Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"DuckTales" returns for a second season

DuckTales is an American comedy-adventure animated television series developed by Matt Youngberg and Francisco Angones originally for Disney XD, and then later for Disney Channel. Produced by Disney Television Animation, the series is a reboot of the original 1987 series of the same name.


British Champions Series ends

The 2018 British Champions Series, sponsored by QIPCO, is the 8th edition of the horse racing series comprising 35 of the UK's top flat races. The series began with the 2,000 Guineas at Newmarket in May and ends with British Champions Day at Ascot. The series is split into 5 categories.

A revival of "The Front Page" opens at the Broadhurst Theatre

The Front Page is a hit Broadway comedy about tabloid newspaper reporters on the police beat. A Broadway revival opened at the Broadhurst Theatre in 2016. The production received generally good notices, especially for Lane, and became the 1st show of the season to recoup and turn a profit.

"Relatively Speaking" opens on Broadway

Relatively speaking is an anthology produced on Broadway, consisting of 3 plays: Talking Cure by Ethan Coen, George is Dead by Elaine May and Honeymoon Motel by Woody Allen. It opened at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre and closed in 2012, after 118 regular performances. All 3 were directed by John Turturro. The plays were produced by Julian Schlossberg and Letty Aronson.

Spain enacts anti-smoking law

As a last country in Western Europe, Spain enacted tough anti-smoking law that prohibits smoking in enclosed public places, especially open-air children's playgrounds, inside parks and at access points to schools and hospitals. Hotels got an exception to reserve 30 percent of their rooms for smokers.

Founder of Penthouse magazine dies

Bob Guccione was a icon person in adult magazine business in 80s. Guccione was listed in the Forbes 400 wealth list partly due his ownership of a large, impressive house in Manhattan. By 2004, Guccione had undergone surgery for throat cancer. Later he was diagnosed with terminal lung cancer. He died two months before his 80th birthday.

Tropico 3 is released

Tropico 3 is a video game developed by Haemimont Games and published by Kalypso Media. Like the previous games in the series, Tropico 3 is a construction and management simulation game, with a heavy emphasis on city building. The game attempts to return to the roots of the series, which puts the player into the shoes of "El Presidente".

Borderlands is released

Borderlands is a 2009 open-world action role-playing first-person shooter video game. It is the first game in the Borderlands series, developed by Gearbox Software. The game features the ability to explore the in-game world, and complete both main missions and optional side quests, either in single-player or online cooperative gameplay.

Medal of Honor: Heroes is released

Medal of Honor: Heroes is a World War II first-person shooter video game developed by Canadian studio Team Fusion for the PlayStation Portable. The player takes the role of various heroes from the Medal of Honor series. There are three different campaigns, each with its own hero that spearheads squads to complete objectives.

Amy Winehouse releases her debut album Frank

Frank is the debut studio album by English singer and songwriter Amy Winehouse. Upon its release, Frank received generally positive reviews from most music critics and earned Winehouse several accolades, including an Ivor Novello Award. The album has sold over one million copies in the United Kingdom.

Major anti-trust case begins

United States v. Microsoft Corporation is a United States antitrust law case. Microsoft Corporation was accused of abusing monopoly power on Intel-based personal computers in its handling of operating system and web browser sales. Ultimately, it was settled by the Department of Justice.

South African model Candice Swanepoel is born

Candice Susan Swanepoel is a South African top model, best known for her work with Victoria's Secret. She was born to Willem Swanepoel and Eileen Swanepoel and raised in Mooi River, South Africa, in an Afrikaner family of Dutch descent. Her father is from Mutare, Zimbabwe, previously known as Umtali. Her mother is South African.

Sega Mark III is launched in Japan

The Sega Mark III was released in Japan at a price of ¥15,000. Despite featuring technically more powerful hardware than its chief competition, the Famicom, the Mark III did not prove to be successful at its launch. Difficulties arose from Nintendo's licensing practices with third-party developers at the time, whereby Nintendo required that titles for the Famicom not be published on other consoles.

Discoverer of the antimatter dies

English physicist Paul Dirac made many contributions to quantum physics. He predicted the existence of antimatter. Dirac first studied electrical engineering but he was unable to find work as an engineer. So he returned to school and studied mathematics. Then he became interested in physics.

Country and western singer Merle Travis dies

Merle Robert Travis was an American country and western singer, songwriter, and guitarist born in Rosewood, Kentucky. Travis died of a heart attack at his Tahlequah, Oklahoma home. His body was cremated and his ashes scattered around a memorial erected to him near Drakesboro, Kentucky.

Luzhniki disaster

The Luzhniki disaster was a deadly human crush that took place at the Grand Sports Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium in Moscow during the 1982–83 UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem. According to the official inquiry, 66 FC Spartak Moscow fans, mostly adolescents, died in the stampede, which made it Russia's worst sporting disaster.

U2 release their debut album Boy

Boy is the debut studio album by Irish rock band U2. It was produced by Steve Lillywhite, and released on Island Records. It contains many songs from the band's 40-song catalog at the time, including two tracks that were re-recorded from their original versions on the band's debut release, the EP Three.

The Police made their US debut at C.B.G.B. in New York City

The group's UK success led to gigs in the US at the famous New York City club CBGB and at The Chance in Poughkeepsie, NY, from which "Roxanne" finally debuted on US radio on WPDH and a gruelling 1979 North American tour in which the band drove themselves and their equipment around the country in a Ford Econoline van.

Lynyrd Skynyrd airplane crashes

Ronnie Van Zant and Steve Gaines, along with backup singer Cassie Gaines, assistant road manager Dean Kilpatrick, pilot Walter McCreary, and co-pilot William Gray were killed on impact; other band members, tour manager Ron Eckerman, and several road crews suffered serious injuries.

"The Song Remains The Same" premieres in New York City

The Song Remains the Same is a 1976 concert film featuring the English rock band Led Zeppelin. The film performed well at the box office, grossing an estimated $10 million by 1977. Despite this, the film was reviewed negatively by critics for its perceived amateurish production and self-indulgent content.

Queen Elizabeth II opens Sydney Opera House

The Sydney Opera was designed by a Danish architect Jørn Utzon, however as he resigned from the project, because of his disputes with the Ministry of Public Works, he was not invited to the opening. The opening was broadcast and accompanied by fireworks and a performance of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9.

Watergate special prosecutor is discharged by Nixon

The Saturday Night Massacre was a series of events which took place in the United States on the evening of Saturday, October 20, 1973, during the Watergate scandal. U.S. President Richard Nixon ordered Attorney General Elliot Richardson to fire independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox; Richardson refused and resigned effective immediately. Nixon then ordered Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus to fire Cox; Ruckelshaus refused, and also resigned. Nixon then ordered the third-most-senior official at the Justice Department, Solicitor General Robert Bork, to fire Cox. Bork considered resigning, but did as Nixon asked. The political and public reaction to Nixon's actions were negative and highly damaging to the president. A new special counsel was appointed eleven days later on November 1, 1973, and on November 14, 1973, a court ruled that the dismissal had been illegal.

American rapper Snoop Dogg is born

Calvin Cordozar Broadus Jr., known professionally as Snoop Dogg, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer and actor. He was born in Long Beach, the second of three sons. His mother is Beverly Broadus. His father, Vernell Varnado, was a Vietnam veteran, singer, and mail carrier who was said to be frequently absent from his life.


Dick Fosbury sets an Olympic record in high jump

In Mexico City, Dick Fosbury won the gold medal and set a new Olympic record at 2.24 meters. His unique back-first technique, which gave him a much lower center of mass in flight, was marked as the Fosbury Flop, that is nowadays used by almost all high jumpers.

White House lies to the public

The White House press corps is told that President John F. Kennedy has a cold but he is holding secret meetings with advisors on the eve of ordering a blockade of Cuba.

Roy Orbison has his first UK #1 single

"Only the Lonely (Know the Way I Feel)" is a 1960 song written by Roy Orbison and Joe Melson. Orbison's recording of the song, produced by Fred Foster for Monument Records, was the first major hit for the singer. It was described by The New York Times as expressing "a clenched, driven urgency".

Danish American actor Viggo Mortensen is born

Viggo Peter Mortensen Jr. is a Danish-American actor, producer, author, musician, director, photographer, poet, and painter. Mortensen received international attention in the early 2000s with his role as Aragorn in the epic film trilogy The Lord of the Rings. He also won critical acclaim for David Cronenberg's crime thriller A History of Violence.

English director Danny Boyle is born

Danny Boyle is an English director, producer, screenwriter and theatre director, known for his work on films including Shallow Grave, Trainspotting, The Beach, 28 Days Later, Sunshine, Slumdog Millionaire, 127 Hours, and Steve Jobs. He was born in Radcliffe, Lancashire, England, to Irish Catholic parents from County Galway.

Final book of The Lord Of The Rings is published

The 3rd and final volume of The Lord of the Rings titled The Return of the King begins its story in the kingdom of Gondor, which faces a threat from the Dark Lord Sauron. The book was preceded by The Fellowship of the Ring and The Two Towers.

The musical "Peter Pan" opens at the Winter Garden Theatre

The show opened on Broadway at the Winter Garden Theatre for a planned limited run of 152 performances. The busy 1954 Broadway season also included The Boy Friend, Fanny, Silk Stockings and Damn Yankees. While still in tryouts, a deal was made for Peter Pan to be broadcast on the NBC anthology series Producers' Showcase which ensured that it was a financial success despite the limited run.

American singer Tom Petty is born

Thomas Earl Petty was an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, and actor. He was the lead singer of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, formed in 1976. He previously led the band Mudcrutch. He was also a co-founder of the late 1980s supergroup the Traveling Wilburys.

Congress begins investigating Reds in Hollywood

The House Un-American Activities Committee attempted to investigate whether there was Communist propaganda in the U.S. films. Artists accused of having sympathies with or membership in the Communist Party USA were put on the Hollywood blacklist, which banned them from work.

Natural gas explodes in Cleveland, Ohio, killing 130 people

Because of the gas leak, explosion and fires in Cleveland, many families lost their homes and savings, which they kept at home. After this disaster, below ground storage of natural gas started to be preferred over above ground storage.

More than 100,000 American soldiers land on Leyte Island

More than 100,000 soldiers landed on Leyte Island for the major invasion. The ensuing battles of Leyte Island proved among the bloodiest of the war in the Pacific and signaled the beginning of the end for the Japanese.

Long March ends

Long March was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China. It ended just over a year after it started. Mao Zedong arrived in Shensi Province in northwest China with 4,000 survivors and set up Chinese Communist headquarters.


Major League Baseball legend Mickey Mantle is born

Mickey Charles Mantle was an American professional baseball player. Mantle played his entire Major League Baseball career with the New York Yankees as a center fielder and first baseman, from 1951 through 1968. Mantle was one of the best players and sluggers and is regarded by many as the greatest switch hitter in baseball history.

Polar expedition starts

Polar exploration is the process of exploration of the polar regions of the Earth - the Arctic region and Antarctica - particularly with the goal of reaching the North Pole and South Pole, respectively. Historically, this was accomplished by explorers making often arduous travels on foot or by sled in these regions, known as a polar expedition. More recently, exploration has been accomplished with technology, particularly with satellite imagery.

Amplification device

An audio power amplifier is an electronic amplifier that reproduces low-power electronic audio signals such as the signal from radio receiver or electric guitar pickup at a level that is strong enough for driving loudspeakers or headphones. This includes both amplifiers used in home audio systems and musical instrument amplifiers like guitar amplifiers. It is the final electronic stage in a typical audio playback chain before the signal is sent to the loudspeakers and speaker enclosures.

Neutron discoverer is born

English physicist James Chadwick is most famous for his discovery of the neutron. Chadwick worked in the Cavendish Laboratory together with Ernest Rutherford. He bombarded beryllium nuclei with alpha particles and found the new neutral particle. He named it neutron. Later he also worked on the British nuclear bomb.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1964

Kamala Harris

born 1971

Snoop Dogg