Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Green's "Turtles All the Way Down" is published

American author, John Green, winner of Printz Award had his novel “Turtles All the Way Down” published by Dutton Books. The story is centered on Aza, a 16-year-old teen struggling with obsessive-compulsive disorder. The book received fairly positive reviews, with reviewers noting Green’s talent for keen observation.

Middle-earth: Shadow of War is released

Middle-earth: Shadow of War is an action role-playing video game developed by Monolith Productions and published by Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment. Like its predecessor, the game also takes heavy inspiration from director Peter Jackson's The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings film adaptations.

"Oh, Hello" opens on Broadway at the Lyceum Theatre

The Oh, Hello Show is a comedy act created by Americans Nick Kroll and John Mulaney that was popularized on Comedy Central's Kroll Show. The show centers on Gil Faizon and George St. Geegland, elderly men from the Upper West Side of Manhattan who are known for their turtlenecks, misinformed beliefs, and tendency to say "Oh, hello" in unison.

Taylor Swift is named Billboard's Woman of the Year

Taylor Swift has seen incredible success on the Billboard charts, managing to chart 60 entries on the Billboard Hot 100 in the period between her debut in 2006 and 2014. Swift became an artist who has shaped and inspired the music industry with her success and innovation, for which she deserved to be honored.

Boyzone singer Stephen Gately dies suddenly at the age of 33

Lead singer of the Irish group Boyzone, Stephen Gately died at his home in Port d’Andratx, Majorca. His body was found on the sofa before noon. The doctors determined the reason behind his death was undiagnosed heart condition that resulted in pulmonary edema. His funeral took place at the Church of St Laurence O’Toole in Dublin.

Portal is released

Portal is a puzzle-platform video game developed and published by Valve Corporation. Portal consists primarily of a series of puzzles that must be solved by teleporting the player's character and simple objects using "the Aperture Science Handheld Portal Device", a device that can create inter-spatial portals between two flat planes.

Radiohead let fans choose price of new album In Rainbows

The 7th studio album by English rock band Radiohead was released for download with pay-what-you-want pricing strategy. People could pre-order an MP3 version of In Rainbows for any amount, with no minimum, therefore it was available to get for free. It was meant to be a way to avoid the regulated playlists of radios and TVs.

US President George W. Bush presents the list of 22 most wanted terrorists

The FBI Most Wanted Terrorists was a list created and first released with the authority of United States President Bush, following the September 11 attacks on the United States. The list contained 22 of the top terrorist, where one of them was Osama bin Laden.

"Genie In A Bottle" goes to #1 on the UK singles

Genie in a Bottle was released on Christina’s Aguilera self-titled debut album. The song used sexual references to talk about the theme of self-respect. It received favorable reviews from music critics and peaked atop the charts of 21 countries, including the No.1 on UK Singles during the course of following months.

R.E.M. score their second UK #1 album

The eighth studio album by an American alternative rock band R.E.M. yielded 6 singles. It became their second album reach No. 1 in the UK, topping the UK Albums Chart 4 on 4 separate occasions. The album was a commercial success and has sold roughly 18 million copies worldwide in addition to being received well by critics.

Greyhound Bus recovers from bankruptcy

Greyhound is an intercity bus carrier serving over 3,800 destinations across North America. After drivers' strike, Greyhound experienced bankruptcy, when the company had to address claims for 142 million USD to its striking drivers and for 384 million USD of pre-bankruptcy debts owed.


Doug Jarvis sets an NHL record

A former Canadian hockey player, Douglas Jarvis spent 23 years playing on a professional level. During his career, he played for Montreal Canadiens, Washington Capitals and Hartford Whalers in the NHL. Jarvis never missed a regular season game, resulting in him setting a new record for most consecutive games played in the NHL by playing 964th game in a row.

Earth's second moon is discoverd

Scottish astronomer Duncan Waldron discovered strange asteroid which he named Cruithne (from old Irish). It orbits the Sun, but so close to Earth, that it is sometimes called second Moon. Relative to Earth Cruithne`s orbit looks like a horseshoe. Astronomers later found more similar objects near Earth.

Actor and director Orson Welles dies

George Orson Welles was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film. Welles died sometime on the morning of October 10, following a heart attack. He was found by his chauffeur at around 10 a.m.; the first of Welles's friends to arrive was Paul Stewart.

Actor Yul Brynner dies

Yul Brynner was a Russian-born film and stage actor. Brynner died of lung cancer in New York City at age 65. A few days after his death, recorded anti-cigarette public service announcement was shown on all the major US television networks and in many other countries.

"The Rose" premieres in Los Angeles

The Rose is an American drama that tells the story of a rock star struggling to cope with the constant pressure of her career. It is loosely based on the life of singer Janis Joplin who died of heroin overdose. The movie had won 3 Golden Globes out of 5 nominations and was nominated for 4 Academy Awards.

The first US vice president resigns in disgrace

Spiro Agnew was investigated on account of charges of conspiracy, bribery, extortion and tax fraud. He was charged with having accepted bribes totaling more than $100,000 while holding office. As a result, Agnew was forced to resign in disgrace. Agnew was the second Vice President in United States history to resign, the other being John C. Calhoun, and the only one to do so because of criminal charges.

A militant group kidnaps Quebec labor minister in Montreal

Members of the Front de libération du Québec kidnapped the provincial cabinet minister Pierre Laporte and the British diplomat James Cross. Pierre Laporte was assassinated by members of the group. In exchange for the release of James Cross, the abductors would get safe passage to Cuba.

Black Sabbath are at #1 on the UK chart with their second album

The second album by the rock band Black Sabbath, Paranoid, was released on LP. Until 2013, it was their only LP album to top UK Album Charts. The sales of the album were enhanced by the success of the “Paranoid” single, which reached No. 4 in the UK charts. It also included their signature songs - “Iron Man” and “War Pigs”.

King Crimson release their debut studio album

English progressive rock band King Crimson have been influential on the early 1970s progressive rock movement. Their debut came with an album “In the Court of the Crimson King”. With the release of the album, the band got rid of the blues influence and combined features of jazz, classical and symphonic music.

Simon and Garfunkel release their third album

Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme is the third studio album by American music duo Simon & Garfunkel produced by Bob Johnston. For their third album, the duo spent almost three months in the studio, for the first time extending a perfectionist nature both in terms of instrumentation and production.


Former Arsenal and England captain Tony Adams is born

Tony Alexander Adams, MBE is an English football manager. As a player, Adams played for Arsenal and England captaining both teams. Adams spent his entire playing career of 22 years as a center-back at Arsenal. He is considered one of the greatest Arsenal players of all time by the club's own fans.


The opening ceremony of the Summer Olympics in Tokyo

The Olympic Flame was lit by Yoshinori Sakai, a man who was born in Hiroshima on the day the atomic bomb was dropped. The song for the opening ceremony was composed by Yūji Koseki. The broadcast of the ceremony was watched by over 70% of the viewing public.

English singer Kirsty MacColl is born

English singer and songwriter Kirsty MacColl was born in Croydon, Surrey, England. During her school years, she appeared in a number of school plays. Stiff Records noticed her when she was a part of the punk rock band the Drug Addix. They signed her to a solo deal and released her debut single “They Don’t Know”.

Pan Am begins regular flights around the world

Pan Am was the largest international air carrier in the United States from 1927 until its collapse in 1991. Originally, it was founded as a scheduled air mail and passenger service flying between Florida and Cuba. Pan Am is credited for the widespread of jet aircraft or jumbo jets.


The first team wins a championship after relocating

The Milwaukee Braves team won its first and only World Series championship while based in Milwaukee. The Braves won 95 games and lost 59 to win the National League pennant by eight games over the second-place St. Louis Cardinals.

Love Me Tender entrees the US chart for a 19-week stay

Elvis Presley recorded and published the song “Love Me Tender” from the movie of the same name. Presley performed the song shortly before its release, resulting in more than a million advance orders. The single topped 4 US Billboard charts, staying at No. 1 for several weeks. It has been featured in many other movies since then.

American rock vocalist David Lee Roth is born

David Lee Roth, best known as the lead singer of hard rock band Van Halen was born in Bloomington, Indiana. He attended schools in Claremont and in Pasadena, where he met the Van Halen brothers. Together, they gained local success and eventually were discovered by Gene Simmons who helped them in producing their first demo tape.

Scottish musician Midge Ure is born

Midge Ure was born in Cambuslang, Lanarkshire, Scotland. He attended primary school, followed by Rutherglen Academy in Glasgow, where he later joined a band called Stumble. He later joined a band Salvation, that later changed its name to Slik and then to PVC2. Ure left the band and progressed his career with others.

Truman signs Mutual Security Act

The Mutual Security Act was an American foreign aid program to help poor countries develop and to contain the spread of communism. It was signed by President Harry S. Truman with an annual budget of $7.5 billion for military, economic, and technical foreign aid.

Third most used plastic is patented

American inventor Waldo Semon developed a method of making plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC), also known as vinyl. PVC was first synthetized by German chemist Eugen Baumann. It looked like potentially useful material, but it was too rigid. Waldo Semon invented a way to make it in a rubber-like form.

The Gibson Guitar Corporation is formed

Orville Gibson patented a single-piece mandolin design and eventually started to sell his instruments. That led to the foundation of Gibson Guitar Corporation in Kalamazoo, Michigan. With the modernization of technology, the company started selling new instruments. The company has been renamed to Gibson Brands, Inc.

First Lady of American Theatre is born

Helen Hayes MacArthur was an American actress whose career spanned 80 years. She eventually garnered the nickname "First Lady of American Theatre" and was one of 15 people who have won an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar, and a Tony Award. Hayes also received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, America's highest civilian honor, from President Ronald Reagan.

American inventor Earle Dickson is born

Dickson's wife was prone to kitchen accidents. He had to put bandages on her small cuts and burns all the time. After a great number of these small injuries, Dixon decided to make something which she can easily apply herself. He invented an adhesive bandage.

Polar explorer is born

In 1895, Norwegian explorer Fridtjof Nansen with Hjalmar Johansen tried to reach the North Pole but turned back at a northern latitude of 86°14′. Nansen developed many methods of polar travel which were used by later polar expeditions. Most famous of them is the travel aboard a ship intentionally frozen in a block of ice.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1967

Gavin Newsom

born 1954


died 1985

Orson Welles