Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

A truck drives in a crowd of people in Lower Manhattan

A man drove a rented pickup truck into cyclists and runners for about one mile of the Hudson River Park's bike path alongside West Street from Houston Street south to Chambers Street in Lower Manhattan, New York City. The vehicle-ramming attack killed eight people, six of whom foreign tourists, and injured eleven others.

Terorrist plane attack

An Airbus A321-231 operating the Metrojet Flight 9268 was destroyed by a bomb above the northern Sinai following its departure from Sharm El Sheikh International Airport, Egypt, en route to Pulkovo Airport, Saint Petersburg, Russia. All 224 passengers and crew who were on board were killed.

One Direction break

One Direction played the final gig of their world tour before their self-proclaimed extended break. After more than 80 shows across 20 countries, their On The Road tour came to an end in Sheffield. From this point on, the band only have a few one-off appearances at music awards shows before they go their separate ways in March 2016.

'Ash vs Evil Dead' is released on Starz

Ash vs Evil Dead is an American comedy horror television series developed by Sam Raimi, Ivan Raimi, and Tom Spezialy for the Starz network filmed in New Zealand. It is set in Raimi's Evil Dead universe, with Bruce Campbell reprising his role as Ash Williams, and acts as a sequel to the original trilogy.

Hugh Jackman returns to Broadway

Jackman returned to Broadway in the new play, The River, which ran at the Circle in the Square Theatre to February 2015. Theater critics expressed frustration in London that so few people got to see The River in its limited run, for which only same-day tickets were available.

VSS Enterprise crashes

Private spaceplane VSS Enterprise developed by Virgin Galactic for private space flights suffered a breakup during one of its test flights. One pilot died and the other suffered heavy injuries. Later investigation concluded that the breakup was the result of the premature activation by Alsbury of the air brake device used for atmospheric re-entry.

The global population of humans reaches seven billion

A former United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon gave a speech on this milestone and promoted the website 7 Billion Actions. Although some groups proposed candidates for a symbolic seven billionth baby, Ban Ki-moon did not choose any.

Yen reaches its all-time high versus USD

The strong yen undermined revival for the nation's exporters, which make much of Japan's economic growth, by making their products less competitive in foreign markets. As a result, the Japanese government weakened the yen.

Kim Kardashian files for a divorce from Kris Humphries

After 72 days of marriage, she filed for divorce from Humphries, citing irreconcilable differences. Several news outlets surmised that Kardashian's marriage to Humphries was merely a publicity stunt to promote the Kardashian family's brand and their subsequent television ventures.

'The Walking Dead' first airs on the AMC

The Walking Dead is post-apocalyptic horror television series. The episode "Days Gone Bye" was written by Frank Darabont. The premiere was massively promoted and achieved a viewership of 5.35 million.

The Crash of EgyptAir 990

EgyptAir Flight 990 was a regularly scheduled flight from Los Angeles International Airport, United States, to Cairo International Airport, Egypt. The Boeing 767 operating the route crashed into the Atlantic Ocean about 60 miles south of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts, killing all 217 passengers and crew on board.

Chart history is made

When the UK Top 5 singles chart was made up entirely of new entries. Alanis Moríssette went in at No.5 (´Thank U´), Culture Club at No.4 (´I Just Wanna Be Loved´), U2 at No.3 (´Sweetest Thing´), George Michael at No.2 (´Outside´) and Cher with 'Believe' at No.1. It made Cher (who was 52) the first female artist to have a No.1 single over the age of 50

Guitarist Slash announces he was no longer in Guns N' Roses

With the band's failure to collaborate resulting in no album being recorded, Slash announced that he was no longer a part of Guns N' Roses. Slash stated at the time "Axl and I have not been capable of seeing eye to eye on Guns N' Roses for some time. We tried to collaborate, but at this point, I'm no longer in the band."

Rapper Tupac Shakur charged with aggravated assault

Tupac Shakur was riding in a car which passed and almost struck two drunk off-duty police officers, who begun to argue with the driver. That led to Shakur shooting both officers. Later, however, prosecutors dropped all charges against both parties.

Actor River Phoenix dies of a drug overdose at the age of 23

Phoenix collapsed and died of combined drug intoxication following a drug overdose on the sidewalk outside the West Hollywood nightclub The Viper Room at the age of 23. At the time of his death, Phoenix was acting in Dark Blood, which was released in 2012.

Boyz II Men are at #1 on the UK and US singles chart

The single was recorded by American R&B group Boyz II Men for the Boomerang soundtrack. It was written and produced by Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, L.A. Reid and Daryl Simmons. In the US, "End of the Road" spent a then record-breaking 13 weeks at number 1 on the US Billboard Hot 100, Internationally, "End of the Road" reached number 1 in Australia, UK and the Hot 100 Eurochart.

Christians admit mistake

The Vatican released statement that Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei was right in saying that Earth orbits the Sun. In 1633 the church forced Galileo to repel under the threat of torture and sentenced him to home arrest until death. Galileo used this arrest to write one of his most famous books, Two New Sciences.

Assassination of Indira Gandhi

Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated at 9:20 a.m. on 31 October 1984 at her residence in Safdarjung Road, New Delhi. She was killed by her bodyguards Satwant Singh and Beant Singh in the aftermath of Operation Blue Star, the Indian Army's June 1984 assault on the Golden Temple in Amritsar which left the Sikh temple heavily damaged.

Led Zeppelin start a four week run at #1 on the US album chart

Led Zeppelin III is the eponymous 3rd studio album by the English rock band Led Zeppelin. It showed a progression from straightforward rock towards folk and acoustic music. The album was one of the most anticipated of 1970. It was an immediate commercial success upon release and topped the UK and US charts.

The Supremes start a four week run at #1 on the US singles chart

Baby Love is a song recorded by the American music group the Supremes in 1964 for their 2nd studio album titled Where Did Our Love Go. It was written and produced by Motown's main production team Holland–Dozier–Holland. Baby Love topped the Billboard pop singles chart in the US and in the UK pop singles chart concurrently.

'You'll Never Walk Alone' is #1 on the UK singles chart

In the UK, the song's most successful cover was released by the Liverpudlian Merseybeat group Gerry and the Pacemakers, peaking at number 1 on the UK singles chart for 4 consecutive weeks. Sung by Liverpool fans in 1963, the song quickly became the anthem of Liverpool F.C. and is sung by its supporters moments before the start of each home game.

Hurricane Hattie strikes Belize killing more than 300 people

Hurricane Hattie came from an area of low pressure that turned into a tropical storm over the southwestern Caribbean Sea. The storm quickly became a hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 160 mph. Hattie totally killed 319 people, most of them in Belize and some in Guatemala and Honduras.

Joseph Stalin's body is removed from the Lenin's Mausoleum

Shortly after his death, the Soviet Union went through a period of de-Stalinization. Malenkov denounced the Stalin personality cult, which was subsequently criticised in Pravda. Stalin's body was then removed from the mausoleum and buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis next to the Kremlin walls, the location marked only by a simple bust.


Earl Lloyd becomes the 1st black player in the NBA

Earl Lloyd was the 1st black person to play in an NBA game. It was a game between the Washington Capitols and the Rochester Royals. Three more African Americans played in the same season. Lloyd experienced some issues with racism, he was refused service multiple times and was spit on by a fan.

Mount Rushmore is completed

Sculptor Gutzon Borglum created the sculpture's design and oversaw the project's execution from 1927 to 1941 with the help of his son Lincoln Borglum. The sculpture features the 60-foot heads of Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln.

Battle of Britain ends in defeat for Nazi Germany

Battle of Britain was a military campaign fought entirely by air forces. Royal Air Force defended the UK against the German Air Force attacks.

Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy

Benito Mussolini came in power after the March on Rome, which resulted in the resignation of liberal Prime Minister Luigi Facta and the National Fascist Party taking control over the Kingdom of Italy. Mussolini was supported even by the king Victor Emmanuel III, who thought he would restore law and order in the country.

Dedication of the Lincoln Highway

The Lincoln Highway was one of the earliest transcontinental highway routes for automobiles across the United States of America. Conceived in 1912 by Indiana entrepreneur Carl G. Fisher, the Lincoln Highway ran coast-to-coast from Times Square in New York City west to Lincoln Park in San Francisco, originally through 13 states.

Mascagni's opera 'L'amico Fritz' premieres at the Teatro Costanzi

L'amico Fritz is an opera in 3 acts by Pietro Mascagni, from a libretto by P. Suardon, based on the French novel L'ami Fritz by Émile Erckmann and Pierre-Alexandre Chatrian. While the opera enjoyed some success in its day and is probably Mascagni's most famous work after Cavalleria Rusticana. The opera was first performed in Rome at the Teatro Costanzi.

Dunlop’s great idea

Scottish veterinary surgeon John Dunlop patented his pneumatic tires. He had a son whom a doctor recommended to ride a tricycle. Dunlop did not want his son to ride on bumping bare metal wheels. So he put a rubber tube on it. Unbeknown to Dunlop, the same device was already patented by Robert William Thomson.

Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state

Nevada is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast, and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 32nd most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U.S. states.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous