Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Call of Duty: Black Ops 4 is released

Black Ops 4 is multiplayer first-person shooter developed by Treyarch. It is released worldwide for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. It is a sequel to the 2015 game Call of Duty: Black Ops III and will be the fifth entry in the Black Ops subseries as well as the 15th main installment in the Call of Duty series overall.

"First Man" is released in the US

First Man is a 2018 American biographical drama film directed by Damien Chazelle and written by Josh Singer, based on the book First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong by James R. Hansen. The film stars Ryan Gosling as Neil Armstrong, and follows the years leading up to the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon in 1969.

"Blindspot" returns for a 4th season

Blindspot is an American crime drama television series created by Martin Gero, starring Sullivan Stapleton and Jaimie Alexander. Blindspot focuses on a mysterious tattooed woman who is found naked inside a travel bag in Times Square by the FBI, with no recollection of her own past or her own identity.

Bowie and Prince are in list of top-earning dead celebrities

David Bowie and Prince are new entries in the latest list of top-earning dead celebrities to be compiled by Forbes. Prince's pre-tax income from October 2015 to October 2016 is estimated at $25m by the business magazine, putting him fifth in the list. Bowie, meanwhile, is ranked at 11th for an estimated income of $10.5m.


The first player scores four goals in an NHL debut

Auston Matthews is a player for the Toronto Maple Leafs of the NHL. He became the first player in modern NHL history to score four goals in his NHL debut. In his first season, Matthews scored 40 goals. In the midst of his rookie season, he was ranked the 2nd best active American player in the NHL.


Ireland suffer their biggest competitive loss

Ireland was drawn in Group C of UEFA's 2014 World Cup qualification alongside Germany, Sweden, Austria, the Faroe Islands, and Kazakhstan. In October, Ireland suffered their largest ever competitive home defeat, 6–1 against Germany, at the Aviva Stadium.

The Broadway premiere of "A Life in the Theatre"

A Life in the Theatre is a 1977 play by David Mamet. It focuses on the relationship between two actors, the play's only characters. One, Robert, is a stage veteran while John is a young, promising actor. As the play goes on they are involved in a variety of productions, and gradually their relationship begins to change.

Medal of Honor is released

Medal of Honor is a first-person shooter video game developed by Danger Close Games and EA DICE and published by Electronic Arts. It is the 13th installment in the Medal of Honor series and a reboot of the series. The game was released for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 in October 2010.

Michael Jackson's "This Is It" is released

"This Is It" premiered, as scheduled, on Jackson's official website MichaelJackson.com in October at midnight. Within the day of the song's release, via the World Wide Web, listeners, unaware of the song's background, drew comparisons of the song to Sa-Fire's "I Never Heard." Soon after, media outlets The New York Times and TMZ.com informed Anka of the similarities between the songs.

Terrorists kill 202 people in Bali

The Bali bombings occurred in the tourist district of Kuta on the Indonesian island of Bali. The attack killed 202 people, including 88 Australians, 38 Indonesians, and people from more than 20 other nationalities. 209 other people were injured. Three persons convicted were then sentenced to death.

John Denver is killed

Denver was killed when his experimental Rutan Long-EZ plane, aircraft registration number N555JD, crashed into Monterey Bay near Pacific Grove, California while making a series of touch-and-go landings at the nearby Monterey Peninsula Airport. Denver was the only occupant of the aircraft. Identification was not possible using dental records; only his fingerprints confirmed that the pilot was Denver.

Caesar is released

Released on the Amiga, ported the next year to Atari ST, PC and Macintosh, the game was similar to SimCity. In addition to similar graphics and user interfaces, it also came with issues of micromanagement, including complicated city-planning requirements such as building the right number of schools, theaters, libraries, bathhouses, and other amenities, within suitable distances of residential areas.

Jennifer Rush is at #1 on the UK singles chart

"The Power of Love" is a song co-written and originally recorded by Jennifer Rush in 1984. Rush's original version, released in her native US at the end of 1984 and in Europe during 1985, went to number 1 in the United Kingdom in October 1985 and became the biggest-selling single of the year in that country. It was also a number one single in several other European countries.

Poles of the red planet

NASA probe Mariner 9 took pictures of the Mars North Pole. Mariner 9 was the first spacecraft which orbited another planet. Mariner spent on the orbit of mars 349 days. It took more than seven thousand pictures which covered 85% of Mars' surface. The probe found remnants of rivers and inactive vulcanoes.

Musician Gene Vincent dies

Vincent died at the age of 36 from a ruptured stomach ulcer, while visiting his father in California, and is interred in Eternal Valley Memorial Park, in Newhall, California. He was the first inductee into the Rockabilly Hall of Fame upon its formation in 1997. The following year he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Big Brother And The Holding Company go to #1 in the US

Cheap Thrills, was a great success, reaching number one on the charts for eight nonconsecutive weeks in 1968. Columbia Records offered the band a new recording contract, but it took months to get through since they were still signed to Mainstream Records. The album also features Bill Graham, who introduces the band at the beginning of "Combination of the Two".

Australian actor Hugh Jackman is born

Hugh Michael Jackman is an Australian actor, singer, and producer. Jackman was born in Sydney, New South Wales, to Grace McNeil and Christopher John Jackman, a Cambridge-trained accountant. His parents were English and had come to Australia in 1967 as part of the "Ten Pound Poms" immigration.


The XIX Summer Olympic games open in Mexico City

The 1968 Summer Olympics officially known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Mexico City, Mexico in October 1968. These were the first Olympic Games to be staged in Latin America and the first to be staged in a Spanish-speaking country.

Irish singer Brian Kennedy is born

Brian Edward Patrick Kennedy is an Irish singer-songwriter and author from Belfast. He scored a number of hit singles and albums in the UK and RoI during the 1990s and 2000s and has represented Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2006. He is the younger brother of the late musician Bap Kennedy.

The Beatles record "Run For Your Life"

Lennon wrote, "Run for Your Life" based on "Baby Let's Play House", which was one of Presley's early singles on the Sun record label. Lennon retained a line from the Presley track – "I'd rather see you dead, little girl, than to be with another man". It was the first track recorded for the album and features a descending guitar riff played by Harrison and slide guitar parts

First multi-manned spacecraft is launched

The Soviet Union launched Voskhod 1 spacecraft. It was the first spaceflight with more than one person on board. Three cosmonauts, Vladimir Komarov, Konstantin Feoktistov and Boris Yegorov didn’t carry spacesuits. The mission was launched in a great hurry, but went well even so, and was considered successful.

Musician Rick Parfitt is born

Richard John Parfitt, OBE was an English musician, best known as a singer, songwriter and rhythm guitarist with rock band Status Quo. Parfitt began his career in the early 1960s, playing in pubs and holiday camps. He joined Status Quo in 1967 when they were looking for an additional singer. He wrote songs for the band and remained with them for 49 years.

Founder of Gestalt psychology dies

Austro-Hungarian-born psychologist Max Wertheimer was one of the founders of the Gestalt psychology. Gestalt means shape or form in German. Gestalt psychologists wanted to understand how human mind organizes chaotic perceptions in the meaningful units. Wertheimer was very interested in optical illusions.

Italian tenor and actor Luciano Pavarotti is born

Luciano Pavarotti was an Italian operatic tenor who also crossed over into popular music, eventually becoming one of the most commercially successful tenors of all time. Pavarotti was born in 1935 on the outskirts of Modena in Northern Italy, the son of Fernando Pavarotti, a baker and amateur tenor, and Adele Venturi, a cigar factory worker.

Alcatraz Citadel becomes the Federal Penitentiary

The Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary was a maximum high-security federal prison on Alcatraz Island off the coast of San Francisco, California. Alcatraz had been the site of citadel since the 1860s. On this day the United States Disciplinary Barracks, Pacific Branch on Alcatraz was acquired by the United States Department of Justice. In August 1934 the island became a prison.

DDT inventor is born

In 1937, Swiss chemist Paul Müller was asked by his superiors to find some chemical for killing insects. He found that insects absorb chemicals differently than mammals and believed there are chemicals mortal to insects but harmless to humans. After some experimenting, he found dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT, first synthesized in 1874).

Siemens is founded

Siemens & Halske was founded by Werner von Siemens and Johann Georg Halske in 1847. Based on the telegraph, their invention used a needle to point to the sequence of letters, instead of using Morse code. The company, then called Telegraphen-Bauanstalt von Siemens & Halske, opened its first workshop on 12 October.

The origin of Oktoberfest as a part King Ludwing' wedding

King Ludwig I married Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen and the citizens of Munich were invited to attend the festivities held on the fields in front of the city gates to celebrate the royal event. The fields were named Theresienwiese in honour of the Crown Princess, although the locals have since abbreviated the name simply to the "Wiesn".

America is discovered

Christopher Columbus landed at the island in the Bahamas archipelago. He named the island San Salvador. Columbus believed that he reached East Asia. Later, people forgot that Columbus had landed on the island. They started to call it after 17th-century English buccaneer John Watling who had his base there.

Anniversaries of famous