Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar


Artistic Gymnastics World Championships starts

The 2018 Artistic Gymnastics World Championships are the forty-eight edition of the Artistic Gymnastics World Championships. The competition was held at the Aspire Academy Dome in Doha, Qatar. The event marked the first time that the Championships were held in Qatar and the Middle East.


Brazil World Cup captain and winner dies at 72

Carlos Alberto "Capita" Torres was a Brazilian footballer. Torres died in Rio de Janeiro due to a sudden heart attack. He was a sports commentator at a Brazilian channel SporTV, having appeared live on studio only two days before his death, which occurred exactly one month after his twin died.

World of Final Fantasy is released

World of Final Fantasy is a role-playing video game developed by Tose and Square Enix who also published it. It was released worldwide for PlayStation 4 and PlayStation Vita. Returning to a more traditional gameplay style from earlier Final Fantasy titles, it revolves around turn-based battles which utilize the series' recurring Active Time Battle system.

Four people dies on Thunder River Rapids

The Thunder River Rapids Ride was an attraction in the Dreamworld in Australia. A raft carrying 6 people collided with an unoccupied raft and 4 of the people were killed. Subsequently, the ride was closed out of respect to the victims and their relatives. It still remains fenced off and not visible to guests.

Battlefield 3 is released

Battlefield 3 is a first-person shooter video game developed by EA DICE and published by Electronic Arts. It is a direct sequel to 2005's Battlefield 2, and the 11nth installment in the Battlefield franchise. The game sold 5 million copies in its first week of release, and received positive reviews from most game reviewers.

Stronghold 3 is released

Stronghold 3 is a 2011 real-time strategy video game for Microsoft Windows developed by Firefly Studios and published by 7Sixty. The game is the 7th in the series after several spin-offs, including a remake, Stronghold: Crusader Extreme, and Stronghold Kingdoms. It is the sequel to Stronghold, released in 2001, and Stronghold 2 released in 2005.

"Driving Miss Daisy" opens on Broadway

Driving Miss Daisy is a play by American playwright Alfred Uhry, about the relationship of an elderly white Southern Jewish woman, Daisy Werthan, and her African-American chauffeur, Hoke Coleburn, from 1948 to 1973. The play was the first in Uhry's Atlanta Trilogy, which deals with white Jewish residents of that city in the early 20th century.

Civilization IV is released

Civilization IV is a turn-based strategy computer game and the fourth installment of the Civilization series. It was designed by Soren Johnson under the direction of Sid Meier and his video game development studio Firaxis Games. It was released in North America, Europe, and Australia.

Call of Duty 2 is released

Call of Duty 2 is a first-person shooter video game developed by Infinity Ward and published by Konami in Japan and Activision in the rest of the world. It is the second installment of the Call of Duty series. The game was released for Microsoft Windows and for the Xbox 360. Other versions were eventually released for OS X, mobile phones, and Pocket PCs.

Radio DJ John Peel dies

Peel died suddenly at the age of 65 from a heart attack on a working holiday in the Inca city of Cusco in Peru. Shortly after the announcement of his death, tributes began to arrive from fans and supporters both in public and private life. BBC Radio 1 cleared its schedules to broadcast a day of tributes. London's Evening Standard boards that afternoon read "the day the music died".

Microsoft releases Windows XP

Windows XP introduced a significantly redesigned graphical user interface and was the 1st version of Windows to use product activation in order to reduce its copyright infringement. During its 1st five years at least 400 million copies were sold globally.


The all-time leading defenseman in total points

Bourque returned to the Avs for the 2000–01 season and was named as an alternate captain. He led all Colorado defencemen in scoring and formed a solid defensive pairing with Adam Foote and Rob Blake, the latter of whom the Avs received from the Los Angeles Kings in a trade.

Russian military plane crashes into mountain

A plane of the Defense Ministry was on its way from the Chkalovsky military airfield to a Russian military base near Georgia's Black Sea. The weather was harsh and the plane crashed into a mountain in western Georgia, which killed all servicemen and their families that the plane carried.

Singer Cliff Richard becomes the first rock singer to be knighted

Cliff Richard is the 3rd top-selling artist in UK Singles Chart history, as he managed to sell over 21 million singles in the UK. A singer known for songs such as We Don't Talk Anymore became the 1st rock star to be honored as a Knight Bachelor.

Singer Roger Miller dies

Miller was a lifelong cigarette smoker. He also wrote a song about his habit, titled "Dad Blame Anything A Man Can't Quit". Miller died of lung and throat cancer at age 56, shortly after the discovery of a malignant tumor under his vocal cords. His remains were cremated.

Solar ship of Khufu

In Giza, archaeologist looked at the ship buried at the base of the Great Pyramid. They pushed the camera through a hole drilled in limestone slabs covering the chamber with the ship. The hole was made with a special drill which preserved the original air. The ancient Egyptians buried several ships in the neighborhood of the great pyramid or elsewhere.

Billboard Hot 100 record

For the 1st time in the history of the Billboard Hot 100, the top 3 spots were held by female solo acts. Cyndi Lauper's 'True Colors' held down the No. 1 position, followed by Tina Turner's 'Typical Male' at No. 2 and Janet Jackson's 'When I Think Of You' at No. 3.


Bill Buckner's error

Bill Buckner is mostly known for a ground ball fielding error which happened in the 10th inning of Game 6 played between Boston Red Sox and NY Mets in the World Series. The Buckner's error led to loss of Red Sox. Subsequently, Buckner started to receive death threats from frustrated fans.

American singer and model Ciara is born

Ciara Princess Harris, known mononymously as Ciara, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, model and actress. Born in Austin, Texas, she traveled around the world during her childhood, eventually moving to Atlanta, Georgia where she joined the girl group Hearsay, however, the group disbanded after having differences.

Katy Perry is born

Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson, known professionally as Katy Perry, is an American singer and songwriter. After singing in church during her childhood, she pursued a career in gospel music as a teenager. Perry signed with Red Hill Records and released her debut studio album Katy Hudson under her birth name in 2001, which was commercially unsuccessful.

The United States invades Grenada

The Reagan Administration decided to launch a military intervention because the government of Grenada was in chaos, many Americans in Grenada were in danger and nearby governments requested help. Reagan was also concerned that Cuba and the Soviet Union were establishing a military foothold in Grenada. The invasion resulted in a U.S. victory within a matter of weeks.

Barbra Streisand scores her fourth US #1 album with Guilty

Guilty is the 22nd studio album by American singer Barbra Streisand released by Columbia Records. It was produced by Barry Gibb of the Bee Gees and his group's regular production team of Albhy Galuten and Karl Richardson. It became her best-selling album to date internationally, with sales of 15 million copies worldwide as well as spawning several hit singles.

Art Garfunkel is at #1 with 'I Only Have Eyes For You'

"I Only Have Eyes for You" is a romantic love song by composer Harry Warren and lyricist Al Dubin, written for the film Dames where it was introduced by Dick Powell and Ruby Keeler. The song is a jazz standard, and has been covered by numerous musicians. The song was a #2 hit for Ben Selvin in 1934. The orchestras of Eddie Duchin and Anson Weeks also figured in the song's 1934 popularity.

Paul Simon's album Still Crazy After All These Years is released

Still Crazy After All These Years is the 4th solo studio album by Paul Simon. Recorded and released in 1975, the album produced four U.S. Top 40 hits like "50 Ways to Leave Your Lover" and "Gone at Last". The title track has been recorded by Rosemary Clooney, Ray Charles, Karen Carpenter and Willie Nelson.

The U.N. seats the People’s Republic of China and expels Taiwan

In a historic reversal, America’s U.N. representatives voted to seat the People’s Republic of China as a permanent member. Taiwan was expelled. The reason for the change of heart was that the U.S. was in great need of China's help politically.

"Sugar Sugar" by The Archies is at #1 on the UK singles chart

"Sugar, Sugar" is a song written by Jeff Barry and Andy Kim. It was originally recorded by the virtual band the Archies. This version reached number 1 in the US on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1969 and remained there for 4 weeks. It was also number 1 on the UK Singles chart in that same year for 8 weeks.

Yoko Ono announces she is having John Lennon's baby

Yoko Ono became pregnant a few weeks after John Lennon had divorced his former wife Cynthia. Unfortunately, later in November, she suffered the miscarriage of a male child. Seven years later, she gave a birth to their only son Sean.

The Rolling Stones appear on The Ed Sullivan Show

The band appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show and because of the pandemonium surrounding the Stones, Sullivan banned them from his show. However, he booked them for an appearance the next year. Their second LP, 12 X 5, which was only available in the US, was released during the tour. During the early Stones' releases, Richards was typically credited as "Richard".


First domestic microwave oven was sold by Tappan. Microwave oven uses electromagnetic radiation with frequencies between 300 MHz and 300 GHz to heat or cook food. The radiation induces polar molecules (mainly water) to rotate. This produces the thermal energy. The discovery of microwave oven was a by-product of radar research in World War 2.

Soft rock singer Chris Norman is born

Christopher Ward Norman is an English soft rock singer. Norman was the lead singer of Smokie, an English soft rock band from Bradford, which found success in Europe in the 1970s. With the advent of rock and roll, Norman acquired his first guitar at the age of 7. His early musical influences were Elvis Presley, Little Richard and Lonnie Donegan.

First kamikaze attack of World War II

Kamikaze were suicide attacks by Japanese aviators against Allied vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign. They were used to destroy vessels more effectively than was possible with conventional attacks. Japan was losing the war but refused to surrender, which led to the use of kamikaze tactics.

Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy sign a treaty of cooperation

The first step to establish the Axis powers was the treaty signed by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. The second step was the Anti-Comintern Pact between Germany and Japan.

Creator of the first videogame

American physicist William Higinbotham was born. He created the first videogame ever, simple tennis simulation, called Tennis for two. The game was played on the screen of oscilloscope. Tennis court was viewed from the side. Higinbotham built the game with technician Robert V. Dvorak in three weekends.

Long-distance aviator

US navy officer Richard E. Byrd was born. He developed two air navigation instruments: bubble sextant and a drift indicator. Byrd made a number of long-distance flights. He claimed that his expeditions had been the first to reach both the North Pole and the South Pole by air. It is, however, not sure whether he reached the North Pole.

Pablo Picasso is born

Pablo Ruiz Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, and for the invention of constructed sculpture.

Pioneer and founder of Dodge brand is born

Together with his brother Horace, they originally started with bicycle business. After some years, they sold the business and began making parts for the automobile industry which made them a Ford Motor Company supplier. Eventually, they left Ford and formed Dodge Brothers to start their own line.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1984

Katy Perry

died 2015

Flip Saunders

born 1881

Pablo Picasso