Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"King Charles III" opens on Broadway

King Charles III is a play that centers on the reign of King Charles III of the UK, written by Mike Bartlett. More than a year after its premiere at the Almeida Theatre in London, the play transferred to Broadway. It was a limited engagement with the original London cast. Broadway premiere took place at the Music Box Theatre.

"The Heiress" opens at the Walter Kerr Theatre

The Heiress is an adaptation of the novel Washington Square by Henry James. The play tells the story of young Catherine Sloper who took her revenge on man that left her. After its original release, it was revived 4 times on Broadway. The 4th revival ran for over 3 months at the Walter Kerr Theatre.

Scientists detect evidence of light from the universe's first stars

Scientists used NASA’s Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope and focused at high-energy gamma rays. They have managed to measure the light from the stars that existed when the universe was younger than 4 billion years. It was reported that this could help with the understanding of the evolution of galaxies and forming of stars.

Uncharted 3: Drake's Deception is released

An American video game developer studio Naughty Dog released the sequel to the 2nd game in the Uncharted series. Sony Computer Entertainment was the sole publisher of the game. Uncharted 3 became one of the best-reviewed games after its release, with a score of 92 on Metacritic. It sold 3.8 million copies on launch.

Shannon Tavarez dies

Shannon Tavarez was an American child actress and singer, known for her appearance in the Broadway production of The Lion King. Tavarez had been diagnosed with an aggressive form of leukemia. She died at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New Hyde Park, NY. The burial took place at Greater Allen AME Cathedral in Queens, NY.

Yas Hotel Abu Dhabi is opened

Yas Hotel Abu Dhabi is located within the Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi. The hotel, designed by Hani Rashid and Lise Anne Couture, principals of New York-based Asymptote Architecture, consists of two twelve-story hotel towers, one set within the race circuit and another placed in the Marina itself.

First intruduction of Bitcoin in academic paper

The word bitcoin first occurred and was defined in the white paper that was published in 2008. It's a compound of the words bit and coin. The white paper frequently uses the shorter coin. Some sources use Bitcoin, capitalized, to refer to the technology and network and bitcoin, lowercase, to refer to the unit of account.

Deep explorer dies

Swiss oceanographer and engineer Jacques Piccard was the first who reached the floor of the Mariana Trench (with Don Walsh). They descended in the Trieste bathyscaphe. Jacques Piccard belonged to the famous family. His father was physicist and balloonist Auguste Piccard, grandfather chemist Jules Piccard, etc.

Super Mario Galaxy is released

Super Mario Galaxy was released by Nintendo as the 3rd 3D game in Super Mario series. The game is set in space that consists of galaxies with different planets. The game was highly successful at its release, winning multiple “Game of the Year” titles. It also won the British Academy Games Award for Best Game.

Call of Duty 2: Big Red One is released

Call of Duty 2: Big Red One was released as an expansion of the original CoD 2 game, released in the same year. The game developed by Treyarch was published by Activision for GameCube, PS2, and Xbox. The story focuses on the Us Army’s 1st Infantry Division, nicknamed Big Red One and their indifferent campaigns of WWII.

Counter-Strike: Source is released

Counter-Strike: Source is a remake of the original CS game in the Source game engine. It was released by Valve Corporation, few months after the release of a beta version. CS: Source got an aggregate score of 88 on Metacritic, which was based on reviews of 9 critics. The skill ceiling is believed to be lower than in the original.


Walter Payton dies at 45

Walter Jerry Payton was an American football running back who played for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League for thirteen seasons. Payton was known around the NFL as "Sweetness". After struggling with the rare liver disease primary sclerosing cholangitis for several months, Payton died from cholangiocarcinoma, aged 45.

Aqua starts a four-week run at #1 on the UK singles chart

Barbie Girl was written by Søren Rasted, Claus Norreen, René Dif, and Lene Nystrøm, after Rasted attended an exhibition, which featured Barbie dolls. The song is included on the album Aquarium and achieved to sell more than 8 million copies worldwide.

"Titanic" premieres at the Tokyo International Film Festival

Titanic is an American epic romance-disaster film directed, written, co-produced and co-edited by James Cameron. The film premiered at the Tokyo International Film Festival, where the reaction was described as "tepid" by The New York Times.

The new generation chip for Windows era

A 6th generation x86 microprocessor developed and manufactured by Intel introduced in 1995 launched the P6 microarchitecture and was originally intended to replace the original Pentium in a full range of applications. While the Pentium and Pentium MMX had 3.1 and 4.5 million transistors, the Pentium Pro contained 5.5 million transistors.

The Maastricht Treaty comes into effect

The Maastricht Treaty included the 3 pillars structure of the European Union and led to the creation of the single European currency, the euro. The creation of the pillar system aimed to extend the relations of the member states to the areas of foreign policy, military, criminal justice, and judicial cooperation.

"Thriller" single is released worldwide by Michael Jackson

Thriller, composed by Rod Temperton, is the 7th and final single released from Jackson's studio album of the same name. The song includes sound effects such as a creaking door, thunder, feet walking on wooden planks, winds and howling dogs.

The first Asian car company produces cars in the US

Honda, a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation is primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment started as a first Asian manufacturer its production on the U.S. soil in Marysville, Ohio. The plans to construct a $35 million motorcycle plant were announced few years before, in 1977.


Professional ice hockey team Edmonton Oilers is founded

The Edmonton Oilers were founded by William Hunter and Dr. Chuck Allard. The team is based in Edmonton, Alberta and they are among the teams of Pacific Division of the Western Conference of the NHL. They were originally members of Western Hockey League until they were admitted to NHL, thanks to having Gretzky on their team.

"Cool Hand Luke" is released

Cool Hand Luke is an American prison drama film directed by Stuart Rosenberg. starring Paul Newman and featuring George Kennedy in an Oscar-winning performance. The film is about Luke, who is a prisoner in a Florida prison camp, where he refuses to accept the system.

Red Hot Chili Peppers lead singer Anthony Kiedis is born

Anthony Kiedis has been a frontman of the Red Hot Chilli Peppers since 1983. In addition to his work with the Red Hot Chili Peppers, Kiedis has also acted, appearing in movies such as The Chase, Point Break, and Tough Guys. Throughout his life, he has battled drug addiction, including heroin and cocaine.

American businessman and engineer Tim Cook is born

Timothy Donald Cook is an American business executive, industrial engineer, and developer. He was born in Mobile, Alabama, baptized in a Baptist Church and grew up in nearby Robertsdale. His father, Donald, was a shipyard worker, and his mother, Geraldine, worked at a pharmacy


Protective mask for the first time in an NHL

Following his nose injury, Jacques Plante introduced the mask as everyday equipment, and it is now mandatory equipment for goaltenders. Plante developed and designed the 1st mask by himself with some help from other experts.


Hockey Night in Canada makes its debut

Hockey Night in Canada is a presentation of the NHL by Canadian TV. It is primarily associated with Saturday night NHL broadcasts on CBC TV. The games were originally broadcasted by radio. CBC began airing the matches, but only 1 game each Saturday. That changed in the 90s when they began broadcasting more of them.

United States tests first hydrogen bomb

The U.S. hydrogen bomb named Ivy Mike was detonated on the island of Elugelab in Enewetak Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. Because of its physical size, Ivy Mike was only intended as an extremely conservative proof of concept experiment to validate the concepts used for multi-megaton detonations.

An attempt to assassinate President Harry S. Truman

A pair of Puerto Rican pro-independence activists, Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola carried out the second assassination attempt on Truman while he resided at Blair House. The attackers mortally wounded White House Police officer Leslie Coffelt who succumbed to his injuries 4 hours later. President Truman was not harmed.

Larry Flynt is born

Larry Flynt, president of Larry Flynt Publications, was born in Lakeville, Kentucky. Flynt was raised solely by his mother during his early years. He used a counterfeit birth certificate to join the US Army at the age of 15. After being honorably discharged, he opened several bars, followed by creating his Hustler Newsletter later.

Holography pioneer is born

American physicist Stephen A. Benton was interested in various ways of imaging. He invented the rainbow holograms, which could be viewed under the visible light illumination. Before his invention, holograms were visible only with laser light. He held 14 patents in optical physics and photography.

T. S. Eliot's play "Murder in the Cathedral" premieres in London

Murder in the Cathedral is a verse drama that portrays the assassination of Archbishop Thomas Becket in Canterbury Cathedral in 1170. In the 1st performance of the drama, Robert Speaight played the role of Becket. Later, the production moved to the Mercury Theater in London.

Airship record flight

German rigid airship Graf Zeppelin docked in Friedrichshafen, after a 9,926 km flight from Lakehurst. New Jersey. The flight took seventy one hours. It was the longest recorded airship flight for 29 years, until it was surpassed by the American airship Snowbird in 1957. Graf Zeppelin was captained by Hugo Eckener during its record flight.


Boston Bruins officially join the NHL as the first USA team

The Boston Bruins are a professional ice hockey team based in Boston, Massachusetts. They are members of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League. The team has been in existence since 1924 and is the league's third-oldest team overall and the oldest in the United States.

George Bernard Shaw's "John Bull's Other Island" premieres

John Bull's Other Island is a comedy about Ireland, that premiered at the Royal Court Theatre under the Vedrenne-Baker management. As the play was dealing with the Iris question of the time, it was seen by many major British personalities involved in politics.


Italian football club Juventus F.C. is founded

Juventus was founded by a group of Torinese students with the name of Sport-Club Juventus, originally as an athletics club. It was renamed to Foot-Ball Club Juventus 2 years later. They joined the Italian Football Championship during the following year. Juventus won their first league championship in 1905.

The man who solved continental puzzle

German scientist Alfred Wegener was born. He contributed in many fields, hut is best known for his theory of continental drift. He published it in 1912 but it was not accepted until the 1950s. Wegener was not the first to notice that the edges of the continents fit together. But he was the first to gather the evidence.

Stephen Crane is born

Stephen Crane was an American poet and novelist. His 1st novel was a tale called Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, which was generally considered to be the 1st work of American literary Naturalism. His writing style is often characterized by vivid intensity, unique dialects and irony.

William Shakespeare's tragedy "Othello" premieres

Othello is a tragedy revolving around two central characters, a Moorish general in the Venetian army Othello and his unfaithful ensign Iago. The 1st performance of Othello took place at Whitehall Palace.

Sistine Chapel ceiling opens to public

The Sistine Chapel is located in the Apostolic Palace in Vatican and was opened under the patronage of Pope Julius II. The chapel is famous for its ceiling and The Last Judgment fresco by Michelangelo. Nowadays, it is the site of the Papal conclave, the process by which a new pope is selected.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1986

Penn Badgley

born 1996

Lil Peep