Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"Robin Hood" premieres

Robin Hood is a 2018 American action-adventure movie directed by Otto Bathurst and written by Ben Chandler and David James Kelly, from a story by Chandler and based on the tale of Robin Hood. In the US and Canada, Robin Hood is released alongside Creed II and Ralph Breaks the Internet, as well as the wide expansion of Green Book.

Kwekwe stadium stampede

A stampede occurred at Mbizo Stadium in Kwekwe, Zimbabwe, killing 11 and injuring 40 people. Reuters reported that around 30,000 people attended a religious service officiated by Walter Magaya. After the service, the crowd left toward a single exit in a stampede, killing 4 immediately; 7 others were pronounced dead at a hospital.

Pharrell Williams releases "Happy"

The song Happy by Pharrell Williams appeared on the Despicable Me 2 soundtrack album and also on Williams' second studio album called Girl. The song reached number one in the USA, UK, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and 19 other countries. Happy won the Grammy Award for Best Music Video.

"Life of Pi" is released in the US

Life of Pi is an American survival drama movie based on Yann Martel's 2001 novel of the same name. Directed by Ang Lee, the film's adapted screenplay was written by David Magee. During its opening on the extended Thanksgiving weekend, the movie debuted in 2,902 theaters throughout the US and Canada and grossed US$30,573,101.

"Rise of the Guardians" has world premiere

Rise of the Guardians is an American 3D computer-animated fantasy movie based on William Joyce's The Guardians of Childhood book series and The Man in the Moon short film by Joyce and Reel FX Creative Studios. It was the 2nd film released in the firm Barco's Auro 11.1 3D audio format, after Red Tails. The movie was also shown in Dolby Atmos, a surround sound technology introduced in 2012.

Anne McCaffrey dies

Anne Inez McCaffrey was an American-born writer who emigrated to Ireland and was best known for the Dragonriders of Pern fantasy series. Her novel The White Dragon became one of the first science-fiction books to appear on the New York Times Best Seller list. She died at age 85 at her home in Ireland, following a stroke.

Ireland applies for a massive EU-IMF loan to bail-out its banks

With yields on Irish Government debt rising rapidly, it was clear that the Government would have to seek assistance from the EU and IMF, resulting in a €67.5 billion "bailout" agreement. Together with additional €17.5 billion coming from Ireland's own reserves and pensions, the government received €85 billion.

The 38th American Music Awards are held

The 38th American Music Awards were held at the Nokia Theater in Los Angeles. The most successful artists were Justin Bieber, who won four awards, and Usher and Eminem, who won two. Justin Bieber was awarded both New Artist of the Year and Artist of the Year.

Owl City are at #1 on the US singles chart with "Fireflies"

Fireflies is the debut single from American electronica project Owl City's album Ocean Eyes. The song topped the Billboard Hot 100 for 2 non-consecutive weeks. Fireflies was Owl City's only top 40 hit in the United States until 3 years later when "Good Time", a duet with Canadian singer Carly Rae Jepsen, charted at No. 8.

The Elder Scrolls IV: Knights of the Nine is released

The Elder Scrolls IV: Knights of the Nine is an expansion pack for the role-playing video game The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion. The expansion was developed by Bethesda Game Studios, and published and released in North America by Bethesda Softworks; in Europe, the game was co-published with Ubisoft.

The 34th American Music Awards are held

The 34th American Music Awards were hosted by Jimmy Kimmel. The most successful artists were The Black Eyed Peas, who won three awards, and Mary J. Blige, Red Hot Chilli Peppers, and Kelly Clarkson, who won two. Carrie Underwood was awarded New Artist of the Year.

Phil Spector is charged with murdering Lana Clarkson

In February of the same year, Lana Clarkson was found dead in the mansion belonging to record producer Phil Spector. However, Spector was finally sentenced 6 years later to 19 years to life in the California state prison system.

The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time is released

The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time is an action-adventure video game developed and published by Nintendo. In the game, the player controls the playable character Link in the land of Hyrule. In 2008 and 2010, Guinness World Records listed Ocarina of Time as the highest-rated game ever reviewed.

Muslim physicist dies

Pakistani theoretical physicist Abdus Salam died. He made major contribution to unification of two fundamental forces: the weak force and the electromagnetic force. Salam predicted the existence of new important particles, Z and W bosons (Americans Steven Weinberg and Sheldon Lee Glashow came to same conclusion). The bosons were discovered in 1983.

Donkey Kong Country is released

Donkey Kong Country is a platform game developed by Rare and published by Nintendo for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. The game centers on Donkey Kong and his nephew Diddy Kong, who are on a quest to recover their stolen banana hoard from King K. Rool and the Kremlings. Nintendo of America partnered with Kellogg's for a promotional campaign in which the packaging for Kellogg's breakfast cereals would feature Donkey Kong Country character.

Sonic the Hedgehog 2 is released

Sonic the Hedgehog 2 is a platform game developed and published by Sega for the Sega Genesis console, released worldwide. It is the second main entry in the Sonic the Hedgehog series and introduced Sonic's sidekick, Miles "Tails" Prower, controllable by a second player. In the story, Sonic and Tails must stop series antagonist Dr. Ivo Robotnik from stealing the Chaos Emeralds.

The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past is released

The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past is an action-adventure video game developed and published by Nintendo for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System video game console. Released to critical and commercial success, the game was a landmark title for Nintendo and is widely considered to be one of the greatest video games of all time. Over 4 million units of the game have been sold worldwide.

Video game Super Mario World is first released

Super Mario World is a 1990 side-scrolling platform game developed and published by Nintendo for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES). The game was released in Japan. It was one of two launch games for the SNES in Japan, along with F-Zero. The game was released in North America on August 1991. Nintendo has sold 20.61 million copies of the game worldwide, making it the bestselling game for the SNES.

Law banning smoking on U.S. domestic flights

President Bush signed a bill that banned smoking on all domestic commercial airline flights. The only exceptions were some 6-hour flights to Hawaii and Alaska. The law was resisted by the tobacco industry, however, it was signed at the time of reports on harmful impacts of smoking on public health.

Demi Moore weds Bruce Willis in Las Vegas

Moore married her second husband, actor Bruce Willis. She and Willis have 3 daughters together: Rumer, Scout and Tallulah. They announced their separation in 1998. Moore then married Ashton Kutcher with whom she also divorced after 6 years of marriage.

Singer Carly Rae Jepsen is born

Carly Rae Jepsen is a Canadian singer, songwriter, and actress. Jepsen's breakthrough came in 2012 when her single "Call Me Maybe" was boosted to significant mainstream popularity; the song became the best-selling single of that year, reaching number one in 18 countries worldwide. Jepsen has received multiple accolades, including three Juno Awards, a Billboard Music Award, and an Allan Slaight Award.

Olivia Newton-John goes to #1 on the US singles chart

Physical is a song by Olivia Newton-John for her 12th studio album Physical. It was released by MCA Records as the lead single from the project. The song was written by Steve Kipner and Terry Shaddick, who originally intended to offer it to British singer-songwriter Rod Stewart. The song was an immediate success, shipping 2 million copies in the US, being certified Platinum, and spending 10 weeks at number one on the Billboard Hot 100.

Queen and David Bowie are at #1 in the UK

Under Pressure became the Queen's second number-one hit in the UK. The song only peaked at No. 29 on the US Billboard Hot 100. The final version of the song evolved from a jam session that David Bowie had with the band at Queen's studio in Montreux in Switzerland.

The MGM Grand fire

The MGM Grand fire occurred at the MGM Grand Hotel and Casino in Paradise, Nevada. The fire killed 85 people, most through smoke inhalation. The tragedy remains the worst disaster in Nevada history, and the 3rd worst hotel fire in modern U.S. history, after the 1946 Winecoff Hotel fire in Atlanta that killed 119 people and the San Juan Dupont Plaza Hotel fire in 1986 in which 97 perished.

"Rocky" premieres in New York

Rocky is a 1976 American sports drama movie directed by John G. Avildsen and both written by and starring Sylvester Stallone. The movie, made on a budget of just over $1 million, was a sleeper hit; it earned $225 million in global box office receipts, becoming the highest-grossing movie of 1976, and went on to win three Oscars, including Best Picture.


American poker player Chris Moneymaker is born

In 2003, Chris Moneymaker won the Main Event at the World Series of Poker and he gained the first prize of $2.5 million. He was the first person to become a world champion after qualifying at an online poker site and this was his first live poker tournament.

The Birmingham pub bombings

The Birmingham pub bombings occurred when bombs exploded in two public houses in central Birmingham, England. The explosions killed 21 people and injured 182 others. The Provisional Irish Republican Army has never officially admitted responsibility for the Birmingham pub bombings, but a former senior officer of the organization confessed to their involvement in 2014.


American race car driver Ken Block is born

Kenneth "Ken" Block is a professional rally driver with the Hoonigan Racing Division, formerly known as the Monster World Rally Team. Block is one of the co-founders of DC Shoes. Block has also competed in many action sports events including skateboarding, snowboarding, and motocross.

Icelandic singer Björk is born

Björk was originally known as the lead singer of the alternative rock band The Sugarcubes. In 1993, she started her solo career, with some of her albums reaching the top 20 on the Billboard 200 chart. She is praised for her innovative vocal and compositional approaches, musical experimentation, and art direction.

Human ancestor hoax

So called Piltdown man was exposed as a fraud. Presumed human fossil was discovered in 1911 by amateur archaeologist Charles Dawson near Piltdown in East Sussex. The species was officially named Eoanthropus dawsoni and considered a 500.000 years old human ancestor. But it was a piece of human skull with the jaw of an orangutan and chimpanzee tooth.

Shostakovich's "5th Symphony" premieres in Lenningrad

The Symphony No. 5 in D minor, Op. 47, by Dmitri Shostakovich, is a work for orchestra composed between April and July 1937. Its first performance was in Leningrad by the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra under Yevgeny Mravinsky. The premiere was a huge success and received an ovation that lasted well over half an hour.

"Anything Goes" opens at the Alvin Theatre

The musical had a tryout in Colonial Theatre, before opening on Broadway at the Alvin Theatre. It ran for 420 performances, becoming the 4th longest-running musical of the 1930s, despite the impact of the Great Depression on Broadway patrons' disposable income.


The first game ever is played in the Australian Open

The Australian Open is managed by Tennis Australia, formerly the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia, and was first played at the Warehouseman's Cricket Ground in Melbourne. This facility is now known as the Albert Reserve Tennis Centre. The tournament was first known as the Australasian Championships and then became the Australian Championships in 1927 and the Australian Open in 1969.

Sound recorder

Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects. The two main classes of sound recording technology are analog recording and digital recording.


England football club Aston Villa F.C. is founded

Aston Villa Football Club is a professional football club based in Aston, Birmingham, England. The club currently competes in the Championship, the second tier of the English football league system. Since its foundation, they have played at their current home ground, Villa Park. Aston Villa was one of the founder members of the Football League in 1888 and of the Premier League in 1992.

Creator of the robotic duck dies

French inventor and artist Jacques de Vaucanson died. He was very interested in automata. He designed automatic flute and tambourine player. They were able to play twelve songs. His most famous creation is a robotic duck. Jacques de Vaucanson also designed first automatic loom. But this invention was not taken up.

French writer Voltaire is born

Voltaire was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his criticism of Christianity, especially the Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state. Voltaire was a versatile and prolific writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, historical and scientific works, and essays.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1966

Troy Aikman

born 1983

Nikki Bella

born 1945

Goldie Hawn