Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Forza Horizon 4 is released

Forza Horizon 4 is an open world racing video game developed by Playground Games and published by Microsoft Studios. The game is set in a fictionalized representation of the United Kingdom. It is the eleventh installment in the Forza series.

American musician Tom Petty dies

Thomas Earl Petty was an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, and actor. He was the lead singer of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, formed in 1976. He previously led the band Mudcrutch. He was also a co-founder of the late 1980s supergroup the Traveling Wilburys.

"The Country House" opens on Broadway

The Country House opened on Broadway in October 2014, at the Manhattan Theater Club's Samuel J. Friedman Theatre. It was a co-production with the Geffen Playhouse, where it had its world premiere in June 2014, directed by Daniel Sullivan and starred Blythe Danner, Eric Lange, David Rasche and Sarah Steele.

FBI closes Silk Road

The FBI shut down the website and arrested Ross William Ulbricht under charges of being the site's pseudonymous founder "Dread Pirate Roberts". Ulbricht was convicted of eight charges related to Silk Road in U.S. Federal Court in Manhattan and was sentenced to life in prison without possibility of parole.

Resident Evil 6 is released

Originally scheduled to be released on 20 November 2012, the game's release date was pushed forward to 2 October 2012. Prior to the game's launch, several copies of the game were stolen and went on sales in Poland. Resident Evil 6 was also contained in Biohazard Anniversary Package, a special edition for Resident Evil's 17th anniversary.

Mumford & Sons release their debut album in the UK

Sigh No More is the debut studio album by London-based rock quartet Mumford & Sons. The album entered the UK Albums Chart at No. 11 and peaked at No. 2 in 2011, in its 72nd week on the chart and following its Album of the Year win at the Brit Awards.

Green's "Let It Snow" is published

Let It Snow: Three Holiday Romances is a fix-up novel comprising three separate stories that intertwine with one another. It was released in 2008 through Speak. The stories are The Jubilee Express by Maureen Johnson, A Cheertastic Christmas Miracle by John Green, and The Patron Saint of Pigs by Lauren Myracle.

West Nickel Mines School shooting

A shooting occurred at an Amish one-room schoolhouse in the village of Nickel Mines. Charles Roberts shot eight out of ten girls, killing five, and then he committed a suicide. Subsequently, the school was torn down and a new one, called New Hope School, was built at another location.

"Little Shop of Horrors" makes its Broadway debut

Little Shop of Horrors is a horror comedy rock musical, by composer Alan Menken and writer Howard Ashman, about a hapless florist shop worker who raises a plant that feeds on human blood and flesh. The musical is based on the low-budget 1960 black comedy film The Little Shop of Horrors. The music, composed by Menken in the style of early 1960s rock and roll, doo-wop and early Motown.

"Scrubs" first airs on NBC

Scrubs is an American medical comedy-drama television series created by Bill Lawrence. The series follows the lives of employees at the fictional Sacred Heart Teaching Hospital. The series was noted for its fast-paced slapstick and surreal vignettes presented mostly as the daydreams of the central character, Dr. John "J.D." Dorian.


Legendary centre-back Carlos Puyol makes his Barcelona debut

Louis van Gaal promoted Puyol to the first team the following year, and he made his La Liga debut in October 1999 in a 2–0 away win against Real Valladolid. After that, he successfully made another conversion, now to central defender. During the 2003 off-season, as Barcelona was immersed in a financial crisis.

Nick Cave and Kylie Minogue release duet

"Where the Wild Roses Grow" is a duet by Australian rock band Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds and pop singer Kylie Minogue. It is the fifth song and lead single from the band's ninth studio album, Murder Ballads, released on Mute Records. It was written by the band's frontman Nick Cave and produced by Tony Cohen and Victor Van Vugt.

Oasis release "(What's the Story) Morning Glory"

(What's the Story) Morning Glory? is the second studio album by English rock band Oasis, released by Creation Records. It was produced by Owen Morris and the group's guitarist Noel Gallagher. The structure and arrangement style of the album were a significant departure from the group's previous record Definitely Maybe.

Hardline Communists riot in Moscow

In October 1993, demonstrators removed police cordons around the parliament and, urged by their leaders, took over the Mayor's offices and tried to storm the Ostankino television center. The 10-day conflict became the deadliest single event of street fighting in Moscow's history since the Russian Revolution. According to government estimates, 187 people were killed and 437 wounded.


The youngest woman wins 500 professional tennis matches

Steffi Graf is a German former tennis player. She was ranked world No. 1 during her carrier. Graf achieved to win 22 Grand Slam singles titles and is the only player to have won each Grand Slam event at least four times. Her 500th victory came after defeating Judit Wiesner in Leipzig.


Eric Lindros refuses to play for Quebec Nordiques

Eric Lindros was selected by the Quebec Nordiques in the NHL Entry Draft, however he stated that he would never play for the Nordiques because of the city's isolation, lack of marketing potential and French character. In the end, Lindros became a Philadelphia Flyers’ player.

Pink Floyd release their fifth album in the UK

Atom Heart Mother is the fifth studio album by the English progressive rock band Pink Floyd. It was recorded at Abbey Road Studios in London, England, and was the band's first album to reach number 1 in the UK, while it reached number 55 in the US, eventually going gold there.


Bob Gibson sets a World Series record with 17 strikeouts

The pinnacle of Bob Gibson's career came after he recorded 17 strikeouts in one game, a record which still stands today, during Game 1 of the World Series in a match against Detroit Tigers. Gibson was famous for his competitive nature and the intimidation factor he used against opposing batters.

The first black sworn in as a top judge

Thurgood Marshall was an American lawyer, serving as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from October 1967 until October 1991. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice. Prior to his judicial service, he successfully argued several cases before the Supreme Court.

Hurricane Flora crashes into Haiti

Hurricane Flora belongs to the deadliest Atlantic hurricanes in history. Flora developed from a disturbance in the Inter-tropical Convergence Zone and it reached maximum sustained winds of 145 miles per hour in the Caribbean. Flora resulted in more than 6,000 deaths.

Singer Robbie Nevil is born

Robert S. Nevil is an American pop singer, songwriter, producer, and guitarist who had three Billboard Hot 100 hits with his songs "C'est La Vie", "Dominoes", and "Wot's It To Ya". Nevil began playing guitar at age 11 and played in a series of cover bands. He began performing his original music and signed a publishing deal in 1983.

Guinea declares its independence

Shortly after the French Fourth Republic collapsed due to political instability, Guinea overwhelmingly voted for independence under the leadership of Ahmed Sékou Touré. Guinea became a sovereign and an independent republic with Touré as the first president.

Commercial atomic clock

American National Radio Company presents first commercially available atomic clock. It was called the Atomichron. The price was 50.000 dollars. Time measuring mechanism was based on a constant frequency of the oscillations of the cesium atom. The clock was 2 meters high, half a meter wide and 45 centimeters deep.

English singer Sting is born

Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner, CBE, better known by his stage name Sting, is an English musician, singer, songwriter and actor. He was the principal songwriter, lead singer, and bassist for the new wave rock band The Police from 1977 to 1984, before launching a solo career.

Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz is first published

Peanuts is the most popular and influential comic strip in the history. It was translated into 21 languages and was read by 355 million readers in 75 countries at its peak. The strip tells stories about young children and their lives and relationships, The main character is a boy named Charlie Brown.


West Ham United legend Sir Trevor Brooking is born

Sir Trevor David Brooking is a former England international footballer, manager, pundit, and football administrator; he now works as director of football development in England. He played most of his career for West Ham United making 647 appearances for the club. He won the 1975 FA Cup and the 1980 FA Cup in which he scored the only goal.

Formula 1 is formally established

Formula One is the highest class of single-seat auto racing that is sanctioned by the FIA. The F1 season consists of a series of races, known as Grand Prix, which are held on both F1 circuits and public roads. The formula refers to a set of rules, which all participants' cars have to conform to.

Singer Don McLean is born

Donald McLean III is an American singer-songwriter. He is best known for his 1971 song "American Pie", which was a number-one US hit for four weeks in 1972 and stayed put at 2 for 3 weeks in the UK, as well as a hit for Madonna in 2000.

The Warsaw Uprising ends

The Warsaw Uprising was an attempt by the Polish resistance to liberate Warsaw from German occupation. The attempt was unsuccessful and after two months, the Germans won and Warsaw was partially destroyed. The capitulation order of the remaining Polish forces was finally signed and all fighting ceased that evening.

The Battle of Moscow started

The Battle of Moscow was a military campaign that consisted of two periods of strategically significant fighting on a 600 km sector of the Eastern Front during World War II. It took place between 1941 and 1942. The Soviet defensive effort frustrated Hitler's attack on Moscow, the capital of the USSR and as the largest city.

Swedish physicist Svante Arrhenius dies

Swedish physicist and chemist Svante Arrhenius is most famous for applying the greenhouse effect on earth climate. When he was trying to explain ice ages, he predicted that an increase of atmospheric CO2 will cause global warming. He also researched dissociation (splitting of molecules in smaller particles) and promoted eugenics.

TV signal first transmitted in laboratory

John Logie Baird was one of the inventors of the mechanical television. He successfully transmitted the first television picture with a grey scale image: the head of a ventriloquist's dummy nicknamed "Stooky Bill" in a 30-line vertically scanned image, at five pictures per second.

Biologist Christian de Duve is born

During his life, Christian de Duve discovered two organelles. First one he called lysosome, this could be likened to a stomach of a cell. The second one, peroxisome, is involved in breaking down hardly breakable molecules like e.g. long chain fatty acids. Christian de Duve also contributed to the research of diabetes. He died in 2013 by self-induced euthanasia.

Indian activist Mahatma Gandhi is born

Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of the Indian independence movement against the rule of Britain. As for civil rights and freedom, Gandhi promoted nonviolent solutions. He lived very modestly in a self-sufficient residential community. He was a vegetarian and also undertook long fasts multiple times.

Snail telegraph

The pasilalinic-sympathetic compass, also referred to as the snail telegraph, was a contraption built to test the pseudo-scientific hypothesis that snails create a permanent telepathic link when they mate. The device was developed by French occultist Jacques Toussaint Benoit with the supposed assistance of an American colleague Monsieur Biat-Chretien in the 1850s.

HMS Beagle returns

British brig-sloop HMS Beagle anchored in Falmouth, Cornwall, after the circumnavigation of the Earth. Her most famous passenger was a naturalist Charles Darwin. Later he published a book based on his journal – The Voyage of the Beagle. Ship’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, was also a famous scientist, a pioneer of meteorology.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1960

Chuck Pagano

born 1986

Kiko Casilla