Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald" premieres

Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald is an upcoming fantasy movie directed by David Yates, with a screenplay by J. K. Rowling. A joint British and American production, it is the sequel to Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them. It is the second installment in the Fantastic Beasts movie series and the 10th overall in the Wizarding World franchise.


World record for surfing the biggest-ever wave

38-year-old Brazilian surfer Rodrigo Koxa caught an 80-foot tall wave in Praia do Norte off the coast of Nazaré, Portugal. The World Surf League gave him the Quiksilver XXL Biggest Wave Award padded with a $25,000 prize. Koxa’s ride also broke a Guinness World Record for the biggest wave ever surfed.

Total signs a $2 billion contract to develop Iran's gas fields

Iran signed a multi-billion dollar deal Monday with French oil firm Total and Chinese state oil company CNPC. Working with Iran's Petropars, the companies further developed the country's giant South Pars gas field. This marked Iran's first major Western investment since sanctions were eased on the country in early 2016.

Toblerone changes shape of their chocolate bars

In 2016, a larger gap was introduced between each section of the triangular prism, in two of the bars in the United Kingdom. This was done in order to cut the weight of the bars and reduce costs while retaining the same package size. This change reduced the weight of what had been the 400g (now 360g) and 170g (now 150g) bars.

Angry Birds Star Wars is released

Angry Birds Star Wars is a puzzle video game, a crossover between the Star Wars franchise and the Angry Birds series of video games, launched first for Windows, iOS and Android devices, later also to Mac and BlackBerry. The game is the 6th Angry Birds game in the series. The characters are copyrighted from George Lucas's double-trilogy.

"Annie" opens in a new production on Broadway

A 35th Anniversary production of Annie opened on Broadway. Thomas Meehan revised the musical and James Lapine directed. The revival started previews at the Palace Theatre where it officially opened later on, receiving mostly mixed reviews. Notable replacements include Jane Lynch and Faith Prince as Miss Hannigan.

Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 is released

Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 is a first-person shooter video game, developed by Infinity Ward and Sledgehammer Games, with assistance from Raven Software, and published by Activision. The game was released worldwide for Microsoft Windows, the Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, and Wii.

New major gas pipeline between Russia and EU opens

Nord Stream is an offshore natural gas pipeline from Vyborg in the Russian Federation to Greifswald in Germany that is owned and operated by Nord Stream AG. The pipeline was officially inaugurated by the German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and French Prime Minister François Fillon at the ceremony held in Lubmin.

"Young Frankenstein" opens at the Hilton Theatre

Young Frankenstein is a musical with a book by Mel Brooks and Thomas Meehan, and music and lyrics by Brooks. After tryouts in Seattle and 4 weeks of previews, the musical opened on Broadway to mixed reviews. The Broadway production closed in 2009 after 30 previews and 484 performances.

"How the Grinch Stole Christmas!" opens

Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas! The Musical, simply How the Grinch Stole Christmas! The Musical, is a seasonal musical adaptation of the Dr. Seuss book of the same title. The Broadway production debuted at the Foxwoods Theatre for the Christmas season and closed in January 2007. This production is notable for being the first Broadway musical to offer 12 performances a week.

Guitar Hero is released

Guitar Hero is a music rhythm video game developed by Harmonix and published by RedOctane for the PlayStation 2 video game console. It is the first entry in the Guitar Hero series. The game's development was a result of collaboration between RedOctane and Harmonix to bring a Guitar Freaks-like game to America.

Broadway revival of "The Women" opens

The Women is originally a 1936 American play, a comedy of manners by Clare Boothe Luce. It is billed as a commentary on the pampered lives and power struggles of various wealthy Manhattan socialites and up-and-comers and the gossip that propels and damages their relationships. A revival of this play opened in American Airlines Theatre.

Three Gorges

China began to block the main channel of the Yangtze River. It was a preparation for construction of the Three Gorges Dam. The dam body was completed in 2006. Last water turbine was completed in 2012. Three Gorges is the largest power station in the world. Its height is 181 m, installed capacity 22,500 MW.

Hurricane Gordon is formed

Hurricane Gordon was the 12th tropical cyclone of the season affecting several countries in Central America and southeastern countries of the USA. It reached peak winds of 85 mph and caused deaths of 1,152 people and a damage of $594 million.


Tennis player Betty Nuthall dies

Betty Nuthall was a successful English tennis player. Known for her powerful forehand, according to Wallis Myers of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, Nuthall was ranked in the world top ten in 1927, 1929 through 1931, and 1933. She died at the age of 72 in New York of a coronary arrest.

Tom Stoppard's "Night & Day" premieres in London

Night and Day is a play by Tom Stoppard. The sets and costumes were designed by Carl Toms and it ran for two years at the Phoenix Theatre in central London, UK. The play is post-colonial in nature, a satire on the British news media, and an exploration of its discourse.

Slipknot singer Corey Taylor is born

Corey Taylor was named the 7th greatest heavy metal frontman by New Musical Express. Besides Slipknot, he is also a lead singer of the alternative metal band Stone Sour. In 2015, Taylor provided the roars for the character of The Fisher King in one of the Doctor Who episodes.

American actress Tara Reid is born

Tara Donna Reid is an American actress. She is known for playing Vicky in the American Pie series and Bunny Lebowski in The Big Lebowski. She had her own reality travel show on the E! network called Taradise in 2005 and was a housemate on the British reality series Celebrity Big Brother 8.

David Bowie makes his US TV debut

Fame was written by David Bowie, Carlos Alomar, and John Lennon. It was the first Bowie's number one hit on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, as well as his first to break the top 10. The song is one of four of Bowie's songs to be included in The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll.

HBO launches its broadcasting

The first program and movie distributed on the channel, the 1971 film Sometimes a Great Notion, starring Paul Newman and Henry Fonda, was transmitted that evening to 325 Service Electric subscribers in Wilkes-Barre. Home Box Office distributed its first sports event immediately after the film.

British chef Gordon Ramsay is born

Gordon Ramsay is known for his fiery temper, strict demeanor, and use of expletives. Ramsay's restaurants were awarded 16 Michelin stars. In 2015, Forbes listed his earnings at $60 million for the previous 12 months and ranked him the 21st highest-earning celebrity in the world.

Kennedy defeats Nixon in the presidential elections

Both Kennedy and Nixon experienced the first presidential debates in U.S. history. Kennedy defeated Nixon only by 49.7% to 49.5% as for the popular vote and by 303 votes to 219 votes from the Electoral College. Kennedy then became the youngest person ever elected to the presidency.

Sartre's "La Putain Respecteuse" premieres in Paris

The Respectful Prostitute is a French play by Jean-Paul Sartre, which observes a woman, a prostitute, caught up in a racially tense period of American history. The tale takes a brief look at the loss of freedom in a cruel world. The play premiered at the Théâtre Antoine-Simone Berriau in Paris.

Computer chip inventor is born

American engineer Jack Kilby, together with Robert Noyce, made the first integrated circuit ever. It is the set of electronic circuits on a small flat piece of semiconductor material, usually silicon. These circuits do something together. Kilby also invented a handheld calculator and the thermal printer.

The man who transplanted heart is born

Christiaan Barnard was a South African surgeon. In 1967 he made the first human to human heart transplant in history. The patient, Louis Washkansky, died of pneumonia. It was a consequence of a therapy by immunosuppressants. Barnard also invented therapy for intestinal atresia (a malformation of the intestine).

Novelist Margaret Mitchell is born

Margaret Mitchell was an American author and journalist. She was born into a wealthy and politically prominent family. Her father, Eugene Muse Mitchell, was an attorney, and her mother, Mary Isabel Stephens, was a suffragist. Margaret won the National Book Award for Most Distinguished Novel of 1936 and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.


Wilhelm Röntgen discovered the X-rays. Röntgen was not first who observed them, but he was the first who studied them systematically. He wrote about his experiments to other physicists, including Lord Kelvin. Röntgen gave X-rays their name. In many countries, X-rays are, however, called Röntgen rays or Röntgen radiation.

Dracula creator is born

Abraham "Bram" Stoker was an Irish author, best known today for his Gothic novel Dracula. During his lifetime, he was better known as the personal assistant of actor Henry Irving and business manager of the Lyceum Theatre in London, which Irving owned.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous