Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"Mowgli: Legend of the Jungle" premieres

Mowgli: Legend of the Jungle is a fantasy adventure film directed by Andy Serkis with a screenplay by Callie Kloves, based on stories collected in All the Mowgli Stories by Rudyard Kipling. The film stars Rohan Chand, Matthew Rhys, and Freida Pinto, along with voice performances from Christian Bale, Cate Blanchett, Benedict Cumberbatch, and Serkis.

Taylor Swift tops Forbes' list of highest paid musicians

Taylor Alison Swift is an American singer-songwriter. One of the leading contemporary recording artists, she is known for narrative songs about her personal life, which has received widespread media coverage. In 2016, Swift topped Forbes' annual list of the 100 highest-paid celebrities with $170 million.

OPEC agrees to first oil cuts in 8 years

As the OPEC members grew weary of a multi-year supply contest with diminishing returns and shrinking financial reserves, the organization finally attempted its first production cut since 2008. Despite many political obstacles, a decision to trim approximately 1 million barrels per day was codified by a new quota agreement at the OPEC conference.

Paul Walker dies in car crash as a passenger

Walker and Roger Rodas left an event for Walker's charity Reach Out Worldwide for victims of Typhoon Haiyan, with Rodas driving his Porsche Carrera GT. In a 45 mph speed zone on Hercules Street near Kelly Johnson Parkway in Valencia, Santa Clarita, California, the car crashed into a concrete lamp post and two trees and burst into flames.

Molecular biologist Seymour Benzer dies

Seymour Benzer studied nonsense mutations – changes in DNA that result in incomplete, shortened and dysfunctional proteins. He also discovered (with Kyung-Tai Min) strange fruit fly mutant called “sponge cake.” It suffers brain degeneration very similar to human Creutzfeld-Jacob disease.

Syd Barrett’s final belongings are sold by Cheffins auctioneers

Syd Barret, who was a former member of Pink Floyd, died after suffering from pancreatic cancer. Some of his possessions, including paintings, scrapbooks, and everyday items decorated by him, were sold at an auction, raising £120,000 for charity.

Prince of Persia: Warrior Within is released

Prince of Persia: Warrior Within is an action-adventure video game and sequel to Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time. It picks up where The Sands of Time left off, adding new features, specifically, options in combat. The Prince has the ability to wield two weapons at a time as well as the ability to steal his enemies' weapons and throw them.

Artificial heart

Fifty-nine years old American Robert Tools received the first self-contained artificial heart. He lived 151 days with it. The device had no external tubes or wires leading out of a patient’s body. Tools died of organ failure and internal bleeding. The physicians claimed that death was not caused by his new heart.

"Seussical" opens on Broadway

Seussical is a musical by Lynn Ahrens and Stephen Flaherty. It is based on the children's stories of Dr. Seuss, with most of its plot being based on Horton Hears a Who! while incorporating many other stories. The musical's name is a portmanteau of "Seuss" and musical.

Trade summit in Seattle is disrupted by demonstrators

1999 Seattle WTO protests were a series of protests surrounding the WTO Ministerial Conference, when members of the World Trade Organization convened at the Washington State Convention and Trade Center in Seattle, Washington. The Conference was to be the launch of a new millennial round of trade negotiations.

Video game Unreal Tournament is released

Unreal Tournament is a first-person shooter video game developed by Epic Games and Digital Extremes. The second installment in the Unreal series, it was first published by GT Interactive in 1999 for Microsoft Windows, and later released on the PlayStation 2 and Dreamcast by Infogrames in 2000 and 2001, respectively.

"Schindler's List" premieres in Washington, D.C.

Schindler's List is an American historical drama film directed and co-produced by Steven Spielberg and scripted by Steven Zaillian. The film is about Oskar Schindler, an ethnic German businessman, who saved the lives of more than a thousand mostly Polish-Jewish refugees from the Holocaust.


The first world championship of women's soccer

The 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup was the inaugural FIFA Women's World Cup, the world championship for women's national association football teams. It took place in Guangdong, China. The United States beat Norway 2–1 in the final in front of a crowd of 65,000 people at Guangzhou's Tianhe Stadium.

Milli Vanilli singer Rob Pilatus attempts suicide

After his suicide attempt, Rob Pilatus was admitted to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles for 72-hour psychological evaluation. He was also treated for a cut to his left wrist. Both a suicide note and a bottle of prescription pills were later found in Pilatus' hotel room.

James Baldwin dies

James Baldwin was an American writer and social critic. His mother, Emma Berdis Jones, left his biological father because of his drug abuse and moved to Harlem, New York. There she married a preacher, David Baldwin. By the time James had reached age fourteen, he had discovered his passion for writing.


The first tennis player earns over $10 million in his lifetime

Ivan Lendl is a retired tennis player originally from Czechoslovakia. He was the world No. 1 for 270 weeks in the 1980s and finished his career with 94 singles titles. As a tennis coach, he helped Andy Murray win 3 major titles and achieve the No. 1 ranking.

American actress Kaley Cuoco is born

Kaley Christine Cuoco is an American actress and producer. After a series of supporting film and television roles in the late 1990s, she landed her breakthrough role as Bridget Hennessy on the ABC sitcom 8 Simple Rules, on which she starred from 2002 to 2005. Since 2007, she has starred as Penny on the CBS sitcom The Big Bang Theory.

Pepsi partners with Michael Jackson in a $5m deal

One year after ‘Thriller’ was released, Michael Jackson struck a $5m partnership with Pepsi to become the first pop stars to front campaigns for the brand. Jackson moonwalked and boogied in Pepsi’s ‘The New Generation’ TV spot, which featured a reworking of the track Billie Jean.

"Gandhi" premieres in New Delhi

Gandhi is an epic historical drama film based on the life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the leader of India's non-violent, non-cooperative independence movement against the UK's rule of the country during the 20th century. The film, a British-Indian co-production, was written by John Briley and produced and directed by Richard Attenborough.

Michael Jackson's second album is released worldwide

Thriller is the 6th studio album by Michael Jackson. The album was recorded from April to November in 1982 at Westlake Recording Studios in Los Angeles. It was produced by Quincy Jones and Jackson wrote four of its nine songs. Thriller quickly became the world's best selling album.

American DJ and producer Steve Aoki is born

In 2012, Steve Aoki was designated by Pollstar as the highest grossing dance artist in North America from tours. He cooperated with musicians such as will.i.am, Afrojack, LMFAO, Linkin Park or Iggy Azalea. In 2013, he was nominated for Grammy Award for Best Dance/Electronica Album.


Anthropologists discovered most complete early human skeleton so far. The specimen was found near the village Hadar in the Awash Valley, Ethiopia. Its official catalog number is AL 288-1, but it is commonly known as Lucy. The bones belonged to Australopithecus afarensis female. She lived 3.2 million years ago.

BBC bans Wings' "Hi, Hi, Hi"

"Hi, Hi, Hi" is a song written by Paul and Linda McCartney and performed by Wings. It was released as a double A-side single with "C Moon" in 1972. In the UK, the song was banned by the BBC for its sexually suggestive lyrical content. The BBC also assumed that the title phrase, "We're gonna get hi, hi, hi" was a drug reference.

Musician Des'ree is born

Des'ree is a British R&B recording artist who rose to popularity during the 1990s. She is well known for her hits: "Feel So High", "You Gotta Be", "Life", and "Kissing You". At the 1999 Brit Awards, she received the Brit Award for Best British female solo artist. Des'ree has not released any new material since the 2003 album Dream Soldier.

Barbados becomes independent from the UK

Barbados became the 4th English-speaking country in the West Indies to achieve full independence from the United Kingdom after Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, and British Guiana. Barbados' official head of state is the British monarch, who is represented by the Governor-General of Barbados.

American actor Ben Stiller is born

Ben Stiller has written, starred in, directed, or produced more than 50 films, such as The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, Zoolander or the Night at the Museum trilogy. For 13 episodes he also hosted his own show entitled The Ben Stiller Show. He won an Emmy Award an multiple MTV Movie Awards.


Baseball and football player Bo Jackson is born

Vincent Edward "Bo" Jackson is a former baseball and American football player. He is the only athlete in history to be named an All-Star in both baseball and football, and one of few to do so in two major sports. He is widely considered one of the greatest athletes of all time.

English musician Billy Idol is born

Billy Idol became popular in the 1970s as a member of the punk rock band Generation X. Later, he started a solo career, which led to international fame. His debut studio album Billy Idol was a commercial success and included singles such as Dancing with Myself and White Wedding.

Meteorite strikes Alabama woman

The Sylacauga meteorite fell at 12:46 local time in Oak Grove, Alabama, near Sylacauga. It is commonly called the Hodges meteorite because a fragment of it struck Ann Elizabeth Fowler Hodges. The Sylacauga meteorite is the first documented extraterrestrial object to have injured a human being.

Deep Purple bassist Roger Glover is born

Roger Glover is credited with developing the title for the Deep Purple's iconic Smoke on the Water song. Throughout the 1970s Glover produced albums by such acts as Judas Priest or Nazareth. In 1974, he released his 1st solo album. In 2016, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

The Soviet Union invades Finland

Three months after the beginning of WWII, the Soviets invaded Finland, as they sought to claim parts of Finnish territory. The League of Nations called the attack illegal and as a result, the Soviet Union was expelled from the League later in December that year.

Crater scientist dies

American mining engineer and geologist Daniel Barringer proved that a huge crater in Arizona is a result of a meteorite impact. In Barringer’s times, all craters were considered a result of volcanism. Barringer, however, found no signs of volcanic activity but a great amount of meteoritic material.

Oscar Wilde dies

Oscar Wilde was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. Wilde died of meningitis in November. Different opinions are given as to the cause of the disease.

Prime Minister of the UK Sir Winston Churchill is born

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was a British politician, statesman, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. As Prime Minister, Churchill led Britain to victory in the Second World War. Churchill represented five constituencies during his career as Member of Parliament.

Lucy Maud Montgomery is born

Lucy Maud Montgomery was a Canadian author best known for a series of novels beginning with Anne of Green Gables. She was born in Clifton on Prince Edward Island. Her mother, Clara Woolner Macneill Montgomery, died of tuberculosis when Montgomery was twenty-one months old and she went to live with her maternal grandparents.


The first international soccer match

Scotland v England was the first ever official international association football match to be played. It was contested by the national teams of Scotland and England. The match took place at West of Scotland Cricket Club's ground at Hamilton Crescent in Partick, Scotland. The match finished in a 0–0 draw and was watched by 4,000 spectators.

Mark Twain is born

Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. Among his novels are The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and its sequel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, the latter often called "The Great American Novel".

Jonathan Swift is born

Jonathan Swift was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer, poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. He is regarded by the Encyclopædia Britannica as the foremost prose satirist in the English language and is less well known for his poetry.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1985

Kaley Cuoco

died 2013

Paul Walker