Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Mass shooting at Las Vegas Strip

The 2017 Las Vegas shooting was a mass shooting in October 2017, when a gunman opened fire on a crowd of concertgoers at the Route 91 Harvest music festival on the Las Vegas Strip in Nevada. Perpetrator Stephen Paddock, 64, of Mesquite, Nevada, fired more than 1,100 rounds from his suite on the 32nd floor of the nearby Mandalay Bay hotel, killing 58 people.

90% voted for independece in Catalan referendum

The Catalan independence referendum of 2017 was held in the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia, passed by the Parliament of Catalonia. It was declared illegal on 7 September 2017 and suspended by the Constitutional Court of Spain after a request from the Spanish government, who declared it a breach of the Spanish Constitution.

Guatemala Landslides

Heavy rains caused a major landslide near the village of El Cambray Dos within Santa Catarina Pinula. The landslide resulted in deaths of more than 230 people, and 70 more were reported missing.

Umpqua Community College shooting

Chris Harper-Mercer, a 26-year-old student who was enrolled at the school, fatally shot an assistant professor and eight students in a classroom. Eight others were injured. Roseburg police detectives responding to the incident engaged Harper-Mercer in a brief shootout. After being wounded, he killed himself by shooting himself in the head.

Suicide bombers strike three restaurants in Bali

Bombs exploded at two sites in Jimbaran Beach Resort and in Kuta in south Bali. The terrorist attack killed 20 people and injured more than 100. Among killed there were 15 Indonesians, 4 Australians and one Japanese. The three bombers died in the attacks too.

James Blunt leaves the British army having served six years

Having been sponsored through university on an army bursary, Blunt was committed to serving a minimum of four years in the armed forces. He trained at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, in intake 963, and was commissioned into the Life Guards, a reconnaissance regiment. He rose to the rank of captain.

Largest passenger hovercrafts retire

Famous vessels Princess Margaret and Princess Anne were taken out of service. Designed in 1968 they were capable taking 300 passengers and 50 cars across the English Channel in just 25 minutes. They were replaced by slower but larger and cheaper catamarans (600 passengers and 90 cars in 45 minutes).

Oriental Pearl Tower opens

The Oriental Pearl Radio & Television Tower is a TV tower in Shanghai. Its location at the tip of Lujiazui in the Pudong New Area by the side of Huangpu River. Its principal designers were Jiang Huan Chen, Lin Benlin, and Zhang Xiulin. Construction began in 1991, and the tower was completed in 1994.

Denmark introduces the world's first legal same-sex partnerships

Registered partnerships in Denmark were created by a law which was passed on 7 June 1989 and came into force on 1 October 1989. It was the first such law in the world. Registered partnerships had almost all the same qualities as marriage. Divorce for registered partners followed the same rules as opposite-sex divorces.

Gorbachev becomes the head of Supreme Soviet

After a forced resignation of Andrei Gromyko, Mikhail Gorbachev names himself head of the Supreme Soviet. Supreme Soviet was the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union and the only one with the power to pass constitutional amendments.

Bon Jovi score their first UK #1 album

New Jersey is the fourth studio album by American rock band Bon Jovi. The album was the follow-up to the band's third album, Slippery When Wet, and reached No. 1 on the Billboard 200 chart in its second week of release after making its debut at No. 8. It remained at No. 1 for four consecutive weeks.

Earthquake rocks Southern California

Whittier Narrows earthquake of 5.9 magnitude occurred in the San Gabriel Valley and surrounding communities of southern California. Many homes and businesses were impacted, along with roadway disruptions. Eight people were killed and 200 more injured.

'Total Eclipse of the Heart' becomes #1 in the US

"Total Eclipse of the Heart" is a song recorded by Welsh singer Bonnie Tyler. It was written and produced by Jim Steinman, and released on Tyler's fifth studio album, Faster Than the Speed of Night. The song became Tyler's biggest career hit, topping the UK Singles Chart, and becoming the fifth-best-selling single in 1983 in the United Kingdom.

Sony launches the world's first commercial CD player

The Sony CDP-101 is the world's first commercially released compact disc player. The first player was launched in Japan at a list price of 168,000 yen and worldwide six months later. 101 in the model name represents the number 5 in binary notation and was chosen as the model was considered to be of medium class.


Pele plays his last game and retires

Pelé is a retired Brazilian soccer player who is widely regarded as the greatest soccer player of all time. During his playing days, Pelé was for a period the best paid athlete in the world. Since retiring in 1977, Pelé has been a worldwide ambassador for soccer and has made many acting and commercial ventures.


Thrilla in Manila

Thrilla in Manila was the third and final boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier, where Ali won by a technical knockout. The contest's name is derived from the frequent rhyming boast made by Ali that the fight would be a "killa and a thrilla and a chilla, when I get that gorilla in Manila."

Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida

The Walt Disney World Resort is an entertainment complex in Bay Lake and Lake Buena Vista near Orlando and Kissimmee, Florida. Opened in 1971, the resort is owned and operated by Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, a division of The Walt Disney Company. It was initially operated by Walt Disney World Company.

Concorde breaks sound barrier

Concorde jet exceeded the speed of sound for the first time. It was exactly 13 years after the founding of the study group for supersonic passenger aircraft design by British government. Altogether 20 Concords were built. Flight from Paris to New York by Concorde took under 3.5 hours. The Concords served for 27 years.

Jimi Hendrix appears live for the first time in the UK

Chandler brought Hendrix to the London Polytechnic at Regent Street, where Cream was scheduled to perform, and where Hendrix and Eric Clapton met. Halfway through Cream's set, Hendrix took the stage and performed a frantic version of the Howlin' Wolf song "Killing Floor".


Roger Maris breaks Babe Ruth’s record

Roger Maris was an American professional baseball player who played right field on four Major League Baseball teams. His record of 61 home runs was challenged by a friend of Babe Ruth commissioner Ford Frick, who said that Maris needed to break the record in 154 games instead of the current schedule of 162 games.

"In God We Trust" motto appears on U.S. dollars

The official motto of the United States "In God We Trust" was adopted as a replacement to the unofficial motto "Out of many, one". Former President Dwight Eisenhower declared that the motto has to appear on American currency. Some groups and people have expressed objections to its use because of its religious reference.

Mao Zedong proclaims People’s Republic of China

The history of the People's Republic of China details the history of mainland China since 1949, when, after a near-complete victory by the Communist Party of China in the Chinese Civil War, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People's Republic of China from atop Tiananmen.

High-ranking Nazis are sentenced to death

The Nuremberg trials were a series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war after WWII. The trials were most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, judicial and economic leadership of Nazi Germany, who participated in the Holocaust and other war crimes.

Experiments begin at the Buchenwald Concentration Camp

The experiments were conducted at Buchenwald to investigate the effect of various poisons. The poisons were secretly administered to experimental subjects in their food. The victims died as a result of the poison or were killed immediately in order to permit autopsies.

Jet plane demonstration

Hermann Göring, German minister of aviation and ex World War 1 fighter pilot ace, inspects Heinkel He 178, the first usable jet plane ever. The aircraft has already completed its first flight, on august 29 1939. It was built around one of the first jet engines, HeS 3. He 178 maximal speed was 598 km/h.

Germany annexes the Sudetenland

The annexation of Sudetenland by by Nazi Germany took place after the later infamous Munich Agreement. Part of the borderland was invaded and annexed by Poland. After the Second World War, the Sudeten Germans were largely expelled and the region today is inhabited almost exclusively by native Czechs.

General Francisco Franco is named head of Spain

In 1936, in Burgos, Franco was publicly proclaimed as Generalísimo of the National army and Jefe del Estado - Head of State. When Emilio Mola was killed in another air accident a year later, which some believe was an assassination, no military leader was left from those who organized the conspiracy against the Republic between 1933 and 1935.


Babe Ruth's called shot

Babe Ruth's called shot was the home run hit by Babe Ruth of the New York Yankees in the fifth inning of Game 3 of the 1932 World Series held at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The home run was his fifteenth, and last, in his 41 post-season games. It was said to be one of the greatest home runs in history.

The Soviet Union introduces its first five-year plan

The first five-year plan of the former Soviet Union was a list of economic goals created by General Secretary Joseph Stalin. Among other things, it included so called kolkhoz, a form of collective farming, and rapid industrialization of heavy industry in order for the Soviet Union to be capable of addressing external and internal threats.

Airship distance record

German hydrogen-filled rigid airship Graf Zeppelin made its first intercontinental trip. She travelled 9,926 km from Friedrichshafen in Germany to Naval Air Engineering Station Lakehurst in New Jersey. For many years it was longest airship flight. The record was broken in 1957 by American non-rigid Airship Snowbird.

A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building

The Los Angeles Times bombing was the purposeful dynamiting of the Los Angeles Times Building in Los Angeles, California, by a union member belonging to the International Association of Bridge and Structural Iron Workers. The explosion started a fire which killed 21 newspaper employees and injured 100 more.

First affordable car

Ford Motor Company started the production of its Model T, also known as Tin Lizzie. The car was produced with use of an assembly line. That's why a typical American family could afford it. Ford sold 16.5 million of these cars. Model T is one of the best-selling cars of all time. Last Model T left the factory in 1927.


The first game of the modern World Series

The Boston Americans won five games to three against the Pittsburgh Pirates. This World Series gained a new prestige for the American League, which proved that it can beat the best team of the National League. Subsequently, it also increased the demand for future Series competitions.

Yosemite National Park is established

Yosemite National Park is situated in Northern California and covers an area of 747,956 acres. The park is known for its waterfalls, granite cliffs, clear streams, lakes, glaciers and biodiversity. It annually has about 4 million visitors.

Karl Marx' book 'Das Kapital' is published

Das Kapital by Karl Marx is an essential theoretical text in materialist philosophy, economics and politics. Marx aimed to reveal the economic patterns underpinning the capitalist form of production, in contrast to classical political economists, such as Adam Smith or David Ricardo.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1989

Brie Larson

died 2013

Tom Clancy

born 1980

Mieko Kato