Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"The Last Kingdom" returns for a 3rd season

The Last Kingdom is a British historical fiction television series. The series is set in the late 9th century AD when England is divided into 7 separate kingdoms. The Anglo-Saxon lands are gradually attacked, plundered, and effectively ruled by Viking Danes in many areas. The Kingdom of Wessex remains the last major stronghold against the Danes. A 3rd season will air exclusively on the streaming service.

The movie "Frozen" premieres in Hollywood

Frozen is an American 3D computer-animated musical fantasy movie produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures inspired by Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tale "The Snow Queen". After the release, it was met with positive reviews and praise for its visuals, screenplay, themes, music, and voice acting; some film critics consider Frozen to be the best Disney animated feature film since the studio's renaissance era.

Researcher of the large molecules dies

British biochemist Frederick Sanger was interested in both main classes of large biomolecules: proteins and nucleic acids. In proteins, he was one of the researchers who described the structure of insulin. He also made a great contribution to the method of sequencing DNA. Sanger is one of the four people who won a Nobel Prize two times.

The Pike River Mine disaster

The Pike River Mine disaster was a coal mining accident that began in the Pike River Mine, 29 miles northeast of Greymouth, in the West Coast region of New Zealand's South Island. A methane explosion occurred in the mine at approximately 3:44 pm. At the time of the explosion, 31 miners and contractors were present in the mine. Two miners managed to walk from the mine; they were treated for moderate injuries and released from Greymouth Hospital the next day.

"In the Next Room" opens at Lyceum Theatre

In the Next Room is a play by Sarah Ruhl. It concerns the early history of the vibrator when doctors allegedly used it as a clinical device to bring women to orgasm as a treatment for "hysteria." Other themes include Victorian ignorance of female sexual desire, motherhood, breastfeeding, and jealousy. The play was nominated for 3 Tony Awards.

Nintendo releases the Wii

The Wii is a home video game console released by Nintendo. As a 17th generation console, the Wii competed with Microsoft's Xbox 360 and Sony's PlayStation 3. Nintendo states that its console targets a broader demographic than that of the two others. In December 2009, the console broke the sales record for a single month in the United States.

The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess is relased

The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess is an action-adventure game developed and published by Nintendo for the Wii and GameCube home video game consoles. At the time of its release, Twilight Princess was critically acclaimed, receiving a few Game of the Year awards, and is considered by many critics and players to be one of the greatest video games of all time.


The worst brawl in NBA history

A fight broke out on the court between some players in a game between the Indiana Pacers and the Detroit Pistons. Subsequently, the NBA suspended 9 players for a total of 146 games leading to $11 million in salary being lost by the players. 5 players were also charged with assault.

Half-Life: Opposing Force is released

Half-Life: Opposing Force is an expansion pack for Valve Software's science fiction first-person shooter video game Half-Life. The game was developed by Gearbox Software and Valve Corporation and published by Sierra On-Line. Opposing Force is the 1st expansion for Half-Life.

Tomb Raider: The Last Revelation is released

Tomb Raider: The Last Revelation is the 4th installment in the Tomb Raider video game series. It was developed by Core Design and published by Eidos Interactive. It was released on PlayStation, Microsoft Windows and on the Dreamcast with exclusive graphical and sound enhancements. The game was a commercial success, selling 5 million copies worldwide.


Figure skater Evgenia Medvedeva is born

Evgenia Medvedeva is a Russian figure skater. Medvedeva is the first ladies' singles skater to win senior Worlds the year after winning Junior Worlds, and the first ladies' singles skater to win 2 consecutive senior Worlds the year after winning Junior Worlds. At the 2017 World Championships, she became the first female skater to win back-to-back world titles in 16 years since Michelle Kwan.

Van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sells at auction

Self-portrait without beard was the third most expensive painting ever sold at the time. The post-impressionist painting was probably Van Gogh's final self-portrait and was given to his mother as a birthday gift.

Half-Life is released

Half-Life is a first-person shooter video game developed by Valve and published by Sierra Studios for Microsoft Windows. It was Valve's debut product and the first in the Half-Life series. Players assume the role of Dr. Gordon Freeman, who must fight his way out of the Black Mesa research facility after an experiment goes wrong, fighting enemies and solving puzzles.

"Toy Story" is released

Toy Story is a 1995 American computer-animated buddy comedy adventure film produced by Pixar Animation Studios for Walt Disney Pictures. The directorial debut of John Lasseter, Toy Story was the first feature-length computer-animated film and the first feature film produced by Pixar.


American ice hockey player Patrick Kane is born

Patrick Kane II is an American professional ice hockey right winger for the Chicago Blackhawks of the NHL. The Blackhawks selected him with the first overall pick in the 2007 NHL Entry Draft. Kane also represented the US at the 2010 and 2014 Winter Olympics. Kane has won 3 Stanley Cups as a member of the Blackhawks, in 2010, 2013 and 2015.

Reagan and Gorbachev hold their first summit meeting

The first meeting of the U.S. President and Soviet general Secretary included discussions on international diplomatic relations and the arms race, as both sides were seeking to cut the number of nuclear weapons. The summit took place in Geneva.

CBS bans Calvin Klein jean ad featuring Brooke Shields

The then 14-year-old Shields was the youngest fashion model ever to appear on the cover of Vogue. Later that same year, Shields appeared in controversial print and TV ads for Calvin Klein jeans. The TV ad included her saying the famous tagline, "You want to know what comes between me and my Calvins? Nothing.".

Egyptian president Anwar el-Sadat visits Israel

Anwar Sadat was the first Arab leader, who officially visited Israel. He met with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, with whom he spoke about ways to achieve a peace to the Arab–Israeli conflict. The Peace treaty was signed 16 months later in Washington, D.C.

"One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" is released

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest is an American comedy-drama film directed by Miloš Forman, based on the 1962 novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey. The film stars Jack Nicholson and features a supporting cast of Louise Fletcher, William Redfield, Will Sampson, and Brad Dourif.

The second Moon landing

Apollo 12 lunar module landed on the Moon. The landing site was chosen in the neighborhood of inactive American probe Surveyor 3. The crew took pictures of the probe, removed some parts from it and took them back on Earth. Scientist found bacterium Streptococcus mitis on it and claimed that it survived two years on the Moon. Their claim was however disputed.


Pele scores his 1,000th goal

Edson Arantes do Nascimento, known as Pelé, is a Brazilian retired professional footballer who played as a forward. He is regarded by many in the sport, including football writers, players, and fans, as the greatest player of all time. In 1999, he was voted World Player of the Century by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics and was one of the two joint winners of the FIFA Player of the Century award.


Notre Dame vs. Michigan State game controversially ends

The game was played at the Spartan Stadium in Michigan. Notre Dame was coached by Ara Parseghian and Michigan State was coached by Duffy Daugherty. The tie resulted in 9–0–1 season for both Michigan State and Notre Dame and both teams shared the MacArthur Trophy at the end of the season.

American actress Jodie Foster is born

Jodie Foster is an American actress, director, and producer. She has received 2 Academy Awards, 3 British Academy Film Awards, 2 Golden Globe Awards, a Screen Actors Guild Award and the Cecil B DeMille Award. For her work as a director, Foster has been nominated for two Directors Guild of America Awards and a Primetime Emmy Award.

The first female space shuttle pilot is born

American Astronaut Eileen Collins started her carrier as an instructor pilot and mathematics professor. Then she attended the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School and later was selected as an astronaut. She flew in the Space Shuttle four times and spent 38 days 8 hours and 20 minutes in space.

English actor Jeremy Irons is born

Jeremy John Irons is an English actor. After receiving classical training at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School, Irons began his acting career on stage in 1969 and has since appeared in many West End theatre productions, including The Winter's Tale and Macbeth. In 1984, he made his Broadway debut in Tom Stoppard's The Real Thing and received a Tony Award for Best Actor.

Calvin Klein is born

Calvin Klein is an American fashion designer. In 1968, he launched the company that would later become Calvin Klein Inc. In addition to clothing, he has given his name to a range of perfumes, watches, and jewelry as well.

Emma Lazarus dies

Emma Lazarus was an American poet, who is best known for her sonnet called The New Colossus, as its line appear inscribed on a bronze plaque in the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty. The cause of her death was most likely Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Franz Schubert dies

Franz Schubert was an Austrian composer, whose output consists of over 600 secular vocal works, 7 symphonies, sacred music and operas. He is ranked among the greatest composers of the late Classical and early Romantic era. The cause of his death was officially diagnosed as typhoid fever.

New island

Christopher Columbus discovered Puerto Rico, although he named it San Juan Bautista, and founded first European colony there. The discovery was part of Columbus’s second voyage. He had 17 ships and 1200 men. There were future colonists between them: farmers, soldiers and priests. Their mission was not only to establish colonies but also to promote Christianity.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous