Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

'Call of Duty: WWII' is released

Call of Duty: WWII is a first-person shooter video game developed by Sledgehammer Games and published by Activision. It was released worldwide for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. It is the 14th main installment in the Call of Duty series and the first title in the series to be set primarily during World War II since Call of Duty: World at War.

"Sweat" opens Off-Broadway at the Public Theater

Sweat is a play by Pulitzer Prize-winning American playwright Lynn Nottage. The play premiered at the Oregon Shakespeare Festival in 2015 and subsequently was produced Off-Broadway and on Broadway. The play is centered on the working class of Reading, Pennsylvania.

'Need for Speed' is released

Need for Speed is an online open world racing video game developed by Ghost Games and published by Electronic Arts, released for PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. It is the 22nd installment in the Need for Speed series, and is a reboot of the franchise. It marks the series' second 8th generation installment.

'Anno 2205' is released

Anno 2205 is a city-building and economic simulation game, with real-time strategy elements, developed by Blue Byte and published by Ubisoft. 2205 is the 6th game of the Anno series, and was released worldwide. As with Anno 2070, the game is set in the future, with players having the opportunity to set up colonies on the moon.

One World Trade Center officially opens

One World Trade Center is the main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City. It is the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, and the sixth-tallest in the world. After its opening, the employees of Condé Nast, American mass media company, moved into spaces spread among 24 floors.

Typhoon Haiyan is formed

Typhoon Haiyan originated from an area of low pressure several hundred kilometers east-southeast of Pohnpei in the Federated States of Micronesia. On making landfall, Haiyan devastated portions of Southeast Asia, particularly the Philippines.

"Other Desert Cities" opens on Broadway

Other Desert Cities is a play by Jon Robin Baitz. The play started playing at Broadway marking the Broadway debut of a Baitz play. The play was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize for Drama. Other Desert Cities involves a family with differing political views and a long-held family secret.

The U.S. Federal Reserve plans to buy $600 billion in bonds

The U.S. Federal Reserve System held between $700 billion and $800 billion of Treasury notes on its balance sheet before the recession. In 2008, the Federal Reserve started buying $600 billion in mortgage-backed securities and in 2009, it held $1.75 trillion of bank debt, mortgage-backed securities, and Treasury notes.

'Dragon Age: Origins' is released

Dragon Age: Origins is a role-playing game developed by BioWare and published by Electronic Arts. It is the first game in the Dragon Age franchise. Origins received critical acclaim upon release, with praise mostly directed at its story, setting, characters, music, and combat system. It sold more than 3.2 million copies and 1 million pieces of downloadable content.

Revival of "Sweeney Todd" opens on Broadway

A version of the John Doyle West End production transferred to Broadway, opening at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre with a new cast, all of whom played their own instruments, as had been done in London. The production ran for 349 performances and 35 previews, and was nominated for 6 Tony Awards, winning 2: Best Direction of a Musical for Doyle and Best Orchestrations for Sarah Travis

'Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets' the film is released

The film became a critical and commercial success, grossing $879 million at the box office worldwide. It was the second highest grossing film of 2002 behind The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers. It was nominated for many awards including the BAFTA Award for Best Production Design, Best Sound, and Best Special Visual Effects.


Wrestler “The Body” is elected governor of Minnesota

Jesse Ventura first entered politics as Mayor of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota. Later, he was the Reform Party candidate in the Minnesota gubernatorial election, running a low-cost campaign which turned out to be very successful as he defeated both the Democratic and Republican candidates.

'The Nanny' first airs on CBS

The Nanny is an American TV sitcom which originally aired on CBS, starring Fran Drescher as Fran Fine, a Jewish fashion queen from Flushing, New York who becomes the nanny of three children from the New York/British high society. The show earned a Rose d'Or and one Emmy Award, out of a total of 12 nominations,

Whitney Houston records her version of iconic single

Whitney Houston recorded her version of the song for the 1992 film The Bodyguard. Her single spent 14 weeks at number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart making it one of the best-selling singles of all time. It also holds the record for being the best-selling single by a woman in music history.

The first rap record to top the Billboard singles chart

Ice Ice Baby was based on the bassline of a song Under Pressure by Queen and David Bowie. The song was originally released on Vanilla Ice's debut album Hooked and it's his best known song. Its success in the charts helped to introduce hip hop to a mainstream audience.

The UK's first oil pipeline for transporting oil

The Queen has formally begun the operation of the UK's first oil pipeline at a £500,000 ceremony in Scotland. The 130-mile (209-kilometre) pipeline from Cruden Bay to Grangemouth has been built by British Petroleum (BP).The pipeline serves the Forties oilfield 110 miles east of Aberdeen, which the company discovered six years ago.

Battle of Dak To begins

The Battle of Dak To was a series of major events during the Vietnam War. It was an offensive action by People's Army of Vietnam aimed to distract American and South Vietnamese forces away from cities to the borders as a preparation for later Tet Offensive campaign.

The Soviet Union launches the first animal into space

Laika was a stray dog from the streets of Moscow and became the first animal to orbit the Earth. Although Laika died after few hours from overheating, this experiment provided some data on how living organisms react to spaceflight environments, which was useful for planning of subsequent human missions.

The first 'Godzilla' is released

Godzilla is a Japanese kaiju film produced and distributed by Toho. The film was directed by Ishirō Honda, with special effects by Eiji Tsuburaya. Because of the popularity it gained, the film was followed by 27 Toho sequels, 3 American re-productions, and 2 American films.

Newspaper mistakenly declares Dewey president

In the presidential elections, Thomas Dewey was projected both by pollsters and the press as the winner. The newspaper Chicago Daily Tribune printed its post-election headline stating Dewey Defeats Truman in 150,000 copies in advance, however, the winner was Harry Truman.

Freezer age begins

American inventor and entrepreneur Clarence Birdseye started to sell first frozen food. He learned the technique from Labrador Inuit. They were putting freshly caught fish in ice to freeze them. Birdseye started a company Birdseye Seafoods that sold frozen fish fillets and vegetables. The frozen food industry was born.

The Chevrolet Motor Car Co. is founded in Detroit

In 1911, Swiss race car driver and automotive engineer Louis Chevrolet co-founded the Chevrolet Motor Company in Detroit with William C. Durant and investment partners William Little (maker of the Little automobile), James H. Whiting, Dr. Edwin R. Campbell (son-in-law of Durant) and in 1912 R. S. McLaughlin CEO of General Motors in Canada.

Battle of Mentana

The Battle of Mentana was fought in 1867 near the village of Mentana between French-Papal troops and the Italian volunteers led by Giuseppe Garibaldi, who were attempting to capture Rome, then the main centre of the peninsula still outside of the newly unified Kingdom of Italy. The battle ended in a victory by the French-Papal troops.

Henry VIII becomes Head of Church of England

Parliament recognised the King's status as head of the church in England and, with the Act in Restraint of Appeals in 1532, abolished the right of appeal to Rome. It was only then that Pope Clement took the step of excommunicating Henry and Thomas Cranmer, although the excommunication was not made official until some time later.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous