Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Broadway revival of "Les Liaisons Dangereuses" opens

The production officially opened after previews on Broadway. Tony Award winners Janet McTeer and Liev Schreiber star as La Marquise de Merteuil and Le Vicomte de Valmont, respectively, in Christopher Hampton's play about sexual intrigue in 18th century France.

Adele goes to #1 on the UK singles chart with 'Hello'

3 days after its release, the Official Charts Company announced that "Hello" had accumulated 165,000 chart sales in the UK, of which 156,000 were downloads. "Hello" was the 2nd biggest selling number one of the 21st century in the UK, beaten only by Shaggy's "It Wasn't Me",

Revival of "The Real Thing" opens at the American Airlines Theatre

A Broadway revival opened at Broadway's American Airlines Theatre, produced by the Roundabout Theater Company and directed by Sam Gold. Ewan McGregor and Maggie Gyllenhaal starred as Henry and Annie, with Josh Hamilton as Max and Cynthia Nixon, who played the role of Debbie in the original Broadway production, as Charlotte. Unlike previous productions, it received mostly negative reviews.

Need for Speed: Most Wanted is released

Need for Speed: Most Wanted was well received by critics at E3 2012 and was awarded with "Best Racing Game" as well as a nomination for "Best Online Multiplayer Game" from Game Critics Awards. Previewers who had access to Need for Speed: Most Wanted called the game a spiritual successor to Criterion's Burnout Paradise, rather than the original Most Wanted from 2005.

Assassin's Creed III is released

Assassin's Creed III is an action-adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft. The plot is set in a fictional history of real-world events and follows the centuries-old struggle between the Assassins, who fight for peace with free will, and the Templars, who desire peace through control. It was a massive commercial success, selling more than 12 million copies worldwide.

George Lucas sells Lucasfilm to Walt Disney for $4.05 billion

As George Lucas was planning to retire, he sold the rights to Star Wars and Indiana Jones, including Lucasfilm's operating businesses in live-action film production, consumer products, video games, animation, visual effects, and audio post-production.

The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 1 premieres

The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 1 earned a franchise-best $291.0 million on its worldwide opening weekend, marking the tenth-largest worldwide opening of all time. It reached $500 million worldwide in 12 days, a record time for the franchise. It ranks as the fourth-highest-grossing film of 2011 worldwide and the second-highest-grossing film of the franchise.


Del Piero becomes Juventus all-time leading goal-scorer

Alessandro recorded his 179th Serie A goal, helping his side to a 2–1 win at Milan, breaking the record of club legend Giampiero Boniperti as Juventus's top scorer in Serie A, and further cementing his status as the most prolific goalscorer in Juventus history.

Dresden Frauenkirche church is reconsecrated

The Dresden Frauenkirche church was destroyed in the bombing of Dresden during WWII and was rebuilt after the reunification of Germany. The church was reconsecrated with festive services taking place on Reformation Day, a Protestant religious holiday.

"Wicked" opens at the Gershwin Theatre

The original production of Wicked premiered on Broadway at the Gershwin Theatre after completing pre-Broadway tryouts at San Francisco's Curran Theatre. Its original stars included Idina Menzel as Elphaba, Kristin Chenoweth as Glinda, and Joel Grey as the Wizard. The original Broadway production won 3 Tony Awards and 6 Drama Desk Awards.

Strategy video game Age of Mythology is released

Age of Mythology is a real-time strategy video game developed by Ensemble Studios and published by Microsoft Game Studios. It was released in North America and a week later in Europe. Age of Mythology was commercially successful, going platinum four months after its release after selling over 1 million units.

Civilization III is released

Sid Meier's Civilization III is the 3rd installment of the Sid Meier's Civilization turn-based strategy video game series. Unlike the original game, Civilization III was not designed by Sid Meier, but by Jeff Briggs, a game designer, and Soren Johnson, a game programmer.

All four original members of Black Sabbath reunite

In 1998, Ozzy Osbourne, Tony Iommi, Geezer Butler and yes, Bill Ward, went on David Letterman show to perform “Paranoid.” The appearance was to promote their then new live release of album Reunion. The album was released by Epic Records.

The Album "Different Class by Pulp" is released

Different Class is the 5th studio album by English Britpop band Pulp. It was released on Island Records in the UK. The album was a critical and commercial success, entering the UK Albums Chart at number 1 and winning the 1996 Mercury Music Prize. It has been certified 4 times platinum and had sold 1,300,000 copies in the UK.

Quebec referendum

It was the second referendum to ask voters in the province of Quebec Voters whether Quebec should proclaim national sovereignty and become an independent country. Voters of Quebec decided with a 50.6% majority that Quebec will not proclaim national sovereignty and will not become an independent country. Voting featured the largest voter turnout in Quebec's history (93.52%).

The first small drill hole

A two-inch diameter pilot hole allowed the service tunnel to break through without ceremony. The Eurotunnel was officially opened four years later by Queen Elizabeth II and the French president François Mitterrand in a ceremony held in Calais. A full public service started several months later.

Bouncing bomb inventor dies

English engineer Barnes Wallis died. He constructed a special bomb which jumped to the target across water. The British used these bombs in the World War 2 to attack dams on the Ruhr River (called Operation Chastise). Wallis also designed an earthquake bomb and a new type of airframe. He also contributed to the design of first swing-wing aircrafts.


The Rumble in the Jungle

The challenger Muhhamad Ali knocked out undefeated world heavyweight champion George Foreman in the boxing event called the Rumble in the Jungle, held in Zaire. Ali put Foreman down slightly before the end of the 8th round. For a well-known boxing promoter Don King, this was one of his 1st ventures.

John Lennon's album 'Imagine' goes to #1 on the UK album chart

Imagine is John Lennon's second studio album after his departure from the Beatles. The album went to number 1 worldwide and became an enduring seller, with the title track reaching number 3 in the United States. "Imagine" would not be issued as a single in Britain until 4 years later, to coincide with the release of Lennon's Shaved Fish singles collection.

Most powerful nuke ever

Soviet Union detonated the Tsar Bomba (also referred to as Kuzkina mat) at Severny Island, part of Novaya Zemlya. It was a hydrogen bomb. Its yield was 58 megatons of TNT, 3900 times bigger than Hiroshima bomb and around 10 percent of the combined yield of all nuclear tests to date. The yield could be even bigger: 100 megatons. But the Russians were afraid of such explosion.


Argentinian footballer Diego Maradona is born

Diego Maradona was the 1st player in the history of football to set the world record transfer fee twice. Together with Pelé they were awarded as FIFA Player of the 20th century. He also served as a manager and coach at various clubs and the national team of Argentina.

Cliff Richard and the Shadows are at #1 on the UK singles chart

"Travellin' Light" is a UK No. 1 single recorded by Cliff Richard and The Shadows. It was the follow-up single to Richard's first No. 1, "Living Doll" and remained at No. 1 for 5 weeks. "Travellin' Light" was also a Number 1 hit in Ireland and Norway, selling 1.59m copies worldwide.

American singer Grace Slick is born

Grace Barnett Slick is an American singer-songwriter, musician, artist, and former model, widely known in rock and roll history for her role in San Francisco's burgeoning psychedelic music scene in the mid-1960s. Her music career spanned four decades. She performed with The Great Society, Jefferson Airplane, Jefferson Starship, and Starship.

Most-used writing instrument

American inventor John J. Loud patented the ballpoint pen. The patent was not commercialised. Modern ballpoint pen was patented later, in 1938 by Hungarian journalist and inventor László Bíró. It was 22 years after Loud's death. Today, the ballpoint pen is the most used writing instrument worldwide.

Power loom inventor dies

English inventor Edmund Cartwright died. He constructed the first power loom. Hid did it twice. His first loom design from 1784 was unsuccessful. So he designed it again five years later. This time he succeeded. His invention revolutionised weaving, especially when combined with Watts’s steam engine.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous