vogue has been published since autumn 1916. The magazine is considered to be one that links fashion to high society and class, teaching its readers how to "assume a distinctively chic and modern appearance".

Anniversaries of the (in)famous