Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"Supergirl" returns for a 4th season

The fourth season of the American television series Supergirl, which is based on the DC Comics character Kara Zor-El / Supergirl, debuted on The CW, The season follows Kara, a reporter and superpowered alien who fights against those who threaten Earth, and the fallout of her use of mysticism and time traveling.

"Charmed" is released on the CW

The series, which will premiere in the United States on October 14, 2018, follows the lives of three sisters—Macy, Mel and Maggie—who, after the death of their mother, discover they are The Charmed Ones, the most powerful witches, and together they possess the "Power of Three". It is a reboot of The WB series of the same name.

Borderlands: The Pre-Sequel is released

Borderlands: The Pre-Sequel is an action role-playing first-person shooter video game developed by 2K Australia, with assistance from Gearbox Software and published by 2K Games. Gameplay in The Pre-Sequel is similar to Borderlands 2, but with the addition of new mechanics.

Felix Baumgartner jumps from over 128, 000 ft

Felix Baumgartner is best known for jumping to Earth from a helium balloon in the stratosphere. Doing so, he set world records for skydiving an estimated 39 km (24 mi), reaching an estimated top speed of 1,357.64 km/h (843.6 mph), or Mach 1.25. He became the first person to break the sound barrier without vehicular power relative to the surface on his descent.

Singer Freddy Fender dies

Freddy Fender was a Mexican-American Tejano, country and rock and roll musician, known for his work as a solo artist and in the groups Los Super Seven and the Texas Tornados. He died at the age of 69 of lung cancer at his home in Corpus Christi, Texas, with his family at his bedside. He was buried in his hometown of San Benito.


John Terry makes an unusual appearance in goal

In a match in October 2006 against Reading, Terry had to take over in goal for Chelsea in the final minutes of the match after goalkeepers Petr Čech and Carlo Cudicini were injured and Chelsea had no substitutes remaining. Terry kept a clean sheet as Chelsea held out to win 1–0.


Steve Bartman incident

During a game between the Chicago Cubs and the Florida Marlins, spectator Steve Bartman disrupted the game by intercepting a potential catch. In the aftermath of the incident, Bartman had to be placed under police protection for a time when his name and address were made public on MLB message boards.

Pianist and conductor Leonard Bernstein dies

Leonard Bernstein was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist. He was among the first conductors born and educated in the US to receive worldwide acclaim. In 1990, Bernstein announced his retirement from conducting and died at his apartment at The Dakota of a heart attack five days later, brought on by mesothelioma.

The 1st act in chart history sells 7M copies of 2 consecutive LPs

Pyromania is the third studio album by English rock band Def Leppard. The album was a shift away from the band's traditional heavy metal roots toward more radio-friendly glam metal and hard rock, finding massive mainstream success. Hysteria is their fourth, longest album and best-selling album to date. It is the last album to feature guitarist Steve Clark before his death.


NHL's greatest scorer Wayne Gretzky scores his first NHL goal

Wayne Gretzky is the leading scorer in the NHL history, with more goals and assists than any other player. At the time he retired, he held 61 NHL records. Although he was originally seen as too small to be a force in the league, in his first year, Gretzky won the Hart trophy for the league's most valuable player.

American singer-songwriter Usher is born

Usher Raymond IV is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, and actor. He was born in Dallas, but raised in Chattanooga until moving to Atlanta, Georgia. At the age of 12, his mother put him in local singing competitions, before catching the attention of a music A&R from LaFace Records. In 1994, he released his self-titled debut album, Usher.

Michael Jackson goes to #1 on the US singles chart

"Ben" is a song written by Don Black and composed by Walter Scharf for the 1972 film of the same name. It was performed in the film by Lee Montgomery and by Michael Jackson over the closing credits. Jackson's single, recorded for the Motown label in 1972, spent one week at the top of the U.S. pop chart.

Martin Luther King, Jr. receives the Nobel Peace Prize

Martin Luther King Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance. He was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement, where he acted based on his Christian beliefs. In the March on Washington, King delivered his popular I Have a Dream speech.

Khrushchev is deposed after 10 years in power

Nikita Khrushchev was removed by his party colleagues who replaced him with Leonid Brezhnev as First Secretary and Alexei Kosygin as Premier. After the removal, he was granted a pension of 500 rubles per month, which was later reduced to 400. As he lost his power, he started to suffer from depression.

The Cuban Missile Crisis begins

The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13 days long confrontation between the U.S. and the USSR. In a response to American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey, the USSR placed ballistic missile in Cuba. This confrontation is commonly considered the closest to escalate into a full-scale nuclear war during the Cold War.

Bobby Darin is at #1 on the US and the UK singles chart

"Mack the Knife" was introduced to the United States hit parade by Louis Armstrong, but the song is most closely associated with Bobby Darin. Even though Darin was reluctant to release the song as a single, in 1959 it reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100, and earned him a Grammy Award for Record of the Year.

The Everly Brothers have their first #1 on the US singles chart

The song is best known in a recording by The Everly Brothers, issued by Cadence Records as catalog number 1337. The Everly Brothers record reached No. 1 on the Billboard Pop chart and the Cash Box Best Selling Records chart, despite having been banned from Boston radio stations for lyrics that, at the time, were considered suggestive.

Israeli nuclear technician Mordechai Vanunu is born

Mordechai Vanunu worked in Negev Nuclear Research Center near Dimona city. The center was disguised as a textile factory, but it contained a nuclear reactor used for the production of weapons. Vanunu described the facility to the British newspaper The Sunday Times.

Supersonic flight

Supersonic travel is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 1). For objects traveling in dry air of a temperature of 20 °C (68 °F) at sea level, this speed is approximately 343 m/s, 1,125 ft/s, 768 mph, 667 knots, or 1,235 km/h. Speeds greater than five times the speed of sound (Mach 5) are often referred to as hypersonic. Flights during which only some parts of the air surrounding an object, such as the ends of rotor blades, reach supersonic speeds are called transonic. This occurs typically somewhere between Mach 0.8 and Mach 1.23.

Biotechnology prophet is born

Craig Venter was an American molecular biologist and businessman. His company Celera Genomics sequenced the human genome. Venter's scientific team also created and patented first artificial living organism called Mycoplasma laboratorium. In 2014 Venter co-founded a company focused on extending human lifespan.

Musician Justin Hayward is born

Justin David Hayward is an English musician best known as songwriter, lead singer, and guitarist for the rock band the Moody Blues. In 2018, Hayward was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame alongside the Moody Blues.

Scottish vocalist Dan McCafferty is born

William Daniel "Dan" McCafferty is a Scottish vocalist, best known as the lead singer for the Scottish hard rock band Nazareth from its founding in 1968 to his retirement from touring with the band in 2013. McCafferty continues to perform solo around the world and record on occasion.

Musician Cliff Richard is born

Sir Cliff Richard is a British pop singer, musician, performer, actor and philanthropist. Richard has sold more than 250 million records worldwide. He has total sales of over 21 million singles in the United Kingdom and is the third-top-selling artist in UK Singles Chart history, behind the Beatles and Elvis Presley.

American fashion designer Ralph Lauren is born

Ralph Lauren is a founder of a clothing company Ralph Lauren Corporation. He is a creator of the famous clothing line Polo. He also has a collection of rare automobiles, which is one of the most valuable in the world, and runs many philanthropic projects.

"Winnie-the-Pooh" is first published

Winnie-the-Pooh is the first volume of stories about Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne. It is followed by The House at Pooh Corner. The book focuses on the adventures of a teddy bear called Winnie-the-Pooh and his friends Piglet, a small toy pig; Eeyore, a toy donkey; Owl, a live owl; and Rabbit, a live rabbit.

English actor Roger Moore is born

Sir Roger George Moore was an English actor. He is best known for having played Ian Fleming's fictional British secret agent James Bond in seven feature films from 1973 to 1985. Moore took over the role of Bond from Sean Connery in 1972, made his first appearance as 007 in Live and Let Die, and went on to portray the spy in six more films.

Over 200 miners die in a coal-mine explosion in Wales

The Senghenydd explosion is the worst mining accident in the United Kingdom. Some of the coal seams in the South Wales Coalfield region contained high amount of firedamp, which is a highly explosive gas consisting of methane and hydrogen and thus were vulnerable to explosions.

Theodore Roosevelt is shot in Milwaukee

While Theodore Roosevelt was campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, John Schrank attempted to assassinate him. Schrank shot Roosevelt but the bullet hit both his steel eyeglass case and a 50-page copy of his speech he was carrying. Roosevelt delivered his scheduled speech and he spoke for ninety minutes.

"The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" is published

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of twelve short stories by Arthur Conan Doyle, featuring his fictional detective Sherlock Holmes. The individual stories had been serialised in The Strand Magazine. The stories are not in chronological order, and the only characters common to all twelve are Holmes and Dr. Watson.

Army general and statesman Dwight D. Eisenhower is born

Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States. During World War II, he was a five-star general in the US Army and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in Europe. He was responsible for planning and supervising the invasion of North Africa in Operation Torch in 1942–43.

Louis Le Prince films first motion picture Roundhay Garden Scene

Roundhay Garden Scene is an 1888 short silent actuality film recorded by French inventor Louis Le Prince. Shot at Oakwood Grange in Roundhay, Leeds in the north of England, it is believed to be the oldest surviving film in existence, as noted by the Guinness Book of Records.

Roll film is patented

American inventor and businessman George Eastman patented paper-strip photographic film. His invention made photography available to the masses. It also enabled the development of motion picture film and cinematography. Four years later Eastman founded the Eastman Kodak Company, referred simply as Kodak.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1994

Jared Goff

born 1965

Steve Coogan

born 1980

Ben Whishaw