Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

'Sweet Charity' opens

Sweet Charity is a musical with music by Cy Coleman, lyrics by Dorothy Fields and book by Neil Simon. It was directed and choreographed for Broadway by Bob Fosse starring his wife and muse Gwen Verdon alongside John McMartin. It is based on the screenplay for the Italian film Nights of Cabiria. In 2016 the musical was produced Off-Broadway.

Adele releases album '25'

25 is the third studio album by British singer and songwriter Adele. It was released through XL Recordings nearly five years after the release and international success of her second studio album 21. The album's lyrical content features themes of Adele "yearning for her old self, her nostalgia", and "melancholia about the passage of time".

Revival of 'A Delicate Balance' opens on Broadway

A new revival directed by Pam MacKinnon ran on Broadway at the John Golden Theatre. Its last performance was February 2015. The cast featured Glenn Close as Agnes, John Lithgow as Tobias, Martha Plimpton as Julia, Lindsay Duncan as Claire, Bob Balaban as Harry and Clare Higgins as Edna.

Hertz completes acquisition of Dollar Thrifty

Under the Hertz Corporation, the Dollar Thrifty Automotive Group separated into two independent subsidiaries, Thrifty Car Rental and Dollar Rent A Car. Each of them operates with their own sales, marketing, rental fleets, and franchise locations out of Hertz’s headquarters in Florida.


Chelsea sack Roberto Di Matteo

As caretaker manager of Chelsea, Di Matteo steered the club to double title success, winning both the FA Cup and the club's first UEFA Champions League title in 2012, but was dismissed later that year. He then went on to coach Schalke 04 until 2015 when he departed after seven months in charge, and had four months as manager of Aston Villa in 2016.

Rihanna and Drake are at #1 on the US singles chart

"What's My Name?" is a song from Rihanna's fifth studio album Loud, featuring guest vocals from Drake. The song received a nomination at the 54th Grammy Awards for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration. The collaboration was originally planned to be a remix of the song, however, in the end, made the final cut on the album.


Brazil legend Socrates plays for English amateur team Garforth Town

In 2004, more than a decade after retiring, 50-year-old Sócrates agreed to a one-month player-coaching deal with Garforth Town of the Northern Counties East Football League in England. He made his only appearance for the club against Tadcaster Albion, coming on as a substitute twelve minutes from time.

The 20th James Bond movie is released

Die Another Day is the twentieth spy film in the James Bond series to be produced by Eon Productions. The film follows Bond as he leads a mission to North Korea, during which he is betrayed and, after seemingly killing a rogue North Korean colonel, is captured and imprisoned.

The first ISS module

Russian Proton rocket delivered the Zarya module for the future International Space Station on orbit. The name means “sunrise.” Zarya provided the electrical power and propulsion to the early stages of ISS. It was based on the Russian spacecraft TKS. It was a special vehicle for supplying space stations.

Sony unveils Memory Stick and memory card drive

The Memory Stick was created to be used to store, transfer, and play content such as images, sounds, and music as well as computer information including data, text, and graphics. The original Memory Stick was available in sizes up to 128 MB.

Windsor Castle catches fire

A fire broke out in Windsor Castle, the largest inhabited castle in the world and one of the official residences of Queen Elizabeth II. The castle suffered extensive damage in the fire and was fully repaired within the next few years at a cost of £36.5 million, in a project led by the conservation architects Donald Insall Associates.

Microsoft launches Windows 1.0

Windows 1.0 was the first version of the Microsoft Windows line. It ran as a graphical, 16-bit multi-tasking shell on top of an existing MS-DOS installation. It was created to run both graphical programs designed for Windows, and MS-DOS software.

Michael Jackson gets a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

Michael Joseph Jackson was an American singer, songwriter, and dancer. Dubbed the "King of Pop", he was one of the most popular entertainers in the world. Michael Jackson was presented with the 1793rd star on the Walk of Fame by mayor Johnny Grant and Bill Welsh, president of the local Chamber of Commerce.

McDonald's makes its 50 billionth hamburger

The 50 billionth hamburger was cooked and served by Rensi in New York City to Dick McDonald. The company began rapidly building new restaurants and in 1965, there were 700 McDonald's restaurants throughout the US. Now the biggest fast-food chain in the world, McDonald's serves 70 million customers every day with sales topping $24 billion last year.

Paul Simon performs duets with George Harrison

Paul Frederic Simon is an American musician, singer-songwriter and actor. He hosted NBC's Saturday Night Live where he performed live with George Harrison on ‘Here Comes The Sun’ and ‘Homeward Bound’. Paul McCartney and John Lennon were both in New York City watching the show on TV.

'Rocky' premieres in New York

Rocky is a 1976 American sports drama movie directed by John G. Avildsen and both written by and starring Sylvester Stallone. The movie, made on a budget of just over $1 million, was a sleeper hit; it earned $225 million in global box office receipts, becoming the highest-grossing movie of 1976, and went on to win three Oscars, including Best Picture.

Snowdonia becomes a British National Park

Snowdonia is a mountainous region in northwestern Wales and a national park of 823 square miles in area. It was the first to be designated of the 3 national parks in Wales. The English name for the area derives from Snowdon, which is the highest mountain in Wales at 3560 ft. In Welsh, the area is named Eryri.

Nuremberg trials begin

The Nuremberg trials were military tribunals held by the Allied forces after the WWII. The trials prosecuted important members of the leadership of Nazi Germany, who participated in the Holocaust and other war crimes.

Moscow premiere of Shostakovich's 9th Symphony

The 9th symphony was originally intended to be a celebration of the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany in World War II. 5 days after the score’s completion, Shostakovich and Sviatoslav Richter premiered the piano reduction at the Moscow Composers’ Union.

Salvador Dali's first one-man show

Salvador Dalí was a Spanish surrealist artist best known for his work The Persistence of Memory. His expansive artistic repertoire included film, sculpture, and photography, in collaboration with a range of artists in a variety of media.

E = mc2

In physics, mass-energy equivalence states that anything having mass has an equivalent amount of energy and vice versa, with these fundamental quantities directly relating to one another by Albert Einstein's famous formula E = mc².


Tour de France is create by Lefevre and Desgrange

Journalist Geo Lefevre and his editor Henri Desgrange dreamt up the Tour de France on this day to boost the circulation of their struggling daily sports newspaper. Now it is the biggest annual sporting event in the world. The race was first organized in 1903 to increase sales for the newspaper L'Auto and is currently run by the Amaury Sport Organisation. The race has been held annually since its 1st edition in 1903 except when it was stopped for the 2 World Wars.

Beethoven's only opera, 'Fidelio' premieres in Vienna

The German libretto of the opera was originally prepared by Joseph Sonnleithner from the French of Jean-Nicolas Bouilly. The libretto tells how Leonore, disguised as a prison guard named Fidelio, rescues her husband Florestan from death in a political prison.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous