Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar


World Judo Championships ends

The 2018 World Judo Championships will be held between 20 and 27 September 2018 at National Gymnastics Arena in Baku, Azerbaijan. The championships are held once every year by the International Judo Federation, and qualified judoka compete in their respective categories as representatives of their home countries.

"Grey's Anatomy" returns for 15th season

Grey's Anatomy is an American medical drama television series that premiered in 2005, on the American Broadcasting Company as a mid-season replacement. The fictional series focuses on the lives of surgical interns, residents, and attending physicians, as they develop into seasoned doctors while trying to maintain personal lives and relationships.

Siemens and Alstom agree on European rail mega-merger

Alstom announced a proposal to merge with Siemens Mobility, with the objective of creating "a new European champion in the rail industry". The combined rail business, to be named Siemens Alstom and headquarters in Paris, would have $18 billion U.S. in revenue and employ 62,300 people in more than 60 countries.

Playboy's founder Hugh Hefner dies at 91

Hefner died at his home in Holmby Hills, Los Angeles, California, at the age of 91. The causes were cardiac arrest, respiratory failure, sepsis, and an E. coli infection. He is interred at Westwood Memorial Park in Los Angeles, in the $75,000 crypt beside Marilyn Monroe.

"Spring Awakening" opens on Broadway

Spring Awakening is a rock musical with music by Duncan Sheik and a book and lyrics by Steven Sater. It is based on the 1891 German play Spring Awakening by Frank Wedekind. Set in late-19th-century Germany, the musical tells the story of teenagers discovering the inner and outer tumult of teenage sexuality.

Amal Alamuddin marries George Clooney in Venice

The couple obtained marriage licenses in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London. They married in Venice's city hall, following a high-profile wedding ceremony two days earlier, also in Venice. They were married by Clooney's friend Walter Veltroni, a former mayor of Rome. The wedding was widely reported in the media.

Curiosity Rover Reports dried water stream on Mars

The rower found direct evidence for an ancient streambed in Gale Crater, suggesting an ancient flow of water on Mars. Analysis of the indicated that the water ran at 3.3 kilometers per hour. Proof came in the form of rounded pebbles and gravel fragments that could have only been weathered by strong liquid currents.

"An Enemy of the People" opens on Broadway

An Enemy of the People is an 1882 play by Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. Ibsen wrote it in response to the public outcry against his play Ghosts, which had challenged the hypocrisy of Victorian morality. A stage version starring Richard Thomas and Boyd Gaines opened in New York in 2012.

Bad Piggies is released

Bad Piggies is a puzzle video game developed by Rovio Entertainment and was the company's first spin-off of Angry Birds. Unlike the Angry Birds games, the player assists the minion pigs in building contraptions that travel on land and in the air to collect pieces of a map to ultimately capture and take away the Angry Birds' eggs.

The oldest living person tops the US album chart

Duets II is an album by Tony Bennett, released in 2011. It was released in conjunction with Bennett's 85th birthday and is a sequel to his previous duet album, Duets: An American Classic. "Don't Get Around Much Anymore" was released on iTunes as a free download.

Far Cry Instincts is released

Far Cry Instincts is a first-person shooter video game developed and published by Ubisoft for Xbox. A remake of the original MS Windows version of Far Cry, Instincts is less open-ended and more linear, due to the console's reduced processing power which prevents the full rendering of the MS Windows version's vast islands and landscape.

"A Breath of Snow and Ashes" is published

A Breath of Snow and Ashes is the sixth book in the Outlander series of novels by Diana Gabaldon. Centered on time-traveling 20th-century doctor Claire Randall and her 18th century Scottish Highlander warrior husband Jamie Fraser, the books contain elements of historical fiction, romance, adventure and science fiction/fantasy.

Phil Spector is formally charged with murder

Phil Spector was charged with murder due to an indictment in the shooting death of an actress Lana Clarkson at his home last year. Spector leaned on the arm of his lawyer as the indictment in the slaying of the woman, Lana Clarkson, 40, was read, but showed no emotion. Outside court, he attacked at prosecutors.

Shakira releases "Whenever, Wherever"

"Whenever, Wherever" is a song by Colombian singer-songwriter Shakira for her third studio album and English-language debut, Laundry Service. It was released in 2001, by Epic Records as the lead single from the album. The song was written, composed, and produced by Shakira and Tim Mitchell, with additional songwriting from Gloria Estefan.

The Manic Street Preachers score their first UK #1 album

This Is My Truth Tell Me Yours is the fifth studio album by Welsh alternative rock band Manic Street Preachers. Like its 1996 predecessor, Everything Must Go, This Is My Truth Tell Me Yours was a commercial and critical success. The album debuted at number 1 in the UK Album Chart, selling 136,000 copies, going Gold in the first week.

The Google retrospectively claims this as its birthday

The site was originally called BackRub but was changed in 1997 to Google - a misspelling of the word googol which is a term for the number one followed by one hundred zeros. The site is now the world's number one search engine and its name has become so synonymous with searching, it is now used as a verb in its own right.

Taliban seizes Afghan capital Kabul

With the Taliban attacking Kabul, interim minister of defense Ahmad Shah Massoud in his headquarters in northern Kabul concluded that his and President Rabbani’s interim government's forces had been encircled, and decided to quickly evacuate or withdraw those forces to the north. By nightfall, the Taliban had conquered Kabul.

"Sabrina the Teenage Witch" first airs on ABC

Sabrina the Teenage Witch is an American sitcom based on the Archie Comics series of the same name. The show premiered in 1996, on ABC to over 17 million viewers in its "T.G.I.F." line-up. The show stars Melissa Joan Hart as Sabrina Spellman, an American teenager who, on her sixteenth birthday, discovers she has magical powers.

"Pulp Fiction" is shot by Quentin Tarantino

Pulp Fiction is a 1994 American crime film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. The film is based on a story by Tarantino and Roger Avary, starred John Travolta, Samuel L. Jackson, Bruce Willis, Ving Rhames, and Uma Thurman. It tells several stories of criminal Los Angeles.

"Twist and Shout" re-entered the US singles chart

The song enjoyed a resurgence of popularity in 1986 after it appeared in the film Ferris Bueller's Day Off and in the Rodney Dangerfield film Back to School. The use in the two films helped propel the single up the Billboard Hot 100, where it peaked at No. 23 late that summer.

Canadian singer Avril Lavigne is born

Avril Ramona Lavigne is a Canadian–French singer, songwriter, and actress. By the age of 15, she had appeared on stage with Shania Twain and by 16, she had signed a two-album recording contract with Arista Records worth more than $2 million. Since her professional debut, Lavigne has sold more than 40 million albums worldwide.

American rapper Lil Wayne is born

Dwayne Michael Carter Jr., known professionally as Lil Wayne, is an American rapper. Lil Wayne's career began in 1991 at the age of nine, when he was discovered by Bryan "Baby" Williams and joined Cash Money Records as the youngest member of the label, and half of the duo The B.G.'z, alongside fellow New Orleans-based rapper B.G.

TGV is launched

The TGV is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator. TGVs operate at the highest speeds in conventional train service in the world, regularly reaching from 320 km/h to 360 km/h on the LGV Est, LGV Rhin-Rhône and LGV Méditerranée.

David Bowie scores his fourth UK #1 album

With Scary Monsters, Bowie achieved what biographer David Buckley called "the perfect balance" of creativity and mainstream success, as well as earning critical acclaim, the album peaked at No. 1 and went Platinum in the UK, successfully restoring Bowie's commercial standing in the US.


Italian former professional footballer Francesco Totti is born

Francesco Totti is an Italian former professional footballer who played for Roma and the Italy national team. He played primarily as an attacking midfielder or second striker, but could also play as a lone striker or winger. He currently serves as a club director with Roma.

American actress Gwyneth Paltrow is born

Gwyneth Kate Paltrow Martin is an American actress, businesswoman, socialite, lifestyle guru, singer, and food writer. Following early notice for her work in films such as Seven, Emma, Sliding Doors and A Perfect Murder, Paltrow rose to worldwide recognition for her performance in Shakespeare in Love.

"Hair" opens at Shaftesbury Theatre in London

Hair: The American Tribal Love-Rock Musical is a rock musical with a book and lyrics by Gerome Ragni and James Rado and music by Galt MacDermot. A product of the hippie counterculture and sexual revolution of the late 1960s, several of its songs became anthems of the anti-Vietnam War peace movement.

The Beach Boys make their TV debut

The Beach Boys' album, "All Summer Long", had reached No. 4 on the Billboard chart in 1964. They made their first appearance on CBS' "The Ed Sullivan Show," performing two songs from the album: "I Get Around" and "Wendy", both written by Brian Wilson and Mike Love.

Warren Commission dismisses a plot behind JFK murder

The 888-page final report from the Warren Commission was presented to President Johnson in 1964. It concluded that President Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald and that Oswald acted entirely alone. It also concluded that Jack Ruby also acted alone when he killed Oswald two days later.

"Tonight Starring Steve Allen" debuts on NBC

Tonight Starring Steve Allen is an American talk show hosted by Steve Allen. It was the first version of what eventually became known as The Tonight Show. Tonight was the first late-night talk show, as well as the first late night television series of any time to achieve long-term success.

Singer and actor Meat Loaf is born

Michael Lee Aday, better known by his stage name Meat Loaf, is an American musician, singer, songwriter, record producer, and actor. He is noted for his powerful, wide-ranging operatic voice and theatrical live shows. He is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, with worldwide sales of more than 80 million records.

Nazi Germany, Italy and Japan sign pact forming the Axis

The Axis powers, also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allies. The Axis powers agreed on their opposition to the Allies but did not completely coordinate their activity.

Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth is launched in Glasgow

The Queen herself performed the launching ceremony. Supposedly, the liner started to slide into the water before Elizabeth could officially launch her, and acting sharply, she managed to smash a bottle of Australian red over the liner's bow just before it slid out of reach. The ship was then sent for fitting out.

The first production of the Ford Model T automobile is built

Ford's Model T was successful not only because it provided inexpensive transportation on a massive scale, but also because the car signified innovation for the rising middle class and became a powerful symbol of America's age of modernization. With 16.5 million sold it stands eighth on the top ten list of most sold cars of all time.

Einstein publishes the E = mc2 equation

One of the most famous formulas of all times was published in the scientific journal Annalen der Physik. The title of the article was "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?". Einstein actually used L for energy. He wrote: “If a body gives off the energy L in the form of radiation, its mass diminishes by L/c2.”

The Stockton and Darlington Railway is opened

The Stockton and Darlington Railway is world's first public railway to use steam locomotives, its first line connected collieries near Shildon with Stockton-on-Tees and Darlington. The movement of coal to ships rapidly became a lucrative business, and the line was soon extended to a new port and town at Middlesbrough.

Mexico gains its independence from Spain

In the early 19th century, Napoleon's occupation of Spain led to the outbreak of revolts all across Spanish America. In 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Catholic priest, launched the Mexican War of Independence with the issuing of his Grito de Dolores, or “Cry of Delores.”

The Norman Conquest begins

The Norman conquest of England, in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest, was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1982

Lil Wayne

born 1984

Avril Lavigne

born 1991

Simona Halep