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Yen reaches its all-time high versus USD

The strong yen undermined revival for the nation's exporters, which make much of Japan's economic growth, by making their products less competitive in foreign markets. As a result, the Japanese government weakened the yen.

Assassination of Indira Gandhi

Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated at 9:20 a.m. on 31 October 1984 at her residence in Safdarjung Road, New Delhi. She was killed by her bodyguards Satwant Singh and Beant Singh in the aftermath of Operation Blue Star, the Indian Army's June 1984 assault on the Golden Temple in Amritsar which left the Sikh temple heavily damaged.

Joseph Stalin's body is removed from the Lenin's Mausoleum

Shortly after his death, the Soviet Union went through a period of de-Stalinization. Malenkov denounced the Stalin personality cult, which was subsequently criticised in Pravda. Stalin's body was then removed from the mausoleum and buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis next to the Kremlin walls, the location marked only by a simple bust.

Battle of Britain ends in defeat for Nazi Germany

Battle of Britain was a military campaign fought entirely by air forces. Royal Air Force defended the UK against the German Air Force attacks.

Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy

Benito Mussolini came in power after the March on Rome, which resulted in the resignation of liberal Prime Minister Luigi Facta and the National Fascist Party taking control over the Kingdom of Italy. Mussolini was supported even by the king Victor Emmanuel III, who thought he would restore law and order in the country.

Dedication of the Lincoln Highway

The Lincoln Highway was one of the earliest transcontinental highway routes for automobiles across the United States of America. Conceived in 1912 by Indiana entrepreneur Carl G. Fisher, the Lincoln Highway ran coast-to-coast from Times Square in New York City west to Lincoln Park in San Francisco, originally through 13 states.

Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state

Nevada is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast, and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 32nd most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U.S. states.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous