Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

'The Grinch' is released in the US

The Grinch is an American 3D computer-animated Christmas movie produced by Illumination Entertainment. Based on the 1957 Dr. Seuss book How the Grinch Stole Christmas!, it is the third screen adaptation of the story, following the television special from 1966 and the live-action feature-length film from 2000.

Revival of 'Once on This Island' begins previews on Broadway

Once on This Island is a one-act musical with a book and lyrics by Lynn Ahrens and music by Stephen Flaherty. Based on the 1985 novel My Love, My Love; or, The Peasant Girl by Rosa Guy, it is set in the French Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean Sea. The musical opened on Broadway after being in previews at the Circle in the Square Theatre.


WADA recommends Russia to be banned from athletics

World Anti-Doping Agency's independent commission published a 323-page report concerning wide-spread doping of Russian athletes, which was followed by the International Association of Athletics Federations suspending Russia from world track and field events.

'Call of Duty: Black Ops' is released

Call of Duty: Black Ops is a first-person shooter video game, developed by Treyarch and published by Activision. It was released worldwide for Microsoft Windows, the PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, and Wii, with a separate version for Nintendo DS developed by n-Space. Set in the 1960s during the Cold War, the game's campaign follows CIA operative Alex Mason as he attempts to recall certain memories in combat in order to locate a numbers station.

'Need for Speed: Underground 2' is released

Need for Speed: Underground 2 is a cross-platform racing video game and the 8th installment in the popular Need for Speed driving game series published and developed by Electronic Arts. It is the direct sequel to Need for Speed: Underground and is part of the Need for Speed series, available on Microsoft Windows, Game Boy Advance, GameCube, PlayStation 2, Xbox, PlayStation Portable, Nintendo DS and mobile phones.

'Halo 2' is released

Halo 2 is a first-person shooter video game developed by Bungie. Released for the Xbox video game console, the game is the second installment in the Halo franchise and the sequel to 2001's critically acclaimed Halo: Combat Evolved. The game features a new game engine, as well as using the Havok physics engine; added weapons and vehicles, and new multiplayer maps.

'Zoo Tycoon 2' is released

Zoo Tycoon 2 is a video game developed by Blue Fang Games and published by Microsoft Game Studios and MacSoft. Originally released for Windows, Zoo Tycoon 2 is also available for Windows Mobile, PDA, and Mac OS X, although expansions are not included in the Mac version. The object of the game is to build and operate a zoo by creating exhibits and aquariums.

The first version of Mozilla Firefox is released

Firefox was released in 2004 and was highly successful with 60 million downloads within nine months, which was the first time that Internet Explorer's dominance was challenged. Firefox is considered the spiritual successor of Netscape Navigator, as the Mozilla community was created by Netscape in 1998 before their acquisition by AOL.

Video game 'Counter-Strike' is released

Counter-Strike is a first-person shooter video game developed by Valve Corporation. It was initially developed and released as a Half-Life modification by Minh "Gooseman" Le and Jess Cliffe in 1999 before Le and Cliffe were hired and the game's intellectual property acquired. The game spawned a franchise and is the first installment in the Counter-Strike series. Several remakes and ports of Counter-Strike have been released on the Xbox console, as well as OS X and Linux.

East Germany permanently opens the Berlin Wall

The East German regime announced 10 new border crossings, including the significant locations of Potsdamer Platz, Glienicker Brücke, and Bernauer Straße. The Berlin Wall was demolished over the following days and weeks.


Garry Kasparov becomes the youngest World Chess Champion

At the time of the match, Karpov had a FIDE rating of 2720, while Kasparov had a rating of 2700. Karpov was 34 years old, which made him 12 years older than Kasparov. Because of the time pressure, Karpov made a decisive error on move 36. Subsequently, Kasparov won the World Championship after Karpov resigned on move 42.

The movie 'A Nightmare on Elm Street' is first released

A Nightmare on Elm Street is an American slasher movie written and directed by Wes Craven and produced by Robert Shaye. The plot focuses on four teenagers who are invaded and killed in their dreams, thus killed in reality, by a burnt killer with a bladed glove. After the release, the movie grossed over $25 million at the US box office.

The first issue of Rolling Stone magazine is published

Rolling Stone magazine was founded in San Francisco by Jann Wenner and Ralph J. Gleason. The first issue was in newspaper format with a lead article on the Monterey Pop Festival. In the beginning, the magazine was known for its musical coverage and for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson.

Laser is described

Physics student Gordon Gould described in his notebook a new method of producing coherent monochromatic light. He called it “light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation (laser).” Unfortunately for Gould, two other scientists, Charles Townes and Arthur Schawlow, already patented laser independently. It took a long time for Gould to be recognized as one of the laser inventors.


Army vs. Notre Dame football game

The game between Army and Notre Dame was a college football game that ended in a scoreless tie. Both teams finished the season undefeated with this one tie, but it was Notre Dame that was awarded the national championship by the Associated Press. The game is regarded as one of the 20th century Games of the Century.

Night of Broken Glass

Kristallnacht or Reichskristallnacht, also referred to as the Night of Broken Glass, Reichspogromnacht or simply Pogromnacht, and Novemberpogrome, was a pogrom against Jews throughout Nazi Germany on 9–10 November 1938, carried out by SA paramilitary forces and German civilians. The German authorities looked on without intervening. The name Kristallnacht comes from the shards of broken glass that littered the streets after the windows of Jewish-owned stores, buildings, and synagogues were smashed.

Radiation from space

American physicist Robert A. Millikan confirmed the extra-terrestrial origin of cosmic rays. Previous attempts to do this were inconclusive. Cosmic rays are coming from outside of the solar system. They most often consist of protons. When cosmic rays reach Earth's atmosphere, they produce showers of secondary particles.

Dietsch's opera 'Le vaisseau fantôme' premieres in Paris

Le vaisseau fantôme is an opera in 2 acts and three tableaux by Pierre-Louis Dietsch to a French libretto by Paul Foucher and Bénédict-Henry Révoil, based on Captain Marryat's novel The Phantom Ship, Sir Walter Scott's The Pirate, as well as tales by Heinrich Heine, James Fenimore Cooper, and Wilhelm Hauff. It was premiered at the Paris Opera at the Salle Le Peletier and received 12 performances.

Medici Family is expelled from Florence

Pieros poor handling of the situation and failure to negotiate better terms led to an uproar in Florence, and the Medici family fled. Their palazzo was looted, and the substance, as well as the form of the Republic of Florence, was re-established, with the Medici formally exiled. A member of the Medici family was not to rule Florence again until 1512.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1841

Edward VII

born 1914

Hedy Lamarr

born 1973

Nick Lachey