Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"Vikings" returns for a 6th season on History

Vikings is a historical drama television series written and created by Michael Hirst for the History channel. Vikings is inspired by the sagas of Viking Ragnar Lothbrok, one of the best-known legendary Norse heroes and notorious as the scourge of England and France.

"Hamilton" sets new record

Hamilton: An American Musical is a sung- and rapped-through musical about the life of American Founding Father Alexander Hamilton, with music, lyrics, and book by Lin-Manuel Miranda, inspired by the 2004 biography Alexander Hamilton by historian Ron Chernow. It received enthusiastic critical reception and unprecedented advance box office sales.

Colombia Chapecoense plane crashes

LaMia Flight 2933 was a charter flight of an Avro RJ85, operated by LaMia, that crashed near Medellín, Colombia, killing 71 of the 77 people on board. The aircraft was transporting the Brazilian Chapecoense football squad and their entourage from Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, to Medellín.


Tyson Fury vs. Wladimir Klitschko

The fight was held in the Esprit Arena which was filled by a crowd of 55,000 and was broadcast all around the world. Tyson Fury was declared the winner by unanimous decision, which ended Wladimir Klitschko's reign of almost 10 years.

"The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey" premieres

The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey is a 2012 epic high fantasy adventure film directed by Peter Jackson. It is the first installment in a three-part film adaptation based on J. R. R. Tolkien’s 1937 novel The Hobbit. The story is set in Middle-earth seventy-seven years before the main events of The Lord of the Rings.

Sheikh Zayed Bridge is opened

Described as the world’s most complex bridge structure, the Sheikh Zayed Bridge in Abu Dhabi is undoubtedly one of the top construction engineering feats of our time. Zaha Hadid – an architect renowned for her radical, deconstructivist architecture – designed the bridge for the Abu Dhabi government.

Jay-Z and Alicia Keys are at #1 on the US singles chart

"Empire State of Mind" is a song performed by American rapper Jay-Z featuring vocals by American singer Alicia Keys, from Jay-Z's 11th studio album, The Blueprint 3. Produced by Al Shux and co-produced by Angela Hunte and Jane't Sewell-Ulepic, the song features a music sample of "Love on a Two-Way Street" performed by The Moments.

Enron suffers biggest collapse in history

Enron Corporation was an American energy, commodities, and services company based in Houston, Texas. Enron used a variety of deceptive, bewildering, and fraudulent accounting practices and tactics to cover its fraud in reporting Enron's financial information.

Norwegians say no to European Union

A referendum on joining the European Union was held in Norway in 1994. After a long period of heated debate, the "no" side won with 52.2 percent of the vote, on a turnout of 88.6 percent. Membership of what was then the European Community had previously been rejected in a 1972 referendum, and by French veto in 1962.

Queen Latifah releases her debut album

All Hail the Queen is the debut album by hip-hop artist Queen Latifah, released under Tommy Boy Records. The album was unusually successful for a hip-hop record at the time, buoyed by the single "Wrath of My Madness", and was certified gold in July 1990. The feminist anthem "Ladies First" (with Monie Love) remains one of Latifah's signature songs.

Czechoslovakian Communist Party gives up monopoly

The party leadership did not stand a pressure of the Velvet revolution and agreed to call the first contested election since 1946. As a result, the center-based Civic Forum won the election and the Communist party stepped down.

Picasso's "Acrobat & Harlequin" sells for $38.46 million

A Japanese department store bought Pablo Picasso's ''Acrobat and Young Harlequin'' for $38.46 million Monday night at Christie's, the highest price ever paid at auction for a 20th-century work of art. The painting was purchased by the Mitsukoshi Department Store.

"The Time Of My Life" goes to #1 on the US singles chart

"(I've Had) The Time of My Life" is a 1987 song composed by Franke Previte, John DeNicola, and Donald Markowitz. It was recorded by Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes and used as the theme song for the 1987 film Dirty Dancing. The song has won a number of awards, including an Academy Award for "Best Original Song".

A New Zealander plane traveling over Antarctica crashes

The plane flew into Mount Erebus on Ross Island, Antarctica, killing all 237 passengers and 20 crew on board. The crash was caused by a correction made to the coordinates of the flight path the night before the disaster, combined with a failure to inform the flight crew of the change.

John Lennon makes his last ever concert appearance

John Lennon made a surprise guest appearance at Elton John's Thanksgiving concert at Madison Square Garden, as he wanted to fulfill his promise to join Elton John in a live show if his song called Whatever Gets You thru the Night reached number one.

Children's writer Enid Blyton dies

During the months following her husband's death, Blyton became increasingly ill and moved into a nursing home three months before her death. She died at the Greenways Nursing Home, Hampstead, North London, aged 71. A memorial service was held at St James's Church, Piccadilly, and she was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium.

No little green men

English astronomers Jocelyn Burnell and Antony Hewish discovered the first pulsar. They came across repeating radio signal with a period 0f 1.33 seconds. The period was too short for known astrophysical phenomena. The astronomers also knew that the signal does not come from the Earth. It looked almost like a signal from aliens, but it was a new type of star instead.

Architect of the nuclear age dies

Italian-American physicist Enrico Fermi built the first nuclear reactor. Fermi also developed the theory of the of beta decay. According to it, the neutron can change into a proton, electron and unknown very light neutral particle, first postulated by Wolfgang Pauli. Fermi suggested calling this light particle neutrino. One type of elementary particles is called the fermions in his honor.

The first Black Friday

The earliest evidence of the phrase Black Friday applied to the day after Thanksgiving in a shopping context suggests that the term originated in Philadelphia, where it was used to describe the heavy and disruptive pedestrian and vehicle traffic that would occur on the day after Thanksgiving.

The first Polaroid camera sold

The instant camera is a type of camera which uses self-developing film to create a chemically developed print shortly after taking the picture. The invention of commercially viable instant cameras is generally credited to American scientist Edwin Land, who unveiled the first commercial instant camera, the model 95 Land Camera,

Cocoanut Grove fire kills 492 people

The Cocoanut Grove was a famous nightclub in Boston, operating during the post-Prohibition period. The accident led to a reform of safety standards and codes across the U.S., and to major changes in the treatment and rehabilitation of burn victims internationally.

Feminist voice in the psychological science

American psychologist and feminists Carol Gilligan was born. As a student of psychology, she noticed that most psychological theories were developed by men and tested on male students. She changed it. Her main areas of interests were psychological differences between men and women, ethics and moral development.

Howard Hanson's 2nd Symphony "Romantic" premieres

The Symphony No. 2 in D-flat major, Opus 30, W45, "Romantic", was written by Howard Hanson on commission from Serge Koussevitsky for the 50th anniversary of the Boston Symphony Orchestra and published by Carl Fischer Music.


NHL goaltender Georges Vezina collapses

Joseph Georges Gonzague Vézina was a Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender who played seven seasons in the National Hockey Association and nine in the National Hockey League, all with the Montreal Canadiens. Vézina was diagnosed with tuberculosis and died the next day after his last match.


Frank Duryea wins the first motor-car race in the USA

The first U.S. motor-race was a 54-mile loop along the lake shore from Chicago to Evanston and back. The race conditions were tough, as it was held during a great snowstorm. Frank Duryea completed the race in 10 hours and 23 minutes.

New Zealand becomes the first country in which women vote

As women were excluded from any involvement in politics, suffrage movement led by Kate Sheppard began to raise its voice. Subsequently, the Governor of New Zealand Lord Glasgow gave Royal Assent to the Electoral Bill that granted women the right to vote.

Chabrier’s opera "L'étoile" premieres

L'étoile is an opéra bouffe in three acts by Emmanuel Chabrier. L'étoile premiered at Offenbach's Théâtre des Bouffes Parisiens. In its initial run, the modest orchestra was appalled at the difficulty of Chabrier’s score, which was much more sophisticated than anything Offenbach wrote for the small boulevard theatre.

Washington Irving dies

Washington Irving was an American short story writer, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow". Washington Irving died of a heart attack in his bedroom at Sunnyside at the age of 76.

William Blake is born

William Blake was an English poet, painter, and printmaker. Although Blake was considered mad by contemporaries for his idiosyncratic views, he is held in high regard by later critics for his expressiveness and creativity, and for the philosophical and mystical undercurrents within his work.

Giovanni Bernini dies

Gian Lorenzo Bernini was an Italian sculptor and architect. He was the leading sculptor of his age, credited with creating the Baroque style of sculpture. Bernini remained physically and mentally vigorous and active in his profession until just two weeks before his death that came as a result of a stroke.

Cavalli's opera "La Calisto" premieres in Venice

La Calisto is an opera by Francesco Cavalli from a libretto by Giovanni Faustini based on the mythological story of Callisto. The opera received its first performance at the Teatro Sant 'Apollinare, Venice, where it drew limited audiences for its run of eleven performances. In the twentieth century, it was successfully revived.

Pacific Ocean

Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean. He became the first European to sail it. His voyage resulted in the first circumnavigation. Magellan himself, however, did not survive the journey. He died in the battle of the isle Mactan. His crew continued the expedition under the command of Juan Sebastián Elcano.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1988

Yami Gautam