Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar


Italy fail to qualify for World Cup for the first time in half a century

After a 1–0 aggregate loss to Sweden in 2017, Italy failed to qualify for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, the first time they failed to qualify for the World Cup since 1958. Immediately following the match, veterans Giorgio Chiellini, Andrea Barzagli, Daniele De Rossi and captain Gianluigi Buffon all declared their retirement from the national team.

Paris terror attacks

The November 2015 Paris attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks that occurred in Paris, France and the city's northern suburb, Saint-Denis. The attackers killed 130 people, including 90 at the Bataclan theatre. Another 413 people were injured, almost 100 seriously. Seven of the attackers also died, while the authorities continued to search for accomplices.

ISIS announces an intention to mint its own currency

ISIS announced a plan to reinstate ancient Islamic dinar by minting its own gold, silver, and copper coins. The currency, based on the original dinar coins used during the Caliphate of Uthman in 634 AD, was supposed to include seven minted coins: two gold, three silver and two copper.

Revival of 'The Mystery of Edwin Drood' opens on Broadway

The Mystery of Edwin Drood is a musical based on the unfinished Charles Dickens novel The Mystery of Edwin Drood. It is written by Rupert Holmes and was the first Broadway musical with multiple endings. Holmes received Tony Awards for Best Book and Best Original Score. The musical won five Tony Awards out of eleven nominations, including Best Musical and Best Leading Actor.

Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck marries Jetsun Pema

The wedding of Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, King of Bhutan, and Jetsun Pema took place at the Punakha Dzong in Punakha, Bhutan. The current King of Bhutan, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, married Jetsun Pema, who became Queen Jetsun Pema Wangchuck. Both are descendants of the 48th Druk Desi of Bhutan and 10th Penlop of Trongsa, Jigme Namgyal.

Al Pacino starts in 'The Merchant of Venice' on Broadway

Pacino returned to the stage in the summer of 2010, playing Shylock in the Shakespeare in the Park production, The Merchant of Venice. The acclaimed production moved to Broadway at the Broadhurst Theatre, earning US$1 million at the box office in its first week. The performance also garnered him a Tony Award nomination for Best Leading Actor in a Play.

'Billy Elliot' opens on Broadway

Billy Elliot the Musical is a musical based on the 2000 film Billy Elliot. The music is by Elton John, and the book and lyrics are by Lee Hall, who wrote the film's screenplay. The plot revolves around Billy, a British motherless boy who trades boxing gloves for ballet shoes. The musical premiered at the Victoria Palace Theatre in London's West End and was nominated for 9 Laurence Olivier Awards, winning 4, including Best New Musical.

'Assassin's Creed' is released

Assassin's Creed is an action-adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft. It is the first installment in the Assassin's Creed series. The game was released for PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 and Microsoft Windows. Since the release and success of Assassin's Creed II, subsequent games have been released, with various other Assassins and time periods.

'Crysis' is released

Crysis is a first-person shooter video game developed by Crytek and published by Electronic Arts for Microsoft Windows. It is the first game in the Crysis series. A separate game entitled Crysis Warhead was released and follows similar events as Crysis but from a different narrative perspective. At the time Crysis was released, and years thereafter, it has been praised for its milestones in graphical design.

Google completes YouTube aquisition

Google completed its $1.65 billion stock acquisition of YouTube. When Google acquired YouTube, YouTube had already become the leading video platform in the world. Back then, it was Google's second-largest acquisition.

Rap artist Ol’ Dirty Bastard collapses and dies

ODB collapsed at approximately 4:35 pm, two days before his 36th birthday, at RZA's recording studio. The official cause of death was a drug overdose; an autopsy found a lethal mixture of cocaine and the prescription drug tramadol. The overdose was ruled accidental and witnesses say Ol' Dirty Bastard complained of chest pain on the day he died.

Eminem releases single 'Lose Yourself'

"Lose Yourself" is a song by American rapper Eminem from the soundtrack to the motion picture 8 Mile. The song was written by Eminem and produced by Eminem along with longtime collaborator Jeff Bass, one half of the production duo Bass Brothers, and Luis Resto. It was released as the lead single from the soundtrack.

Shakira releases album 'Laundry Service'

Laundry Service is the 5th studio album by Colombian singer and songwriter Shakira, globally released by Epic Records. It is her first album to be primarily recorded in English. The title of the album was chosen to reflect Shakira's views on love and music.

'Toy Story 2' premieres in the US

Toy Story 2 is an American computer-animated comedy film produced by Pixar Animation Studios for Walt Disney Pictures. Directed by John Lasseter and co-directed by Lee Unkrich and Ash Brannon, it is the sequel to 1995's Toy Story. The film held its official premiere at the El Capitan Theatre in Los Angeles.

'The Lion King' opens on Broadway

The Lion King is a musical based on the 1994 Disney animated feature film of the same name with music by Elton John and lyrics by Tim Rice along with the musical score created by Hans Zimmer with choral arrangements by Lebo M. It is Broadway's third longest-running show in history, and has grossed more than $1 billion, making it the highest grossing Broadway production of all time.

'GoldenEye' is released

GoldenEye is the seventeenth spy film in the James Bond series to be produced by Eon Productions and the first to star Pierce Brosnan as the fictional MI6 officer James Bond. The film was directed by Martin Campbell and is the first in the series not to take story elements from the works of novelist Ian Fleming.

Voters in Sweden decide to join the European Union

The 83.3% of voters expressed their opinion in a Swedish referendum on membership in the European Union with 52.3% for and 46.8% against. As a result, Sweden joined the European Union in January next year.


World heavyweight championship

Evander Holyfield vs. Riddick Bowe was a professional boxing match that took place in Las Vegas, Nevada. The fight was contested for the undisputed world heavyweight championship, which consisted of the WBA, WBC, IBF and Lineal championships. Bowe defeated Holyfield by unanimous decision, winning all three judge's scorecards by scores of 117–110, 117–110 and 115–112.

The first webpage in history is created

The world's first website was invented by a British computer scientist Tim Berners Lee at research lab CERN. The site still exists and can be found at info.cern.ch. The website provides information about the world wide web.

Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupts

The Armero tragedy was one of the major consequences of the eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz stratovolcano in Tolima, Colombia. After 69 years of dormancy, the volcano's eruption caught nearby towns unaware, even though the government had received warnings from multiple volcanological organizations to evacuate the area after the detection of volcanic activity two months earlier.

View of the rings

NASA Voyager 1 has sent pictures of Saturn. The probe viewed the structure of the rings in detail. It also measured the composition of Saturn’s atmosphere, length of the day on Saturn, etc. Voyager 1 also observed moons of Saturn, especially the largest, Titan. The probe is still active. In 2012 it left the heliosphere.


Darryl Dawkins dunks and breaks his first backboard

Darryl Dawkins broke the backboard in a game against the Kansas City Kings, sending the Kings' Bill Robinzine ducking. He did it again 3 weeks later in a game against the San Antonio Spurs. Subsequently, the NBA created a new rule that breaking a backboard was an offense that would result in a fine and suspension.

East Pakistan is devastated by a tropical cyclone

A tropical cyclone named Bhola caused deaths of about 500,000 people, which is why it remains the deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded. Most deaths resulted from the storm surge that flooded much of the low-lying islands of the Ganges Delta.

'March Against Death' is held in Washington DC

The March against Death included over 40,000 demonstrators who gathered to parade down Pennsylvania Avenue to the White House. Each person bore a placard with the name of a dead American soldier or a destroyed Vietnamese village. The march finished in front of the Capitol, where the placards were put in coffins.

Kirk Douglas stars in 'One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest'

The 1963–64 Broadway production starred Kirk Douglas as Randle Patrick McMurphy. Douglas retained the rights to make a film version of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest for a decade but was unable to find a studio willing to make it with him. Eventually, he gave the rights to his son Michael, who succeeded in getting the film produced. At that time, Kirk Douglas was deemed too old for the role of McMurphy, and the role was given to Jack Nicholson.

Walt Disney's animated musical 'Fantasia' is first released

Fantasia was first released in theatrical roadshow engagements held in 13 U.S. cities in 1940. While acclaimed by critics, it was unable to make a profit due to WW II cutting off distribution to the EU market, the film's high production costs, and the expense of leasing theatres and installing the Fantasound equipment for the roadshow presentations.

Automatic milking device

American dairyman, and later politician, Henry W. Jeffers invented the Rotolactor. It was a device which made possible to milk 1,680 cows in seven hours. It was a great rotating platform, looking like a marry-go-round. Fifty cows were milked and washed in just twelve and a half minutes. Similar machines in today’s milking industry are called rotary milking parlors.

Conrad's 'Heart of Darkness' is first published in one volume

Heart of Darkness is a novel about a voyage up the Congo River into the Congo Free State, narrated by Charles Marlow, who tells the story to his friends aboard a boat anchored on the River Thames in London. The novel's central idea is that there is little difference between civilized people and those described as savages.

Sandwich inventor

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich did not want to leave the gambling table, so he ordered meat between two slices of bread. Everybody around the table started to order “The same as Sandwich” and so the sandwich was born. The story, however, could not be verified. John Montagu served as the first lord of the Admiralty during the American Independence War. James Cook named Hawaii after him, Sandwich Islands.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous