Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Keira Knightley makes her Broadway debut

Keira Knightley beamed during the curtain call of Thérèse Raquin at Studio 54 after making her official Broadway debut in Manhattan Thursday. However, while the 30-year-old actress may have received a warm reception on the night, the critics have been left less than impressed.

Ferrari announces a plan to split with parent Fiat

The separation began 1 year later with a restructuring that established Ferrari N.V. as the new holding company of the Ferrari group and the following sale by Fiat Chrysler Automobiles of 10 percent of the shares in an initial public offering and concurrent listing of common shares on the New York Stock Exchange.

Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag is released

Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag was released worldwide for PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360. It is the sixth major installment in the Assassin's Creed series. The plot is set in a fictional history of real-world events and follows the centuries-old struggle between the Assassins, who fight for peace with free will, and the Templars, who desire peace through control.

Battlefield 4 is released

Battlefield 4 was met with positive reception when released. It was praised for its multiplayer mode, gameplay and graphics, but was also criticized for its short and shallow single-player campaign mode, and for its numerous bugs and glitches. It was a commercial success, selling over 7 million copies.

Snapchat is released as an Android app

Snapchat is an image messaging mobile application created by former students of Stanford University Evan Spiegel, Bobby Murphy, and Reggie Brown. Its main feature is that messages are only available for a short time and subsequently they become inaccessible.

"Finian's Rainbow" opens in a Broadway revival

A fully staged Broadway revival opened at the St. James Theatre with most of the Encores! cast and director-choreographer Carlyle returning. Notable replacements to the cast were Christopher Fitzgerald as Og the leprechaun, David Schramm as Senator Rawkins and Chuck Cooper as Rawkins transformed into a black man.

Kylie Minogue is honoured with the Music Industry Trust prize

Pop star Kylie Minogue has been honoured with a prestigious music industry award at a London ceremony. She was presented with the Music Industry Trust prize for her 20-year career and status as an icon of pop and style. Past winners of the award, which raises money for music charities, include Sir Elton John and Peter Gabriel.

Video game Call of Duty is released

Call of Duty is a first-person shooter video game developed by Infinity Ward and published by Activision. It is the first installment in the Call of Duty franchise, released for Microsoft Windows. The game simulates infantry and combined arms warfare of World War II using a modified version of the id Tech 3 engine.

GTA: Vice City is released

Grand Theft Auto: Vice City is an action-adventure video game developed by Rockstar North and published by Rockstar Games. It was released for the PlayStation 2, for Microsoft Windows, and for the Xbox. It is the sixth title in the Grand Theft Auto series. The game is played from a third-person perspective, and its world is navigated on foot or by vehicle.

Sherie Rene Scott plays the title role in "Debbie Does Dallas"

Debbie Does Dallas: The Musical is an Off-Broadway musical with a book by Susan L. Schwartz, composed by Andrew Sherman, with Tom Kitt and Jonathan Callicutt providing additional music and lyrics. It is based on the 1978 pornographic film Debbie Does Dallas. Sherie Rene Scott starred in the musical as Debbie.

Space flight at seventy seven

American astronaut John Glenn was launched into space aboard Space Shuttle Discovery. He was 77 at that time. In 1962 Glenn was the fifth person and first American in space (aboard Mercury-Atlas 6). The main purpose of his journey was to test influence of space flight conditions on an elderly person.


Gianluigi Buffon makes his international debut aged only 19

Buffon was called up for a record of 5 FIFA World Cup tournaments, since making his debut in 1997; he was an unused substitute in the 1998 edition. He was the starting goalkeeper of the squad that won the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany. He also represented Italy at 4 European Championships, at the 1996 Olympics, and at two FIFA Confederations Cups.

Enya starts a three week run at #1 on the UK singles chart

Orinoco Flow is a song by the Irish singer-songwriter and musician Enya, released on Warner Music internationally and by Geffen Records in the US. It was released as the lead single from her 2nd studio album, Watermark. It topped the UK singles chart for 3 weeks and received two Grammy Award nominations for Best Music Video and Best New Age Performance at the 32nd Annual Grammy Awards.

Swedish singer-songwriter Tove Lo was born

Ebba Tove Elsa Nilsson, known professionally as Tove Lo, is a Swedish singer and songwriter. She was born and raised in the affluent Djursholm district of Danderyd Municipality, just north of Stockholm, where she graduated from musical magnet school Rytmus Musikergymnasiet. Lo rose to fame with the release of her debut album, Queen of the Clouds.

Margaret Thatcher opens the last stretch of the M25 motorway

The M25 is a 117-mile motorway that encircles almost all of Greater London. It is one of the busiest of the British motorway network and is known for frequent traffic jams. After the Berliner Ring, which is 122 miles long, the M25 is the 2nd longest orbital road in Europe.

Islands In The Stream goes to #1 hit on the US singles chart

"Islands in the Stream" is a song written by the Bee Gees and sung by American country music artists Kenny Rogers and Dolly Parton. The song reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the US, giving both Rogers and Parton their 2nd pop number-one hit. It also topped the Country and Adult Contemporary charts.

Moon crash

NASA deliberately crashed its probe Lunar Orbiter 1 into the Moon surface. The probe orbited Moon for nearly seventy eight days. It took 42 high-resolution and 187 medium-resolution photos. It covered five million square kilometres (13 percent) of the Moon's surface. It also measured radiation intensity and micrometeoroid impacts.

The Who release the single ´My Generation´in the UK

My Generation is a song by the English rock band The Who, which became a hit and one of their most recognizable songs. The song was named the 11th greatest song by Rolling Stone on its list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time and 13th on VH1's list of the 100 Greatest Songs of Rock & Roll. It is also inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.

Carmaker Lamborghini incorporated

The company was founded by an Italian manufacturing magnate Ferruccio Lamborghini who wanted to compete with already established brands such as Ferrari. During its 1st decade, Lamborghini grew rapidly, however sales decreased because of the oil crisis of the 70s.

Israel invades Egypt; Suez Crisis begins

The Suez Crisis was an invasion of Egypt by Israel, followed by the UK and France with the aim to regain Western control of the Suez Canal and to remove Egyptian President from power. All three nations withdrew the invasion a week later.

The first instrumental composition ever tops Billboard Top 100

"Autumn Leaves" is a popular song. Originally it was a 1945 French song, "Les Feuilles mortes", with music by Hungarian-French composer Joseph Kosma - derived from a ballet piece of music. It topped the Billboard 100 as the first instrumental composition ever.

Killer smog in Pennsylvania claims elderly victims

A smog that occurred because of hydrogen fluoride and sulfur dioxide emissions intensified by a temperature inversion resulted in many people coughing and showing signs of respiratory sickness. In the end, 20 people were killed and about 7,000 more were sickened. The event is pictured in the Donora Smog Museum.

Trial of art forger Han van Meegeren begins in Amsterdam

Han van Meegeren was an art forger who was accused of selling a real Dutch painting to Hermann Göring during the Nazi Occupation of the Netherlands, which officials did not approve. However, van Meegeren had sold only forgery, hence he was convicted just on falsification and was sentenced for one year only.

English musician Peter Green is born

Peter Green is a British blues-rock guitarist. As the founder of Fleetwood Mac, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998. Green's songs, such as Albatross, Black Magic Woman, Oh Well and Man of the World, appeared on the record charts, and several have been adopted by a variety of musicians. Green was a major figure in the "second great epoch" of the British blues movement.

Black Tuesday

The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as the Stock Market Crash of 1929 or the Great Crash, is the stock market crash that occurred in late October, 1929. It started on October 24 and continued until October 29, 1929, when share prices on the New York Stock Exchange collapsed.

Oral contraceptive inventor

Bulgarian-American chemist, novelist, and playwright Carl Djerassi was born. He worked for pharmaceutical company Syntex. His team synthesized progestin analogue norethisterone. It later became part of the first oral contraceptive pill. Except of chemistry Djerassi wrote several novels and plays and published poems.

Comedienne Fanny Brice is born

Fanny Brice was an American illustrated song model, comedienne, singer, theater, and film actress who made many stage, radio, and film appearances and is known as the creator and star of the top-rated radio comedy series The Baby Snooks Show. 13 years after her death, Brice was portrayed on the Broadway stage by Barbra Streisand in the 1964 musical Funny Girl.

Dinosaur digger

American palaeontologist Othniel Marsh was born. He described many iconic dinosaur species, for example Triceratops or Stegosaurus. He also found bones of early horses and flying reptiles. Marsh competed with other palaeontologist Edward Drinker Cope in 1870s to 1890s. This period is known as the Bone Wars.

Mozart's opera "Don Giovanni" premieres in Prague

The opera was commissioned as a result of the overwhelming success of Mozart's trip to Prague in January and February 1787. The subject matter may have been chosen in consideration of the long history of Don Juan operas in Prague; the genre of 18th century Don Juan opera originated in Prague. The opera was first performed under its full title of Il dissoluto punito ossia il Don Giovanni.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1942

Bob Ross

born 1971

Winona Ryder

born 1983

Johnny Lewis