Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar


World Cup of Golf begins

The 2018 World Cup of Golf is a golf tournament that is played at Metropolitan Golf Club in South Oakleigh, Australia. It is the 59th World Cup. The format is 72-hole stroke play; the first and third days are four-ball, and the second and fourth days are foursomes play.

Uber admits hackers stole personal information

It was revealed that a data breach, which occurred in 2016, disclosed personal information on about 600,000 drivers and 57 million customers, including license information of drivers, and names, email addresses, and phone numbers. Uber paid a $100,000 ransom to the hackers on the promise they would delete the stolen data. The company was subsequently criticized for concealing the loss of data. CEO Dara Khosrowshahi apologized.

"Butcher of Bosnia" is convicted of genocide

Mladić was sentenced to life in prison by the ICTY for 10 charges, one of genocide, 5 of crimes against humanity and 4 of violations of the laws or customs of war. He was cleared of one count of genocide. As the top military officer with command responsibility, Mladić was deemed by the ICTY to be responsible for the Siege of Sarajevo and the Srebrenica massacre.

Shusterman's "Scythe" is published

Scythe is a young-adult novel by Neal Shusterman and is the first in the Arc of a Scythe series. It is set in the far future, where death by natural causes has been virtually eliminated thanks to advances in technology and an advanced computer system is known as "the Thunderhead" controls society. The Scythes are an independent organization tasked with deciding who must die as overpopulation has remained a problem.


Lionel Messi sets a new goal scoring record

Lionel Messi scored a hat-trick in a game against Sevilla, which made him the all-time top scorer in La Liga. He broke the 59-year record of 251 goals held by Telmo Zarra. He scored another hat-trick 3 days later and became the top scorer in the history of the Champions League as well.

Forza Motorsport 5 is released

Forza Motorsport 5 is a racing video game developed by Turn 10 Studios and published by Microsoft Studios for the Xbox One. Forza Motorsport 5 has received generally positive reviews, with aggregate review websites GameRankings and Metacritic giving a score of 79.49% and 79 out of 100, respectively. Shaun McInnis of GameSpot said the game was "built on the romantic thrill of motorsport in all its forms."

Ashlee Simpson divorces Pete Wentz

Simpson filed for divorce from Wentz, citing irreconcilable differences, and asked that her maiden name restored. The former couple released a joint statement following the announcement, stating "We remain friends and deeply committed and loving parents to our son the Bronx, whose happiness and well-being remains our number one priority."

The 37th American Music Awards are held

The 37th American Music Awards were held at the Nokia Theater in Los Angeles. For the 1st time, there was no host of the event. The most successful artists were Taylor Swift, who won five awards, and Jay-Z and The Black Eyed Peas, who won two. Michael Jackson's brother accepted his awards on his behalf.

Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany

Angela Merkel was nominated by the CDU/CSU party. The German federal election resulted in the CDU/CSU forming a grand coalition with the SPD. Merkel stated that her government will mainly attempt to reduce unemployment.

Microsoft releases the Xbox 360

The Xbox 360 is a home video game console developed by Microsoft. As the successor to the original Xbox, it is the second console in the Xbox series. The Xbox 360 was released in November in the United States and Canada. In its first year on the market, the system launched in 36 countries.

The 33rd American Music Awards are held

The 37th American Music Awards were hosted by Cedric the Entertainer. The most successful artists were Green Day, Destiny's Child, Tim McGraw, and The Black Eyed Peas, who won two awards. Sugarland was awarded as New Artist of the Year.

The Orange Revolution begins in Ukraine

The Orange Revolution took place after the Ukrainian presidential election, which was accompanied by a massive corruption and electoral fraud. Across the nation, the revolution included a series of acts of civil disobedience and general strikes.

Whitney Houston is #1 with "I Will Always Love You"

I Will Always Love You is a song originally written and recorded by an American singer-songwriter Dolly Parton. Her country version of the track was released 4 as a single. Whitney Houston recorded her version of the song for the movie The Bodyguard. Her single spent 14 weeks at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart making it one of the best-selling singles of all time.

Margaret Thatcher resigns

After Michael Heseltine launched a challenge to the leadership of Margaret Thatcher, her Cabinet persuaded her to withdraw. Thatcher's resignation was a surprise to many foreign statesmen, including Henry Kissinger and Mikhail Gorbachev. As Prime Minister, she was replaced by John Major.


The youngest Heavyweight champion in boxing history

Just 20-year-old Mike Tyson was awarded the victory against a Jamaican boxer Trevor Berbick via technical knockout in the second round. After this match, Tyson gained a great popularity and continued in a successfully started career.


South African former sprint runner Oscar Pistorius is born

Oscar Leonard Carl Pistorius is a South African former sprint runner who was convicted of murdering his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp in 2013. Both of Pistorius' feet had been amputated when he was 11 months old due to a congenital defect. Pistorius ran in both non-disabled sprint events and in sprint events for below-knee amputees.

American actress Scarlett Johansson is born

Scarlett Ingrid Johansson is an American actress and singer. Johansson is the world's highest-paid actress, has made multiple appearances in the Forbes Celebrity 100, and has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. She aspired to be an actress from a young age, and first appeared on stage in an Off-Broadway play as a child. As a public figure, Johansson is a Hollywood sex symbol.

Citric acid cycle discoverer dies

German-born British physician and biochemist Hans Adolf Krebs discovered a chemical merry-go-round inside a cell called Citric acid cycle or often Krebs cycle in his honor. Living organisms use the Krebs cycle to burn carbon atoms and generate molecule called NADH. This molecule is later used to make ATP – universal energetic currency of the cell.

Concorde starts scheduled service from Europe to the USA

Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger jet airliner that was operated until 2003. It was banned in New York in order to prevent sonic boom disturbance on populated areas. The ban came to an end in October when the Supreme Court of the United States declined to overturn a lower court's ruling.

The first gene

Americans Jon Beckwith and James Shapiro isolated the first gene ever. The gene belonged to the Escherichia coli bacterium. The first gene itself was actually an operon – several genes transcripted from DNA into one piece of RNA. This concrete operon is called lac operon. E. coli use it to digest sugars in milk.

The first interracial TV kiss

In the "Plato's Stepchildren" episode of Star Trek: The Original Series, Uhura and Captain Kirk kiss. The episode is popularly cited as the first example of a scripted interracial kiss on United States TV, although other previous instances have since come to light.

The Beatles release The White Album

The White Album is the ninth studio album by the Beatles. Its plain white cover has no graphics or text other than the band's name embossed, which was intended as a contrast to the colorful cover of the Beatles' previous album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.


German tennis legend Boris Becker is born

Boris Franz Becker is a German former world No. 1 professional tennis player. He was successful from the start of his career, winning the first of his 6 major singles titles at age 17. He also won 5 year-end championships, 13 Masters Series titles and an Olympic gold medal in doubles. Tennis magazine ranked him the 11th best male player of the period 1965–2005.

American President John F. Kennedy is assassinated

John Kennedy, the 35th President of the US, was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was riding with his wife Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally's wife Nellie when he was fatally shot by former U.S. Marine Lee Harvey Oswald firing in ambush from a nearby building.

C. S. Lewis dies at 64

Clive Staples Lewis was a British novelist, poet, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, lecturer, and Christian apologist. In early June, Lewis began suffering from nephritis, which resulted in blood poisoning. Exactly one week before his 65th birthday, Lewis collapsed in his bedroom at 5:30 pm and died a few minutes later.

Aldous Huxley dies at 69

Aldous Leonard Huxley was an English writer, novelist, philosopher, and prominent member of the Huxley family. He graduated from Balliol College at the University of Oxford with first-class honors in English literature. He died at the age of 69 due to advanced laryngeal cancer.

Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel appear as Tom and Jerry

Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel met as children. Under the name Tom & Jerry, they had their first minor success with Hey Schoolgirl, a song imitating their idols The Everly Brothers. The song attracted regular rotation on nationwide AM pop stations, leading it to sell over 100,000 copies.


The XVI Summer Olympic Games open in Melbourne, Australia

The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, with the exception of the equestrian events, which were held in Stockholm, Sweden, in June 1956. These Games were the first to be staged in the Southern Hemisphere and Oceania, as well as the first to be held outside Europe and North America. Melbourne is the most southerly city ever to host the Olympics.

Transpacific mail

Four-engine flying boat China Clipper took off from Alameda, California. She carried 110,000 pieces of mail to Manila, Philippines. She traveled through Honolulu, Midway Island, Wake Island, and Guam and landed in her destination seven days later. It was a first transatlantic airmail service in history.


Professional ice hockey team Toronto Maple Leafs is founded

When founded, the club was operating simply as Toronto and known then as the Toronto Arenas. Under new ownership, the club was renamed the Toronto St. Patricks in 1919. In 1927 the club was purchased by Conn Smythe and renamed the Maple Leafs. A member of the "Original Six", the club was one of 6 NHL teams to have endured through the period of League retrenchment during the Great Depression.

Pressure suit inventor is born

American aviator Wiley Post had his piloting license signed by Orville Wright. Post made a first solo flight around the world in 1933. As a pioneer of a long high-altitude flight, he developed and tested first pressure suit ever. He also discovered the jet stream – air flow roughly copying circles of latitude.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous