Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar


British Champions Series ends

The 2018 British Champions Series, sponsored by QIPCO, is the 8th edition of the horse racing series comprising 35 of the UK's top flat races. The series began with the 2,000 Guineas at Newmarket in May and ends with British Champions Day at Ascot. The series is split into 5 categories.

A revival of 'The Front Page' opens at the Broadhurst Theatre

The Front Page is a hit Broadway comedy about tabloid newspaper reporters on the police beat. A Broadway revival opened at the Broadhurst Theatre in 2016. The production received generally good notices, especially for Lane, and became the 1st show of the season to recoup and turn a profit.

'Relatively Speaking' opens on Broadway

Relatively speaking is an anthology produced on Broadway, consisting of 3 plays: Talking Cure by Ethan Coen, George is Dead by Elaine May and Honeymoon Motel by Woody Allen. It opened at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre and closed in 2012, after 118 regular performances. All 3 were directed by John Turturro. The plays were produced by Julian Schlossberg and Letty Aronson.

Spain enacts anti-smoking law

As a last country in Western Europe, Spain enacted tough anti-smoking law that prohibits smoking in enclosed public places, especially open-air children's playgrounds, inside parks and at access points to schools and hospitals. Hotels got an exception to reserve 30 percent of their rooms for smokers.

Amy Winehouse releases her debut album 'Frank'

Frank is the debut studio album by English singer and songwriter Amy Winehouse. Upon its release, Frank received generally positive reviews from most music critics and earned Winehouse several accolades, including an Ivor Novello Award. The album has sold over one million copies in the United Kingdom.

Major anti-trust case begins

United States v. Microsoft Corporation is a United States antitrust law case. Microsoft Corporation was accused of abusing monopoly power on Intel-based personal computers in its handling of operating system and web browser sales. Ultimately, it was settled by the Department of Justice.

Sega Mark III is launched in Japan

The Sega Mark III was released in Japan at a price of ¥15,000. Despite featuring technically more powerful hardware than its chief competition, the Famicom, the Mark III did not prove to be successful at its launch. Difficulties arose from Nintendo's licensing practices with third-party developers at the time, whereby Nintendo required that titles for the Famicom not be published on other consoles.

Luzhniki disaster

The Luzhniki disaster was a deadly human crush that took place at the Grand Sports Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium in Moscow during the 1982–83 UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem. According to the official inquiry, 66 FC Spartak Moscow fans, mostly adolescents, died in the stampede, which made it Russia's worst sporting disaster.

U2 release their debut album 'Boy'

Boy is the debut studio album by Irish rock band U2. It was produced by Steve Lillywhite, and released on Island Records. It contains many songs from the band's 40-song catalog at the time, including two tracks that were re-recorded from their original versions on the band's debut release, the EP Three.

The Police made their US debut at C.B.G.B. in New York City

The group's UK success led to gigs in the US at the famous New York City club CBGB and at The Chance in Poughkeepsie, NY, from which "Roxanne" finally debuted on US radio on WPDH and a gruelling 1979 North American tour in which the band drove themselves and their equipment around the country in a Ford Econoline van.

Lynyrd Skynyrd airplane crashes

Ronnie Van Zant and Steve Gaines, along with backup singer Cassie Gaines, assistant road manager Dean Kilpatrick, pilot Walter McCreary, and co-pilot William Gray were killed on impact; other band members, tour manager Ron Eckerman, and several road crews suffered serious injuries.

'The Song Remains The Same' premieres in New York City

The Song Remains the Same is a 1976 concert film featuring the English rock band Led Zeppelin. The film performed well at the box office, grossing an estimated $10 million by 1977. Despite this, the film was reviewed negatively by critics for its perceived amateurish production and self-indulgent content.

The worst ferry disaster in the USA history

The Luling–Destrehan Ferry, George Prince, was struck in the Mississippi River near St. Charles Paris by the Norwegian tanker SS Frosta which was traveling upriver to Baton Rouge. Of the 96 people on board, 78 died. It is the deadliest ferry disaster in United States history.

Saturday Night Massacre

The Saturday Night Massacre was a series of events which took place in the United States on the evening of Saturday, October 20, 1973, during the Watergate scandal. U.S. President Richard Nixon ordered Attorney General Elliot Richardson to fire independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox; Richardson refused and resigned effective immediately. Nixon then ordered Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus to fire Cox; Ruckelshaus refused, and also resigned. Nixon then ordered the third-most-senior official at the Justice Department, Solicitor General Robert Bork, to fire Cox. Bork considered resigning, but did as Nixon asked. The political and public reaction to Nixon's actions were negative and highly damaging to the president. A new special counsel was appointed eleven days later on November 1, 1973, and on November 14, 1973, a court ruled that the dismissal had been illegal.

Queen Elizabeth II opens Sydney Opera House

The Sydney Opera was designed by a Danish architect Jørn Utzon, however as he resigned from the project, because of his disputes with the Ministry of Public Works, he was not invited to the opening. The opening was broadcast and accompanied by fireworks and a performance of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9.


Dick Fosbury sets an Olympic record in high jump

In Mexico City, Dick Fosbury won the gold medal and set a new Olympic record at 2.24 meters. His unique back-first technique, which gave him a much lower center of mass in flight, was marked as the Fosbury Flop, that is nowadays used by almost all high jumpers.

White House lies to the public

The White House press corps is told that President John F. Kennedy has a cold but he is holding secret meetings with advisors on the eve of ordering a blockade of Cuba.

Roy Orbison has his first UK #1 single

"Only the Lonely (Know the Way I Feel)" is a 1960 song written by Roy Orbison and Joe Melson. Orbison's recording of the song, produced by Fred Foster for Monument Records, was the first major hit for the singer. It was described by The New York Times as expressing "a clenched, driven urgency".

Final book of 'The Lord Of The Rings' is published

The 3rd and final volume of The Lord of the Rings titled The Return of the King begins its story in the kingdom of Gondor, which faces a threat from the Dark Lord Sauron. The book was preceded by The Fellowship of the Ring and The Two Towers.

The musical 'Peter Pan' opens at the Winter Garden Theatre

The show opened on Broadway at the Winter Garden Theatre for a planned limited run of 152 performances. The busy 1954 Broadway season also included The Boy Friend, Fanny, Silk Stockings and Damn Yankees. While still in tryouts, a deal was made for Peter Pan to be broadcast on the NBC anthology series Producers' Showcase which ensured that it was a financial success despite the limited run.

Congress begins investigating Reds in Hollywood

The House Un-American Activities Committee attempted to investigate whether there was Communist propaganda in the U.S. films. Artists accused of having sympathies with or membership in the Communist Party USA were put on the Hollywood blacklist, which banned them from work.

Natural gas explodes in Cleveland, Ohio, killing 130 people

Because of the gas leak, explosion and fires in Cleveland, many families lost their homes and savings, which they kept at home. After this disaster, below ground storage of natural gas started to be preferred over above ground storage.

More than 100,000 American soldiers land on Leyte Island

More than 100,000 soldiers landed on Leyte Island for the major invasion. The ensuing battles of Leyte Island proved among the bloodiest of the war in the Pacific and signaled the beginning of the end for the Japanese.

Long March ends

Long March was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China. It ended just over a year after it started. Mao Zedong arrived in Shensi Province in northwest China with 4,000 survivors and set up Chinese Communist headquarters.

Polar expedition starts

Polar exploration is the process of exploration of the polar regions of the Earth - the Arctic region and Antarctica - particularly with the goal of reaching the North Pole and South Pole, respectively. Historically, this was accomplished by explorers making often arduous travels on foot or by sled in these regions, known as a polar expedition. More recently, exploration has been accomplished with technology, particularly with satellite imagery.

Amplification device

An audio power amplifier is an electronic amplifier that reproduces low-power electronic audio signals such as the signal from radio receiver or electric guitar pickup at a level that is strong enough for driving loudspeakers or headphones. This includes both amplifiers used in home audio systems and musical instrument amplifiers like guitar amplifiers. It is the final electronic stage in a typical audio playback chain before the signal is sent to the loudspeakers and speaker enclosures.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1971

Snoop Dogg

born 1964

Kamala Harris