Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"The Favourite" is released in the US

The Favourite is a 2018 historical period drama film directed by Yorgos Lanthimos, from a screenplay written by Deborah Davis and Tony McNamara. The story focuses on the behind-the-scenes politics between two cousins jockeying to be court favorites during the reign of Queen Anne in the early 18th century.


Davis Cup final starts

The 2 teams will play 5 matches to decide the winner of the Davis Cup. The action begins on Friday with two singles matches, followed by a doubles fixture on Saturday and concluding with Sunday's reverse singles. The matches are all played in a best-of-five-set format. The winner of each match scores one point, and the first team to score three are the winners.

Pfizer and Allergan agree to merge

Pfizer Inc. is an American pharmaceutical corporation headquartered in New York City and is considered one of the world's largest pharmaceutical companies. The company was expected to merge with Allergan plc, in a deal that would have been worth $160 billion. The merger was called off due to recent new rules from the United States Treasury.

"Chicago" plays its 7,486th performance

Chicago is an American musical with music by John Kander, lyrics by Fred Ebb, and book by Ebb and Bob Fosse. The Broadway revival holds the record as the longest-running musical revival and the longest-running American musical in Broadway history.


Lewis Hamilton wins Formula One WDC by 67 points

Mercedes' driver Lewis Hamilton won his second World Drivers' Championship after winning the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix and beating teammate Nico Rosberg, whose car experienced mechanical trouble during the race. At the end of the year, Hamilton was selected as the BBC Sports Personality of Year.

"No Man's Land" and "Waiting for Godot" open

No Man's Land is a play by Harold Pinter written in 1974 and first produced and published in 1975 Waiting for Godot is a play by Samuel Beckett, in which two characters, Vladimir and Estragon, wait for the arrival of someone named Godot who never arrives, and while waiting they engage in a variety of discussions.

"Fela!" opens on Broadway

Fela! is a musical with a book by Bill T. Jones and Jim Lewis, based on music and lyrics by the late Nigerian singer Fela Kuti, with additional music by Aaron Johnson and Jordan McLean and additional lyrics by Jim Lewis. It is based on events in the life of groundbreaking Nigerian composer and activist Fela Anikulapo Kuti.

Broadway revival of "White Christmas" opens

White Christmas is a musical based on the Paramount Pictures 1954 film of the same name. White Christmas played a limited engagement on Broadway at the Marquis Theatre, which ran for 53 performances and 12 previews. The production was directed by Walter Bobbie and choreographed by Randy Skinner.

Bono and The Edge from U2 make a surprise appearance

Bono and The Edge delivered a 20-minute acoustic set, playing songs such as Stay, Desire or Angel of Harlem. The Union Chapel gig is held annually and the proceeds of ticket sales are donated to the charity, Mencap. The concerts are hosted by Jo Whiley.

"Rent" is released in the US

Rent is a 2005 American musical drama film directed by Chris Columbus. It is an adaptation of the 1996 Broadway musical of the same name, in turn, based on Giacomo Puccini's opera La Bohème. The film depicts the lives of several Bohemians and their struggles with sexuality, drugs, paying their rent, and life under the shadow of AIDS.

Africa's first elected female president

Sirleaf stood for president as the candidate of the Unity Party in the 2005 general election. She placed second in the first round of voting behind footballer George Weah. In the subsequent run-off election, Sirleaf earned 59% of the vote versus 40% for Weah, though Weah disputed the results.

World of Warcraft is released

World of Warcraft MMORPG released in 2004 by Blizzard Entertainment. It is the fourth released game set in the Warcraft fantasy universe. World of Warcraft takes place within the Warcraft world of Azeroth, approximately four years after the events at the conclusion of Blizzard's previous Warcraft release, Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne.

Broadway revival of "Wonderful Town" opens

Wonderful Town is a 1953 musical with a book written by Joseph A. Fields and Jerome Chodorov, lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, and music by Leonard Bernstein. The musical tells the story of two sisters who aspire to be a writer and actress respectively, seeking success from their basement apartment in New York City's Greenwich Village.

Ethiopian Flight 961 is hijacked

Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 was flying from Addis Ababa to Nairobi when the plane was hijacked by three Ethiopians. One report later described them as “young, inexperienced, psychologically fragile, and intoxicated.” It would turn out to be the deadliest hijacking in history until 9/11. The men threatened to blow the plane up in flight if the pilots did not obey their demands.

Warcraft: Orcs & Humans is released

Warcraft: Orcs & Humans is a real-time strategy game, developed by Blizzard Entertainment and published by Blizzard and Interplay Productions. Although Warcraft: Orcs & Humans was not the first RTS title to offer multiplayer games, Blizzard's game persuaded a wider audience that multiplayer facilities were essential for future RTS titles.

Snoop Doggy Dogg release his debut album

Doggystyle is the debut studio album by American rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg. The album was recorded and produced following Snoop's appearances on Dr. Dre's debut solo album The Chronic, to which Snoop contributed significantly. The West Coast style in hip-hop that he developed from Dre's first album continued on Doggystyle.

Miley Cyrus is born

Miley Ray Cyrus is an American singer, songwriter, and actress. After playing minor roles in the television series Doc and the film Big Fish in her childhood, she became a teen idol starring as the character Miley Stewart on the Disney Channel television series Hannah Montana.

Roald Dahl dies at 74

Roald Dahl was a British novelist, short story writer, poet, screenwriter, and fighter pilot. His books have sold more than 250 million copies worldwide. Roald Dahl died at the age of 74 of a rare cancer of the blood, myelodysplastic syndrome, in Oxford and was buried in the cemetery at St Peter and St Paul's Church in England.


100m undersea without breathing equipment

Jacques Mayol was a French free diver who was the 1st to reach 100 meters. He earned the record in Elba, Italy. During this dive, his heartbeat decreased from 60 to 27 beats/min, which is an aspect of the mammalian diving reflex that is observed in whales, seals, and dolphins.

André Malraux dies at 75

André Malraux was a French novelist, art theorist and Minister of Cultural Affairs. Malraux's novel La Condition Humaine won the Prix Goncourt. Malraux died in Créteil, near Paris. He was buried in the Verrières-le-Buisson cemetery. In recognition of his contributions to French culture, his ashes were moved to the Panthéon in Paris.

"Bohemian Rhapsody" goes to #1 on the UK signles chart

Bohemian Rhapsody was written by Freddie Mercury for Queen's album A Night at the Opera. The song is a 6-minute suite without a chorus. By the end of January, the single sold more than a million copies. It remains one of Queen's most popular songs and is frequently placed on modern lists of the greatest songs of all time.

Doctor Who debuts

An Unearthly Child is the first serial of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. The serial introduces William Hartnell as the First Doctor and his original companions: Carole Ann Ford as the Doctor's granddaughter, Susan Foreman, with Jacqueline Hill and William Russell as schoolteachers Barbara Wright and Ian Chesterton.

Camera zoom

Austrian-born American engineer Frank Back patented “varifocal lens for cameras.” He worked for the military and wanted to make better cameras for combat camera-men. He wanted to help them take long-distance shots without requiring the camera be moved toward or away. Back called his device Zoomar lens.

Life magazine is first published

Life was an American magazine that ran weekly from 1883 to 1936 as a humor magazine with limited circulation. The third magazine published by Luce, after Time in 1923 and Fortune in 1930, Life developed as the photo magazine in the U.S., giving as much space and importance to images as to words.

First commercial jukebox is installed in San Francisco

A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that will play a patron's selection from self-contained media. The classic jukebox has buttons with letters and numbers on them that, when entered in combination, are used to play a specific selection.

Ocean doctor is born

Canadian marine biologist Archibald Huntsman studied medicine but never practiced it. Instead, he conducted oceanographic research. He is most known for his work on Atlantic salmon. His interests were, however, much wider. He invented a method for packaging frozen fish fillets, which helped the Canadian fish industry.

Molecular scientist is born

Dutch theoretical physicist Johannes Diderik van der Waals made many contributions to physics and chemistry. He discovered the equation of state, which describes relationships between properties of mater such as temperature, volume, and pressure. Van der Waals forces, weak but important interactions between atoms and molecules, are named after him.

Areopagitica a pamphlet by John Milton is published

Areopagitica is a prose polemic by the English poet, scholar, and polemical author John Milton opposing licensing and censorship. Areopagitica is among history's most influential and impassioned philosophical defenses of the principle of a right to freedom of speech and expression. Areopagitica was published at the height of the English Civil War.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1992

Miley Cyrus

born 1950

Chuck Schumer

died 1990

Roald Dahl