Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Scottish singer-songwriter Jim Diamond dies

Singer-songwriter Diamond was influenced by the voices of Ray Charles and Otis Redding and joined his first band at the age of 14. He died at the age of 64, it has been reported. The Scottish singer, whose hits included I Won't Let You Down, I Should Have Known Better and Hi Ho Silver passed away at his home in London, the BBC reported.

Keep Talking and Nobody Explodes is released

Keep Talking and Nobody Explodes is a video game developed by Steel Crate Games. The game tasks a player with disarming procedurally generated bombs with the assistance of other players who are reading a manual containing instructions. The game was designed around virtual reality support.

The Broadway premiere of "Fool for Love"

Fool for Love is a play written by American playwright and actor Sam Shepard. The play focuses on May and Eddie, former lovers who have met again in a motel in the desert. In 2015, Arianda and Rockwell reprised their roles in the play's Broadway debut at the Samuel J. Friedman Theatre in a Manhattan Theatre Club production directed by Aukin.

A revival of "Man and Boy" opens on Broadway

Man and Boy is a play by Terence Rattigan. It was poorly received, with a limited London run and only 54 performances on Broadway; but was revived by Maria Aitken to great acclaim. Maria Aitken again directed the play for Roundabout Theatre Company on Broadway in the fall of 2011, starring Tony Award winner Frank Langella as Antonescu.

Kashmir earthquake in Pakistan kills 100,000

The Kashmir earthquake occurred in the Pakistani territory of Azad Kashmir. It reached a moment magnitude of 7.6 and had a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII. Countries in the surrounding region, such as Afghanistan or Tajikistan, were also affected. Over 5.4 billion USD aid arrived to the damaged areas.

Lifestyle guru Martha Stewart is sent to prison

Celebrity homemaker Martha Stewart was today sentenced to 5 months in prison and 5 months of home confinement for lying about a stock sale. Just before her sentence was pronounced, Stewart asked the judge to "remember all the good I have done". She said: "Today is a shameful day. It's shameful for me, for my family and for my company."

George W. Bush creates the Office of Homeland Security

In the wake of the September 11 attacks, Pres. George W. Bush created the Office of Homeland Security, to coordinate counterterrorism efforts by federal, state, and local agencies; and the Homeland Security Council, to advise the president on homeland security matters. Both offices were superseded in January 2003 with the creation of the Department of Homeland Security.

All-male interpretation of the ballet Swan Lake is introduced

Matthew Bourne's Swan Lake was first staged at Sadler's Wells theatre in London in 1995. It is the longest running ballet in London's West End and on Broadway. Much has been made of Bourne's decision to cast men as the swans. The original ballet is a standard in the European tradition of romanticized female–male love.

U.S. House of Representatives initiates Clinton impeachment

U.S. House of Representatives voted to proceed toward impeaching President Bill Clinton on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice.

Eddie Vedder joins Pearl Jam for the first time

Pearl Jam was formed in 1990 by Ament, Gossard, and McCready, who then recruited Vedder and three different drummers in sequence. The band originally took the name Mookie Blaylock but was forced to change it when the band signed to Epic Records in 1991, instead of calling their debut album Ten, after Blaylock's jersey number.

The first McDonald's on the Chinese mainland is opened

The first McDonald's opened in mainland China in 1990 in the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone. More prominently, the largest McDonald's in the world opened in Beijing. It had 700 seats, 29 cash registers, and served over 40,000 on its opening day. By 1996, 29 restaurants had opened in Beijing alone.

Pink Floyd's album The Dark Side of the Moon breaks record

The Dark Side of the Moon produced two singles: "Money" and "Us and Them". The album topped the Billboard chart for a week and remained on the chart for 741 weeks from 1973 to 1988 and made a record. Following a change in how Billboard counts sales in 2009, it re-entered the chart and has since appeared for over 900 weeks. With estimated sales of over 45 million, it is Pink Floyd's best-selling album and one of the bestselling worldwide.

Chuck Berry is awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

The "King of Rock and Roll," Chuck Berry was honored with the 1,857th star on the world famous Hollywood Walk of Fame. Johnny Grant, Honorary Mayor of Hollywood and Chairman of the Walk of Fame Committee, served as Master of Ceremonies with Bill Welsh, President of the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce officiating.

Bruno Mars is born

Peter Gene Hernandez, known as Bruno Mars, is an American singer-songwriter After being dropped by Motown Records. Mars has sold over 130 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling artists of all time. He has released seven number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100 since his career launched in 2010, attaining his first 5 faster than any male artist since Elvis Presley.

Balloon enthusiast

American balloonist and atmospheric scientist Malcolm Ross died. He set several altitude records in balloons. In 1961 Ross with colleague Victor Prather reached the altitude 34.7 km. This altitude record has not been surpassed. Their balloon was called Strato-Lab V. The flight lasted 9 hours and 54 minutes.


American motorcycle racer Travis Pastrana is born

Travis Pastrana won X Games and championships for multiple times. He hosts an action show Nitro Circus, where he rides dirtbikes, does base jumping or performs stunts. He competed in the NASCAR Nationwide Series for Roush Fenway Racing and in the Global RallyCross Championship for Subaru Rally Team USA.

"Sugar Babies" opens on Broadway

Sugar Babies is a musical revue conceived by Ralph G. Allen and Harry Rigby, with music by Jimmy McHugh, lyrics by Dorothy Fields and Al Dubin. The show is a tribute to the old burlesque era. First produced in 1979 on Broadway and running nearly three years, the revue attracted warm notices and was given subsequent touring productions.

Sex Pistols sign contract with EMI

The Sex Pistols were an English punk rock band formed in London in 1975. They initiated the punk movement in the United Kingdom and still serve as an inspiration to many musicians. After they signed a two-year contract with EMI, they released their first single called Anarchy in the UK.

The album Led Zeppelin II is 100th week on the UK album charts

Led Zeppelin II is the second studio album by the English rock band Led Zeppelin, released in October 1969 in the US and later on in the UK by Atlantic Records. Recording sessions for the album took place at several locations in both the United Kingdom and North America from January to August 1969.

Nobel Prize for Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Solzhenitsyn was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. He could not receive the prize personally in Stockholm at that time, since he was afraid he would not be let back into the Soviet Union. Instead, Solzhenitsyn received his prize at the 1974 ceremony after he had been expelled from the Soviet Union.

Actor Matt Damon is born

Matthew Paige Damon is an American actor, film producer, philanthropist and screenwriter. Damon has received various accolades, including an Academy Award from five nominations, two Golden Globe Awards from eight nominations, and has been nominated for two British Academy Film Awards and six Emmy Awards.

Roy Orbison is at #1 with "Oh Pretty Woman"

"Oh, Pretty Woman" or "Pretty Woman" is a song recorded by Roy Orbison, written by Orbison and Bill Dees. Within months of its release, in October 1964, the single was certified gold by the RIAA. At the year's end, Billboard ranked it the number four song of 1964.

Heart pacemaker

A pacemaker is a medical device that generates electrical impulses delivered by electrodes to contract the heart muscles and regulate the electrical conduction system of the heart.


The only perfect game in a World Series

Don Larsen of the New York Yankees threw a perfect game in Game 5 against the Brooklyn Dodgers. His perfect game is the only perfect game in the history of the World Series.A perfect game refers to a game in which a pitcher pitches a victory that lasts a minimum of nine innings and in which no opposing player reaches a base.


American race car driver Bill Elliott is born

Bill Elliot is a retired NASCAR driver. He won the 1988 Winston Cup Championship, 2 Daytona 500 races and 4 races at Michigan International Speedways. Elliot holds record for the fastest qualifying speed at Talladega at 212.809 miles per hour and at Daytona International Speedway at 210.364 miles per hour.

Guitarist Johnny Ramone is born

John William Cummings, known professionally as Johnny Ramone, was an American guitarist and songwriter, best known for being the guitarist for punk rock band the Ramones. He was a founding member of the band. In 2009, he appeared on Time's list of "The 10 Greatest Electric-Guitar Players".

Microwave oven patented

A microwave oven is a kitchen appliance that heats and cooks food by exposing it to electromagnetic radiation in the microwave frequency range. Percy Spencer invented the modern microwave oven after World War II from radar technology developed during the ware. It was first sold under the name "Radarange".


Brazil’s Didi is born

Waldyr Pereira was a Brazilian footballer who played as a midfielder or as a forward. He played in three FIFA World Cups in 1954, 1958, and 1962, winning the latter two and was awarded the Golden Ball, given to the tournament's best player, for his performance at the 1958 competition.

Afro made possible

German hairdresser Karl Nessler demonstrates for the first time how to do Permanent wave, often called just “perm.” He had been working on the idea from the year 1896 and tried various chemicals. Finally, he was successful with a mixture of cow urine and water. His perm lasted just five hours.

Early cancer researcher

Otto Warburg was born. He studied the cell and its metabolism, particularly the cancer pathogenesis. He postulated one of the first hypotheses on the origin of cancer. Warburg noticed that cancer cells prefer anaerobic metabolism over aerobic. He considered this to be the main cause of cancer (He was wrong).

Great Chicago Fire erupts

The Great Chicago Fire broke out at around 9 PM, around a small barn belonging to the O’Leary family. Wood being predominant building material aided to spread the fire. The wind became superheated, which led to other structures catching on fire. In estimate, 300 people died and more than 100,000 were left homeless.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1943

Chevy Chase

born 1997

Bella Thorne

born 1970

Matt Damon

born 1980

Nick Cannon