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Khrushchev is deposed after 10 years in power

Nikita Khrushchev was removed by his party colleagues who replaced him with Leonid Brezhnev as First Secretary and Alexei Kosygin as Premier. After the removal, he was granted a pension of 500 rubles per month, which was later reduced to 400. As he lost his power, he started to suffer from depression.

Martin Luther King, Jr. receives the Nobel Peace Prize

Martin Luther King Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance. He was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement, where he acted based on his Christian beliefs. In the March on Washington, King delivered his popular I Have a Dream speech.

The Cuban Missile Crisis begins

The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13 days long confrontation between the U.S. and the USSR. In a response to American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey, the USSR placed ballistic missile in Cuba. This confrontation is commonly considered the closest to escalate into a full-scale nuclear war during the Cold War.

Theodore Roosevelt is shot in Milwaukee

While Theodore Roosevelt was campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, John Schrank attempted to assassinate him. Schrank shot Roosevelt but the bullet hit both his steel eyeglass case and a 50-page copy of his speech he was carrying. Roosevelt delivered his scheduled speech and he spoke for ninety minutes.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1939

Ralph Lauren

born 1978

Usher

born 1940

Cliff Richard