Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Day of Atonement

Yom Kippur, also known as the Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year in Judaism. Its central themes are atonement and repentance. Jewish people traditionally observe this holy day with an approximate 25-hour period of fasting and intensive prayer, often spending most of the day in synagogue services.

Earthquake hits Central Mexico

The 2017 Central Mexico earthquake struck with an estimated magnitude of Mw 7.1 and strong shaking for about 20 seconds. Its epicenter was about 55 km south of the city of Puebla. 370 people were killed by the earthquake and related building collapses, including 228 in Mexico City, and more than 6,000 were injured.


Japan beats South Africa 34-32 in Brighton, England

Pool B of the 2015 Rugby World Cup began in September and was completed on 11 October 2015. The pool was composed of South Africa, Samoa, and Scotland – who all qualified automatically for the tournament due to finishing in the top three positions in their pools in 2011 – joined by the top Asian qualifier, Japan.

Canadian Museum for Human Rights opens

The Canadian Museum for Human Rights is a national museum in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The purpose of the museum is to "explore the subject of human rights with a special but not exclusive reference to Canada, in order to enhance the public's understanding of human rights, to promote respect for others and to encourage reflection and dialogue."

BP finally fixes the Deepwater Horizon oil spill

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was an industrial disaster in the Gulf of Mexico. An estimated total of 4.9 million barrels of oil discharged into the ocean after several failed efforts to contain the flow. After nearly 5 months, the well was sealed and declared “effectively dead” by National Incident Commander Thad Allen.

Bush administration unveils a $700bn bailout

During the financial crisis in 2008, the US authorities enacted the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act, referred to as a bailout of the US financial system. The law authorized the US Secretary of the Treasury to spend up to $700 billion in order to help the economy. It is also known as the Paulson financial rescue plan.

"How I Met Your Mother" first airs on CBS

"Pilot" is the pilot episode of American television sitcom How I Met Your Mother, which premiered on CBS. It was written by series creators Carter Bays and Craig Thomas, and directed by Pamela Fryman. The pilot takes place in 2030, as a future Ted Mosby is telling his kids the story of how he met their mother.

Status Quo have had more hit singles than any other band in UK

Veteran rock group Status Quo have had more hit singles than any other band in UK chart history, according to research published by Guinness World Records. The band has scored 61 chart successes, dating from Pictures of Matchstick Men in 1968 to You'll Come Around in 2004.

"Angels in America" wins a record 11 Emmy Awards

The HBO miniseries Angels in America had the most successful night. It became the first and only program to sweep every major category, going 7/7, in Emmy history. It also joined Caesar's Hour, in 1957, as the only program to win all four main acting categories.

Robbie Williams scores his first solo UK #1 single

"Millennium" is a song by English singer Robbie Williams from his album I've Been Expecting You. It was released as the album's first track which became Williams' first single to top the UK Singles Chart. The song also received extensive airplay in the United States and Canada, where it was the lead single from Williams' 1999 compilation album.

Discover of Iceman Ötzi

Ötzi is the well-preserved natural mummy of a man who lived between 3400 and 3100 BCE. The mummy was found in September 1991 in the Ötztal Alps, hence the nickname "Ötzi". He is Europe's oldest known natural human mummy and has offered an unprecedented view of Chalcolithic Europeans.

"Goodfellas" opens

Goodfellas is a 1990 American crime film directed by Martin Scorsese. It is an adaptation of the 1986 non-fiction book Wiseguy by Nicholas Pileggi, who co-wrote the screenplay with Scorsese. The film narrates the rise and fall of mob associate Henry Hill and his friends and family from 1955 to 1980.


Russian race car driver Evgeny Novikov is born

Evgeny Maksimovich Novikov is a Russian rally driver who competed in the World Rally Championship from 2007 to 2013. Novikov won the Russian Rally Cup in 2006 and finished runner-up in both Estonian and Russian national championships in 2007. The 2007 season also saw his debut in the World Rally Championship at the season-ending 2007 Wales Rally GB.

A terrorist bomb explodes in UTA Flight 772

UTA Flight 772 was a scheduled international passenger flight of the French airline Union de Transports Aériens operating from Brazzaville in the People's Republic of the Congo, via N'Djamena in Chad, to Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris that crashed into the Ténéré desert, near Bilma, Niger after an in-flight explosion with 170 people on board.

Earthquake shakes Mexico City

The 1985 Mexico City earthquake struck with a moment magnitude of 8.0 and a Mercalli intensity of IX. The event caused serious damage to the Greater Mexico City area and the deaths of at least 5,000 people. The event caused between three and four billion USD in damage as 412 buildings collapsed and another 3,124 were seriously damaged in the city.

Scott Fahlman posts the first documented emoticons

The first ASCII emoticons, :-) and :-(, were written by Scott Fahlman in 1982, but emoticons actually originated on the PLATO IV computer system in 1972. As SMS and the internet became widespread in the late 1990s, emoticons became increasingly popular and were commonly used on text messages, internet forums and e-mails.

Simon & Garfunkel reunite for a concert in Central Park

The concert attracted more than 500,000 people, at that time the largest ever concert attendance. Warner Bros. Records released a live album of the show, The Concert in Central Park, which went double platinum in the US. A 90-minute recording of the concert was sold to Home Box Office for over $1 million.

The first Glastonbury Festival is held

Glastonbury Festival is a five-day festival of performing arts that takes place near Pilton, Somerset, England. In addition to contemporary music, the festival hosts dance, comedy, theatre, circus, cabaret, and other arts. Leading pop and rock artists have headlined, alongside thousands of others appearing on smaller stages and performance areas.

Diana Ross starts a three week run at #1 on the US singles chart

"Ain't No Mountain High Enough" is a song written by Nickolas Ashford & Valerie Simpson and in 1970 remade by Diana Ross. The remake was similar to gospel with elements of classical music strings, spoken word passages from Ross, with The Andantes, Jimmy Beavers, Jo Armstead, Ashford & Simpson, and Brenda Evans and Billie Calvin of The Undisputed Truth as backing singers, giving the song a soul and gospel vocal element.

Dutch saxophonist Candy Dulfer is born

Candy Dulfer is a Dutch smooth jazz, funk alto saxophonist and occasional singer who began playing at the age of six. She founded her band Funky Stuff when was fourteen years old. Her debut album Saxuality received a Grammy nomination. Dulfer has released eleven studio albums, two live albums, and one compilation album.

Country singer Trisha Yearwood is born

Patricia Lynn "Trisha" Yearwood is an American country music singer, author, and actress. She is known for her ballads about vulnerable young women from a perspective that has been described by music critics as "strong" and "confident". Yearwood is a member of the Grand Ole Opry and was inducted into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame in 2000.

Jarvis Cocker, a founding member of Pulp, is born

Jarvis Branson Cocker is an English musician, actor, and presenter. As the frontman of the band Pulp, he became a figurehead of the Britpop genre of the mid-1990s. Following Pulp's hiatus, Cocker has pursued a solo career, and for seven years he presented a BBC Radio 6 Music show called Jarvis Cocker's Sunday Service.

Chubby Checker goes to #1 on the US singles chart

"The Twist" is an American pop song written and originally released in early 1959 by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters as a B-side to "Teardrops on Your Letter". Chubby Checker's 1960 cover version of the song gave birth to the Twist dance craze. His single became a hit, reaching number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

Khrushchev is barred from visiting Disneyland

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev spent thirteen days in the United States, with two requests: to visit Disneyland and to meet John Wayne, Hollywood's top box-office draw. Due to the Cold War tension and security concerns, he was famously denied an excursion to Disneyland.

Juan Perón is overthrown in a coup

In 1950, Argentina’s postwar export boom tapered off, and inflation and corruption grew. After being reelected in 1951, Peron became more conservative and repressive and seized control of the press to control criticism of his regime. As a result, in September 1955, the army and navy revolted, and Peron was forced to flee to Paraguay. In 1960, he settled in Spain.


Baseball pioneer Jackie Robinson is named "Rookie of Year"

Robinson had an exceptional 10-year MLB career. He was the recipient of the inaugural MLB Rookie of the Year Award in 1947, was an All-Star for 6 consecutive seasons from 1949 through 1954, and won the National League Most Valuable Player Award in 1949, the first black player so honored.

Singer Cass Elliott is born

Cass Elliot, also known as Mama Cass, was an American singer and actress, best known as a member of the Mamas & the Papas. After the group broke up, she released five solo albums. In 1998 she was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame for her work with the Mamas & the Papas.

Singer Bill Medley is born

William Thomas Medley is an American singer and songwriter, best known as one half of The Righteous Brothers. He is noted for his bass-baritone voice, exemplified in songs such as "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'". Medley produced a number of the duo's songs, including "Unchained Melody" and "Soul and Inspiration".


Alexander Cartwright is inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame

Alexander "Alick" Joy Cartwright Jr. was a founding member of the New York Knickerbockers Base Ball Club in the 1840s. Although an inductee of the Baseball Hall of Fame and sometimes referred to as a "father of baseball", the centrality of his role in the development of the game has been disputed.

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky dies

Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky was a Russian and Soviet rocket scientist and pioneer of the astronautic theory. Tsiolkovsky died in Kaluga after undergoing an operation for stomach cancer. He bequeathed his life's work to the Soviet state.

Beatles' manager Brian Epstein is born

Brian Samuel Epstein was an English music entrepreneur who managed the Beatles. Epstein first discovered the Beatles in November 1961 during a lunchtime performance at The Cavern Club. He was instantly impressed and saw great potential in the group.

Singer Brook Benton is born

Brook Benton was an American singer and songwriter who was popular with rock and roll, rhythm and blues, and pop music audiences during the late 1950s and early 1960s, with hits such as "It's Just a Matter of Time" and "Endlessly", many of which he co-wrote.

Britain drops the gold standard, the pound lost 28%

Amid the Great Depression, the pound was worth a fixed amount compared to other currencies. The Bank of England was obligated to exchange gold for pounds at the specific rate. However, speculative attacks on the pound forced Britain to drop the standard. This caused investors to lose confidence in the pound, decreasing its value.


Runner Emil Zátopek is born

Emil Zátopek was a Czechoslovak long-distance runner best known for winning three gold medals at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. He won gold in the 5,000 meters and 10,000 meters run but his final medal came when he decided at the last minute to compete in the first marathon of his life. He was nicknamed the "Czech Locomotive".

Ferdinand Anton Ernst Porsche is born

Ferdinand Anton Ernst Porsche was an Austrian technical automobile designer and automaker-entrepreneur. He operated Porsche AG in Stuttgart, Germany. His father, Ferdinand Porsche, Sr. was also a renowned automobile engineer and founder of Volkswagen and Porsche.

The Blackpool Illuminations are switched on for the first time

Blackpool Illuminations is an annual lights festival, founded in 1879 and first switched on 19 September that year, held each autumn in the British seaside resort of Blackpool on the Fylde Coast in Lancashire. Also known locally as The Lights or The Illuminations, they run each year for sixty-six days.

George Washington's Farewell Address is published

George Washington's Farewell Address is a letter written by the first President of the United States George Washington to "friends and fellow-citizens". It was originally published in David C. Claypoole's American Daily Advertiser in 1796 under the title "The Address of General Washington To The People of The United States on his declining of the Presidency of the United States".

A rooster, a duck, and a sheep make history of air travel

Montgolfier brothers were French inventors of the hot air balloon. In 1783, they publicly demonstrated their creation, the Aérostat Révelillon. The first living beings out in the air were a duck, a rooster and a sheep called Montauciel, that were in a basket attached to the balloon. It was performed at the royal palace in Versailles.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1974

Jimmy Fallon

born 1948

Jeremy Irons

born 1984

Eva Marie