Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar


Russia is banned from the Olympics in South Korea

During the 2018 Winter Olympics, two athletes from Russian team tested positive for banned substances and were found guilty of doping by the Court of Arbitration for Sport. Both were sanctioned by the IOC and their results were annulled as a consequence of the ruling.

Gran Turismo 6 is released

Gran Turismo 6 is a racing video game developed by Polyphony Digital and published by Sony Computer Entertainment for the PS3. It is the 6th major release and 12th game overall in the Gran Turismo video game series. It was released worldwide in 2013, and was popular with critics, won awards, and topped charts in countries around the world.

The first President of South Africa Nelson Mandela dies

Nelson Mandela, the first President of South Africa to be elected in a fully representative democratic election, as well as the country's first black head of state, died at the age of 95 after suffering from a prolonged respiratory infection. He died at around 20:50 local time at his home in Houghton, South Africa, surrounded by his family.

"Les Misérables" premieres in London

Les Misérables is a 2012 musical drama film directed by Tom Hooper and scripted by William Nicholson, Alain Boublil, Claude-Michel Schönberg, and Herbert Kretzmer, based on the 1862 French novel of the same name by Victor Hugo, which also inspired a 1980 musical by Boublil and Schönberg.

"The Bodyguard" opens at Adelphi Theatre

The Bodyguard is a 2012 stage musical written by Alexander Dinelaris, based on the 1992 film The Bodyguard, with the score featuring songs recorded by Whitney Houston including "One Moment in Time", "I Wanna Dance with Somebody" and her cover version of Dolly Parton's "I Will Always Love You".


O. J. Simpson is sentenced to 33 years in prison

The O. J. Simpson robbery case was a criminal case prosecuted in the U.S. state of Nevada, primarily involving the retired American football player O. J. Simpson. Simpson was sentenced to 33 years in prison with eligibility for parole in nine years. He was granted parole and was freed on October 1, 2017.

Royal family

Anthropologists identified the bones of last Russian Tsar Nicholas II. The Bolsheviks killed him with his wife Alexandra and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei on the night of 16th-17th of July 1918. In addition to the royal family, they had killed their friends and servants who wanted to go to exile with them.

Westroads Mall massacre

The Westroads Mall shooting was a mass shooting that occurred in 2007 in a Von Maur department store at Westroads Mall in Omaha, Nebraska. The gunman, nineteen-year-old Robert A. Hawkins, killed eight people and wounded four, two of them critically, before committing suicide.

Audrey Hepburn's black dress is auctioned

In 2006, Natalie Portman appeared on the cover of Harper's Bazaar, wearing one of the original Givenchy dresses created for Breakfast at Tiffany's. Later that year, this dress was auctioned at Christie's in London and purchased by an anonymous buyer by telephone. The final price was £467,200 ($923,187).

Gwyneth Paltrow weds Chris Martin

Paltrow met Chris Martin of the British rock band Coldplay backstage three weeks after the death of her father, Bruce Paltrow. They married in 2003, in a ceremony at a hotel in Southern California. Paltrow and Martin have two children together: daughter Apple Blythe Alison Martin and son Moses Bruce Anthony Martin.


Broadcasting pioneer Roone Arledge dies

Roone Pinckney Arledge, Jr. was an American sports and news broadcasting executive who was president of ABC Sports from 1968 until 1986 and ABC News from 1977 until 1998. Arledge died in 2002 in New York City, New York, at the age of 71, following a battle with prostate cancer. He was buried in Southampton Cemetery.

"The Two Towers" premieres in New York

The 2002 New Zealand-American epic high fantasy adventure film directed by Peter Jackson and based on the second volume of J. R. R. Tolkien's novel The Lord of the Rings was officially introduced to a close group of participants in New York City. The Two Towers was another instant success.

Revival of "Man of La Mancha" opens at the Martin Beck Theatre

Man of La Mancha is a 1965 musical with a book by Dale Wasserman, lyrics by Joe Darion, and music by Mitch Leigh. It is adapted from Wasserman's non-musical 1959 teleplay I, Don Quixote, which was in turn inspired by Miguel de Cervantes and his 17th-century novel Don Quixote.

"Ocean's Eleven" premieres in Westwood, CA

Ocean's Eleven is a 2001 American heist film directed by Steven Soderbergh, and a remake of the 1960 Rat Pack film of the same name. It features an ensemble cast, including George Clooney, Brad Pitt, Matt Damon, Don Cheadle, Andy García, and Julia Roberts. The film was a success at the box office and with critics.

Celine Dion and R. Kelly are at #1 on the US singles chart

"I'm Your Angel" is a duet by Celine Dion and R. Kelly from Dion's These Are Special Times album and Kelly's R. album. It was released in 1998. The song was written and produced by R. Kelly. The single was very successful, reaching number 1 in the United States and was certified platinum by the RIAA.

Alan Greenspan talks of "irrational exuberance"

A former Federal Reserve Board chairman Alan Greenspan made his famous speech, in which he asked whether the irrational exuberance of the stock market had an impact on the increase in certain asset prices.

Whitney starts a 10-week run at #1 on the UK singles chart

"I Will Always Love You" was originally recorded in 1973 by Dolly Parton but the most famous version is by Whitney Houston for the soundtrack to the movie The Bodyguard. It holds the record for being the best-selling single by a woman in music history. Houston's version re-entered the charts in 2012 after her death.

"Heaven Is a Place on Earth" goes to #1 on the US singles chart

"Heaven Is a Place on Earth" is a song recorded by American singer Belinda Carlisle for her second studio album Heaven on Earth. Written by Rick Nowels and Ellen Shipley, the power ballad was released as the album's lead single in 1987, and it hit number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 later that year, becoming Carlisle's only US chart-topper.


LA Dodgers Steve Howe is suspended for 1 year for cocaine

Howe's career was plagued by alcohol and cocaine abuse, first checked himself into a substance abuse clinic in 1983 but a relapse resulted in him being suspended for the entire 1984 season. Over the course of his 17-year career, Howe would be suspended seven times.


British snooker player Ronnie O'Sullivan is born

Ronald Antonio O'Sullivan is an English professional snooker player. Widely regarded as one of the greatest players in the history of the sport, he has been described by fellow professionals and commentators as a genius. O'Sullivan began playing snooker at age 7 and made his first competitive century break at age 10.

Final episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus airs on BBC

An episode with a name Party Political Broadcast is the last piece of a British sketch comedy series known as Monthly Python Flying Circus. The final episode features the most awful families in Britain, Icelandic Honey Week, Brigadier and Bishop and many more.


Internet predecessor, the Experimental computer network ARPANET, was connected. It had four nodes: University of California, Los Angeles; Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park California; U.C. Santa Barbara; and the University of Utah. ARPANET was based on packet switching and TCP/IP protocol like the internet.

Hollywood aviator dies

Early American aviator Glenn L. Martin successfully built and flew his first airplane in 1911. He founded his own aircraft company in 1912. It existed for the rest of the century. In 1996 it merged with Lockheed, creating Lockheed-Martin. Martin’s first factory was near Los Angeles. He played a pilot in the movie A Girl of Yesterday.

Heavy smog kills at least 4,000 people in London

The Great Smog of London, or Great Smog of 1952 sometimes called the Big Smoke, was a severe air pollution event that affected the British capital of London in December. Government medical reports in the following weeks estimated that up until 8 December, 4,000 people had died as a direct result of the smog.

Flight 19 Disappearance

Flight 19 was the designation of a group of five Grumman TBM Avenger torpedo bombers that disappeared over the Bermuda Triangle on in 1945, after losing contact during a U.S. Navy overwater navigation training flight from Naval Air Station Fort Lauderdale, Florida. All 14 airmen on the flight were lost.

Prohibition ends

Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages that remained in place from 1920 to 1933. The Eighteenth Amendment was repealed in December, with the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

American musician Little Richard is born

Music made by Richard W. Penniman played important role in the formation of popular music genres, including soul and funk. He was one of the biggest influential figures around the mid-1950s. His rhythm became the basis for the standard rock beat.

French impressionist Claude Monet dies

Oscar-Claude Monet is known as a founder of French Impressionist painting who lived a rather long life, dying at the age of 86 due to lung cancer. He was buried in the Giverny church cemetery. Since he insisted that the occasion is simple, only about fifty people attended his burial ceremony.

Walt Disney is born

Walter Elias Disney was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor, and film producer. A pioneer of the American animation industry, he introduced several developments in the production of cartoons. As a film producer, Disney holds the record for most Academy Awards earned by an individual, having won 22 Oscars from 59 nominations.

Uncertain physicist is born

German theoretical physicist Werner Heisenberg is most known for his uncertainty principle. It asserts a limit to the precision with which certain pairs of physical variables can be known. These pairs are for example position and momentum, or energy and duration. Heisenberg developed a matrix formulation of quantum mechanics and made many other contributions to physics.

French writer Alexandre Dumas dies

Alexandre Dumas was a French writer whose works have been translated into nearly 100 languages, making him one of the most widely read French authors. His death was overshadowed by an ongoing Franco-Prussian War. He died and was buried at his birthplace of Villers Cotterêts, in the department of Aisne.

Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart dies

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was an influential composer of the Classical era. Many of his best-known symphonies were composed in his final years, in Vienna, just as well as portions of the Requiem, which was largely unfinished at the time of his death. He died rather young, leaving behind his wife and two sons.

American poet Phillis Wheatley dies

Phillis Wheatley was the first published African-American female poet. As a slave she was taught how to read and write, later being emancipated after the publication of her book. However, Wheatley fell into poverty after her husband was imprisoned for a debt which caused her to die of illness soon after.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous